INFORMATION DIGEST OF PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN # 206 October 19, 2017

posted 22 Oct 2017, 06:05 by Webmaster Ambasciata

International conference “Islamic solidarity: on the example of Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan”

Islamic solidarity serves to strengthening peace and interethnic friendship

POLITICS

Healthcare reforms contribute to people’s satisfaction with life and development of the country

OFFICIALLY

Foundation for Development of Culture and Arts established in Uzbekistan

International cooperation

First Deputy Chairman of CIS Executive Committee visits Uzbekistan

IACIR and CACI sign memorandum of cooperation

SCO Justice Ministers to gather in Tashkent

Society

Uzbekistan: New realities in labor relations

Exhibiton

Chingiz Aitmatov: Exhibition dedicated to the life and work of the great writer

 

international conference “Islamic solidarity: on the example of Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan”

Islamic solidarity serves to strengthening peace and interethnic friendship

On October 18, an international conference was held on “Islamic solidarity: on the example of Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan” at the National Library of Uzbekistan named after Alisher Navoi.

The conference is organized by the Committee on Religious Affairs under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Muslims Board of Uzbekistan, the State Committee on working with religious organizations of the Republic of Azerbaijan and Muslims Board of the Caucasus.

The event was attended by well-known state and public figures of Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Russia, Germany, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, heads of international organizations, scholars-theologians, representatives of the governments and parliaments of Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan, as well as the diplomatic corps accredited in our country.

The conference began with the reading of surah from the Quran.

The message of greetings of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to the participants of the international conference was read by the State Advisor to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan H.Sultanov.

The message of greetings of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev was read by the Chairman of the State Committee on working with religious organizations of the Republic of Azerbaijan M.Gurbanli.

There is a profound symbolic meaning that the international conference on Islamic solidarity is taking place in Uzbekistan. In our country, located in the center of the Great Silk Road, representatives of various nations and religions are living in friendship and harmony since ancient times, mutually complementing and enriching each other’s culture. Our great ancestors Imam Bukhari, Imam Maturidi, Imam Termizi, Mahmud Zamakhshari, Burhaniddin Marginani, Muhammad Kaffol Shoshi, Abdulholik Gijduvoni, Bahauddin Naqshband, Khoja Ahror Vali, Muhammad Khorazmi, Ahmad Fargoni, Abu Rayhan Beruni, Abu Ali ibn Sina, Mirzo Ulugbek, Alisher Navoi made a huge contribution to the development of world science and Islamic civilization.

Our religious values revived in the years of independence. The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Law “On freedom of conscience and religious organizations” guarantee freedom of conscience and religion. Broad freedom and conditions for the development of religious education and celebrating of religious rites are provided. The Holy Quran and its interpretations, hadiths and other sacred books are published in the Uzbek language in thousands of copies. The burial places of great ancestors are well-arranged, their jubilees are widely celebrated internationally.

President of our country Shavkat Mirziyoyev pays special attention to honoring the spiritual heritage of our people, the development of an enlightened Islamic religion. A consistent work is carried out on studying and publishing the works of our great ancestors, landscaping the sacred places of worship.

The mausoleums of Imam Termizi in Surkhandarya, Abu Muin Nasafi in Kashkadarya, the place of worship Nurota in Navoi regions and a number of other shrines have been reconstructed.

Imam Bukhari International Research Center is organized in Samarkand, in Surkhandarya – Imam Termizi research center. Hadith studies schools are organized in Imam Bukhari scientific center in Samarkand, studying the “ilm al-kalam” at Imam Maturidi center, schools of Islamic law at Marginani scientific center in Fergana, Sufism at the center of Bahauddin Naqshband in Bukhara, dogmatics at the center of Abu Muin Nasafi in Kashkadarya.

In accordance with the resolution of the President of our country of June 23, 2017, the Center for Islamic Civilization under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan has begun its activities on studying and scientific researching the enormous spiritual heritage of our ancestors, their contribution to the development of world science.

In the Strategy of actions on five priority areas of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021, special attention is paid to issues of strengthening security, religious tolerance and interethnic harmony. The work carried out in this direction further strengthens the atmosphere of unity and cohesion, kindness and mercy in our society.

The President of our country, at the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly, forwarded the adoption of a special resolution of the General Assembly on “Enlightenment and religious tolerance”. Its main goal is to promote tolerance and mutual respect, ensure religious freedom, protect the rights of believers, and prevent their discrimination.

A few days ago, Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief of the UN Human Rights Council Ahmed Shaheed visited our country. He highly appreciated the reforms that are being implemented in Uzbekistan on development of civil society, ensuring tolerance and freedom of conscience, protecting the rights of believers.

Our country, along with supporting the traditions of Islam, is also developing cooperation with Islamic states. In particular, relations between Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan are deeply rooted, based on similarity of national traditions, language and religion.

The solidarity and mutual respect of our people is vividly demonstrated by the development of relations in cultural and humanitarian sphere. In Baku, a monument to Alisher Navoi, in Tashkent – a monument to Nizami Ganjavi are erected. One of the streets of the capital of Azerbaijan is named after our great ancestor Mirzo Ulugbek, and one of the streets of Tashkent is named after the famous son of the Azerbaijani people Heydar Aliyev. Our compatriots of Azerbaijan nationality are living side by side, in friendship and harmony with many other nations and nationalities, making their worthy contribution to the development of Uzbekistan.

The international conference on “Islamic solidarity: on the example of Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan” once again demonstrated the similarity of mentality and aspirations of the two fraternal people.

It was aimed at popularizing the ideas that are historically formed in Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan for religious tolerance and interethnic harmony, maintaining peace and tranquility, interreligious tolerance and cooperation, protecting our people, especially the younger generation, from alien ideas, broad promotion of the achieved results.

At the conference, issues such as freedom of religion, interreligious dialogue, religious and national values, severe consequences of extremism and terrorism, and their threat to international stability were discussed on the example of Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan.

The forum demonstrated the commitment of our countries to the ideas of religious solidarity and tolerance, the traditions of interreligious dialogue, a joint position on countering current threats and challenges of our time was developed.

The international conference served to raising the scientific and cultural cooperation between Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan to a new level of development, contributed to bringing the peaceful and creative essence of Islam to the world community.

Following the event, a Communique of the conference was adopted.

The conference was attended by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan A.Aripov, the State Advisor to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan R.Komilov.

(Source: UzA)

POLItiCs

Healthcare reforms contribute to people’s satisfaction with life and development of the country

On October 18, a meeting devoted to the analysis of the ongoing reforms on improving the healthcare system, the quality and effectiveness of medical care, strengthening public health, providing qualitative medicines was held under the chairmanship of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev.

The meeting was attended by the State advisors to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputy, heads of relevant ministries and departments.

The President of our country has already held three videoconferences for the current year, devoted to healthcare issues. Specific instructions were given on radical improvement of activity in the sphere, elimination of existing problems and shortcomings that cause people’s just dissatisfaction. Implementation of programs in this direction was comprehensively considered.

The Head of our state, during the trips to the Republic of Karakalpakstan and the regions, got acquainted with conditions in hospitals, polyclinics, rural medical stations, gave instructions for the construction of modern clinics.

Approximately 30 decrees and resolutions, aimed at further development of the sphere, enhancing the scale and improving the quality of medical care, were adopted.

We still have a lot to do in terms of providing the population with qualitative and affordable medicines, protecting motherhood and childhood, improving emergency medical care, further improving primary healthcare, developing the private sector and specialized medical care, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.

At the meeting, information of the heads of relevant ministries and departments was heard.

Rural family clinics on the basis of 793 rural health units and 441 emergency medical care stations are established within the framework of implementation of the resolution on improving primary medico-sanitary care. The buildings of the closed 658 rural medical stations are given to doctors as official housing. In addition, activity of doctors of narrow specialization in 5 areas in rural family polyclinics and 10 areas in family polyclinics in Tashkent has been established. In order to improve the personnel provision of the primary system, 79 percent of 3 197 young professionals who graduated from medical schools were employed.

What are the results of the implemented work, how did this affect people’s lives? Appeals from the population indicate that much remains to be implemented in the sphere, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.

Among the actual problems is the insufficient level of quality of medical services rendered to the population in the regions, noted the Head of our state. It is necessary to recognize that the population has to come to Tashkent from the regions for receiving high-tech medical care, which causes complaints among people.

At the meeting it was noted that 134 candidates were selected from among the leading specialists of the capital who took the initiative to work in the regions in order to solve this problem. They are appointed to executive positions in multidisciplinary medical centers of the regions, including children’s hospitals, endocrinological, cardiological, anti-tuberculosis, dermatology and venereology dispensaries, branches of cancer centers, hospitals for infectious diseases.

One of the actual issues that are causing the population’s just dissatisfaction is related to the activity of the emergency medical care, said the Head of our state. There is still much to be done in this direction. There is a shortage in vehicles, interruptions in medicines supply.

If there were 806 stations and emergency medical care substations in 2016, in 2017 their number exceeded 2 100. This plays an important role in the timely arrival of emergency medical care teams for each call.

The need of increasing not only the quality of provided services in this direction, but also the culture of the population in the use of these services was noted at the meeting.

Social diseases are one of the actual problems of world medicine. In our country, special programs have been developed and resolutions of the President have been adopted in various areas of healthcare.

Branches of republican specialized centers are being organized in the regions. More than 50 of our compatriots, working in foreign clinics, returned to the homeland.

By the resolution of the Head of our state, the terms of training in the undergraduate medical schools were reduced from 7 to 6 years, in the area of “Medical prevention” – from 6 to 5 years. This serves as an important factor in bringing the national system of medical education in line with international standards, improving personnel provision at places and targeted spending of the State budget.

In accordance with the decree of the President of our country on improvement of the system of state support for the disabled, 8,4 thousand disabled people are provided with free prosthetic and orthopedic products, over 9,3 thousand people in need – with technical means of rehabilitation. More than 23 thousand veterans of the war of 1941-1945, lonely elderly, pensioners and invalids passed a free course of recovery in sanatoriums.

By the resolution on improving the development of private healthcare sector, the list of medical specializations that private medical institutions can deal with has been expanded from 50 to 126. Joint clinics are being established in cooperation with foreign countries, including in Tashkent – jointly with South Korea, India, Turkey, in Jizzakh with South Korea, with India in Fergana, Karshi and Kumkurgan district. Over the past 9 months, the number of private medical institutions increased by 400, their total number exceeded 3 860, which is a result of benefits and preferences granted to private medical institutions.

This year, the “Uzpharmsanoat” company mastered the production of 76 new types of products. The volume of production of medicines and medical products has increased 4 times since 2011.

With the aim of developing a new pharmaceutical product based on high technologies, loans at the amount of 250 million dollars have been allocated from Uzbekistan Reconstruction and Development Fund. More than 70 investment projects with a total cost of almost 400 million dollars have been launched, 33 of which will be completed this year.

The adopted resolution of the Head of our state “On establishment of free economic zones “Nukus-pharm”, “Zomin-pharm”, “Kosonsoy-pharm”, “Syrdaryo-pharm”, “Boysun-pharm”, “Bustonlik-pharm” and “Parkent-parm” primarily serves the development of the pharmaceutical industry, supporting of manufacturers of medicines and medical products, filling the market of medicines with high-quality domestic products, as well as further increasing the export of medicines and medical products.

The consistent work carried out in this direction is giving its results. For example, an increase in the export of pharmaceutical products by 40 percent has been achieved, the productivity of a worker in the sphere has increased by 35 percent through the introduction of high technologies, the assortment of medicines produced by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises has exceeded 2,3 thousand items.

At the meeting, a number of actual tasks awaiting their solution were considered. In particular, the need of improving the coverage of the population with patronage, especially in rural areas, strengthening the material and technical base of primary medico-sanitary care institutions and ensuring their close interaction with inpatient facilities, was noted. Responsible persons were given appropriate instructions on further development of private healthcare sector.

Special attention was paid to issues of further improvement of the emergency medical care, strengthening the material and technical base of screening centers and improving the quality of manufactured prosthetic and orthopedic products, technical rehabilitation means. It is necessary to reform the process of preparing design and estimate documentation of construction and repair works at healthcare facilities, attracting foreign investments and highly qualified specialists in private medicine.

It is planned to develop the State program for 2018-2022 in order to fully cover the population with patronage and systematic medical examination, further improve and increase the availability of screening services for mothers and children and medical genetic services for the population.

At the meeting, the state of affairs in the issue of qualification and personal responsibility of medical workers was criticized. It is planned to introduce a system of licensing the activities of all specialists of the state and private healthcare sector for eliminating the existing shortcomings in this direction.

Actual tasks facing the sphere were identified at the meeting. The heads of ministries and departments were given corresponding instructions.

(Source: UzA)

OFFICIALLY

Foundation for Development of Culture and Arts established in Uzbekistan

The Foundation for Development of Culture and Arts under the Ministry of Culture has been established in Uzbekistan.

On 16 October 2017, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a resolution “On establishment of the Foundation for Development of Culture and Arts under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.

The Foundation is formed on the basis of the non-budgetary Fund for Development of Culture and Arts under the Ministry of Culture.

The new fund will contribute to development of the sphere of culture and art, as well as to support cultural figures and their projects.

The Foundation will also expand international and interstate cultural ties and attract foreign investment and grants.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

International cooperation

First Deputy Chairman of CIS Executive Committee visits Uzbekistan

On 18 October 2017, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan hosted a meeting with the delegation of the Executive Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States headed by First Deputy Chairman of the Executive Committee - Executive Secretary Viktor Guminsky.

The parties discussed practical issues of preparation the forthcoming meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of the CIS member states in Tashkent in November 2017.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

IACIR and CACI sign memorandum of cooperation

The Information and Analytical Center for International Relations (IACIR) and the Central Asia and Caucasus Institute (CACI) at the Council for American Foreign Policy signed a memorandum of cooperation in Washington.

The American Institute is a leading "think tank" of Washington on Central Asian issues. CACI is headed by the Chairman Frederick Starr and Director Svante Cornell.

Within the document, the parties intend to conduct joint research on priority areas and organize international scientific and practical conferences and round tables on topical issues of international development and regional security.

Within the framework of cooperation, online edition of CACI Analyst published a number of articles by IACIR staff.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

SCO Justice Ministers to gather in Tashkent

The Fifth Meeting of the Ministers of Justice of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) will be held in the capital of Uzbekistan on 20 October.

The delegations of India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan will take part in the meeting.

According to the press service of the Uzbek Foreign Ministry, the participants will discuss the state and prospects for multilateral cooperation within the SCO framework.

The Ministers of Justice of the SCO member states will adopt a joint statement following the meeting.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

Society

Uzbekistan: New realities in labor relations

A session of the International Press Club (IPC) has been devoted to the twelfth general session of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis where members of the upper house considered the issue of strengthening measures to ensure guaranteed labor rights of citizens in accordance with the legislation of the republic and international standards.

The senators, ambassadors of foreign countries in our country, representatives of international organizations, officials of ministries and departments, heads of non-governmental non-profit organizations, farmers, youth, and employees of domestic and foreign mass media took part in the session of the IPC.

Speakers and experts stressed that in our country special attention is paid to ensuring the guaranteed labor rights of citizens, they told in detail about the decisions taken at the meeting of the upper house of parliament.

The Senate resolution stresses that Uzbekistan, being a member of the International Labor Organization (ILO), has ratified 14 ILO conventions, including the prohibition of child and forced labor, the provisions of which are reflected in the Constitution of the Republic, which enshrines the right of everyone to work, free choice of work, protection from unemployment, a ban on forced labor.

National legislation provides for a strict prohibition on the involvement of children and the use of forced labor, including compulsion to work under the threat of any punishment, including as a means of maintaining labor discipline. The administrative responsibility for compulsion to work in any form has been introduced.

Our country, while strictly observing international commitments and confirming its determination to prevent such phenomena as child and forced labor, is open to constructive international cooperation in this field.

Intensive dialogue between the government of Uzbekistan and the ILO contributes to the improvement of relevant organizational and legal measures. Together with the ILO, the Country Program on Decent Work in Uzbekistan for 2017-2020 is being consistently implemented. Steps are being taken to implement international labor standards in national legislation and law enforcement practice.

The Coordinating Council on Child and Forced Labor has been established and is functioning effectively. A set of measures was implemented, a number of meetings, conferences, seminars and roundtables were held to develop cooperation with the ILO and ensure the implementation of the principles of international labor law.

The implementation of systemic measures has made it possible to achieve positive results in the field of compliance with international labor standards and norms. In particular, child labor has been completely eradicated, conditions have been created and effective mechanisms have been put in place to prevent and prohibit forced labor. As a result of the work carried out in this area, the ILO, since 2014, does not include Uzbekistan in the list of states that have serious shortcomings in observing its conventions.

At the same time, despite the measures taken, the work to ensure their completeness and consistency is inadequate; the activities of state and other organizations to provide the world community and international organizations with information about the large-scale work carried out in the country to ensure guaranteed labor rights of citizens are not satisfactory, which leads in some cases to the formation of a biased notion of the state of affairs in this sphere.

Moreover, an information campaign to provide seasonal agricultural and other public works, a low level of their organization, and ignorance of legislation by heads of organizations and institutions, farmer and dehkan farms is an important obstacle to preventing and preventing forced labor.

It was noted at the meeting of the parliament that special attention and a fundamentally new approach requires work to increase the level of mechanization of agriculture, the use of new agro-technologies and modern standards for sustainable development of cotton growing, ahead of development and introduction of innovations, achievements in science and modern information and communication technologies in agriculture and water management , the creation and implementation of an effective system for organizing seasonal agricultural work and material incentives for workers, skills in this area.

The state of affairs in the sphere indicates the need to increase the level of parliamentary and public control, the creation of a parliamentary structure in this regard, including members of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis, representatives of non-state non-profit organizations, civil society institutions and assigning specific tasks to it ensuring guaranteed labor rights of citizens in close cooperation with the Coordination Council for Child and Forced Labor.

In the adopted Senate resolution, heads and officials of state bodies and other organizations are strictly warned of their personal responsibility for the use of child and forced labor. The Parliamentary Commission on ensuring guaranteed labor rights of citizens is established.

This commission, in cooperation with the Coordinating Council for Child Labor and Forced Labor, must take comprehensive measures to enforce the legislation of the Republic to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens, including preventing and preventing the use of child and forced labor, as well as measures provided for by the Decent Work Country Program in Uzbekistan for the years 2017-2020.

Its duties include the establishment of parliamentary and public control to ensure that state bodies, enterprises and organizations, as well as individuals, do not violate the guaranteed labor rights of citizens; carrying out work to increase the responsibility of officials of state bodies and other organizations for observing the labor rights of citizens and timely implementation of the program for creating jobs and ensuring employment of the population; studying on the ground problems and shortcomings in this area.

It also needs to make an inventory of the current legislation, develop concrete proposals for its improvement in the field of ensuring the guaranteed labor rights of citizens, including through the implementation and ratification of international labor standards.

Territorial commissions on ensuring guaranteed labor rights of citizens will be established in the regions of the republic. They will study problems and shortcomings in the field of implementing legislation to ensure guaranteed labor rights of citizens, including preventing and preventing the use of child and forced labor; to make information on violations by state structures, enterprises, institutions and organizations, as well as individuals, of the guaranteed labor rights of citizens to the territorial bodies of employment and labor relations and the prosecutor’s office for the application of measures of influence for violations committed; to submit to the Parliamentary Commission information on the results of the work being done, as well as proposals for improving legislation.

The Parliamentary Commission on ensuring guaranteed labor rights of citizens based on the results of the ongoing work will prepare annual information on the measures taken by the republic to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens in accordance with the law and international labor standards.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is recommended to disseminate materials on measures taken by Uzbekistan to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens in accordance with the law and international labor standards, as an official document of the UN General Assembly.

Through consular offices abroad, effective steps will be taken to bring to the attention of the international community and international organizations, including international financial institutions, information about the large-scale work being carried out in the country to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens.

It is recommended that the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic take measures to expand the volume of raw cotton harvesting machinery, improve the use of modern agricultural technologies, promote the selection of cotton varieties, provide preparedness for mechanized harvesting and maximize the effect of mechanization, develop various methods of economic incentives for seasonal workers involved, develop proposals for improving labor relations in this sphere.

The Parliamentary Commission for the Management of the Public Foundation Fund for Support of Non-Governmental Non-Profit Organizations and Other Civil Society Institutions under the Oliy Majlis has proposed to consider granting grants, grants and social orders to non-state non-profit organizations to implement targeted programs to create decent working conditions within the social partnership.

The Office of the Attorney-General of the Republic should ensure strict supervision over the implementation of legislation to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens, including preventing and preventing the use of child and forced labor, paying special attention to compliance with the norms of the current regulatory and legal acts when carrying out seasonal agricultural and other public works.

At the session of the IPC, Deputy Prime Minister of Uzbekistan, Chairperson of the Women’s Committee Tanzila Narbayeva noted that Uzbekistan has ratified the fundamental international labor conventions.

- All our laws in the sphere of labor legislation are drawn up taking into account these conventions. The last thing that has been ratified is the right of association in trade unions. At present, there are tripartite relations in the sphere of employment - representatives of the Ministry of Labor and Employment, employers and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, as well as trade unions, which constitute “tripartism” the speaker commented.

Since 2015, the World Bank has joined our efforts to combat various forms of child labor. In December of each year, a group of international experts conducts monitoring in the field of child labor, following which it has already been revealed that it does not exist in Uzbekistan. There are 11 types of forced labor, since 2011, experts from international organizations have been monitoring where they concluded that there is no forced labor in Uzbekistan by these standards.

The Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic, Chairman of the Board of “Uzagrotekhsanoatholding” JSC Nodir Otajonov noted in his speech that the Board conducts its activities in three areas - technical, leasing and mechanization. The main task of the JSC is the production of modern machinery for the collection of cotton, as well as an increase in mechanization in the field of agriculture. He also noted that by 2018 it is planned to significantly increase the number of cotton harvesting machines produced. Each such machine will replace the manual labor of 100-250 people. In addition, the use of this technique is almost two times cheaper than the use of manual labor.

- After the visit of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev to the United States, agreements were signed with the world leading companies to develop cotton harvesting machinery, in accordance with which we will also introduce new technologies into our cotton industry. On average, one combine per day (with a horizontal spindle) collects 10-20 tons of cotton. All cotton harvesters are highly efficient and can work the whole year with different functions, - the speaker commented.

Chairman of the Senate Committee on Science, Education, Culture and Sports of the Oliy Majlis Zayniddin Nizomkhodjaev noted the importance of development and monitoring in the field of employment, compliance of domestic standards with international standards.

- At the plenary session of the Senate, the tasks in the sphere of labor rights were discussed. A commission was also established, consisting of non-governmental, non-profit organizations and international experts,” the speaker said. - These steps will significantly improve the conditions in the world of work.

Jonas Astrup, chief technical adviser of the ILO, said in his speech:

- We saw and heard the positive and inspiring speech of the President of Uzbekistan on the rostrum of the 72nd General Assembly of the United Nations in New York, right after which students and civilian workers returned from cotton fields home. Uzbekistan has been in the ILO for 25 years, and our relationship only gets stronger and better. We monitor the harvest of cotton in your country and, frankly, we are amazed at the speed of positive changes in this direction.

Now, in my opinion, it is necessary to focus on the creation of finished raw materials in Uzbekistan, and not to export pure cotton.

- The World Bank fully supports the transformation of the republic's economy, which creates decent jobs for all sectors of society. The transformation of the cotton sector will help the country eradicate all the risks of forced labor. For the World Bank, all measures to prevent involvement in the forced harvesting of cotton - among students, teachers and other professionals are very important. The creation of a parliamentary commission raises this work to a very high level. As a specialist in social development, I want to note the importance of dialogue with the people, the discussion of complaints and suggestions of citizens, which is being implemented in the country within the framework of the Strategy of Action, - commented Nina Kolybashkina, expert, senior specialist in social development of the UNLP.

The head of the Europe and Central Asia sector of the ILO (Geneva), expert Sergeyus Glovackas said that he came from an international conference where significant progress was noted in Uzbekistan in the field of decent work:

- I note that effective measures against the use of child and forced labor are being carried out in your country. And a special effect in this direction is achieved as a result of active joint participation of state bodies and civil society institutions in this work.

The Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan together with the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis, as well as the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and the International Labor Organization (ILO) held a conference entitled “Decent Work as the Basis for a Decent Life” dedicated to the World Day of Decent Work, celebrated annually on October 7.

As is known, the ILO Decent Work Agenda is based on the following four major strategic objectives: the implementation of fundamental rights at work, the expansion of employment opportunities and income generation, the improvement of social protection systems, and the strengthening of social dialogue.

According to this concept, the most important elements are decent work elements such as ensuring stable employment, reaching all working people with labor contracts, creating favorable and safe working conditions, developing effective social insurance and social protection systems, implementing the workers’ right to form trade unions, concluding collective agreements.

As it was noted at the event, systematic work is carried out in all areas of the labor sphere in Uzbekistan. In particular, at the governmental level, measures are being taken to stimulate demand for labor, create stable jobs, expand social protection systems. Particular attention is paid to the development of small business and private entrepreneurship, which employs 76.6% of all employed in the economy.

Effective state and public control in the sphere of labor is carried out in the country, a constructive social dialogue is being established between the state, employers and trade unions to implement the principles of decent work. In this process, the General Agreement on Social and Economic Affairs, signed between the Cabinet of Ministers, the Federation of Trade Unions and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, is of particular importance. At the conference, national and international experts emphasized that Uzbekistan has no problems associated with the use of the worst forms of child labor, discrimination in labor relations on the basis of sex, race, language, religion and other characteristics unrelated to the business qualities of workers. It is not allowed to violate the rights of trade unions, which are given broad powers to exercise public control over observance of labor legislation, protection of workers’ rights, and collective bargaining.

In the framework of the Strategy for Action, cardinal reforms are being implemented in the world of work. In particular, starting from January 1, 2018, the established rate of unified social payment on income from remuneration of labor for the first time employed graduates of professional colleges, academic lyceums and higher educational institutions for the first year after their employment and by 25% for the second and third years of their work. Permission is given to microfirms, small enterprises and farms to conclude with labor agreement of labor contracts for a certain period (fixed-term employment contracts), including temporary work.

The conference noted that jointly with the ILO the Country Program on Decent Work in Uzbekistan for 2017-2020 is consistently implemented, meetings, conferences, seminars and round tables are held to develop cooperation with this organization and introduce the principles of international labor law. The measures implemented have made it possible to secure positive results in the field of compliance with international labor standards and norms.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

Exhibiton

Chingiz Aitmatov: Exhibition dedicated to the life and work of the great writer

Works of the famous Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov won the hearts of millions of readers. The ideological and artistic intention of his articles in the genre of artistic publicism and literary criticism, novels and stories calls for the preservation of peace, love and mercy on the planet, caring attitude to the native land.

This was noted at an exhibition dedicated to the life and work of Chingiz Aitmatov, which is opened at the National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek.

It was attended by representatives of the Embassy of the Kyrgyz Republic in Uzbekistan, the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education and a number of public organizations, literary scholars, poets and writers, professors, teachers and students.

It was noted that Chingiz Aitmatov is a great writer who made a great contribution to further strengthening of the bonds of friendship between the people of Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. Literary relations and strong ties of friendship that connected the writer with such representatives of Uzbek literature as Mirtemir, Pirimkul Kadyrov, Odil Yakubov, Abdulla Aripov, are a vivid example for today’s generation.

Artistic publicism of the writer has been translated into Uzbek with great skill. In particular, his works such as “Jamila”, “The first teacher”, “Mother’s field”, “Goodbye, Gulsary!”, “White steamboat”, “The day lasts more than a hundred years” became the favorite works of Uzbek readers.

Works of the writer, books dedicated to his memory, electronic copies of his articles, photographs reflecting the life and work of Ch.Aitmatov are presented at the exhibition.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

 

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