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RELAZIONE DEL PRESIDENTE DELL'UZBEKISTAN, SULLA BASE DI UNO SVILUPPO SOCIO-ECONOMICO: SINTESI

RELAZIONE DEL PRESIDENTE DELL'UZBEKISTAN, SULLA BASE DELLO SVILUPPO SOCIO-ECONOMICO: SINTESI.

Отправлено 22 янв. 2016 г., 3:31 пользователем Webmaster Ambasciata   [ обновлено 26 янв. 2016 г., 10:34 ]


Il Presidente della Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov ha sintetizzato i risultati dello sviluppo socio-economico del Paese in una riunione allargata del Consiglio dei Ministri dedicato ai risultati del 2015 e le priorità del programma economico per il 2016. 

Cambiamenti nella struttura di proprietà:

Nel valore di rimborso “zero” è stato realizzato su base competitiva a nuovi investitori 506 complessi immobiliari, con l’accettazione degli obblighi di investimento da parte degli investitori di circa 1 trilione soums e US $ 40 milioni di euro, così come la creazione di 22 mila nuovi posti di lavoro.

Sono state liquidate 245 attività scarsamente redditizie e inattive ed eliminate 353 strutture edilizie inutilizzate di proprietà dello Stato nel quadro del programma di privatizzazione. Sono stati liberati 120 acri di terreno, 80 dei quali sono riservati per gli imprenditori per l’organizzazione della produzione e dei servizi.

L’inventario si è concluso ed è stato messo all’asta ad attuarli pienamente nella proprietà privata delle 319 proprietà statali inutilizzate, 102 di queste l’anno scorso sono state vendute a nuovi proprietari. Valutata e messa all’asta pubblica la quota dello Stato in più di 378 società per azioni per la loro attuazione a investitori stranieri strategici. Va sottolineato che in vendita la quota dello stato in un piuttosto di successo, le aziende in crescita – come le società per azioni “Navoiazot”, “Ferghanaazot”, “Urgench escavatore”, “Kyzylkumcement”, “Jizzax Battery Plant”, “Aloqabank” compagnia di assicurazioni “Turonbank” “Uzagrosugurta” e altri.

Da esposizione in vendita la quota statale di 52 società per azioni sono già state attuate in proprietà privata. In particolare, le azioni della JSC “Kokand Yog-Moy”, di proprietà dello Stato, vendute in un importo di $ 2,5 milioni. 

Quadro normativo di riferimento: 

Introdotto il principio della priorità dei diritti degli imprenditori nelle loro relazioni con il governo, le forze dell’ordine e le autorità di regolamentazione.

In più di 40 atti giuridici modificato ed integrato, in relazione a semplificare e facilitare la creazione e l’implementazione di attività di business. In particolare, l’introduzione di un nuovo legge, secondo il quale il procedimento penale non puo intentatare e la persona viene rilasciata da responsabilità se ha commesso un reato previsto la prima volta, nel caso di evasione fiscale e di altri pagamenti obbligatori, ma i danni completamente compensati causato allo Stato entro 30 giorni dopo la scoperta del reato.

Le questioni di rafforzare le garanzie e tutelare i legittimi diritti dei proprietari privati e gli imprenditori di primaria importanza è attribuita al rafforzamento del ruolo dei tribunali.

Tribunali hanno il diritto di sospendere l’esecuzione della decisione dell’autorità di vigilanza, contestata dal l’attività d’impresa per il periodo di considerazione della causa.

La legislazione ha introdotto la regola che solo una decisione del giudice può essere espropriazione di entità di business in relazione a violazione della normativa fiscale e doganale, tempi di lavorazione significativamente ridotto della denuncia.

Adesso il controllo delle micro attività, piccole imprese e aziende agricole saranno effettuati in modo pianificato non più di una volta ogni quattro anni, e di altri soggetti economici – non più di una volta ogni tre anni, e solo dal Consiglio nazionale per il coordinamento degli organi di controllo.

In questo periodo di ispezioni programmate di attività non finanziaria ed economica, ridotto da 30 a 10 giorni di calendario. E ‘importante notare che queste norme sono fissate in relazione al private banking e le istituzioni finanziarie.

Sono state rafforzate le misure della responsabilità amministrativa per violazione dell’ordine di ispezioni e verifiche di attività finanziaria ed economica delle forze dell’ordine e le autorità di regolamentazione, la violazione dell’ordine per i servizi pubblici sospensione illegale di attività di entità ed operazioni economiche in loro conti bancari, ingiustificata recupero di informazioni sulla disponibilità di fondi nei loro conti, costretto ad attrarre imprenditori in beneficenza e altre attività legate alla distrazione di fondi, e altri.

Inoltre, la legge ha introdotto il meccanismo di risarcimento integrale, compresi il mancato profitto, danno causato al soggetto di attività a seguito di decisioni illegittime degli organi statali, enti locali o azioni (inazione) dei loro funzionari.

Nei confronti dei funzionari di regolamentazione, le forze dell’ordine e gli altri enti governativi, che hanno ripetutamente violato la legge per proteggere la libertà di commercio saranno applicati  sanzioni penali. Le norme pertinenti sono già state apportate al codice penale della Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan.

L’introduzione delle tecnologie di Internet. E-government:

Nel corso dell’anno, sulla base di un unico call center “Uzbektelecom” e “helpline” Procura generale ha implementato il sistema tutto il giorno che riceve le richieste di aziende sul loro indebita ingerenza nell’attività di Stato, forze dell’ordine e agenzie di regolamentazione, ostruzione di attività e di violazione dei diritti dei proprietari. Solo dopo un anno e mezzo l’introduzione di questo sistema, nell’ufficio del procuratore hanno depositato più di 1,5 mila imprenditori. La cosa più importante – circa un terzo di tutti i ricorsi sono stati decisi nel loro favore.

Grazie all’introduzione di forme elettroniche di rapporti tra enti governativi e commerciali nel 2015, 42,8 mila imprese commerciali sono stati registrati via Internet su un unico portale di servizi pubblici interattivi, fornendo l’accesso a 260 diversi tipi di servizi interattivi.

Se nel 2013-2014 è stata prestata assistenza poco più di 102.000 i servizi agli imprenditori ed ai cittadini, è solo nel 2015 il loro numero ha superato le 420.000.

Oggi il 100% dei rapporti fiscali e statistici sono riportati su Internet.

 

Il clima degli affari in Uzbekistan: 

Gli sforzi per migliorare il clima imprenditoriale si riflette nei suoi positivi classifica ambiente di business delle organizzazioni economiche internazionali. Nel mese di ottobre dello anno scorso, la Banca Mondiale ha pubblicato il rating “Doing Business”, con l’Uzbekistan in un solo anno è salito di 16 punti e ha preso 87° posto. Di particolare nota è che in base a criteri quali “il supporto per le nuove imprese”, l’Uzbekistan è attualmente classificato 42° nel mondo, l’applicazione dei contratti conclusi 32°, sull’efficacia del fallimento delle imprese insolventi 75°. Secondo l’indicatore “prestiti alle piccole imprese,” l’Uzbekistan negli ultimi tre anni è passato da 154° a 42° posto, migliorata solo nel corso dell’ultimo anno la sua classifica di 63 posizioni. Viene notato nel rapporto della Banca Mondiale, l’Uzbekistan è attualmente tra i primi dieci paesi al mondo, che negli ultimi anni hanno raggiunto i migliori risultati in miglioramento del contesto delle attività d’impresa.

Grazie alle misure la quota di piccole e medie imprese private del prodotto interno lordo è passato dal 31% nel 2000 al 56,7% in questo momento, oppure in 1,8 volte. In questa zona ora si produce un terzo del 98% dei prodotti industriali e agricoli. Impiega più di 77% della popolazione attiva totale.

Modifica dei criteri ed approcci del governo societario: 

Un inventario completo di tutte le attività delle società per azioni, sulla base dei quali 462 aziende, o 43% del totale, è stato deciso  sulla loro liquidazione o la conversione in altre forme organizzative e legali.

Sulla base delle migliori pratiche internazionali delle imprese del governo societario è stato sviluppato e approvato una nuova struttura standard della società. Alla sua base, prendendo in considerazione approcci moderni al governo societario viene sviluppato e approvato un nuovo classificatore delle posizioni e professioni, con l’inserimento di 566 nuove categorie, che corrisponde alle esigenze di un’economia di mercato.

Per l’organizzazione del sistema sulla base di formazione e riqualificazione dei dirigenti e specialisti delle società per azioni, acquisizione di metodi modern delle  gestione aziendale con la partecipazione attiva della Scuola Europea di Management e Tecnologia (Germania) è stato istituito il Centro Scientifico Didattico di Governo Societario.

Già l’anno scorso, con ampio coinvolgimento di professori e docenti delle più importanti istituzioni educative in Germania ed  in altri paesi industrializzati, è stato organizzato la formazione nel Governo societario, oltre 160 capi di società per azioni, le banche, le grandi imprese del paese, di cui la metà ha superato la formazione in aziende tedesche. 

Il lavoro per attirare gli investimenti: 

Nel 2015 sono  stati attirati e utilizzati  gli investimenti da tutte le fonti di finanziamento equivalenti a 15,8 miliardi di dollari, o un aumento contro nel 2014 il 9,5%. Con più di $ 3300000000, o oltre il 21% di tutti gli investimenti – è gli investimenti stranieri, di cui il 73% sono gli investimenti diretti esteri.

67,1% di tutti gli investimenti sono diretti in costruzione industriale. Questo ha permesso nel 2015 di completare la costruzione di 158 grandi impianti di produzione, con un valore complessivo di 7,4 miliardi di dollari. Tra di loro – la costruzione della centrale a ciclo combinato con una potenza di 370 MW presso la centrale elettrica di Tashkent, la modernizzazione degli alternatori idroelettrici dell’impianto idroelettrico di Charvak, l’espansione della produzione di carbonato di sodio presso lo stabilimento a Kungrad, l’organizzazione della produzione di nuovi fertilizzanti complessi JSC “Samarkandkimyo“, autoarticolati, tra cui maggiore capacità, componenti per elettrodomestici elettrica di Tashkent su premesse produzione non utilizzata dei JSC “Motor Plant” e altri.

Fra le strutture messe in funzione, vorrei menzionare il Complesso Ustyurt, costruito congiuntamente con investitori sudcoreani. Questo complesso vale più di $ 4 miliardi, è una delle più moderne industrie del mondo ad alta tecnologia. La sua messa in servizio permetterà di ricevere ogni anno 83.000 tonnellate di polipropilene, che era stato precedentemente importato, di aumentare la produzione di polietilene in 3,1 volte, e dare lavoro ad oltre mille specialisti altamente qualificati.

Nella regione Khorezm JSC «GM Uzbekistan» è stata lanciata la produzione in serie di mini-camion “Chevrolet Labo”, il costo totale del progetto è di circa $ 6 milioni, e capacità annuale – 5000 macchine necessario per gli agricoltori e gli imprenditori. Va notato che questo è il terzo modello prodotto nel nuovo impianto “Khorezm Auto”, che ha già avviato la produzione di automobili “Damas” e “Orlando”.

Nel quartiere Papa della regione di Namangan è entrato in funzione un impianto fotovoltaico solare di 130 kW. Anche se questo è progetto pilota, entro il 2020 il paese intende mettere in funzione altre tre centrali fotovoltaiche da 100 MW a ciascuna.

É stato aperto il traffico ad alta velocita sulla linea ferroviaria veloce Samarcanda- Karshi, permettendo di organizzare il servizio di treni ad alta velocità “Afrosiyob” da Tashkent a Karshi. 

Agricoltura: 

Nella Repubblica  é stato coltivato e raccolto una ricca vendemmia dei prodotti agricoli – oltre è stato prodotto 7,5 milioni di tonnellate di grano, più di 3 milioni 350 mila tonnellate di cotone. Va notato che la vendemmia viena fornita principalmente per l’intensificazione della produzione agricola, migliorare la selezione e l’attuazione di varietà di cotone e grano colture, lo sviluppo delle moderne tecnologie agricole riconosciute.

Il rendimento medio del grano nel paese ha raggiunto 55 quintali per ettaro, e in alcune zone è stato 60-77 quintali per ettaro, che è un grande successo dei nostri agricoltori.

·                 Inoltre si erano sviluppati in modo rapido, i settori dell’agricoltura, come frutticoltura, orticoltura, viticoltura e allevamento del bestiame. L’anno scorso, coltivato 12.592 milioni di tonnellate di verdure, comprese le patate, 1,85 milioni di tonnellate di meloni, 1.556 milioni di tonnellate di uva, 2.731 milioni di tonnellate di frutta. Di eccezionale importanza che attribuiamo all’approfondimento della lavorazione industriale delle materie prime agricole, lo sviluppo di infrastrutture e di conservazione dei prodotti coltivati. L’anno scorso sono state create e modernizzate 230 imprese della trasformazione industriale dei prodotti agricoli, è sviluppato e modernizzato 114 nuove depositi frigoriferi con una capacità di 77,8 mila tonnellate.

·  La capacità conservazione totale di frutta e verdura nel paese è aumentato di 832 mila tonnellate, che permette per un anno, senza interruzioni e senza acuti picchi stagionali dei prezzi fornire la popolazione del paese i principali tipi di prodotti agricoli, di espandere le sue esportazioni, per mantenere la stabilità dei prezzi.

 Servizi e assistenza 

Nel 2015, il settore dei servizi ha fornito più della metà del prodotto interno lordo. Attualmente, la sua quota del PIL ha raggiunto il 54% rispetto al 49% nel 2010. In questa zona si occupano più di metà della popolazione totale occupati.

Si sviluppano rapidamente banche, assicurazioni, leasing, consulenza e altri tipi di servizi del mercato che contribuiscono allo sviluppo del settore privato e delle piccole imprese nel paese. In questo settore, ci sono 80,4 mila piccole imprese, che rappresentano oltre l’80% del numero totale di imprese di servizi.

Viene rivolto attenzione particolare allo sviluppo di questo settore nelle zone rurali. Nel quadro del programma per accelerare lo sviluppo del settore dei servizi nelle zone rurali nel corso degli ultimi tre anni, sono stati realizzati 22 mila progetti, il volume dei servizi è aumentato di 1,6 volte, e il loro consumo per abitante rurale – in 1.5 volte. 

l ritmo di sviluppo dell’economia dell’Uzbekistan:

Nonostante la crisi economica e finanziaria globale in corso per l’anno di riferimento, il prodotto interno lordo è cresciuto dell’8%, la produzione industriale dell’8%, la produzione agricola del 7%, costruzione e l’installazione di lavoro del 18%.

Il resoconto attuale è eseguito con un avanzo di 0,1% del PIL. Il tasso di inflazione è stato del 5,6%, entro i parametri di previsione

Secondo la valutazione autorevole della World Economic Forum, l’Uzbekistan è tra i cinque paesi con l’economia in più rapida crescita in tutto il mondo entro la fine del 2014-2015, e le previsioni di crescita per 2016-2017.

Inoltre, nel 2015, l’Uzbekistan è diventato uno dei 14 paesi che hanno ricevuto i premi per il raggiungimento degli Obiettivi di sviluppo del Millennio in materia di sicurezza alimentare da parte degli Stati membri della Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Nel 2015 è stato ulteriormente rafforzato il sistema bancario, aumentando il livello di capitalizzazione e l’espansione delle attività di investimento delle banche. Il capitale totale del sistema bancario è aumentata rispetto al 2014 anno del 23% e ha raggiunto 7,8 miliardi di soums. Negli ultimi 5 anni questa cifra è aumentata di 2,4 volte. Il coefficiente di adeguatezza patrimoniale del nostro sistema bancario è quasi il 24%, che è 3 volte superiore alle norme internazionali generalmente accettate, e la sua liquidità – 2 volte superiore alle stime più alte indicatore.

Nonostante il significativo rallentamento del commercio mondiale e la riduzione della domanda esterna, il calo dei prezzi mondiali per i principali prodotti di esportazione, siamo riusciti a raggiungere un saldo positivo nel commercio estero, che ha permesso per la crescita delle riserve valutarie e aueree del governo.

I risultati raggiunti e il rafforzamento della stabilità macroeconomica del paese mostra un basso livello di debito pubblico che non supera il 18% del PIL. 

Lavoro e reddito: 

Nel 2015 sono stati  creati 980.000 posti di lavoro, tra cui oltre il 60% nelle aree rurali.

Hanno trovato lavoro più di 480.000 laureati. Le banche commerciali hanno concesso finanziamenti a tasso agevolato per l’organizzazione di attività in proprio per un importo di 280 miliardi soums, che è 1,3 volte in più rispetto al 2014.

Raggiunto nel 2015, i tassi elevati sostenuti di crescita economica hanno creato una solida base per un’ulteriore crescita dei redditi delle famiglie, e migliorare la qualità della vita della nostra gente.

Gli stipendi dei dipendenti delle istituzioni di bilancio, le pensioni e le borse di studio sono state aumentate del 21,9%, e il reale reddito complessivo pro capite è aumentato del 9,6%.

Va notato che la quota di reddito da attività commerciale è salita al 52% rispetto al 47,1% nel 2010, significativamente superiore nei paesi della CSI.

Nel nostro Paese ci stiamo concentrando sulla riduzione della stratificazioni sociali. Il rapporto tra il reddito del 10% della popolazione più ricco e il 10% della popolazione meno abbienti – il cosiddetto “coefficiente decile” – una costante tendenza al ribasso, e nel 2015 è stato del 7,7 rispetto al 8,5 nel 2010

Fondato indicatore internazionale della separazione dei redditi – indice di Gini nel 2015 era 0.280 contro 0.390 nel 2000, e il suo livello è molto più basso rispetto a molti paesi sviluppati e in via di sviluppo.

La crescita del reddito ha contribuito ad un aumento della domanda dei consumatori nazionali. Fatturato del commercio al dettaglio per l’anno è aumentato di oltre il 15%, e servizi a pagamento – del 10,8%. Cambiamenti qualitativi sono stati svolti nel livello e nella struttura di disponibilità di beni durevoli, la maggior parte dei quali si produccono nel nostro paese. In particolare, grado di dotazione di autovettura in famiglia abbia raggiunto 42100 famiglie, che è 1,5 volte più di cinque anni fa, il personal computer – 47 un avanzo di in questo periodo 3,9 volte, aria condizionata – 31 o, rispettivamente, 1, 7 volte, telefoni cellulari – 234, o 1,6 volte.

Sono lieto di constatare che condotto sotto l’egida dell’ONU, con la partecipazione di un gruppo di organizzazioni indipendenti e di esperti internazionali nel 2015 è stimato per il voto di 158 paesi del mondo su tale parametro come “indice di felicità“, che caratterizza la capacità di un paese di fornire ai propri abitanti una vita felice, l’Uzbekistan ha preso il 44° contro il 60° posto nel 2013. 

Il sistema educativo:

Spesa annuale per l’istruzione in Uzbekistan costituiscono circa il 10-12% del PIL, che è di quasi 2 volte superiore a quello delle pertinenti raccomandazioni dell’Unesco (6%) la dimensione degli investimenti nell’istruzione necessari per garantire uno sviluppo sostenibile del Paese.

Nel 2015 è stato svolto un lavoro per l’ulteriore sviluppo della base materiale e tecnica di 384 strutture scolastiche per un totale di 423 miliardi di soums, compresi quelli costruiti su progetti standard 29 nuove scuole, 219 scuole sono state ristrutturate e riparate 136 scuole.

Nel campo dell’istruzione superiore, è stato migliorato il sistema di formazione continua del personale docente delle università. Nelle 15 Università di base sono stati organizzati corsi di aggiornamento e di formazione avanzata per dirigenti e docenti delle università che già sono stati riqualificati circa 2.700 insegnanti.

Nel 2015, per la costruzione, la ricostruzione, la ristrutturazione e le attrezzature di 141 strutture sanitarie è stato speso circa 500 miliardi di soums. È stato svolto un lavoro sulla ricostruzione del Osso-tubercolosi Sanatorio Nazionale per i bambini ad Urgench, filiale dell’Accademia di Medicina, dei centri medici regionali diversificate di Andijan e Bukhara, centri medici regionali e multifunzionali per l’infanzia in Karshi e Samarcanda, anche le associazioni mediche in diverse regioni della repubblica. É stato completato l’ottimizzazione unità sanitarie rurali, dotandoli delle moderne attrezzature diagnostiche e mediche.

A seguito delle azioni realizzate nel corso degli ultimi cinque anni, la mortalità materna ogni 100 mila nati vivi è sceso da 23 a 19 casi, il tasso di mortalità dei bambini sotto i 5 anni da 14 a 13 e la mortalità infantile  da 11 a 10. Secondo questi indicatori, il nostro paese ha pienamente raggiunto importanti obiettivi di sviluppo del Millennio delle Nazioni Unite. 

Priorità per lo sviluppo dell’Uzbekistan per il 2016: 

Previsione dei l’intero ciclo di organizzazione della produzione – dalle materie prime ai prodotti finiti, con una prova di opportunismo e di recupero dei costi.

Non meno che dell’aumento di 2 volte nel 2030 il prodotto interno lordo del nostro paese. A causa delle riforme strutturali drastiche  a raggiungere una crescita accelerata del settore e portare la sua quota del PIL al 40 per cento contro il 33,5% nel 2015, mentre la quota dell’agricoltura va diminuita da 16,6 a 10,8 %, a ridurre l’intensità energetica del PIL è di circa 2 volte come conseguenza della diffusa introduzione di tecnologie di risparmio energetico.

Per garantire la crescita del PIL di quest’anno al 7,8%, il volume della produzione industriale 8%, l’agricoltura 6%, il commercio al dettaglio 14% e servizi 17%, mantenere l’inflazione al 5,5 -6,5%, garantire la crescita dei redditi reali del 9%, la media di stipendio , di pensioni,delle borse di studio e, tenendo conto dei benefici fiscali previsti del 15%.

Un ruolo cruciale nella realizzazione di questi obiettivi appartiene al programma di investimenti per il 2016 come strumento essenziale di trasformazione strutturale dell’industria e dell’economia nel suo complesso. Bisogna prendere le misure urgenti per garantire l’entrata incondizionato nei termini previsti per il 2016, 164 grandi progetti di investimento del valore di oltre 5 miliardi di $.

Prima di tutto, il completamento di: treno ad alta velocità “Afrosiyob” a Bukhara, due turbine a vapore e gas di 450 MW ciascuno alla centrale elettrica Talimarjan potenza di 150 MW sulla centrale elettrica Angren, a tre isolati capacità di desolforazione di 6 miliardi di metri cubi di gas al Mubarak Gas Processing Plant, la nuova capacità fonderia di 70 mila tonnellate di rame in MMC Almalyk, espandere la capacità cementificio nella regione di Jizzax a 1 milione di tonnellate di cemento Portland, lo sviluppo della produzione di nuovi modelli di auto Car “Aveo” (T-250) a JSC «GM Uzbekistan”.

Nel 2016, nelle zone rurali è prevista la costruzione di 13 mila case, con una superficie totale di oltre 1 milione 800 mila metri quadrati, così da costruire 900 chilometri di reti idriche, gas ed elettricità, 325 chilometri di strade di accesso.

In generale, sullo sviluppo, ammodernamento e adeguamento strutturale nel 2016 è previsto di dirigere gli investimenti in equivalente di 17,3 miliardi con una crescita del 109,3%, di cui più di 4 miliardi di dollari di investimenti stranieri, contro un aumento del 20,8% 2015.

Nel 2016 continua un lavoro sull’attuazione incondizionato delle principali disposizioni del programma dello sviluppo e la modernizzazione di ingegneria e di comunicazione e le infrastrutture stradali nel 2015-2019.

Fondamentalmente importante la priorità del programma economico per il 2016 e nel prossimo futuro è l’ulteriore approfondimento delle riforme e cambiamenti strutturali in agricoltura, l’uso efficiente delle risorse terrestri e idriche.

Riduzione graduale fino al 2020 del volume di produzione e statali acquisti del cotone da 3 milioni 350 mila tonnellate a 3 milioni di tonnellate.

Nel settore sociale nel 2016 saranno assegnati 59,1% della spesa totale del bilancio dello Stato, o di più rispetto allo scorso anno, anche per quanto riguarda l’istruzione 33,7%, l’assistenza sanitaria 14%. Allo stesso tempo i costi per la manutenzione e lo sviluppo dell’istruzione aumenterà rispetto all’anno precedente del 16,3%, l’assistenza sanitaria 16%.

Nel 2016 si prevede la creazione di 990.000 nuovi posti di lavoro, tra cui accelerando lo sviluppo delle piccole imprese e l’imprenditorialità privata, nel settore del industria terziaria saranno organizzati più di 660000 posti di lavoro. Nel 2016 dobbiamo garantire l’assunzione di oltre 510 mila laureati di università e scuole superiori.

L’ampia  introduzione delle moderne tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione nei settori di economia, una radicale accelerazione della creazione del “governo elettronico”.

Report of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the enlarged meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers dedicated to the socio-economic development in 2015 and the most important priorities of economic program for 2016

Отправлено 22 янв. 2016 г., 2:50 пользователем Webmaster Ambasciata

Our main goal, despite the difficulties, to go forward decidedly, consistently continuing ongoing reforms, structural transformations in economy, creating even more opportunities for development of private property, entrepreneurship and small business.

 

Dear participants of the meeting!

 

The agenda of today's enlarged meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers includes the results of economic and social development of the country for the past 2015 and approval of the most important priorities of country's economic development in 2016.

 

Analyzing progressive advancement of the country on path of democratic reforms and sustainable development, we have all grounds to state that in the past year we have taken decisive steps in implementation of fundamentally important reforms aimed at achieving our main goal - to reach the level of developed democratic countries in the world with a strong social oriented economy, providing a decent standards and quality of life of our people.

 

It is primarily an issue of implementation of fully thought-out programs aimed at providing deep structural changes, reliable protection of interests of private entrepreneurship and small businesses, and that it is crucial - in legislative, regulatory and practical ensuring of prioritizing the role of the private property, as provided for in our Constitution, progressive reduction of state presence in Uzbekistan's economy.

 

At this stage of our development it was deemed expedient to retain under direct control of state only those companies who engaged in extraction and processing of hydrocarbon raw materials, precious and base metals, uranium, as well as strategic infrastructure industries of natural monopolies - railways and road network, air transport, power generation, electrical and utilities networks.

 

The task was to create conditions for mass sale of state assets, especially to foreign investors. Thus, 506 property complexes with acceptance of investment obligations by investors, as well as creation of 22 thousand new jobs, in the amount of nearly1 trillion soums and 40 million US dollars has been realized to new investors on "zero" redemption value on a competitive basis.

 

245 low-profit and inactive organizations have been completely eliminated.

 

Under the program of privatization 353 unused and unfinished construction objects of state property have been demolished. As a result, there was released 120 acres of land, 80 of which are reserved for the owners of production and services.

 

Stock-taking has been completed and  319 unused state property has been put up for sale for entire privatizaton, 102 of them last year were sold to new owners. State shares in 378 joint stock companies has been evaluated and put up for public auction for their realization to strategic foreign investors. It should be emphasized that state shares in such rather successful, growing companies as joint-stock companies "Navoiazot", "Ferghanaazot", "Urgench excavator", "Kyzylkumcement", "Jizzakh Battery Plant", "Aloqabank" "Turonbank", insurance company "Uzagrosugurta" and others are put for sale.

 

State shares of 52 joint-stock companies, out of those offered for sale, have already been implemented in the private ownership. In particular, shares of JSC "Kokand Yog'-moy", state-owned, sold in amount of 2.5 million US dollars.

 

This is only the beginning of a large-scale work on a radical change in the ownership structure.

 

Adoption of number of relevant laws and regulations became crucial in establishment of proper order and responsibility of heads and officials of law enforcement, regulatory and administrative bodies for illegal interference in entrepreneurial activity.

 

The principle of priority of entrepreneurs rights for their relations with government, law enforcement and regulatory authorities has been introduced.

 

More than 40 legal acts have been amended and supplemented in order to simplify and facilitate creation and implementation of business activities. In particular, introduction of a new order, according to which the criminal case is not excited and the person is released from liability if he has committed a crime provided for in the case of tax evasion and other mandatory payments, but completely compensated caused damage to the state within 30 days after detection of offense.

 

The issues of consolidation of safeguards and protection of legitimate rights of private property owners and entrepreneurs paramount importance is attached to strengthening the role of judicial bodies. Courts entitled to suspend execution of decision of supervisory authority, contested by business entity for period of consideration of the relevant claim.

 

The legislation introduced the rule that business entities in connection with violation of tax and customs legislation could be dispossessed of their property only by court's decision. Complaint processing time has been significantly reduced.

 

Now the inspection of activities of small businesses and farmer enterprises will be carried out in a planned manner no more than once in every four years, and other economic entities - no more than once in every three years and only by decision of National Council for Coordination of Controlling Bodies.

 

Thus, the period of scheduled inspections not related with financial and economic activity, reduced from 30 to 10 calendar days. It is important to note that these standards are also set for private banking and financial institutions.

 

We have came down hard on administrative responsibility for violation of order of inspections and audits of financial and economic activity by law enforcement and regulatory authorities, violation of public services provision order, illegal suspension of activities of economic entities and transactions on their bank accounts, unjustified reclamation of information on the availability of funds in their accounts, actions to force businessmen for charity and other activities related to the diversion of funds and others.

 

In addition, the law introduced mechanism of full compensation, including lost profit, harm caused to subject of business as result of unlawful decisions of state bodies, local authorities or action (inaction) of their officials.

 

Those officials of regulatory, law enforcement and other state bodies, who repeatedly violated the law in protecting freedom of business, to face criminal sanctions. The relevant rules have already been made to the Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

 

Over the year, based on a single call center "Uzbektelecom" and "helpline" of Prosecutor General's Office implemented the system around the clock receiving requests of businesses on their undue interference in activity of state, law enforcement and regulatory agencies, obstruction of business and violation of rights of owners. Only half a year since the introduction of this system, Prosecutor's Office filed more than 1.5 thousand entrepreneurs. Most importantly, about a third of all appeals were decided in their favor.

 

Thanks to the introduction of electronic forms of relationships between government and business entities in 2015, 42.8 thousand business entities registered via Internet on a single portal of interactive government services, providing access to 260 different types of interactive services. If in 2013-2014 entrepreneurs and citizens were rendered nearly102 thousand services, then only in 2015 their number exceeded 420 thousand.

 

Today, 100% of the tax and statistical reports sent electronically via Internet.

 

Since January 1 of this year, single center for provision of public services to businesses on principle of "one window" began to operate in all regions of the country; they have introduced a completely new mechanism of connection of businesses to engineering and communication networks, providing for the transfer of territorial enterprises operating agencies the authority to implement all procedures on a "turnkey" - from receipt of technical conditions to connect to engineering and communication networks.

 

Dear friends!

 

I would like to note with satisfaction that work carried out by us to improve the business climate is reflected in positive business environment rankings of international economic organizations. In October last year, the World Bank published the rating of "Doing Business", with the fact that Uzbekistan in just one year has risen on 16 positions and took 87 th place. Of particular note is that according to criteria such as "support for new business," Uzbekistan is currently ranked 42nd in the world, enforcement of contracts concluded - 32nd, on the effectiveness of the bankruptcy of insolvent enterprises - 75th. According to the indicator "loans to small businesses," Uzbekistan for the past three years rose from 154th to 42nd place improving only over the past year its ranking by 63 positions.

 

As noted in the World Bank report, Uzbekistan is currently among the top ten countries in the world, which in the last year achieved the best results in improving the business environment for business.

 

I would like to note that thanks to the measures taken the share of small business and private entrepreneurship in gross domestic product has risen from 31% in 2000 to 56.7% at the moment, or 1.8 times. In this area now produces a third of 98% of industrial and agricultural products. It employs more than 77% of the total employed population.

 

Dear participants of the meeting!

 

In 2015, a lot of work for a radical change in principles and approaches to corporate governance, giving it a truly market-driven character.

 

A complete inventory of all the activities of joint-stock companies on the basis of which 462 companies, or 43% of the total, the decision on their liquidation or conversion into other organizational and legal forms.

 

On the basis of the best international practices of corporate governance enterprises has been developed and approved a new standard structure of the company. At its base, taking into account modern approaches to corporate governance is developed and approved a new classifier positions and professions, with the inclusion of 566 new categories, corresponding to the requirements of a market economy.

 

On the basis of this classifier were certified managerial personnel for their knowledge of modern methods and principles of corporate governance, management and marketing. According to the results of certification of 721 executives, subject to certification, only less than half, or 49%, are verified every third - conditionally certified, and 20 per cent, or one in five head, declared unsuitable for office. These figures speak for themselves and once again confirm how timely we began to radically change the structure of management of the company.

 

Young, well-educated specialists, who use techniques of modern management and marketing in practice, came on freed managerial positions.

 

For systematic organization of training and retraining of executives and specialists of joint stock companies, acquisition of modern methods of corporate management with the active participation of the European School of Management and Technology (Germany) the Scientific and Educational Center of Corporate Governance has been established.

 

Already in the last year with broad involvement of professors and teaching staff of the leading educational institutions in Germany and other industrialized countries, was organized training in corporate governance, more than 160 heads of joint-stock companies, banks, large enterprises of the country, half of which has passed training in German companies.

 

Dear friends!

 

The most serious attention should be paid to attraction of inward investment in implementation of projects on modernization, technical and technological renewal of industry, structural change in economy. To this end, in 2015, investments from all sources of financing in the equivalent of 15.8 billion US dollars were drawn and used, or increase against 2014 by 9.5%. With more than 3.3 billion US dollars, or over 21% of all investments contain foreign investment, of which 73% are foreign direct investments.

 

67.1% of all investments are directed at industrial construction. This allowed in 2015 to complete the construction and to provide putting into operation of 158 ??large production facilities with a total value of 7.4 billion US dollars.

 

Among them - construction of combined-cycle plant with a capacity of 370 MW at Tashkent thermal power plant, modernization of hydrogenerators at Charvak hydropower plant, expansion of production of soda ash at Kungrad soda plant, organization of production of new complex fertilizers at JSC "Samarkandkimyo" with a capacity of 240 thousand tons, tractor-trailers, including increased capacity, components for home appliances based on idle production premises of JSC "Motor Plant" and others.

 

Among facilities put into operation I would like to mention especially the of Ustyurt Gas Chemical Complex at Surgil deposit built jointly with South Korean investors and experts. This complex is worth more than 4 billion US dollars is one of the most modern high-tech and large industries in the world. Its commissioning will allow to receive annually 83 thousand tons of polypropylene, which had previously been imported to the republic, to increase polyethylene production by 3.1 times, to employ more than one thousand of highly qualified specialists.

 

JSC "GM Uzbekistan" in Khorezm region has launched serial production of mini-truck "Chevrolet Labo", overall cost of project totals approximately 6 million US dollars, and annual capacity is 5000 machines necessary for farmers and entrepreneurs. It should be noted that this is the third model produced at the new plant "Khorezm Auto", which has already launched production of cars "Damas" and "Orlando".

 

In the Pap district of Namangan region a solar photovoltaic power plant of 130 kW has been put into operation. So far this project is in test regime, but by 2020 the country plans to put into operation three more solar power plants of 100 MW each.

 

High-speed passenger trains on railway lines to Samarkand and Karshi are opened, allowing to organize the running of high-speed trains "Afrosiyob" from Tashkent to Karshi. As a result the carriage of passengers from the capital to Kashkadarya and back reduced twice.

 

The profound structural changes are taking place in agriculture. Through hard work and skills of farmers despite the difficult weather conditions in the country grown and harvested a rich crop of agricultural products - produced more than 7.5 million tons of grain, more than 3.35 million tons of cotton.

 

It should be noted that high yields are provided mainly due to intensification of agricultural production, improvement of selection and implementation of recognized varieties of cotton and grain crops, the development of  modern agricultural technologies.

 

The average yield of wheat in country reached 55 quintals per hectare, and in some areas reached 60-77 quintals per hectare, which is a great achievement of our farmers.

 

In addition, the rapidly developing sectors of agriculture such as horticulture, horticulture, viticulture and cattle breeding. Last year, 12.592 million tons of vegetables, including potatoes, 1.85 million tonnes of melons, 1.556 million tons of grapes, 2.731 million tons of fruits has been harvested.

 

We attach exceptional importance to deepening of industrial processing of agricultural raw materials, the development of storage infrastructure grown produce. In the past year created and upgraded 230 enterprises in the industrial processing of agricultural products, developed and modernized 114 new cold stores with a capacity of 77.8 thousand tons. The total storage capacity of fruits and vegetables in the country increased to 832 thousand tons, which allows in the course of year without interruption and without sharp seasonal price spikes to provide country's population with main types of agricultural products, to expand its exports, to maintain price stability.

 

All of this is the result of selfless labor of our farmers and all rural workers.

 

It gives me great pleasure to express our sincere gratitude.

 

In the past year, we continued systematic work to achieve dynamic development of the sphere of services as one of the most important factors and directions to deepen structural reforms and diversify economy, increasing employment, income and quality of life.

 

In 2015, the service sector has provided more than half of gross domestic product. Currently, its share in GDP reached 54.5% compared to 49% in 2010. In this area has more than half of the total employed population.

 

The company strives to develop banking, insurance, leasing, consulting and other kinds of market services contributing to the development of the private sector and small business in country. In this industry, there are 80.4 thousand small businesses, accounting for more than 80% of the total number of service industries.

 

Particular attention is paid to development of this sphere in rural areas. As part of the program to accelerate development of service sector in rural areas over the past three years in rural areas more than 22.8 thousand projects have been realized, the volume of services increased by 1.6 times, and their consumption per rural resident rose by 1.5 times.

 

Dear participants of the meeting!

 

Summarizing every effort made over the past 2015, now we have every reason to say - we carried a huge scale and depth of work on renewal and reform of country, achieving stability and sustainable growth and macroeconomic balance of economy.

 

Despite the ongoing global financial and economic crisis in reporting year, GDP grew by 8%, industrial output - by 8%, agricultural production - by almost 7%, construction and installation works - almost by 18%.

 

The annual budget is executed with a surplus of 0.1% of GDP. The inflation rate was at 5.6%, that is, within the forecasted parameters.

 

According to the rating of authoritative World Economic Forum, Uzbekistan is among 5 countries with the fastest growing economy in the world by the end of 2014-2015 and forecasts of growth for 2016-2017.

 

In addition, in 2015, Uzbekistan became one of 14 countries that have received awards for achievement of Millennium Development Goals in shere of ??food security by Member States of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

 

In 2015, the banking system was further strengthened by increasing level of capitalization and expansion of investment activity of banks. The total capital of banking system increased in comparison with 2014 year by 23.3% and reached 7.8 trillion soums. Over the past 5 years, this figure increased by 2.4 times. The capital adequacy ratio of our banking system is almost 24%, which is 3 times higher than generally accepted international standards, and its liquidity - 2 times higher than the highest indicator estimates.

 

Despite the significant slowdown in the world trade and reduction of external demand, decline in world prices for major export commodities, we have managed to achieve a positive balance in foreign trade, which allowed for growth of state reserves.

 

The results achieved and the strengthening of macroeconomic stability in the country shows a low level of public debt that does not exceed 18.5% of GDP.

 

Dear compatriots!

 

Persistently high economic growth rates and services have created necessary conditions for realization of important priorities - providing employment, particularly employment of graduates of professional colleges and higher educational institutions.

 

In 2015, more than 980 thousand jobs were created, including more than 60% - in rural areas.

 

More than 480 thousand college graduates have been employed. Commercial banks have given soft loans for organizing own business in the amount of about 280 billion soums, which exceeds this indicator of 2014 by 1.3 times.

 

In 2015, we achieved sustained high rates of economic growth that created a solid basis for further income growth, improving living standards and quality of our people's life.

 

Salaries of employees of budgetary institutions, pensions and scholarships were increased by 21.9%, and the real aggregate income per capita increased by 9.6%.

 

It should be noted that the share of income from business activity rose to 52% compared to 47.1% in 2010, significantly higher than in the CIS countries.

 

In our country, we are focusing on reduction of social stratification. The income ratio of 10% of the richest population and 10% of the least well-off population - the so-called "decile coefficient" moves downward steadily, and in 2015 indicated 7.7, compared to 8.5 in 2010.

 

International indicator of the separation of income - Gini index in 2015 was established at 0.280 against 0.390 in 2000, and its level is much lower than in many developed and developing countries.

 

Income growth contributed to increased domestic consumer demand. Retail turnover increased over the year by more than 15%, and paid services - by 10.8%.

 

Qualitative changes have taken place in level and structure of availability of durable goods, most of which are now produced in our country. In particular, provision of families with cars has reached 42 out of 100 families, which is 1.5 times more than five years ago, the personal computers - 47 with the growth during this period 3.9 times, air-conditioners - 31 or, respectively, 1, 7 times, mobile phones - 234, or 1.6 times.

 

I am pleased to note that in 2015 conducted under the auspices of United Nations with the participation of a group of independent organizations and international experts estimated the rating of 158 world's countries on such parameter as "happiness index", which characterizes the ability of a country to provide its residents a happy life, Uzbekistan took the 44th place against 60th position in 2013.

 

Our focus over the past year was laid on the issues of further reforming and improving education. Annual spending on education in Uzbekistan make up about 10-12% of GDP, which is almost 2 times higher than the relevant recommendations of UNESCO (6-7%) the size of investment in education needed to ensure sustainable development of the country.

 

In 2015, further development and strengthening of material and technical base of 384 educational facilities was carried out totaling 423 billion soums, including those built on standard projects 29 new schools, 219 schools were renovated and 136 schools were repaired.

 

The Uzbek State World Languages ??University built a new modern educational building for 2.2 thousand training places, a sports complex and hotel to attract foreign specialists. The construction of a new academic unit in Navoi State Mining Institute.

 

In higher education, implemented a radically new, improved system of regular training of the teaching staff of universities. The 15 basic high schools organized refresher courses and advanced training for managers and teaching staff of universities that already have been retrained about 2.7 thousand teachers.

 

In 2015, has been spent about 500 billion soums for construction, reconstruction, renovation and equipment of 141 health facilities. National Children's bone-tuberculosis sanatorium, Urgench branch of the Tashkent Medical Academy, regional diversified medical centers in Andijan and Bukhara, regional children's multipurpose medical centers in Karshi and Samarkand, medical associations in a number of regions of the republic were reconstructed and put into operation. Optimization of rural medical centers has been completed, equipping them with modern diagnostic and medical equipment.

 

As a result of the measures implemented over the past five years maternal mortality per 100 thousand live births dropped from 23.1 to 19 cases, the mortality rate of children under 5 years - from 14.8 to 13.9 and infant mortality - from 11 to 10.7. According to these indicators, our country has fully achieved relevant Millennium Development Goals.

 

Particular attention is paid in our country the development of physical culture and sports, which are an important and effective factor in health promotion. In 2015, as part of the address program of construction and reconstruction of sports facilities for children at the expense of the Children's Sports Development Fund commissioned 35 standard sports facilities, 12 swimming pools, 174 school gyms, totaling more than 225 billion soums.

 

In 2015, the Uzbek athletes at the world championships, Asian and other international tournaments, won more than 860 medals, including 311 gold, 274 silver and 276 bronze. Especially our athletes successfully perform in sports such as athletics, gymnastics, boxing, wrestling, judo, taekwondo, equestrian sports.

 

Our focus over the past year was to ensure polnoyrealizatsii adopted State program "Year of attention and care for the older generation."

 

The implementation of the program has involved all ministries and departments, enterprises and organizations of all sectors of the economy, social structures, primarily funds "Nuroniy" and "Mahalla", that no sphere of life of the older generation either remained without due care and attention.

 

More than 215 thousand elderly people in the past year have passed free medical examination. Needy persons with disabilities have the opportunity to receive more than 11,000 prosthetic and orthopedic products and technical means of rehabilitation of high quality. About 70 thousand veterans were covered by the medical examination in hospital and health recreation and spa facilities. All centenarians Uzbekistan who have reached the age of 100 years, received special allowance of one minimum wage added to pension.

 

In addition, on September 1, last year introduced a new list of basic food and hygiene products to ensure the free monthly lonely elderly and disabled in need of constant care.

 

Total for the implementation of measures envisaged in the State Program "Year of attention and care for the older generation," 2 trillion 246 billion soums and more than 225 million US dollars has been spent from all sources.

 

Dear participants of the meeting!

 

In defining key priorities of socio-economic development of our country for 2016, we can not ignore the serious problems arising in connection with the ongoing global crisis, a sharp decline in demand, uncertainty and significantly increased the fierce competition in the global markets, fall in output growth, and all the attendant consequences, touching majority of states in the world.

 

In this regard, difficult problems facing us in 2016, dictate need for a complete renunciation of outdated methods of predicting inertia of achieved level, relying on average development.

 

Our main objective must be continuous technological and technical renewal of production, as well as constant search for internal reserves, implementation of deep structural reforms in economy, modernization and diversification of industry.

 

The major direction of implementation of our internal resources and capabilities should be a gradual increase in depth of processing of local raw materials of mineral and plant origin, which is rich in our land, as well as expanding volume and range of products with high added value.

 

In other words, time itself needs to move to successive 3-4-stage processing of raw materials cycles in demand on world market under scheme: basic raw material - primary processing (semi) - finished materials for industrial production - finished products for final consumption.

 

This raises need for development and implementation of programs to trace complete cycle of deep processing of each type of raw materials - semi-finished products up to final consumption.

 

In short, you need to provide whole cycle forecasting organization of production - from raw materials to finished products with a substantiation of expediency and cost recovery.

 

Calculations show that as a result of the release of products with high value-added petrochemical products production volumes can be increased with development of its new species in 2030 by 3.2 times, products from ferrous metals - by 2.2 times, of iron or steel - 2 3 times, chemical products, including fertilizers - 3.2 times.

 

Deep processing of cotton fiber, fruits and vegetables using modern technologies will increase in 2030 production volumes demand on domestic and foreign markets environmentally friendly finished products textile and light industry by 5.6 times, fruits and vegetables - by 5.7 times.

 

This list can be continued.

 

Along with this increase in the production of modern finished products with high added value, demand in foreign markets, will be basis of sustained high growth rate of its exports.

 

I must say that this work has already begun in the country. However, it requires a radically new software integrated approach with a view to the perspective view of each raw material and semi-finished products with high potential, have a specific program of deep processing, calculated for 2020, 2025, 2030.

 

We now have good reason, based on deep analysis of trends in global economy and realistic assessment of our resources and capabilities, to set a target - not less than 2-fold increase in 2030 GDP of our country. Due to drastic structural reforms - to achieve accelerated growth of industry and bring its share in GDP to 40% against 33.5% in 2015, while share of agriculture has fallen from 16.6% to 10.8%, to reduce energy intensity of GDP is about 2 times as a result of the widespread introduction of energy saving technologies.

 

The reality of the task can be judged based on the following calculations. In order to achieve the growth of GDP for the years 2016-2030 2 times, enough to provide average annual growth rate of 4.8%, while over the past 11 years the average GDP growth rate in the country amounted to level no less than 8%.

 

Dear compatriots!

 

The most important priority envisaged for 2016 economic program should be unconditional continued initiated system of democratic reforms and modernization of the country, deep structural changes in the economy, especially in industry and agriculture, advanced development and protection of private property, entrepreneurship and small business, ensuring macroeconomic balance.

 

We have set ourselves the task to ensure this year's GDP growth at 7.8%, the volume of industrial production - 8.2%, agriculture - 6.1, retail trade - 14 and services - 17.4%, maintain inflation in the range of 5.5-6.5%, ensure the growth of real incomes by 9.5%, the average wages, pensions, scholarships and grants, taking into account the tax benefits provided by the - by 15%.

 

A crucial role in the realization of these objectives belongs to investment program for 2016 as an essential instrument of structural transformation of industry and economy as a whole.

 

We should take urgent measures to ensure the unconditional entry within the terms provided for 2016, 164 major investment projects worth more than 5 billion US dollars.

 

First of all, completion of high-speed train "Afrosiyob" to Bukhara, two steam and gas turbines of 450 MW each at Talimarjan TPP, power unit of 150 MW at the Angren TPP, three blocks of desulfurization capacity of 6 billion cubic meters of gas at the Mubarek Gas Processing Plant, a new smelter capacity of 70 thousand tons of copper at the Almalyk MMC, capacity expand of cement plant in Jizzakh region to 1 million tons of Portland cement, development of production of new models of cars, "Aveo" (T-250) at JSC "GM Uzbekistan".

 

In 2016, its planned to build in rural areas 13 thousand houses with a total area of ??more than 1 million 800 thousand square meters, as well as to pave 900 kilometers of water networks, gas and electricity, 325 kilometers of access roads.

 

In general, in 2016 its planned to direct investments for development, modernization and structural adjustment in the equivalent 17.3 billion US dollars with a growth rate of 109.3%, of which more than 4 billion US dollars contain foreign investment with an increase against 2015 by 20.8%.

 

I would like to emphasize especially the need to improve the accountability of officials, regardless of their affiliation with the delivery and installation of machinery and equipment that meets all modern requirements.

 

To this end, last year the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan Agency on expert assessment of feasibility studies of projects newly constructed and reconstructed production facilities, equipment and technology was established. It is the organization, first of all, that will be strictly responsible for the unconditional fulfillment of all requirements by customers.

 

A recent study by a special commission of the Cabinet of Ministers to study the state of problem at enterprises of light and textile industry revealed a number of serious flaws in this case. Such inspections should be continued.

 

Along with this specific articles to strengthen the responsibility of the customer for the delivery and commissioning of outdated equipment must be added to the Administrative Responsibility Code and the Criminal Code.

 

An important task is to continue in 2016 started work on unconditional implementation of major provisions of Program of development and modernization of engineering and communication and road infrastructure in 2015-2019.

 

The focus should be laid on issues to complete modernization of Uzbek national highway, about 513 kilometers of roads of which this year to be constructed and reconstructed.

 

In the area of ??rail transport a key focus will be the further development of the railway network, providing electrification of railways section Samarkand-Bukhara and continued work on electrification of Karshi-Termez section. An important event of the year will be the completion of the 19-kilometer rail tunnel through on pass Kamchik and opening of railway traffic on Angren-Pap section, which will provide cargo transportation by rail between Ferghana Valley and other regions of the country.

 

Once again I want to emphasize that it is vital for us, this promising project, which has not only a strategic and economic importance, but also characterized by an increased level of progress we have made in the field of communications and transport.

 

Dear participants of the meeting!

 

Fundamentally important priorities of economic program for 2016 and near future is the further deepening of reforms and structural changes in agriculture, efficient use of land and water resources.

 

I must say that transition to a system of farm management the issue of optimization of land areas size, which provides each farmer enterprise the right for rental property, remains relevant.

 

This is primarily due to the fact that in conditions of irrigated agriculture, water scarcity and high salinity of almost all arable territory of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions and rural areas, there is a great variety of land fertility and yield class.

 

It took hard systemic work to reach rational and optimal provision of land areas, taking into account experience of development, efficiency and profitability of farms established in various regions.

 

At the same time an effective factor in avoiding and preventing subjective approach in determining size of areas is that all of this extremely important work was entrusted to deputy corps, advising farmers and rural community.

 

As a result of further optimization of land created over 17.5 thousand farms and more than 250 thousand new jobs. The largest number of farms established in Tashkent, Jizzakh, Namangan, Samarkand, Kashkadarya, Ferghana, Andijan regions and Karakalpakstan.

 

A new mechanism for granting and withdrawal of land for farms, when the decision is made not by hokim of district, but the district Council of deputies on conclusion of territorial councils and commissions of farmers to address issues of land areas provision.

 

Especially I would like to dwell on the issue of fundamental importance to quality of structural changes in agriculture and development of economy as a whole.

 

We are talking about a phased reduction of the volume of production and state purchases of cotton from 3.35 million tons to 3 million tons up to 2020.

 

Calculations show that the volume of produced cotton will allow, on the one hand, to fully meet the needs of, first of all, textile and light industry, raw material, given its deep processing, and on the other hand - to keep a strong position of our country as a supplier of cotton fiber and its derivatives to world markets.

 

I must say that by reducing the production of raw cotton by 350 thousand tons released about 170.5 thousand hectares of irrigated land. Thus, as a rule, released land with low yield class where cotton yield do not exceed 12-15 quintals per hectare - with the average achieved in the country yields 26.1 centners per hectare. Released mainly saline land and land in the foothill areas unsuitable for growing cotton.

 

The fact that in recent years has been a sharp fall in prices and demand for cotton in world market is equally important.

 

The cultivation area, exempt from cotton in turn to be sown with vegetables, including potatoes, fodder, oilseeds, established orchards and vineyards.

 

As a result of optimization of crop areas and introduction of modern agricultural technologies by 2020 its provided for to bring production volumes of cereal crops up to 8.5 million tons with an increase of 16.4%, increase of potato production by 35%, other vegetables - 30%, fruit and grapes - 21.5%, meat - by 26.2%, milk - by 47.3%, eggs - by 74.5%, fish - by 2.5 times.

 

We should take into account that exports of these types of food will be substantially increased.

 

As before, our focus remains on issues related to development of social sector, further improvement of level and quality of life.

 

The social sector in 2016 will be allocated 59.1% of total expenditure from State budget, that surpasses last year's indicator, including on education - 33.7%, on healthcare - 14%. At the same time costs for maintenance and development of education will increase against the previous year by 16.3%, healthcare - 16%.

 

I would especially like to note the growing volume of funds allocated for development of material-technical base of higher educational institutions (HEIs) of our country. It is envisaged to allocate 355 billion soums to construction and reconstruction of 13 HEIs, including Karakalpakstan, Bukhara and Samarkand State University, Fergana Polytechnic Institute. Also a complex of buildings of the Tashkent State Institute of Dentistry, new academic buildings branches Inha University and Singapore Institute of Management Development will be built.

 

The most important task for us is to ensure employment of the population - in 2016 provides for the creation of about 990 thousand new jobs, including by accelerating the development of small business and private entrepreneurship, services will be organized more than 660 thousand jobs. In 2016, we will ensure employment of more than 510 thousand graduates of universities, high schools and colleges.

 

Once again I would like to remind the heads of district, city and regional administrations about their personal responsibility for this area of ??work, bearing in mind that the solution to problem of employment of young people, our children, especially in rural areas, continues to be for us one of most urgent tasks.

 

It is extremely important in shaping annual plan of admission to professional colleges and academic lyceums mainstream, what new facilities will be commissioned in 3-4 years in the district, city, area, some footage of how they need to function, and on this basis make appropriate adjustments to reception.

 

In the context of increasingly tough competition in world markets becomes fundamental priority improving competitiveness of our economy, increasing support for export enterprises, promotion of full participation in export of farms, small businesses and private entrepreneurship.

 

In these areas there is a huge, yet untapped potential. It should be borne in mind that, unlike the industrial exporting enterprises, small businesses and farmers are exempt from the mandatory sale of banks to 50% of foreign exchange earnings from the export of their products themselves should be interested in promoting their products for export.

 

First of all, we should critically review the system of benefits provided to exporters to take additional measures to further simplify customs procedures, reduce time of implementation and tariffs on carrying out foreign trade operations. Its essential to broader introduce the electronic form of registration of all documents and licensing procedures, export-related products. Serious responsibility for resolution of all these issues rests with structure of transformed Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade.

 

Today they are fully responsible for coordination of export and involvement of new members in export activities, expanding supply of our products for export, development of new markets.

 

The most serious attention should be paid to experience of Fund for export support for small business and private enterprises, established in 2013 under the National Bank for Foreign Economic Activities. This is a unique structure that is intended to provide legal, financial and organizational services to businesses to promote their products and services to foreign markets.

 

In this connection, I consider it necessary to consolidate financial capacity of this Fund due to an increase in current year of the size of its share capital at least twice, as well as to expand its powers, functions, and a list provided them with financial services, to consider the establishment in the regions of its business units.

 

In modern conditions, in the era of the Internet and electronic wide introduction of modern information and communication technologies in the fields of economy, a radical acceleration of the creation of the "Electronic Government" is of priority importance.

 

The whole world experience shows that in current global economy the role and importance of information and communication technologies is increasing, including manufacturing of computer and telecommunications technology, software development and provision of on their basis a wide range of interactive services. We should not forget that the development of ICT has a direct impact on level of competitiveness of country, allows to collect and summarize vast amounts of information, offers great opportunities for management at strategic level.

 

I must say that today ICT accounts for about 5.5% of world GDP, and according to authoritative international experts estimates by 2020 this figure will exceed 9%.

 

For example, in Republic of Korea share of the ICT sector in the country's GDP totals more than 11.8%, in Sweden - 7%, in United States of America - 6.8%.

 

Despite the fact that in recent years, this sector of our economy developing rapidly, we must recognize that we are only at the initial stage - the share of ICT accounts for only about 2% of GDP.

 

At the same time, we have all the necessary resources and opportunities for more rapid development of the sector, with a view to growing up professional staff in the country where those active in Tashkent foreign universities South Korean Inha and universities of our country prepare such a staff.

 

On the eve of the new year we all decided to name 2016 as the Year of Healthy Mother and Child. In accordance with the centuries-old traditions of our people, we firmly believe that a healthy mother and healthy child are the key to keep a happy family, in turn, happy family is the basis of a prosperous society.

 

We have a huge large-scale work on implementation of program, in which special attention is paid to such issues as further strengthening of protection of family, motherhood and childhood, formation and consolidation of material and technical base, personnel potential perinatal and screening centers, nursing services , increase level and quality of care for young mothers and children, creation of healthy spiritual environment in families, formation of girls' physical health and intellectual development of compulsory education in academic lyceums and professional colleges, their regular exercise.

 

At the same time we must bear in mind that further strengthening of physical and moral health of our children, mothers, all our people undoubtedly depends on our constant attention to these problems.

 

Dear compatriots!

 

Today we have every reason to be proud of what has been done and executed by us in past 2015.

 

We have entered into an anniversary for our country - the year of 25th anniversary of Uzbekistan's independence. I will not be mistaken if I say that for every citizen of Uzbekistan, a matter of honor - to make a significant contribution to the fact that 2016 has become for us worthy of this great date.

 

Of course, the coming year will not be easy, but I am convinced that all the parameters and indicators will surpass last 2015's ones. There is no doubt.

 

I wish you all good luck and success in achieving these noble objectives.

Доклад Президента Узбекистана по итогам социально-экономического развития: Основные моменты.

Отправлено 22 янв. 2016 г., 2:49 пользователем Webmaster Ambasciata

18.01.2016

Президент подвел итоги социально-экономического развития страны на расширенном заседании Кабинета Министров, посвященном итогам 2015 года и приоритетным направлениям экономической программы на 2016 год.

 

Изменения структуры собственности:

 

По «нулевой» выкупной стоимости было реализовано на конкурсной основе новым инвесторам 506 имущественных комплексов с принятием инвесторами инвестиционных обязательств в размере около 1 триллиона сумов и 40 миллионов долларов США, а также созданием около 22 тысяч новых рабочих мест.

 

Полностью ликвидированы 245 низкорентабельных и бездействующих организаций.

 

Снесены предусмотренные в программе приватизации 353 неиспользуемых и с незавершенным строительством объекта государственной собственности. В результате высвобождено 120 гектаров земельных участков, около 80 из которых отведены предпринимателям для организации производства и оказания услуг.

 

Завершена инвентаризация и выставлены на торги для реализации полностью в частную собственность 319 неиспользуемых объектов государственной собственности, 102 из них в прошлом году реализованы новым собственникам. Произведена оценка и выставлены на публичные торги государственные доли в более чем 378 акционерных обществах для их реализации стратегическим иностранным инвесторам. Необходимо особо подчеркнуть, что на продажу выставлены государственные доли в достаточно успешных, динамично развивающихся предприятиях – таких, как акционерные общества «Навоиазот», «Ферганаазот», «Ургенч экскаватор», «Кызылкумцемент», «Джизакский аккумуляторный завод», «Алокабанк», «Туронбанк», страховая компания «Узагросугурта» и других.

 

Из выставленных на торги государственные доли 52 акционерных обществ уже реализованы в частную собственность. В частности, акции АО «Кукон ёг-мой», принадлежавшие государству, проданы на сумму 2,5 миллиона долларов.

 

Нормативно-правовая база:

 

Введен принцип приоритета прав предпринимателей в их взаимоотношениях с государственными, правоохранительными и контролирующими органами.

 

В более чем 40 нормативно-правовых актов внесены изменения и дополнения, связанные с упрощением и облегчением создания и осуществления деятельности субъектов предпринимательства. В частности, введен новый порядок, в соответствии с которым уголовное дело не возбуждается и лицо освобождается от ответственности, если оно впервые совершило преступление, предусмотренное в случае уклонения от уплаты налогов или других обязательных платежей, но полностью возместило нанесенный государству ущерб в течение 30 дней после обнаружения правонарушения.

 

В решении вопросов укрепления гарантий и защиты законных прав частных собственников и предпринимателей первостепенное значение придается усилению роли судебных органов. Суды вправе приостанавливать исполнение решения контролирующего органа, обжалуемого со стороны субъекта предпринимательства, на период рассмотрения соответствующего иска.

 

Законодательно введена норма, что только по решению суда может осуществляться изъятие имущества субъектов предпринимательства в связи с нарушением ими налогового и таможенного законодательства, существенно сокращены сроки рассмотрения искового заявления.

 

Теперь проверка деятельности микрофирм, малых предприятий и фермерских хозяйств будет осуществляться в плановом порядке не чаще одного раза в четыре года, а других хозяйствующих субъектов – не чаще одного раза в три года и только по решению Республиканского совета по координации деятельности контролирующих органов.

 

При этом срок проведения плановых проверок, не связанных с финансово-хозяйственной деятельностью, сокращен с 30 до 10 календарных дней. Важно отметить, что эти нормы установлены и в отношении частных банковских и финансовых институтов.

 

Усилены меры административной ответственности за нарушение порядка проведения проверок и ревизий финансово-хозяйственной деятельности предприятий правоохранительными и контролирующими органами, нарушение порядка оказания государственных услуг, незаконное приостановление деятельности хозяйствующих субъектов и операций по их банковским счетам, необоснованное истребование информации о наличии денежных средств на их счетах, принудительное привлечение предпринимателей к благотворительности и иным мероприятиям, связанным с отвлечением денежных средств, и другие.

 

Наряду с этим законодательно внедрен механизм возмещения в полном объеме, включая упущенную выгоду, вреда, причиненного субъекту предпринимательства в результате незаконных решений государственных органов, органов самоуправления граждан или действий (бездействия) их должностных лиц.

 

В отношении должностных лиц контролирующих, правоохранительных и иных государственных органов, которые неоднократно нарушили законодательство в сфере защиты свободы предпринимательской деятельности, будут применяться меры уголовной ответственности. Соответствующие нормы уже внесены в Уголовный кодекс Республики Узбекистан.

 

Внедрение интернет-технологий. Электронное правительство:

 

В отчетном году на базе единого центра обслуживания вызовов АК «Узбектелеком» и «телефона доверия» Генеральной прокуратуры внедрена система круглосуточного приема обращений субъектов предпринимательства по вопросам необоснованного вмешательства в их деятельность государственных, правоохранительных и контролирующих органов, воспрепятствования предпринимательской деятельности и нарушения прав собственников. Только за полгода с момента введения этой системы в органы прокуратуры обратилось свыше 1,5 тысячи предпринимателей. Что особенно важно – около трети всех обращений было решено в их пользу.

 

Благодаря внедрению электронных форм взаимоотношений между государственными органами и субъектами предпринимательства в 2015 году 42,8 тысячи субъектов предпринимательства зарегистрированы через сеть Интернет на Едином портале интерактивных государственных услуг, обеспечивающем доступ к 260 различным видам интерактивных услуг. Если в 2013-2014 годах предпринимателям и гражданам было оказано чуть более 102 тысяч услуг, то только за 2015 год их количество превысило 420 тысяч.

 

Сегодня 100 процентов налоговой и статистической отчетности сдается в электронном виде через сеть Интернет.

 

Деловой климат Узбекистана:

 

Работа по улучшению делового климата находит свое позитивное отражение в рейтингах деловой среды международных экономических организаций. В октябре прошлого года Всемирный банк опубликовал рейтинг «Ведение бизнеса», где Узбекистан всего за один год поднялся на 16 пунктов и занял 87-е место. Особо следует отметить, что по таким критериям, как «поддержка нового бизнеса», Узбекистан в настоящее время занимает 42-е место в мире, по обеспечению исполнения заключенных договоров – 32-е, по эффективности системы банкротства экономически несостоятельных предприятий – 75-е место. По индикатору «предоставление кредитов субъектам малого бизнеса» Узбекистан за последние три года поднялся со 154-го до 42-го места, улучшив только за прошлый год свой рейтинг на 63 позиции.

 

Как отмечено в докладе Всемирного банка, Узбекистан в настоящее время входит в первую десятку стран мира, которые за последний год достигли наилучших результатов в области улучшения деловой среды для предпринимательской деятельности.

 

Благодаря принимаемым мерам доля малого бизнеса и частного предпринимательства в валовом внутреннем продукте возросла с 31 процента в 2000 году до 56,7 процента в настоящее время, или в 1,8 раза. В этой сфере сегодня производится треть всей промышленной и 98 процентов сельскохозяйственной продукции. В ней трудится более 77 процентов всего занятого населения.

 

Изменения принципов и подходов в системе корпоративного управления:

 

Проведена полная инвентаризация деятельности всех акционерных обществ, на основании которой по 462 обществам, или 43 процентам от общего числа, приняты решения об их ликвидации или преобразовании в другие организационно-правовые формы.

 

На основе изучения передового международного опыта корпоративного управления предприятиями была разработана и утверждена новая типовая структура акционерного общества. На ее базе с учетом современных подходов к корпоративному управлению разработан и утвержден новый Классификатор должностей и профессий, с включением в него 566 новых категорий, соответствующих требованиям рыночной экономики.

 

Для организации на системной основе подготовки и повышения квалификации руководящих работников и специалистов акционерных обществ, овладения ими современными методами корпоративного управления при активном участии Европейской школы менеджмента и технологий (Германия) был создан Научно-образовательный центр корпоративного управления.

 

Уже в прошлом году с широким привлечением профессорско-преподавательских кадров ведущих образовательных учреждений Германии и других экономически развитых стран было организовано повышение квалификации в сфере корпоративного управления более 160 руководителей акционерных обществ, банков, крупнейших предприятий республики, половина из которых прошла стажировку на немецких предприятиях.

 

Работа по привлечению инвестиций:

 

В 2015 году было привлечено и освоено инвестиций за счет всех источников финансирования в эквиваленте 15,8 миллиарда долларов США, или с ростом против 2014 года на 9,5 процента. При этом более 3,3 миллиарда долларов, или свыше 21 процента всех инвестиций – это иностранные инвестиции, из которых 73 процента составляют прямые иностранные инвестиции.

 

67,1 процента всех инвестиций направлены на производственное строительство. Это позволило в 2015 году завершить строительство и обеспечить ввод 158 крупных производственных объектов общей стоимостью 7,4 миллиарда долларов.

 

В их числе – строительство парогазовой установки мощностью 370 МВт на Ташкентской ТЭС, модернизация гидрогенераторов Чарвакской ГЭС, расширение производства кальцинированной соды на Кунградском содовом заводе, организация производства новых сложных удобрений в АО «Самаркандкимё» мощностью 240 тысяч тонн, тракторных прицепов, в том числе с увеличенной емкостью, компонентов для бытовой техники на базе бездействующих производственных площадей АО «Моторный завод» и другие.

 

Среди введенных в строй объектов особо хотел бы отметить построенный совместно с южнокорейскими инвесторами и специалистами Устюртский газохимический комплекс на базе месторождения Сургиль. Этот комплекс стоимостью свыше 4 миллиардов долларов является одним из самых современных высокотехнологичных и крупных производств в мире. Его ввод в эксплуатацию позволит получать ежегодно 83 тысячи тонн полипропилена, который до этого импортировался в республику, увеличить объем производства полиэтилена в 3,1 раза, трудоустроить более 1 тысячи высококвалифицированных специалистов.

 

АО «GM Uzbekistan» в Хорезмской области запущено серийное производство мини-грузовика «Шевроле Лабо», общая стоимость проекта составляет около 6 миллионов долларов, а годовая мощность – 5 тысяч машин, необходимых для фермеров и частных предпринимателей. Следует отметить, что это третья модель, выпускаемая на новом заводе «Хорезм Авто», где уже налажено производство автомобилей «Дамас» и «Орландо».

 

В Папском районе Наманганской области была введена в эксплуатацию солнечная фотоэлектрическая станция мощностью 130 кВт. Пока этот проект носит тестовый характер, но к 2020 году в республике планируется ввести в строй еще три солнечные электростанции мощностью 100 МВт каждая.

 

Открыто скоростное движение пассажирских поездов на участке железнодорожной линии Самарканд-Карши, что позволило организовать курсирование высокоскоростных электропоездов «Афросиёб» по маршруту Ташкент-Карши. В результате в 2 раза сокращено время перевозки пассажиров из столицы в Кашкадарьинскую область и обратно.

 

Сельское хозяйство:

 

В республике выращен и собран богатый урожай сельскохозяйственной продукции – произведено более 7 миллионов 500 тысяч тонн зерна, более 3 миллионов 350 тысяч тонн хлопка.

 

Следует отметить, что полученные высокие урожаи обеспечены в основном за счет интенсификации сельскохозяйственного производства, улучшения селекции и внедрения районированных сортов хлопчатника и зерновых колосовых культур, освоения современных агротехнологий.

 

Средняя урожайность пшеницы по стране достигла 55 центнеров с гектара, а в отдельных районах она составила 60-77 центнеров с гектара, что является огромным достижением наших фермеров.

 

Наряду с этим ускоренными темпами развивались такие отрасли сельского хозяйства, как плодоовощеводство, садоводство, виноградарство и животноводство. В прошлом году выращено 12 миллионов 592 тысячи тонн овощей, в том числе картофеля, 1 миллион 850 тысяч тонн бахчевых, 1 миллион 556 тысяч тонн винограда, 2 миллиона 731 тысяча тонн фруктов.

 

Исключительно важное значение мы придаем углублению промышленной переработки сельскохозяйственного сырья, развитию инфраструктуры хранения выращенной продукции. В истекшем году созданы и модернизированы 230 предприятий по промышленной переработке сельскохозяйственной продукции, созданы и модернизированы 114 новых холодильных камер емкостью 77,8 тысячи тонн. Общая мощность хранения плодоовощной продукции в республике доведена до 832 тысяч тонн, что позволяет в течение года бесперебойно и без резких сезонных скачков цен обеспечивать население страны основными видами сельскохозяйственной продукции, расширять ее экспортные поставки, сохранять устойчивость цен.

 

Сфера услуг и сервиса:

 

В 2015 году сфера услуг обеспечила более половины прироста валового внутреннего продукта. В настоящее время ее доля в ВВП достигла 54,5 процента против 49 процентов в 2010 году. В этой сфере работает более половины всего занятого населения.

 

Опережающими темпами развиваются банковские, страховые, лизинговые, консалтинговые и другие виды рыночных услуг, способствующие развитию частного сектора и малого бизнеса в стране. В этой отрасли действуют 80,4 тысячи субъектов малого бизнеса, что составляет более 80 процентов от общей численности предприятий сферы услуг.

 

Особое внимание уделяется развитию данной сферы на селе. В рамках реализации Программы по ускоренному развитию сферы услуг и сервиса в сельской местности за последние три года на селе реализовано более 22,8 тысячи проектов, объем оказываемых услуг вырос в 1,6 раза, а их потребление на одного сельского жителя – в 1,5 раза.

 

Темпы развития экономики Узбекистана:

 

Несмотря на продолжающийся мировой финансово-экономический кризис, в отчетном году валовой внутренний продукт вырос на 8 процентов, объем производства промышленной продукции – на 8 процентов, продукции сельского хозяйства – почти на 7, строительно-монтажных работ – почти на 18 процентов.

 

Годовой бюджет выполнен с профицитом в размере 0,1 процента к ВВП. Уровень инфляции составил 5,6 процента, то есть в пределах прогнозных параметров.

 

Согласно рейтингу авторитетного Всемирного экономического форума Узбекистан входит в пятерку стран с самой быстро развивающейся экономикой в мире по итогам 2014-2015 годов и прогнозам роста на 2016-2017 годы.

 

Кроме того, в 2015 году Узбекистан стал одной из 14 стран, получивших награды за достижение Целей развития тысячелетия в области обеспечения продовольственной безопасности государствами-членами Продовольственной и сельскохозяйственной организации ООН (ФАО).

 

В 2015 году было обеспечено дальнейшее укрепление банковской системы, повышение уровня капитализации и расширение инвестиционной активности банков. Совокупный капитал банковской системы увеличился по сравнению с 2014 годом на 23,3 процента и достиг 7,8 триллиона сумов. За последние 5 лет данный показатель вырос в 2,4 раза. Уровень достаточности капитала нашей банковской системы составляет почти 24 процента, что в 3 раза превышает общепринятые международные стандарты, а ее ликвидность – в 2 раза выше самых высоких индикаторных оценок.

 

Несмотря на существенное замедление темпов роста мировой торговли и сокращение внешнего спроса, снижение мировых цен на важнейшие экспортные товары, нам удалось достичь положительного сальдо во внешнеторговом обороте, что позволило обеспечить рост государственных золотовалютных резервов.

 

О достигнутых результатах и укреплении макроэкономической стабильности в стране свидетельствует низкий уровень государственного долга, который не превышает 18,5 процента к ВВП.

 

Занятость и доходы населения:

 

В 2015 году создано свыше 980 тысяч рабочих мест, из них более 60 процентов – в сельской местности.

 

Трудоустроено свыше 480 тысяч выпускников колледжей. Коммерческими банками им выданы льготные кредиты на организацию собственного бизнеса в объеме около 280 миллиардов сумов, что в 1,3 раза больше, чем в 2014 году.

 

Достигнутые в 2015 году устойчиво высокие темпы экономического развития создали прочную базу для дальнейшего роста доходов населения, повышения уровня и качества жизни наших людей.

 

Заработная плата работников бюджетных организаций, пенсии и стипендии были увеличены на 21,9 процента, а реальные совокупные доходы на душу населения повысились на 9,6 процента.

 

Хотелось бы отметить, что доля доходов от предпринимательской деятельности увеличилась до 52 процентов против 47,1 процента в 2010 году, что существенно превышает аналогичный показатель в странах СНГ.

 

В нашей стране особое внимание уделяется снижению уровня социального расслоения общества. Соотношение доходов 10 процентов наиболее обеспеченного населения и 10 процентов наименее обеспеченного населения – так называемый «децильный коэффициент» – имеет устойчивую тенденцию к снижению и в 2015 году составило 7,7 по сравнению с 8,5 в 2010 году.

 

Сложившийся международный показатель, характеризующий расслоение по доходам, – индекс Джини в 2015 году составил 0,280 против 0,390 в 2000 году и по своему уровню значительно ниже, чем во многих экономически развитых и развивающихся странах мира.

 

Рост доходов населения способствовал повышению внутреннего потребительского спроса. Объем розничного товарооборота возрос за год более чем на 15 процентов, а платных услуг – на 10,8 процента.

 

Качественные изменения произошли в уровне и структуре обеспеченности населения товарами длительного пользования, большинство из которых сегодня производится у нас в стране. В частности, обеспеченность семей легковыми автомобилями достигла 42 на 100 семей, что в 1,5 раза больше показателя пятилетней давности, персональными компьютерами – 47 с ростом за этот период в 3,9 раза, кондиционерами – 31, или, соответственно, в 1,7 раза, мобильными телефонами – 234, или в 1,6 раза.

 

С удовлетворением хочу отметить, что по проведенным под эгидой ООН с участием группы независимых организаций и международных экспертов в 2015 году рейтинговым оценкам 158 стран мира по такому показателю, как «индекс счастья», характеризующему способность страны обеспечить своим жителям счастливую жизнь, Узбекистан занял 44-е место против 60-го места в 2013 году.

 

Система образования:

 

Ежегодные расходы на образование в Узбекистане составляют порядка 10-12 процентов к ВВП, что почти в 2 раза превышает соответствующие рекомендации ЮНЕСКО (6-7 процентов) по размерам инвестиций в образование, необходимых для обеспечения устойчивого развития страны.

 

В 2015 году были осуществлены работы по дальнейшему развитию и укреплению материально-технической базы 384 объектов в сфере образования на общую сумму 423 миллиарда сумов, в том числе построено по типовым проектам 29 новых общеобразовательных школ, реконструировано 219 школ и капитально отремонтировано 136 школ.

 

В сфере высшего образования внедрена принципиально новая, усовершенствованная система регулярной переподготовки профессорско-преподавательского состава вузов. В 15 базовых вузах организованы курсы переподготовки и повышения квалификации руководящих и педагогических кадров вузов, на которых уже прошли переподготовку около 2,7 тысячи преподавателей.

 

В 2015 году на строительство, реконструкцию, капитальный ремонт и оснащение 141 учреждения здравоохранения было затрачено около 500 миллиардов сумов. Завершены работы по реконструкции и обеспечен ввод Республиканского детского костно-туберкулезного санатория, Ургенчского филиала Ташкентской медицинской академии, областных многопрофильных медицинских центров в Андижане и Бухаре, областных детских многопрофильных медицинских центров в Карши и Самарканде, а также медицинских объединений в ряде районов республики. Завершена оптимизация сельских врачебных пунктов с оснащением их современным диагностическим и лечебным оборудованием.

 

В результате осуществляемых мер за последние пять лет материнская смертность на 100 тысяч новорожденных сократилась с 23,1 до 19 случаев, смертность детей в возрасте до 5 лет – с 14,8 до 13,9, а младенческая смертность – с 11 до 10,7. По этим показателям наша страна полностью достигла соответствующих Целей развития тысячелетия ООН.

 

Приоритеты развития Узбекистана на 2016 год:

 

Прогнозирование всего цикла организации производства – от сырья до готовой продукции с обоснованием целесообразности и окупаемости затрат.

 

Не менее чем в 2 раза увеличить к 2030 году объем валового внутреннего продукта нашей страны. За счет кардинальных структурных преобразований – обеспечить ускоренный рост промышленности и довести ее долю в ВВП до 40 процентов против 33,5 процента в 2015 году, а долю сельского хозяйства снизить с 16,6 до 8-10 процентов, сократить энергоемкость ВВП примерно в 2 раза в результате широкого внедрения современных энергосберегающих технологий.

 

Обеспечить в этом году прирост ВВП на уровне 7,8 процента, объемов производства в промышленности – 8,2 процента, в сельском хозяйстве – 6,1, розничного товарооборота – 14 и услуг – 17,4 процента, сохранить инфляцию в пределах 5,5-6,5 процента, обеспечить рост реальных доходов населения на 9,5 процента, средней заработной платы, пенсий, стипендий и пособий с учетом предоставляемых налоговых льгот – на 15 процентов.

 

Исключительно важная роль в реализации этих задач принадлежит выполнению Инвестиционной программы на 2016 год как важнейшего инструмента структурных преобразований промышленности и экономики в целом.

 

Следует принять безотлагательные меры по обеспечению безусловного ввода в установленные сроки, предусмотренные на 2016 год, 164 крупных инвестиционных проектов общей стоимостью более 5 миллиардов долларов.

 

Это, прежде всего, завершение строительства: скоростного движения поезда «Афросиёб» до Бухары, двух парогазовых турбин мощностью по 450 МВт каждая на Талимарджанской ТЭС, энергоблока мощностью 150 МВт на Ангренской ТЭС, трех блоков сероочистки мощностью 6 миллиардов кубометров газа на Мубарекском ГПЗ, новой плавильной печи производительностью 70 тысяч тонн меди на Алмалыкском ГМК, расширение мощностей цементного завода в Джизакской области до 1 миллиона тонн портландцемента, освоение производства новой модели легковых автомобилей «Авео» (Т-250) в АО «GM Узбекистан».

 

В 2016 году в сельской местности предусматривается построить 13 тысяч жилых домов общей площадью свыше 1 миллиона 800 тысяч квадратных метров, а также проложить 900 километров сетей водо-, газо- и электроснабжения, 325 километров подъездных дорог.

 

В целом на развитие, модернизацию и структурные преобразования в 2016 году намечено направить инвестиции в эквиваленте 17,3 миллиарда долларов с темпом роста 109,3 процента, из которых свыше 4 миллиардов долларов – иностранные инвестиции с приростом против 2015 года на 20,8 процента.

 

Продолжение в 2016 году начатой работы по безусловной реализации основных положений Программы развития и модернизации инженерно-коммуникационной и дорожно-транспортной инфраструктуры на 2015-2019 годы.

 

Принципиально важным приоритетом экономической программы на 2016 год и ближайшую перспективу является дальнейшее углубление реформирования и структурных преобразований в сельском хозяйстве, эффективного использования земельных и водных ресурсов.

 

Поэтапное сокращение до 2020 года объема производства и государственных закупок хлопка-сырца с 3 миллионов 350 тысяч тонн до 3 миллионов тонн.

 

На социальную сферу в 2016 году будет направлено 59,1 процента всех расходов Государственного бюджета, или больше, чем в прошлом году, в том числе на образование – 33,7 процента, здравоохранение – 14 процентов. При этом затраты на текущее содержание и развитие сферы образования возрастут против прошлого года на 16,3 процента, здравоохранения – на 16 процентов.

 

В 2016 году предусматривается создание около 990 тысяч новых рабочих мест, в том числе за счет ускоренного развития малого бизнеса и частного предпринимательства, сферы услуг будет организовано свыше 660 тысяч рабочих мест. В 2016 году нам предстоит обеспечить трудоустройство более 510 тысяч выпускников вузов, лицеев и колледжей.

 

Широкое внедрение современных информационно-коммуникационных технологий в отраслях экономики, кардинальное ускорение создания системы «Электронное правительство».

 

Источник: Пресс-служба Президента Республики Узбекистан

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