INFORMATION DIGEST OF PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN # 72 April 12, 2016

posted 19 Apr 2016, 11:48 by Webmaster Ambasciata
POLITICS
President of Uzbekistan expressed condolences to the heads of India

ECONOMY
Uzbek knitted fabric with special characteristics, formation and structure

EXPORT
Uzbekistan: The Point for Growth

PRESIDENCY OF UZBEKISTAN IN THE SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION (2015-2016)
Meeting of Senior Officials of SCO counternarcotics agencies

POLItiCs

President of Uzbekistan expressed condolences to the heads of India

On April 11, 2016, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov sent messages of sincere condolences to the President of the Republic of India Pranab Mukherjee and the Prime Minister Narendra Modi due to the numerous victims, resulted by the fire in Kollam city during the celebration of Hindu New Year.

The head of Uzbekistan conveyed sincere sympathy to the families and relatives of victims and those injured.

(Source: Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

economy

Uzbek knitted fabric with special characteristics, formation and structure

The Republic’s leaders identified, among a number of major priorities of national economic policy, the upgrading of production by inculcating the latest technologies and installing modern equipment, all of which are needed to intensify the processing of local raw materials and to swell export volumes of competitive finished goods with high value added that are much in demand in the world marketplace.

When implementing numerous projects in this field, a great deal of attention is usually devoted to the most promising sectors of manufacturing, with the textile industry holding a special spot among them. This can be attributed to the vast potential the latter enjoys for a wider introduction of innovative developments designed to intensify the processing of cotton fiber and to increase production volumes of finished goods with high value added.

In his address to an enlarged session of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan devoted to the results of the country’s socio-economic development in 2015 and the main priority directions of the National Economic Program for 2016, the Uzbek president pointed out that the intensified processing of cotton fiber in keeping with present-day technologies would allow the textile industry to augment production volumes of generally sought after textile and light-industry output 5.5-fold by the year 2030. And such component as innovation has a vital role to play in securing this goal.

Nowadays, indigenous enterprises process about 35 per cent of the total volume of cotton fiber produced in the Republic. It is owing to the introduction of highly productive modern technologies that the export of textile produce has skyrocketed 120-fold – from US $7 million in 1991 to over US $1 billion to date. For the time being, Uzbekistan exports its light-industry output to 50 countries throughout the globe. It should be observed in this connection that knitted garments account for a lion’s share of goods manufactured and exported by the national textile industry.

Abounding in economic assets, natural resources and raw materials, which are stupendous and varied, indeed, the Republic is well-placed and prepared to turn out competitive commodities with low prime cost. In this connection, the following developments are outlined as the pivotal scientific-practical tasks in the textile sector: an expansion of the range of knitted wear and a further improvement of their quality, an increase in the scope of technological capabilities of knitted machinery and production of new types of stockinet thanks to improved technology.

The pace of development of knitted fabric production is fuelled by a growing demand for knitted garments, because they are characterized by excellent hygienic qualities, look beautiful and are hard-wearing.

It should be confessed, however, that today the selection of outer clothes made of stockinet at indigenous enterprises is regrettably limited. Its expansion, together with the improvement of knitted wear’s quality will required the use of new types of raw materials and new structures and means of production of stockinet with improved hygienic characteristics and a high level of shape stability.

Comfortableness and hygienic capacity of knitted wear are provided by such qualities of stockinet as air- and steam-permeability, hygroscopicity, water-absorbing capacity, electrifiableness, dust absorbing capacity and thermal-insulation characteristics.

The Republic of Uzbekistan produces such highly hygienic kinds of raw stuff as cotton and silk. Let it be mentioned in this context that garments made of silk stockinet acquire several unique properties of real silk, while retaining all peculiarities of knitted fabric, including plasticity, softness, durability and the like.

Wearing garments made of real silk stockinet makes one feel cool in hot weather and warm when it is cold; besides such garments are easily washed and quickly dry after washing. In addition, they don’t require ironing after washing, which is also a very important quality per se. Silk stockinet doesn’t crumple easily; what’s more, in the course of wearing and washing it changes its shape only a little. Clothes made of real stockinet are worn for a long time, since the silk thread is very resistant to destruction.

The researchers at the chair of textile fabric technology of the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry are working out technologies for the production of knitted wear with improved hygienic characteristics in two directions.

The first direction covers the improvement of stockinet’s hygienic properties by means of a more efficient application of silk thread in the textile industry.

For Central Asia, garments made of real silk are indispensable, owing to their marvelous hygienic qualities. That’s why they will always be in popular demand in the region. Despite the fact that real silk looks beautiful and possesses such characteristics as mat luster, high strength, elasticity, good air-permeability and moisture-absorbing capacity, the range of knitted garments made of this material is very limited. It is mainly used for the production of crepe fabrics, although its scope of usage abroad is far wider.

The creation of new types of weave for knitted fabrics made on the basis of real silk thread not only enlarges the scope of its application, but also makes it possible to expand the assortment of knitted fabrics, as well as  to improve their qualitative, exploitation and hygienic indicators.

The chair’s researchers have recently elaborated a technology that allows textile manufacturers to turn out a wide range of hosiery, linen and light outer knitted clothes on the basis of existing equipment and machinery available at the Republic’s stockinet enterprises. Using the samples of knitted fabrics, the researchers have already determined their technological parameters, and physic-mechanical and hygienic characteristics. The technology they propose has already undergone a series of industrial trials. Its advantages are proved by the results of their theoretical and experimental studies.

The proposed technology permits to expand the range of knitted garments made of local raw materials – cotton and silk, by combining the existing stockinet structures and applying newly created ones. Furthermore, the technology permits to reduce raw-stuff expenditure thanks to modified stockinet structures, without deteriorating the output’s qualitative indicators.

The second direction of research carried out at the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry covers the production of plaiting and lining plush knitted fabric, where cotton yarn, containing a small percentage of Lycra, is used as a ground thread instead of synthetic threads.

The advantage of a given type of plush stockinet production lies in the fact that after extension, Lycra thread takes its initial shape and size, which increases the material’s shape stability.

As well as that, the Lycra thread, thanks to the fiber fineness, makes the stockinet fabric heavier. Moreover, it is not visible on the fabric’s surface.

Analyzing the technological parameters, as well as physic-mechanical and hygienic properties of the samples made of plush knitted fabric, the Institute’s researchers have demonstrated that the application, as a ground thread, of cotton yarn with a small fraction (0.8-1.7 per cent of high-shrinkable Lycra, instead of expensive imported polyester yarn (19-21 per cent), improves the material’s hygienic characteristics, increases its shape stability and reduces its prime cost.

The proposed stockinet fabric may be used for the production of quality knitted garments, especially children’s clothes.

  Another big advantage of the technology worked out by the researchers is that its production doesn’t require new equipment. Indigenous textile enterprises may inculcate this technology using their existing machinery.

The results of research work conducted in this field have been highlighted at several international scientific-practical conferences and published in a number of foreign scientific magazines. Their scientific novelty is acknowledged and confirmed by patents of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The practical results of the research in question were demonstrated, in the form of experimental samples of knitted fabric with improved hygienic properties, at the 8th Republican Fair of Innovative Ideas, Technologies and Projects, where this innovative project got high marks for its novelty and efficiency and won third place in the young scientist’s project category.

The introduction of research developments allows the local textile enterprises to raise the level of competitiveness of their output, to increase a share of local raw materials processed within the Republic, to satisfy domestic needs, to satiate the home market with quality knitted wear and to successfully promote Uzbek manufacturers at the international market for knitted clothes.       

(Source: «Business partner.uz» newspaper)

EXPORt

Uzbekistan: The Point for Growth

In the next four years, Uzbekistan intends to increase exports of fresh and processed fruit and vegetable products by more than 2.7 times, including canned food, concentrates and juices – by 2.5 times.

On the background of a drastic decline in food production in many countries, Uzbekistan has been annually increasing indicators in this segment by 10-15%, meeting not just domestic demand, but also exporting to many countries around the world.

The consistent implementation of measures on the development and diversification of the industry has allowed a significant expansion of the resource base and production volumes over the last five years. For example, the production of fruits and vegetables, grapes and melons has grown by 1.27 times (from 14.8 to 16.3 million tons), meat – by 1.24 times, milk - 1.33 times, which has increased the volume of processed products by 2.5 times, and the product range - from 337 to 628 kinds (1.9 times).

There is much more to come, experts say. According to forecasts, Uzbekistan is capable of at least doubling the current indicators. To do this, it is planned to implement 180 investment projects on construction of new, reconstruction and modernization of existing enterprises on processing of agricultural raw materials and production of semi-finished and finished products, as well as containers and packaging materials worth $595.9 million.

Moreover, 416 regional projects are aimed at expansion of processed milk and meat, fruit and vegetables and other food products. It is planned to focus on the establishment of new facilities for the production of corrugated packaging, plastic packaging, plastic pallets and crates of international standard in the regions.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

PRESIDENCY OF UZBEKISTAN IN THE SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION (2015-2016)

Meeting of Senior Officials of SCO counternarcotics agencies

On April 7-8, 2016, Beijing held the meeting of Senior Officials of counternarcotics agencies of the SCO Member States.

Under the chairmanship of Uzbekistan sides discussed the current state of drug situation and prospects of international cooperation in the spheres of combating illicit drug trafficking.

The parties have also considered the drafts of the anti-drug strategy of the SCO Member States in the years 2017-2022 and the Programme of Action for its implementation, as well as documents of the Meeting of the heads of the competent bodies of the SCO Member States authorized to combat illicit drug trafficking.

(Source: Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

 

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