INFORMATION DIGEST OF PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN #225 November 15, 2017

posted 25 Nov 2017, 04:59 by Webmaster Ambasciata

INFRASTRUCTURE.. 1

Tashkent Metro, the Underground Miracle of the Capital 1

International cooperation.. 4

Meetings of the head of MFA of Uzbekistan in Spain. 4

“Tashkent Fashion Week – 2017”. 5

“Tashkent Fashion Week – 2017” has started in the Palace of Youth Creativity in Tashkent 5

 


 

INFRASTRUCTURE

Tashkent Metro, the Underground Miracle of the Capital

Exactly 40 years ago on November 6, 1977, the first line of the Tashkent Metro was launched. Its length then was 12.2 km, there were only 9 stations, later it was called Chilanzar Line.

Tashkent is a majestic city, unique, surprising in all respects, personifying the economic and spiritual power of the country, the creative power, diligence, kindness and hospitality of our people.

The inhabitants of our capital are rightly proud of both ancient masterpieces of national architecture erected by our great ancestors, as well as modern architectural ensembles created for the last 25 years. The city has many attractions and one of the main is the Tashkent Metro.

Its construction began when the city was rebuilt after the tragic earthquake of 1966. And already in 1977 the first metro line was opened, which connected the most densely populated district of Tashkent - Chilanzar - with the city center.

It is important to note that the emergence of the subway in our capital - the sole merit of the head of the republic in those years, Sharaf Rashidov. He repeatedly appealed to the country's governing bodies to obtain permission for the construction of the metro in Tashkent, personally pestered the thresholds of ministries and departments, asked, persuaded, and argued. And, apparently, his enormous authority in party and economic bodies affected him - he nevertheless achieved a positive response to this request, which was then impossible. And the fact that the metro in Tashkent still appeared, becoming the most convenient and beloved kind of public transport, and besides a unique sight, an unusual underground miracle, is first of all the merit of the great statesman Sharaf Rashidov,

The 100th anniversary of his birth is now widely celebrated in Uzbekistan. We must pay tribute to Sharaf Rashidovich - the construction of the metro in a seismically dangerous region was a very bold and risky idea, connected with many difficulties, but which eventually resulted in the construction of a unique structure.

After the launch of the first line of work continued, and after several years its length increased, new stations appeared.

In 1980, construction of the Uzbek line was started. It was also built step by step. The first part of it - from the Alisher Navoi station to the Tashkent station, where the railway station of Tashkent is located, was completed in 1984. And in 1987, the second section was completed, connecting the station with the Tashselmash plant (now Mashinasozlar) and the aviation plant (now Dustlik). And, finally, the third segment of the Uzbekistan branch, which connected the station of Alisher Navoi with the Chorsu market and the old city (Gafur Gulam station), and also the university, began its work in 1991. At present, the Uzbekistan line consists of 11 stations, and its length is 14.3 km.

In the years of independence, the construction of the third branch of the Tashkent Metro, Yunusabad, began. The first section, which connected the city center and the Tashkent TV tower area, was commissioned in 2001. At present, work is underway to create a second section of the line, which should last until the Yunusabad housing estate and end with a station near the Tashkent ring road.

From the very beginning of the construction of the metro were built taking into account the high seismicity of the region. All designs are designed to resist earthquakes to 9 points on the Richter scale. Of course, there were no such devastating earthquakes as occurred in 1966, since then, in Tashkent, but the weaker shocks that regularly occur in our capital met the metro successfully. His work has never been interrupted since the opening of the first site.

During the construction of the metro, workers encountered the complex behavior of soils. Due to the vibration of the mechanisms, the array was compacted and, accordingly, the volume occupied by the ground was reduced). As a result, the panels used repeatedly fell below the design mark and complex and costly work was carried out to return them to the trajectory. In this regard, the speed of penetration by mechanized complexes was much less than the speed of non-mechanized shields, and eventually the majority of the tunnels were built in a non-mechanized way.

To be sure, the Tashkent metro in terms of the length of lines and number of stations is much smaller that the subways in Moscow or New York, yet it is perhaps one of the most fine-looking in the world.

Today Tashkent underground is home to 29 stations. All of them have their own amazing architectural appearance: unique decoration, rows of columns, colorful bas-reliefs, ganch. An important role in their design is played by lighting, which at each station differently and everywhere creates a special atmosphere.

At their construction only local decoration materials were used - pinkish and light gray marbles from the Gazgan and Nurata deposits, granites and diorites of different shades from the Kurama and Chatkal Mountains. Widely used traditional for the Uzbek art irrigation ceramics and art glass. The best designers and artists of the republic were attracted to the design of the metro. Each of the stations has a unique solution. So, for example, white marble columns and huge crystal chandeliers under high arches give solemnity to the Mustaqillik Maidoni station – the Independence Square. Domes, decorated with majolica ornamentation, and ceramic relieves with scenes from the works of the great Uzbek poet decorate the Navoi station. Bronze lamps, reminiscent of candelabra with candles, at the Pushkin station recreate the era of the early XIX century. Before the passengers of the Kosmonavtlar station the story of the development of the near-Earth space unfolds, depicted on panels resembling the portholes of spaceships. In the design of some stations, traditional Uzbek ornamental motifs were used.

In general, all subway stations are the sights of Tashkent. Therefore, you are not surprised when you see the amazed faces of tourists admiring this underground fairy-tale beauty.

Let's add to this that the subway air-conditioning system will always protect passengers from summer heat and winter cold. Thus traveling through this dungeon is always a pleasure.

One can not help saying that in recent years there have been some problems in the development of the Tashkent Metro. Despite official forecasts that the volume of traffic there had to increase steadily, in fact there was a drop in passenger traffic. This was surprising, given that Tashkent has more than two and a half million inhabitants, not to mention numerous guests and tourists. However, the reasons for the insufficient congestion of this transport system are in general obvious - this is due to the fact that all the metro lines are not brought to the most populated residential microdistricts of our capital located on its outskirts. This is, for example, Karakamysh in the northwest, Yunusabad in the north, Karasu and Feruza in the northeast, Yangiabad in the southeast, Sergeli in the south. It is clear that the residents of these areas use buses and a fixed-route taxi to save money to avoid a transfer.

Therefore, at the initiative of the head of state, a decision was taken to extend the metro system of the metro as part of the further development of the transport and communication system. This was included in the number of projects that are extremely important for the life of the city.

The other day in the International Press Club held a regular meeting on the theme "The Tashkent subway on the way to new directions." On it were discussed the ongoing work on the construction of the land ring line of the Tashkent subway.

Speakers - Deputy Chairman of the Board of Uzbekiston Temir Yollari JSC, Head of the Toshkent Metrosi Unitary Enterprise (UE) Oybek Khudoykulov, Manager of Kuprik qurilish tresti UE Zafar Mahamatov and Chief Engineer of the New Metro Project Eduard Kan spoke at the session.

In 2016, work began on the construction of the Sergeli line of the underground metro, the length of which is more than 7 km, as well as the Yunusabad line, consisting of three stations. Today, rapid construction and installation work is underway. In addition, railway builders are also involved in the construction of the land ring line in Tashkent.

As for the Sergeli line, which should connect a remote residential area to the city center, the branch, 8 km long, will consist of 6 stations.

As reported in the Boshtransloyiha joint-stock company, for engineering-geological reasons, the construction of an underground line in Sergeli is fraught with great difficulties. Therefore, a "light metro" will be built here, that is, the lines will not be located below, but above the ground. The Sergeli line will start from the Olmazor station of the Chilanzar line and will include 6 stations.

The project cost of building a new metro line length 7.1 kilometers in 2017-2020 will be $ 170.1 million. It will serve more than 14 million passengers a year. The line will pass through the Choshtepa mahalla with the final station on Maghrib street of the Yuldosh massif of Sergeli district. At the stations will be equipped with waiting rooms with escalators.

Overpasses will be raised above the ground by 8 meters. The design, design and design of each station will be radically different from each other. In this case, granite, marble, glass, ceramics will be used. According to the project, on both sides of the metro line roads will be built, and along them - modern housing, social facilities and service points. The most important thing is that the opening of the metro in one of the industrial districts of the capital will give a powerful impetus to its further development, improving the infrastructure and increasing the population's access to public transport services.

And on the Yunusabad subway line, currently construction companies at the Uzbekiston Temir Yollari joint-stock company continue its laying further with the construction of the Turkiston station.

The distance between the current terminal station Shahriston and the new Turkiston is 2.7 kilometers. In construction, more than 50 units of modern technology and more than 200 specialists are involved. The completion date is two years, but the builders promise to complete the work ahead of time.

The meeting details that the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev recently got acquainted with the project of the ring line of the metro and its main directions, and gave corresponding instructions on its effective implementation.

The construction plan was developed by specialists of the Boshtransloyiha joint-stock company. According to this plan, the total length of the metro is 52.1 km. In addition, a section of the 50.5 km metro line will be run through a 6 m high flyover, the remaining 1.6 km will be built on the ground.

The project, designed for 2017-2021, will be implemented in five areas. The number of stations of this line will be 35. Noteworthy is the fact that during the construction, no one building, no house in the city will be demolished.

At the initial stage, a part of the metro will be built from the metro station Dustlik to the Kuylyuk bazaar, consisting of 8 stations. Later the line will be connected to the Olmazor, Beruniy, Bodomzor and Tuzel stations at the intersection of the Dustlik station, which subsequently forms a complete ring line. According to the project, this direction of the metro will pass through the districts of Yashnobod, Uchtepa, Olmazor, Yunusobod, Chilonzor and Sergeli.

At the moment, work is underway to assemble a reinforced concrete column 6 m high. They will be equipped with 11-meter devices, "steel tracks" will be laid, which will allow simultaneous movement of the two trains in opposite directions.

Having familiarized with the project, the President of the country gave an order to complete the construction by 2020, that is, ahead of the original terms for one year. Proceeding from this, for today all works are conducted continuously.

For construction materials of domestic production are used. All this helps high-quality and fast construction, and also serves to optimize the cost price. At the moment, on the part of the Kuprik qurilish tresti UE, works are underway to install reinforced concrete columns using the monolithic method for overpasses.

It is noteworthy that to this complex work, the most experienced engineers, designers and qualified specialists are involved. In addition, in practice, the best examples of world experience will be used. The main objective of this project is to create more favorable conditions for the movement of the population, as well as the organization of transport services at the level of international standards.

Speaker Zafar Mahamatov, in particular, noted that to provide additional amenities for citizens and to create new jobs, the task was to build a land-ring metro line of 52.1 km in length. So, the height of the projected bridge will be 6 m, and the intermediate spaces - 27 m. The project will be performed by a monolithic method. In terms of sustainability, it will meet world standards.

The chief engineer of the project, Eduard Kan, noted in his speech that the estimated flow of passengers, the development of the master plan of Tashkent, the growth and density of the population of each district are taken into account in its development. At the same time, design works are carefully considered, determining the least damage to all infrastructures.

Answering the question about the use of foreign experience in the construction of bridges and overpasses, the speaker Zafar Mahamatov stressed that the experience of construction of the metro in Korea, China and Russia was thoroughly studied. And when planning the structure, different options were considered, but in the end, the optimal length was chosen to be 27 m.

In view of the fact that Uzbekistan has no experience in building a ground-based metro, it is possible that there are a number of technical difficulties. The speaker also noted that all materials used in the construction of the metro are manufactured exclusively in Uzbekistan.

In general, this building has sound-absorbing panels. And in the medium-term perspective, the phased operation of new metro stations is expected.

Eduard Kan also noted that domestic specialists conducted a thorough study of foreign experience. They, in particular, went to Moscow, studied a similar overpass view of the metro. Chinese experts were invited to exchange experience and technology, and at the moment there is a study of the latest technologies for their use.

The expert, the chief engineer of the Tashkent Metro Bakhtiyor Sodikov added that today there are preferential travel cards. He explained that if the passage in the metro at the moment is 1,200 soums, then paying the fare, the passengers will actually pay 820 soums. Prices will depend on the tariffs for fuel and other materials needed for the subway (currency rates of CB RU from 15.11.2017, 1$= 8069.29 soum).

When asked about the introduction of a new payment method at all stations of the Tashkent Metro, Speaker Oybek Khudoykulov replied that for today the automated payment system has been operating in the experimental mode for more than 2 months. If this project is successful, then in the future, innovation will be introduced everywhere.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

International cooperation

Meetings of the head of MFA of Uzbekistan in Spain

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov held a meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Kingdom of Spain Alfonso Dastis in Madrid.

The foreign ministers discussed a wide range of issues of interstate relations. In particular, they discussed promising directions for deepening cooperation in the political, trade, economic, investment, cultural, humanitarian and other spheres.

The ministers considered the interaction in the formats “Uzbekistan-European Union”, “Central Asia-EU”, exchanged views on pressing international problems.

The Foreign Ministers noted that the meeting of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and King Philip VI of Spain on 9 June 2017 in Astana was an important milestone in the Uzbek-Spanish dialogue, which traditionally has a constructive and confidential nature.

Minister Abdulaziz Kamilov spoke about the main provisions of the speech of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev on 10 November in Samarkand at the opening of the international conference "Central Asia: One Past and a Common Future, Cooperation for Sustainable Development and Mutual Prosperity" and briefed on the outcome of the forum.

The foreign ministers of the two countries confirmed readiness for diplomatic support to establish and expand direct business contacts between the business circles of Uzbekistan and Spain, as the growth of mutual trade turnover, the implementation of joint production and other projects are equally beneficial to both sides.

The sides also discussed the development of tourism exchanges.

After the completion of the talks, the ministers signed the Agreement between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Kingdom of Spain on air communication and the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Government of the Kingdom of Spain on international road transport.

The signed documents create a legal basis for the development of bilateral cooperation in the transport and communication sphere, and will also expand the geography of transportation of the national carriers of the two countries

 

***

Uzbek Foreign Minister Abdulaziz Kamilov met with the first deputy chairman of the Senate, the upper house of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Spain, Pedro Sanz, in Madrid.

According to the press service of the Uzbek Foreign Ministry, the parties discussed the priority directions for further development of the Uzbek-Spanish dialogue, deepening inter-parliamentary exchanges.

The sides noted that regular contacts at the legislative level between the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan and the General Cortes of Spain are one of the key components of cooperation in the political, trade-economic, investment, cultural, humanitarian and other fields.

The parties confirmed mutual interest in filling the overall agenda with concrete content, giving long-term bilateral relations.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

 “Tashkent Fashion Week – 2017”

“Tashkent Fashion Week – 2017” has started in the Palace of Youth Creativity in Tashkent

Employees of light industry enterprises, designers and students were invited to the opening of the week, organized by the Association of designers of the Republic of Uzbekistan “Osiyo Ramzi” with the assistance of “Uzbekipaksanoat” association and other organizations.

It was noted that Tashkent Fashion Week will serve as a kind of platform for creative dialogue and exchange of opinions of designers of Uzbekistan and their foreign colleagues.

In our country, systemic work is being carried out on development of the fashion industry, creation of new models of finished products, competitive in the domestic and foreign markets. At the same time, great attention is paid to strengthening effective cooperation with foreign fashion designers, promoting modern Uzbek fashion on a global scale.

The Fashion Week is aimed at such goals as close acquaintance with the work of domestic and foreign designers, creating opportunities for their exchange of views and experiences, further enhancing the knowledge and skills of young designers.

Exhibition of Uzbek national fabrics, shows of collections of young designers, presentations of author’s works, training seminars, master classes for youth, fashion show of Uzbekistan and foreign designers “Tashkent fashion performance”, national clothes festival will also be held within the framework of the Fashion Week.

The week has started with an exhibition of Uzbek national and modern fabrics, as well as a national clothes show.

(Source: UzA)

 

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