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Elezioni presidenziali in Uzbekistan del 2016

Кандидат в Президенты Республики Узбекистан от Демократической партии Узбекистана «Миллий тикланиш» Сарвар Садуллаевич Отамуратов.

Кандидат в Президенты Республики Узбекистан от Движения предпринимателей и деловых людей – Либерально-демократической партии Узбекистана Шавкат Миромонович Мирзиёев.

Кандидат в Президенты Республики Узбекистан от Народно-демократической партии Узбекистана Хатамжон Абдурахмонович Кетмонов.

Кандидат в Президенты Республики Узбекистан от Социал-демократической партии Узбекистана «Адолат» Нариман Маджитович Умаров.

Presidential Election Results Announced

posted 17 Dec 2016, 04:24 by Webmaster Ambasciata

The CEC chief Mirza-Ulugbek Abdusalomov stated that the country’s citizens have taken active part in the vote, showing a high level of political and civic stance, as well as a sense of belonging to the fate of the Motherland.

By their participation in the presidential ballot, citizens expressed once again their support for the policy of reforms in the country.

The Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan, on the basis of received protocols of district election commissions, determined that out of 20 million 461 thousand 805 voters included in the register of voters 17,951,667 people cast their ballot on 4 December 2016. This represents 87.73 percent of the total turnout of voters.

As the results of the elections demonstrate, 421,55 citizens or 2.35 percent of those who participated in the elections have voted for candidate from the Milly Tiklanish Democratic Party of Uzbekistan Sarvar Sadullayevich Otamuratov, 15,906,724 voters or 88.61 percent of those who took part in the presidential polls have voted for candidate from the Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businesspeople – the Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev, while candidate from the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan Hatamjon Abdurahmonovich Ketmonov gathered the votes of 669,187 citizens or 3.73 percent of voters taken part in the elections, and the candidate of Adolat Social Democratic Party Narimon Majitovich Umarov received the votes of 619,972 citizens or 3.46 percent of those who took part in the vote.

Thus, in accordance with the results of the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, held on 4 December 2016, the nominee of the Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businesspeople – the Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev claims victory.

In accordance with Articles 90, 117 of the Constitution, Articles 14, 35, 36 of the Law on Elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Articles 5 and 9 of the Law on the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan has resolved to consider Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev as elected to the post of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

It was noted during the meeting that the elections were held in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, laws on Guarantees of Electoral Rights of Citizens, and on Elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan while ensuring the rights of citizens to freedom of expression of will and respect for the principles of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret voting.

As evidence of democratic and transparent nature of the electoral season, it was monitored by some 600 observers from 46 countries of America, Europe, Asia and Africa, as well as five international organizations – the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the World Association of Electoral Bodies and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. More than 37,000 observers from political parties also took part in monitoring the electoral process.

Tremendous role in ensuring the openness and transparency of the elections has been played by media. Presidential elections were covered by 615 national and 272 foreign outlets, including 315 foreign and national internet publications. The Republican Press Center for Covering the Elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the press centers of district election commissions with the participation of more than 1 thousand 400 national and foreign journalists held 180 press conferences, briefings and online briefings on important stages of the election campaign. More than 22 thousand 700 articles and information materials relating to the presidential elections in Uzbekistan have been published in the foreign and national media, and aired on television and radio channels.

At the meeting it was noted that the election of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan was another important step in furthering the country's gracious goal of securing a well-deserved place among the advanced democratic nations of the world, of modernizing the political and economic systems that provide for a free, peaceful and prosperous life of our people, confirming the transition of the country to a new stage of independent development.

Press Service of the

 (Source: Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

People’s trust is a high blessing

posted 9 Dec 2016, 04:20 by Webmaster Ambasciata

On 9 September 2016, in accordance with Articles 96 and 117 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Article 8 of the law “On elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan” and Articles 5 and 9 of the law “On the Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, 4 December 2016 was set as presidential election day.

From that day, the election campaign began. Electoral districts were formed within the territories of the Republic of Qoraqalpoghiston, the regions and the city of Tashkent.

The Central Electoral Commission registered Sarvar Otamuratov from the Milliy Tiklanish Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev from the movement of entrepreneurs and businessmen – the Uzbekistan Liberal-Democratic Party (UzLiDeP), Hatamjon Ketmonov from the Uzbekistan People’s Democratic Party and Narimon Umarov from the Adolat Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan as candidates for President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Equal conditions were created for all these candidates for the period of electoral campaigning. For the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan 9 thousand 383 polling stations, including 44 at Uzbekistan’s representative offices abroad, were formed. All the necessary conditions were created for this political event to be held transparently and fairly completely conforming to democratic principles enshrined in the electoral law.

A whole range of measures were carried out for voters with limited abilities also to take part in voting. There were wheelchair ramps at the entrances to the polling stations. Various booklets on elections, and for the first time ballot papers written in the Braille script were prepared for blind people.

As a result of these measures, the 4 December presidential elections were held at a high level conforming to international standards.

On 5 December, an event of the movement of entrepreneurs and businessmen – the Uzbekistan Liberal-Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) took place in the capital city on preliminary results of the presidential elections.

The event was attended by active members of UzLiDeP, entrepreneurs, businessmen, representatives of various spheres, figures of culture and art and members of the wider public.

They established online contact with the press service for the coverage of the presidential elections and followed the elections’ preliminary results.

According to the preliminary results of the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev won garnering 15 million 906 thousand 724 votes or 88.61 per cent of the votes cast in the elections.

This news was greeted with thunderous applause from those at the gathering.

Shavkat Mirziyoyev made a speech at the event and expressed gratitude to the entire Uzbek people for this great trust given to him.

It was said that in the past 25 years, incomparable changes had been carried out in all spheres of the country under First President Islam Karimov’s leadership, that firm foundations had been created for the national statehood, that a law-governed democratic state and a strong civil society had been formed and that market economy principles had been developed. The Motherland’s development and future and the people’s prosperity are the chief ideas of reforms being implemented in the country.

Genuine gratitude was expressed to 5 international organizations, namely the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, the CIS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Association of World Election Bodies and the OIC, as well as nearly 600 observers from 46 states which observed the processes of preparation and conduct of the elections.

In the elections, Uzbek people voted for the maintenance of peace and calm in the country, for further prosperity and the strengthening of the state’s prestige in the international arena. Most importantly, through these elections, the Uzbek nation successfully passed this very important test before the world community. This was recognized by observers who had come from various continents of the world and prestigious international organizations.

The event held in the form of video conference was attended by thousands of people from the Republic of Qoraqalpoghiston and regional centres. A labour veteran of the Republic of Qoraqalpoghiston, Q.Kamolov; an engineer-technician of the Bukhara oil processing plant in Bukhara Region, H.Latipov; the director of the Navoiy machine-building plant production association, N.Lakkay; the chairman of the “Khontepa” neighbourhood citizens’ gathering in the town of Karshi, R.Zohirov; the chief of the “Nurli obod” farm in Oltiariq District of Farghona Region, L.Murodova; a labour veteran from Tashkent Region, U.Mirzaqulov; a folksinger from Surkhondaryo Region, S.Shaydilov; and others cordially congratulated Shavkat Mirziyoyev on his election to the post of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and wished him success in his work in the interests of the Motherland and people.

During the event, songs were sung about the Motherland, independence, and happiness.

(Source: UzA)

Central Electoral Commission announces preliminary results of elections

posted 9 Dec 2016, 04:19 by Webmaster Ambasciata

At a briefing held at the republican press centre for the coverage of Uzbekistan’s presidential elections, preliminary results of the elections have been announced.

The chairman of the Central Electoral Commission, M.Abdusalomov, has said that the 4 December 2016 elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan were held transparently on the basis of the national electoral law and internationally-recognized democratic principles.

“With a profound understanding of the historic and political significance of the presidential elections, the multi-ethnic Uzbek people again displayed their civic position and feeling of involvement in the Motherland’s destiny and participated in voting with high political activeness,” says the chairman of the Central Electoral Commission.

Of 20 million 461 thousand 805 voters on the electoral roll, 17 million 951 thousand 667 or 87.73 pre cent voted. This makes the elections valid, according to Article 35 of the law “On elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.

As said previously, 5 international organizations, namely the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, the CIS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Association of World Election Bodies and the OIC, as well as nearly 600 observers from 46 states observed the elections.

More than 37 thousand representatives of the 4 political parties that took part in the elections also monitored the processes of voting and vote counting. The electoral commissions created all the necessary conditions for them to work.

More than 1 thousand 400 representatives of domestic and foreign media have given extensive coverage of the election campaign.

No violation of the electoral law in the processes of voting and vote counting has been reported by voters, political parties’ representatives, international or foreign observers to the Central Electoral Commission.

The chairman of the Central Electoral Commission said that after the voting concluded yesterday that is 4 December, work was started under the observation of observers from the 4 political parties, international observers and mass media representatives on counting votes cast for each of the candidates at the polling stations and that there was no break until this process was complete.

According to the preliminary results of the presidential elections, 421 thousand 55 voters or 2.35 per cent of those who took part in the voting voted for Sarvar Otamuratov; 15 million 906 thousand 724 citizens or 88.61 per cent of the voters who took part in the voting voted for Shavkat Mirziyoyev; 669 thousand 187 citizens or 3.73 per cent voted for Hatamjon Ketmonov; and 619 thousand 972 citizens or 3.46 per cent of those who took part in the voting voted for Narimon Umarov.

Thus, in the 4 December 2016 elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev won.

During the briefing, it was announced that the Central Electoral Commission was looking at documents submitted by the district electoral commissions. In accordance with the law “On elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, the Central Electoral Commission will again closely examine these and other documents from some precinct electoral commissions if necessary and then will adopt a decision on the elections’ results.

The Central Electoral Commission will get its announcement on the results of the presidential elections published on the press within 10 days of election day, that is before 14 December 2016.

(Source: UzA)

Polls close in presidential elections

posted 9 Dec 2016, 04:16 by Webmaster Ambasciata

The Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan announced the poll closure in the presidential elections on 4 December 2016.

At 20.00 Tashkent time on 4 December the voting concluded at polling stations for the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Voting is continuing at the polling stations, established at the missions of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Egypt, European countries and the US.

According to preliminary data, over 17 million 941 thousand voters took part in the elections, which constitute 87,83% of all registers voters, informed Chairman of the Central Election Commission M.Abdusalomov at the briefing for international observers, representatives of national and foreign mass media.

It was noted that the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan were held transparently in compliance with the norms and principles, enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Law “On elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, “On guarantees of citizens’ right to vote”.

Our citizens demonstrated high political and civic activity. The fact that over 33 per cent of voters cast their votes before 11 o’clock is a vivid demonstration of this.

At present the votes for each candidate are being counted at polling stations. Over 37 thousand observers from political parties, international observers and representatives of mass media are taking part in counting the ballots.

No information has been received about the violations of the election law during the elections.

Preliminary results of the presidential elections will be announced at the briefing, schedules for 16.00 on 5 December. Missions of international observers will also hold press conferences on this day.

(Source: UzA)

Tashkent hosts an international conference on election law

posted 9 Dec 2016, 04:12 by Webmaster Ambasciata

An international conference “Constitutional-legal bases of the presidential elections: the experience of Uzbekistan and advances countries” took place in Tashkent.

The event, organized by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Constitutional Court, Prosecutor General’s Office, the Institute for monitoring current legislation under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Independent institute for monitoring of the formation of civil society, was attended by members of the parliament, representatives of law enforcement bodies, scientists, experts from the Association of World Election Bodies, Shanghai Cooperation Organizations, the US, the UK, Germany, France, Russia, Canada, Belgium and other countries.

The international conference paid a special attention to the experience of Uzbekistan in holding democratic elections, development of national election legislation and election system in the years of independence, the differences in these presidential elections from the previous ones, in particular, strengthening of inter-party competition, raising activity of the population, strengthening of the role of civil society organization in election campaign.

Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan N.Ismoilov, Chairman of the Constitutional Court B.Mirboboev and other underlined that Uzbekistan has aimed to build humanitarian democratic legal state as a priority after achieving independence. The country, under the leadership of First President Islam Karimov, has attained immense results in the past 25 years.

The participants of the conference, in which close to 80 experts from 22 countries took part, has particularly underscored that an effective legal base to ensure citizens’ voting rights, which meeting the international democratic principles and standards, has been created in Uzbekistan. It was noted that a public administration system, in particular the Presidency institution, has been formed in accordance with democratic principles, holding of the upcoming elections in these bases will ensure stability not only in our country, but also in the region.

The experts also exchanged views on the necessity to continue improving election legislation, taking into account international election standards, the positive experience of advanced democratic countries in further democratization of the election processes.

(Source: UzA)

To the Ballot for the Future

posted 9 Dec 2016, 04:11 by Webmaster Ambasciata

The elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan due December 4.

The electoral season, which kicked off on September 9, has entered its final stage. 9,339 polling stations in the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions and the Tashkent city, as well as 44 abroad, are completely ready for voting. They provide all the conditions for the electorate to declare their will.

Preparations for the elections have been carried out in strict compliance with the Program of Major Activities approved by the Central Election Commission (CEC) of the country. The document identifies specific events, deadlines for their implementation, and executives in charge. The program has ensured the conduct of all activities within the terms and sequence stipulated by the law. Its posting on the CEC website, publication and distribution as a brochure has ensured the public control over all stages of the electoral process.

The Republican Press Center for the Coverage of Presidential Elections has been operating effectively since September 9. Press centers at the district election commissions in all regions of the country have also demonstrated fruitful performance. They have so far organized nearly 100 press conferences and briefings on election coverage, thereby contributing to ensuring the openness and transparency of the electoral process.

The election campaign of candidates has come to a close. It was launched on October 28 with the registration of presidential hopefuls by the Central Election Commission.

37,500 observers from political parties, and more than 500 observers from foreign states and international organizations have embarked on their mission, and they keep arriving in Uzbekistan.

Over a thousand stories about the elections in Uzbekistan have been published and aired in the foreign media since the start of the election campaign. This is an unprecedented case in our practice.

Such a high interest of the international community in the presidential ballot in Uzbekistan is triggered primarily by the fact that they will indicate the stability and potency of democratic institutions that have been established during the years of independence, the effectiveness of socio-political and socio-economic reforms, and the extent of maturity of civil society. Moreover, the election's outcome will determine the future course of development of not only in Uzbekistan, but also in the entire Central Asian region, where Uzbekistan is seen as a key player, a bulwark of stability and security guarantor.

The peculiarity of the current election campaign is reflected by the intensified inter-party struggle and competition, the genuine competitiveness of electoral platforms and policy programs of presidential candidates and political parties.

The election campaigning was conducted through mass media, with publication and distribution of print, visual, audiovisual and other campaign materials, meetings with voters.

Websites of political parties, print editions of the parties, outdoor advertising, electronic monitors, electoral leaflets and other campaigning materials have been used in the fight for the hearts and minds of voters.

In order to raise awareness of their policy programs, the candidates and their authorized representatives have held meetings with the electorate in videoconferencing format, unprecedented for Uzbekistan. All the activities are widely covered by central and regional television and radio channels.

Pre-election meetings of presidential nominees have been held in all 14 electoral districts. In addition, nearly a thousand similar meetings were held by authorized persons of the candidates.

The media provided a level playing field in terms of duration and amount of coverage of the election activities of candidates in news programs and other information materials.

Thus, the National Broadcasting Company’s TV and radio channels O’zbekiston and Yoshlar provided each presidential nominee with 638 free airtime minutes, while 12 local TV and radio channels of the same Company have provided each of the candidates with 206 free minutes, ‘Toshkent’ TV and radio channel granted 286 minutes of airtime. Khalq Suzi, Narodnoe Slovo and Pravda Vostoka newspapers allocated 6 pages of print space, while 30 local newspapers have assigned 55.5 pages.

The candidates were also provided with free print space in Ovozi Tojik and Ovozi Samarkand newspapers, published in Tajik, as well as in the Nurly Zhol newspaper in Kazakh language.

Apart from that, each candidate was granted 642 outdoor advertising means in the regions. 36 electronic monitors across the nation broadcast campaigning videos of presidential nominees for free, showing them in a single block.

The hopefuls were fully provided with the right for free travel by air and rail passenger transport throughout the country during the election campaign.

It is worth to mention the increased competitiveness among those who run for President as a result of growing and strengthening role of political parties in the renewal and modernization of the country. Thus, in accordance with the amendments to the Constitution, a candidate for the post of the Prime Minister is nominated by a political party that has received the largest number of seats in the lower house of the legislature during the parliamentary elections. There is another novelty: UzLiDeP and Milliy Tiklanish, representing a parliamentary majority, came together in 2015 as a Bloc of Democratic Forces in the Oliy Majlis. In turn, factions of the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan and Adolat Social Democratic Party declared themselves the parliamentary opposition.

All political parties support the principles of democracy, which unite them. Their approaches differ in prioritizing the provision of social interests, and ways of their implementation.

 They have their specific electorate. UzLiDeP relies on entrepreneurs, emerging middle class, business elite, including that in the agricultural sector, while the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan capitalizes on the population segments in need of targeted social support. Adolat SDPU considers itself the representative of modern social democracy, with industrial workers and wage-workers of the services sector as its main constituency. Milly Tiklanish DPU furthers the interests of creative and scientific intellectuals.

The study and analysis of policy programs of political parties, the comparison of their differences helps voters to decide on their preferences.

Given the priority of economic development of the country, the Milliy Tiklanish DPU considers it important to comprehensively support domestic producers, uphold handicrafts and family businesses, as well as tourism as an effective economic instrument for promoting the national culture and history. In turn, UzLiDeP relies on the complete support of entrepreneurship, small business, farming enterprises, and stands for the reduction of state presence in the economy, whereas the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan is in favor of retaining the regulatory role of the state in the conditions of market economy, which, as it believes, would ensure the effective interaction of market mechanisms established by the state and clear rules in the sphere of social policy, delivering economic benefits for socially vulnerable segments of the population.

Adolat stakes on innovative development of the economy, introduction of advanced resources and energy saving technologies, as they see them highly promising.

The goals of political parties largely coincide in terms of addressing social problems, while each of them defines mechanisms and ways to achieve them in its own way. For instance, the program of DPU Milliy Tiklanish focuses on protection of families, mental and physical health of women, children and youth. UzLiDeP stands for the creation of conditions for self-realization of each individual. The PDPU prioritizes implementation of a strong social policy with regard to the poor and vulnerable segments of the population, and the SDPU Adolat seeks to avoid a high level of social stratification of society by income, property, access to social services.

In socio-political life, the DPU Milliy Tiklanish supports traditional national democratic institutions, promoting national revival and development, and strengthening the unity of the people. UzLiDeP seeks to further pursue the democratization of state power and administration, strengthen the guarantees of inviolability of private property. PDPU stands for strengthening the role of the state, protection of interests of pensioners. The program of Adolat sets the task of building a ‘state of national welfare’, strengthening of the principles of freedom, equality, social justice, solidarity and humanism, non-admission of discrimination.

Over the years of independence, Uzbekistan has shaped the national electoral legislation in line with international standards.

Adopted on December 8, 1992, the Constitution of Uzbekistan contains a separate 23rd chapter on the electoral system. It regulates the issues of presidential elections, elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, and the representative bodies of state authority in the field.

The Article 117 of the Basic Law stipulates that the elections are conducted on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. The right to vote is granted to the citizens of Uzbekistan who have reached the age of eighteen on the day of the election and older. The universal suffrage is implemented regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, language, religion, social origin, beliefs, individual or social status.

A dozen of specific acts have been adopted during the years of independence to directly regulate the electoral processes, including the law ‘On guarantees of electoral rights of citizens’, ‘On the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan’, ‘On elections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan’, ‘On the Central Election Commission’, and others. Certain aspects of the organization and conduct of elections are also regulated by specific regulations and instructions of the Central Election Commission.

There is every reason to say that Uzbekistan has built a full code of laws on elections, which clearly, consistently and plainly fixes legal rules. The legislative framework in this area is stable, thereby ensuring certainty for the participants of the electoral process.

The Concept of Intensification of Democratic Reforms and Formation of Civil Society in the Country, as adopted by the national parliament in November 2010, is seen as an important policy document, also with regard to the further streamlining of the electoral legislation.

In 2014, certain articles of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan were amended within the framework of the Concept. In particular, the amendments defined a system of democratic formation of the Central Election Commission as a permanent constitutional body, the basic principles of its activity strengthened the legal guarantees of independence of the entire system of the electoral bodies that are responsible for the organization of the elections to representative bodies, and established liability for interference with their activities.

Implementation of abovementioned and other laws has been contributing to the full implementation of the principle of freedom of choice, consistent democratization of the electoral system of the country, and strengthening the principles of openness and transparency of the elections.

This fact was vividly proved by the parliamentary and presidential elections in 2014 and 2015, when the authoritative international observers, national and foreign media confirmed the effectiveness of the rule of law, high political and legal consciousness of citizens, and their confidence in the electoral system of Uzbekistan.

It is important to note that the process of reforms in Uzbekistan has a continuous and consistent nature, is based on thorough analysis of the course made, the best practices of developed democratic states, and, above all, takes into account the raising level of public and political awareness of the Uzbek citizens.

In this context, it was quite natural that the Law ‘On the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan’ was amended in December of the same year after the presidential elections took place in March 2015.

The novelties have helped to clarify the concept of pre-election campaign, its types, forms and methods, set the deadlines, and procedure of early voting. It was envisaged to establish polling stations for the persons in penal institutions, who expect a court conviction. Experts give a separate mention to the reduction of the total number of voters' signatures from five to one percent, which should be provided by political parties in support of their candidate for the election.

All the abovementioned measures have created yet more favorable conditions for the liberalization of the elections, ensuring their transparency, free and independent expression of citizens’ will.

Streamlining of electoral legislation in Uzbekistan is underway. For example, members of the Legislative Chamber, senators, CEC members, are currently considering the possibility of introduction of a single electronic register of voters. There is no doubt that the presidential elections of 2016 will give new food for reflection in this field.

It is no exaggeration to say that the international community is closely monitoring the progress of the election campaign.

Journalists of news agencies from 30 countries of the world have already been accredited to follow the election. An unprecedented number of foreign observers - legal scholars, political scientists, public figures, representatives of national parliaments and electoral bodies of Asia, Africa, Europe, America and the CIS, have expressed the will to observe the election. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Association of World Election Bodies, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Executive Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States have delegated their observer missions to Uzbekistan.

The full-scale mission of the OSCE ODIHR, including about 200 long and short-term observers, will monitor the elections for the first time.

The country's legislation provides for the monitoring all cycles of electoral process, ranging from its beginning to the vote counting, and clearly establishes the rights and powers of the observers.

Thus, the Law ‘On the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan’ settles the right of international observers, including media representatives, to participate in all events on the preparation and conduct of elections, be present at the vote counting and compilation of the precinct election commission protocol, request and receive copies of the results of the election documents, certified by the election commission.

Approved by the Central Election Commission for the first time in the electoral practice, a ‘Program of measures on raising the level of the legal culture of voters in the run-up to the election of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan’, is the universally recognized novelty.

It was elaborated with an eye to proposals of various public associations, mass media and civil society institutions, which have accumulated a considerable experience in close interaction with various population strata.

The program covers almost all segments of the population, particularly women, youth, veterans, persons with disabilities, the military, self-government bodies, labor groups, representatives of educational institutions, as well as the fellow citizens who temporarily reside abroad.

Dozens of thousands of events have been under the document. The agenda included workshops, conferences, round-table discussions, various rallies like ‘My voice is my country's future’, ‘I vote by myself’, ‘Each member of my family has his voice’, ‘We have the right to choose’, which aimed at further raise of the legal culture in citizens.

Certain measures under the program are taken to eradicate the so-called ‘family voting’ and other violations of electoral law. They include broadcasting of TV and radio commercials, public campaigns. 100,000 copies of posters are published and distributed among the population.

CEC prepared and delivered to the regions over 717,000 posters. All polling stations were supplied with over 253,000 collections and brochures with legal acts, including 20,000 copies of the Law ‘On elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan’.

The O’zbekiston Channel runs a TV Show ‘Elections, a Mirror of Democracy’ in Uzbek and Russian. A news program ‘News of the Central Election Commission’ is broadcast every Wednesday, Thursday and Friday in Uzbek, Russian and English languages. ‘Didar’, ‘Rangikamon’, ‘Naupir’, ‘Chinsen’ programs are aired every Friday in the Kazakh, Tajik, Korean, and Karakalpak languages.

Since November 1, 2016, the Central Election Commission has been running the round the clock hotline to avoid violations of the law during the preparation and conduct of elections, timely consider appeals of individuals and legal entities, and respond to them in conformity with the law.

The raise of the level of the legal culture and electoral activity of women and youth is another priority. It is very important for 555,000 young men and women, who will give a vote on December 4 for the first time in their life.

Much attention has been paid in Uzbekistan to respect the electoral rights of citizens with disabilities. For the first time in election practice, our country has taken additional measures to produce ballots in Braille for blind people.

There are all the conditions for the participation of representatives of various nations and nationalities in the electoral process. Precinct election commissions comprise more than 11% of representatives of different nations living in Uzbekistan - Russians, Turkmens, Tajiks, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Ukrainians, Koreans and others. The materials of election campaign are published in Uzbek, Karakalpak, Russian, Kazakh and Tajik languages, and generally, the information about the election campaign is published by the media in 17 languages. Such publications as ‘Koryo Sinmun’, ‘Thonil – Unity’ in the Korean, and ‘Apaga’ in the Armenian language freely cover the electoral processes on their pages.

In conclusion, it would be appropriate to mention the active involvement of NGOs and citizens' assemblies in the election campaign. Nearly 18,000 members of precinct election commissions, or 18.3% of their total number are the employees of citizens' assemblies. 303 polling stations throughout the country are located directly in the building of citizens' assemblies.

As for the NGOs, their activists make up 23.4% of the composition of district election commissions. An NGO representative was appointed a chairman in each second DEC, deputy chairman – in four, a secretary - in six DECs. Their representation exceeds 10% in the composition of precinct election commissions.

Since the beginning of the election campaign, nongovernmental non-profit organizations have held more than 50,000 conferences, round tables, workshops, meetings and rallies in the form of social partnership with government agencies and educational institutions. They established public control over the preparation and conduct of elections. For instance, the Independent Institute for Monitoring the Formation of Civil Society has been carefully monitoring the whole process, informing the public about compliance with all requirements of the legislation. The results of monitoring of previous parliamentary and presidential elections were broadly discussed among the public, and laid the foundation for the follow up development of the electoral legislation and practice.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

Press Club opens in Tashkent

posted 9 Dec 2016, 04:07 by Webmaster Ambasciata

The Press Club on coverage of the presidential elections was launched on 30 November 2016 at the International Hotel Tashkent.

The event was attended by members of the parliament, representatives of ministries and agencies, international and public organizations, international observers for the elections, leading experts, local and foreign journalists.

Chairman of the Central Election Commission of Uzbekistan M. Abdusalomov, Chairman of the Committee of the Senate of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan on foreign affairs S. Safayev, Chairman of the National Association of electronic mass media F. Abdukholikov and General director of the UzReport news agency R.Juraev and others noted that upcoming 4 December Presidential elections are a mirror of the reforms, carried out in our country, on construction of a legal democratic state and free civil society, radical renovation and modernization of all spheres of life of our country.

The mass media actively take part in informing the population of the country and international community on all phases of preparing for and conducting elections. All conditions for journalists have been created at the Republic press-centre on covering elections and press-centres at the regional election commissions. Representatives of the mass media partake at the meetings of Central and regional elections commissions. Furthermore, commissions have been organizing a series of workshops and conferences to support the mass media in covering elections process, further enhancing knowledge and experience of journalists in this area.

Aiming at the creation of a unique interactive media platform for representatives of domestic and foreign media and formation of objective content about the preparation and conduct of elections, informing international observers and experts about the voting processes, as well as the media community about the achievements of our country, the National Association of electronic mass media of Uzbekistan, Uzreport news agency, Mening Yurtim, UZREPORT TV channels and other organizations established Press

The platform has united advanced technologies and solutions: modern computers with high-speed Internet, the latest achievements in the field of IT-technologies, design and multimedia. The Press Club has established an online connection with 10 regional non-state television stations across the country, and direct online communication with the press centre of the Central Election Commission.

- Uzbekistan accumulated a huge experience in covering preparation and conducting electing in cooperation with different mass media, - says a reporter from the Xinhua news agency (China) Sha Dati. – This is demonstrated at the current election campaign as well. Online press-conferences and briefings, held by the Central and regional elections commissions, facilitate involvement of voters in all regions, ensuring full-scale covering of this significant political event. Opening of this press-club allows event wider access of journalists to information and effectively report about the election campaign.

A daily program schedule that has been developed for effective operation of the club includes briefings, press conferences and a series of thematic events with the participation of parliamentarians, representatives of political parties, ministries and departments, civil society and international observers.

The organizers also prepared a series of cultural events to introduce traditional art and culture of Uzbekistan to international observers and representatives of mass media.

It was noted at the event that all necessary conditions for effective operation of the mass media, covering the elections have been created and such projects have a significant importance in informing international observers and journalists about the election process as well as the activity of state bodies and civil society institutions.

The CIS mission: The election campaign in Uzbekistan is progressing in the sprit of an open contest

posted 9 Dec 2016, 04:04 by Webmaster Ambasciata

The period of electoral campaigning in Uzbekistan continues in observance of the country’s legislation. Equal conditions have been created for the presidential candidates to present their programmes and to meet voters. On the whole, the election campaign is progressing in the spirit of an open contest and at a high organizational level.

This is the opinion of the mission of observers from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) as voiced at a briefing held in Tashkent on 29 November 2016 for mass media representatives. Members of the mission set forth their preliminary conclusions and evaluations of the electoral process going on in the country in an intermediate report on the observation of the preparation and conduct of the elections of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. At the same time they said that they were performing their functions freely and independently.

Giving a detailed description of all the phases of the current election campaign, legislative bases and changes and additions made to norm-setting regulatory acts, these observers from the CIS emphasized that work on the preparation and conduct of the forthcoming elections was being carried out in a consistent manner.

Members of the mission say that the necessary conditions have been created for the country’s district and precinct electoral commissions and that citizens are being informed through print media, radio and television channels about the election campaign. The round-the-clock functioning of a trust line and an e-mail at the Central Electoral Commission from 1 November this year for individuals and corporate bodies to contact it if necessary was stated especially.

These observers emphasized that for the first time in Uzbekistan’s electoral practice a programme of events for raising the law culture of voters had been approved by the Central Electoral Commission and adopted. For these purposes, seminars and round-table conversations are being conducted with the participation of representatives of civil society institutions.

The Central Electoral Commission is effectively using the potential of media to ensure the openness and transparency of the electoral process, members of the CIS mission said. They asserted that media of Uzbekistan were providing equal conditions in terms of duration and volume for coverage of the candidates’ electoral campaigning in news and other informational programmes.

The observer mission of the CIS has been monitoring the preparation and conduct of the elections since 17 November. The head of the mission that includes 10 long-term and about 60 short-term observers is the chairman of the Executive Committee of the CIS, Sergey Lebedev.

As part of election monitoring, long-term observes from the CIS familiarized themselves with the work of district and precinct electoral commissions and visited 104 electoral precincts in various regions of the country. Moreover, members of the observer mission are monitoring the process of early voting, which began on 24 November and is to continue until 2 December.

It was noted at the briefing that the mission would set forth its final conclusions and evaluations in a final document on results of the monitoring of the elections.

Observers from the CIS answered questions that were of interest to journalists.

(Source: UzA)

Inter-party competition and pluralism of opinions

posted 29 Nov 2016, 11:43 by Webmaster Ambasciata

The elections for President of the Republic of Uzbekistan are held on 4 December 2016, in accordance with articles 96 and 117 of the Constitution. The elections are organized and conducted by the Central Electoral Commission and by district and local electoral commissions.

Since its independence, Uzbekistan has gradually emerged as a law-based democratic State with a civil society. In this context, a major role is played by creating the necessary conditions for the organization and regular conduct of open and free elections, which are the foundations of modern democracy.

Political forces participating in elections on the basis of their electoral platforms represent a natural process of development and progress. The evolution of a multiparty system in Uzbekistan shows that, at each stage of reform, the process has relied upon the legal framework being established and improved to foster party political activity.

The Constitution of Uzbekistan and the Public Associations Act, the Political Parties Act, the Political Parties (Financing) Act and a number of other legislative instruments adopted under the Constitution have laid a solid legal foundation for the establishment and free development of parties and public associations that express the interests of diverse sectors of the population.

The procedural and institutional framework for parties to engage in political and electoral processes has been gradually and consistently developed. Pursuant to the 2003 and 2008 amendments and additions to the Constitution and the Presidential Elections Act, the Suffrages Guarantees Act, the Oliy Majlis Elections Act and the Act on Elections to Regional, District and Municipal Councils, the Head of State, parliamentary deputies and representatives of local government are elected exclusively on a multiparty basis.

National electoral legislation in Uzbekistan has evolved over time. In 1999 political parties, representatives of local government and citizens’ self-governing bodies were entitled to put forward candidates for election to parliament; in 2004 political parties and action groups had this right; and in 2009 and 2014 only political parties were granted this right. These legislative changes show that the political struggle is reaching a qualitatively new level from election to election, parties are expanding their areas of activity, their authority is increasing in society and, consequently, so is their responsibility to the people and to the country.

Granting only political parties the right to nominate candidates as deputies was another step in democratizing the State and society, shaping the bodies of representative and executive government, developing a multiparty system and strengthening inter-party competition.

The adoption of the Act on strengthening the role of political parties in the renewal and further democratization of State governance and the modernization of the country was of fundamental importance. This clearly defines the status of the parliamentary opposition and safeguards its activities. The Act was the legal basis on which the political parties UzLiDep and Milliy Tiklanish, in 2015, formed the Democratic Bloc, representing the parliamentary majority, for the effective promotion of draft laws to implement their programme objectives. In turn, the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan and the Adolat (Justice) Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan group announced that they were parties of the minority parliamentary opposition.

The adoption by parliament of a policy outline on further strengthening democratic reforms and the development of civil society in Uzbekistan, elaborated in 2010 by the first President of Uzbekistan, Mr. Islam Karimov, gave a powerful impetus to the development of a multiparty system. On the basis of initiatives laid down in this document, amendments were made to the Constitution whereby the Prime Minister of the country is nominated by the political party that wins the largest number of seats in the Legislative Chamber from the elections, or by several political parties tied for first place in the number of seats won; a new concept was introduced to constitutional law: a motion of no confidence in the Prime Minister; and, in accordance with the amendments to the Political Parties Act of December 2013, the powers were also significantly enhanced of party groups of local kengashes (councils) of people’s deputies.

All of this significantly increased opportunities for political parties, through their representatives in parliament and kengashes (councils) of people’s deputies, to monitor the activities of government bodies and to address the most important socioeconomic development challenges at the regional level and in the country as a whole.

The Act amending and supplementing specific articles of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan (articles 32, 78, 93, 98, 103 and 117) was of particular importance for the development of a multiparty system and was a logical extension of the democratic constitutional reforms in the country over the last decade.

Public oversight of State bodies was incorporated in the constitutional framework as an important mechanism for the participation of citizens, and thus political parties, in managing the affairs of society and the State. Furthermore, as a result of amendments to the Constitution, the role of political parties in determining specific social, political and economic development priorities was significantly strengthened, and their involvement in carrying out strategic reforms and in modernizing the country was increased.

When a candidacy is being considered and approved in the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, crucially, the candidate for the position of Prime Minister must submit a short- and long-term programme of action for the Cabinet of Ministers. This allows the political parties represented in the Legislative Chamber to clearly set out their positions on the Government’s programme for achieving national development milestones, and to determine the programme of action for their participation.

These and other amendments to the Constitution have created genuine conditions for an inter-party contest, a competition of ideas and programmes, and the development of the multiparty system as a whole. Today, every party must provide the electorate with a clear and understandable programme of action to address the challenges facing society and, through their deputies as representatives, must take an active part in the shaping of government agencies. Only a political party, position and programme gaining the support of the electorate has a rightful place in the political system of Uzbekistan.

In this way, legislation is building a party system that serves as a means for citizens’ interests to be conveyed at the national policy level.

Full compliance with national legislation during the election campaign and a demonstration of proactive and political positions by political parties and all citizens will contribute to the successful holding of elections for President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in full accordance with democratic principles.

Competencia entre partidos y pluralismo de opiniones - Compétition politique et pluralisme

posted 29 Nov 2016, 11:42 by Webmaster Ambasciata

De conformidad con los artículos 96 y 117 de la Constitución de Uzbekistán, el 4 de diciembre de 2016 se celebrará la elección del Presidente de la República de Uzbekistán. La Comisión Electoral Central y las comisiones electorales de distrito y de circunscripción se encargan de organizar y celebrar las elecciones.

En los años trascurridos desde que Uzbekistán logró la independencia, se ha venido formando sistemáticamente un Estado y una sociedad civil democráticos y basados en el estado de derecho. A este respecto, es de vital importancia que se creen las condiciones necesarias para la organización y celebración periódica de elecciones abiertas y libres, que son la base de una democracia moderna.

La participación de las fuerzas políticas en las elecciones sobre la base de sus plataformas electorales constituye un proceso natural del desarrollo y el progreso. La evolución de un sistema pluripartidista en Uzbekistán muestra que, en cada etapa de las reformas, este proceso se ha apoyado en el establecimiento y la mejora de un marco jurídico que promueve la actividad política de los partidos.

La Constitución y las leyes de Uzbekistán basadas en ella sobre las asociaciones de la sociedad civil, los partidos políticos y la financiación de los partidos políticos, así como una serie de otros instrumentos legislativos, han sentado una sólida base jurídica para el establecimiento y el libre desarrollo de los partidos políticos y las asociaciones de la sociedad civil, que representan los intereses de los diversos segmentos de la población.

Los mecanismos institucionales y jurídicos para asegurar la participación activa de los partidos en los procesos políticos y electorales se han desarrollado de manera sistemática y progresiva. De conformidad con las modificaciones y los complementos introducidos en la Constitución en 2003 y 2008 y las leyes relativas a la elección del Presidente de Uzbekistán, las garantías de los derechos electorales de los ciudadanos, las elecciones al Oliy Majlis de la República de Uzbekistán, y la elección de los kengashi de diputados del pueblo a nivel de provincias, distritos y ciudades, las elecciones del Jefe del Estado, los representantes parlamentarios y los órganos gubernamentales representativos locales son de carácter exclusivamente multipartidario.

La legislación electoral nacional de Uzbekistán se caracteriza por su carácter evolutivo. Así, mientras que, de conformidad con dicha legislación, en las elecciones parlamentarias de 1999, los partidos políticos, los órganos representativos y los órganos de locales de gobierno autónomo tenían derecho a presentar candidatos a diputados, en las elecciones de 2004 solo podían hacerlo los partidos políticos y los movimientos ciudadanos, y en las elecciones de 2009 y 2014 ese derecho se concedía únicamente a los partidos políticos. Esta evolución en la legislación muestra que, de una elección a otra, la contienda política se desarrolla sobre una base cualitativamente nueva, se va ampliando el alcance de las actividades de los partidos políticos, así como aumenta su credibilidad y, en consecuencia, también su responsabilidad ante el pueblo y el país.

La concesión exclusiva a los partidos políticos del derecho a presentar candidatos a diputados representó un paso adelante en la democratización del Estado y la sociedad y el proceso de formación de los órganos representativos y ejecutivos, y contribuyó al desarrollo del sistema pluripartidista y al fortalecimiento de la competencia entre los partidos.

La aprobación de la Ley constitucional sobre el fortalecimiento del papel de los partidos políticos en la revitalización y ulterior democratización de la administración pública y la modernización del país ha sido fundamental. En dicha Ley se definen claramente el estatuto y las garantías de la labor de la oposición parlamentaria. Esa Ley sirvió de base jurídica para que ya en 2015 los partidos políticos UzLiDeP y “Milly Tiklanish”, con miras a presentar de forma efectiva proyectos de ley relacionados con la consecución de los objetivos de sus programas, formaran el Bloque Democrático, que pasó a constituir la mayoría parlamentaria. Por su parte, una facción del Partido Popular Democrático de Uzbekistán y el Partido Social Demócrata “Adolat” se declararon los partidos de la minoría de oposición en el Parlamento.

La aprobación por el Parlamento del concepto de la profundización de las reformas democráticas y la formación de la sociedad civil en el país, formulado en 2010 por el primer Presidente de Uzbekistán, Islam Karimov, imprimió un poderoso impulso al desarrollo del sistema multipartidista. Las iniciativas presentadas en ese documento sirvieron de base para la introducción de enmiendas en la Constitución, con arreglo a las cuales la candidatura a Primer Ministro del país la propone el partido político que en las elecciones haya recibido el mayor número de escaños en la Cámara Legislativa, o los partidos políticos que hayan recibido igualmente el mayor número de escaños. En la Ley Básica se instituyó la figura del voto de desconfianza al Primer Ministro. Con las modificaciones introducidas en diciembre de 2013 en la Ley de los partidos políticos, también se ampliaron en gran medida las facultades de los grupos partidistas de los kengashes (consejos locales) de diputados del pueblo.

Todo esto aumenta considerablemente las posibilidades de que los partidos políticos ejerzan influencia, a través de sus representantes en el Parlamento y los kengashes (consejos) de diputados del pueblo, sobre las decisiones del Gobierno y participen activamente en la solución de los problemas más importantes del desarrollo socioeconómico de las regiones y el país en su conjunto.

La Ley sobre la introducción de enmiendas y adiciones en determinados artículos de la Constitución (artículos 32, 78, 93, 98, 103 y 117), que es la continuación lógica de las reformas democráticas constitucionales del país en la última década, es de especial importancia para el desarrollo de un sistema multipartidista.

Así, en la legislación constitucional se instituyó el control público sobre las actividades del Gobierno como uno de los mecanismos fundamentales de la participación de los ciudadanos y, por lo tanto, también de los partidos políticos, en la gestión de los asuntos del Estado y la sociedad. Además, como resultado de las modificaciones introducidas en la Ley Básica, se reforzó apreciablemente la función que cumplen los partidos políticos para determinar las prioridades concretas del desarrollo socioeconómico y político y aumentó su participación en el cumplimiento de las tareas estratégicas de reforma y modernización del país.

Es sumamente importante el hecho de que todo candidato al cargo de Primer Ministro, al someterse su nominación al Oliy Majlis de la República de Uzbekistán para su examen y aprobación, debe presentar el plan de acción del Consejo de Ministros a corto y a largo plazo. De esta manera, los partidos políticos representados en la Cámara Legislativa pueden definir claramente sus posiciones sobre la política del Gobierno respecto del cumplimiento de las tareas más importantes del desarrollo del país y definir el plan de acción para participar activamente en esos procesos.

Estas y otras enmiendas introducidas en la Constitución han creado las condiciones reales para la contienda entre los partidos, la competencia de ideas y programas y el desarrollo del sistema multipartidista en su conjunto. Hoy en día, cada partido, a través de sus representantes en los órganos legislativos, debe presentar a los votantes un plan de acción claro y comprensible para hacer frente a los problemas que enfrenta la sociedad, y participar activamente en la formación de las estructuras de poder. Solo el partido político, la posición y el programa que reciben el apoyo de los votantes pueden esperar ocupar un lugar digno en el sistema político.

En consecuencia, gracias a las leyes, se está formando un sistema de partidos que hace posible la creación de un mecanismo que permite que los intereses de los ciudadanos se refleje en la política del Estado.

El estricto cumplimiento de la legislación nacional durante la campaña electoral y la manifestación de las perspectivas y posiciones políticas por parte de los partidos políticos y todos los ciudadanos del país contribuirán a que la elección del Presidente de la República de Uzbekistán se lleve a cabo con éxito y en plena conformidad con los principios democráticos.

Compétition politique et pluralisme

En vertu des articles 96 et 117 de la Constitution ouzbèke, le prochain Président de la République d’Ouzbékistan sera élu le 4 décembre 2016. L’organisation et la tenue du scrutin sont du ressort de la Commission électorale centrale et des commissions électorales de district et de quartier.

L’indépendance du pays a débouché sur la mise en place d’un gouvernement démocratique fondé sur l’état de droit et le développement de la société civile. Il a été essentiel, pour y parvenir, de créer les conditions propices à l’organisation et à tenue régulière d’élections libres et ouvertes à tous, qui sont au fondement d’une démocratie moderne.

La participation aux élections des partis politiques sur la base de leursprogrammes électoraux est ce qui constitue la marque véritable du développement et du progrès. En Ouzbékistan, la réforme qui a conduit au multipartisme s’est appuyée à chacune de ses étapes sur l’élaboration et le renforcement de principes juridiques propres à accroître l’activité politique. 

La Constitution ouzbèke, les lois relatives aux associations, aux partis politiques et à leur financement qui en découlent et toute une série d’autres textes législatifs constituent le solide socle juridique sur lequel des partis et associations représentant les intérêts des divers groupes de population ont été créés et se sont librement développés. 

La mise en place progressive de mécanismes juridiques et institutionnels a permis aux partis politiques de prendre activement part aux processus électoraux. En 2003 et 2008, la Constitution et les lois relatives à l’élection présidentielle, aux droits électoraux des citoyens, à l’élection des membres du Parlement ouzbek (Oliy Majlis) et à l’élection des membres des conseils régionaux, territoriaux et municipaux ont été modifiées et complétées de sorte que le multipartisme soit le seul système présidant à l’élection du chef de l’État, des députés et des membres des organes représentatifs locaux.

La législation électorale ouzbèke présente un caractère évolutif. Ainsi, en 1999, le droit de désigner les candidats aux élections législatives a été conféré aux partis politiques, aux organes représentatifs du pouvoir et aux organes autonomes de la société civile, en 2004, ce rôle a été l’apanage des partis politiques et des groupements d’intérêt public, et en 2009 et 2014, ce droit est revenu exclusivement aux partis politiques. Cette évolution de la législation montre que d’une élection à l’autre, le combat politique se livre sur un terrain qui gagne en qualité, les partis étendent la gamme de leurs activités et affirment leur autorité dans la société, ce qui accroît  leur responsabilité vis-à-vis du peuple et du pays.

En conférant aux partis politiques le droit exclusif de désigner les candidats aux élections législatives, le pays a franchi une étape supplémentaire sur la voie de la démocratisation des institutions et de la société ainsi que de la mise en place des organes exécutifs et législatifs, ce qui a favorisé le multipartisme et renforcé la compétition politique. 

L’adoption de la loi constitutionnelle relative au renforcement du rôle des partis politiques dans le renouvellement et la poursuite de la démocratisation des institutions et dans la modernisation du pays a joué un rôle essentiel. Cette loi a clairement défini le statut de l’opposition parlementaire et les garanties relatives à l’activité de celle-ci. Elle constitue l’assise juridique qui a permis aux partis UzLiDep et Milliy Tiklanish de former, dès 2015, le Bloc démocratique, majoritaire au Parlement, en vue de déposer des projets de loi visant à la réalisation d’objectifs inscrits dans leurs programmes. En parallèle, le parti populaire démocratique de l’Ouzbékistan et le parti social-démocrate Adolat se sont déclarés partis minoritaires de l’opposition parlementaire.

L’adoption par le Parlement du Projet de poursuite des réformes démocratiques et de développement de la société civile, élaboré par le premier Président de l’Ouzbékistan, Islam Karimov, en 2010, a insufflé un nouvel élan au multipartisme. Des amendements inspirés des propositions énoncées dans ce document ont été apportés à la Constitution, en vertu desquels le choix du Premier Ministre revient au parti politique ayant remporté le plus grand nombre de sièges au Parlement ou aux partis ayant obtenu la majorité avec un nombre égal de sièges. La motion de défiance contre le Premier Ministre a été inscrite dans la Constitution. Les modifications apportées à loi relative aux partis politiques en décembre 2013 ont considérablement étendu les pouvoirs conférés aux coalitions politiques dans les conseils locaux de députés.

Toutes ces mesures ont sensiblement renforcé les moyens dont disposent les partis politiques pour contrôler l’activité des organes du pouvoir, par l’intermédiaire de leurs membres élus au Parlement ou dans les conseils locaux, et pour participer activement au règlement des grands problèmes liés au développement socio-économique des régions et du pays tout entier.

La loi portant amendement et complément des articles 32, 78, 93, 98, 103 et 117 de la Constitution, qui s’inscrit dans le prolongement des réformes démocratiques et constitutionnelles opérées au cours des dix dernières années, a tout particulièrement contribué à asseoir le multipartisme.

Cette loi prévoit que la société civile exerce un contrôle sur l’activité des organes du pouvoir, ce contrôle étant voué à devenir l’un des principaux mécanismes de participation des citoyens et, par là même, des partis politiques, à la conduite des affaires sociales et publiques. En outre, les amendements apportés à la Constitution ont permis aux partis politiques de jouer un rôle bien plus important dans la définition des priorités en matière de développement social, politique et économique et de contribuer plus activement à relever les défis stratégiques que posent les réformes et la modernisation du pays.

Il est essentiel que, lorsque sa candidature est examinée et confirmée par le Parlement, le candidat au poste de premier ministre soit tenu de présenter le programme d’action de son gouvernement à court et à long terme, car cela permettra aux partis politiques représentés au Parlement de définir précisément leur position par rapport au projet gouvernemental s’agissant de la réalisation des grands objectifs de développement et d’établir un plan d’action en vue d’y concourir activement.

Ces amendements constitutionnels, parmi d’autres, ont créé des conditions favorables à la compétition politique, à la mise en concurrence des idées et des programmes et, de manière générale, au développement du multipartisme. Chaque parti est désormais tenu de présenter aux électeurs un programme clair et détaillé de mesures visant à relever les défis auxquels le pays fait face, et de participer activement, par l’intermédiaire des députés qui le représentent, à la mise en place des structures du pouvoir. Seul le parti politique dont les positions et le programme recevront l’adhésion des électeurs peut prétendre occuper une place éminente dans le paysage politique national.

Ainsi, la législation a permis l’instauration d’un système politique dans lequel les intérêts des citoyens sont pris en compte dans la politique gouvernementale.

Une campagne électorale menée dans le strict respect de la législation nationale et la participation active des partis politiques et de tous les citoyens à la vie sociale et politique contribueront au succès d’une élection présidentielle pleinement conforme aux principes démocratiques.

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