INFORMATION DIGEST OF PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN # 128 June 29, 2016

posted 11 Jul 2016, 06:28 by Webmaster Ambasciata
MEETING OF THE HEADS OF STATE COUNCIL OF THE SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION
Address by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the delegation-level meeting of the Council of the SCO heads of states
ECONOMY
Projects and initiatives in pursuance of development of small business and private entrepreneurship have been in progress in Uzbekistan

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
Tashkent hosted a ceremony of laying the first stone in the foundation of the Textile Industrial Park in the territory of the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry

EDUCATION
Occupations in Demand

meeting of the Heads of State Council of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Address by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the delegation-level meeting of the Council of the SCO heads of states

Dear heads of states!

Esteemed participants of the meeting!

First of all, I would like to support the assessments of main outcomes of the SCO’s activity for over the past period enunciated by the heads of delegations. During 15 years since establishment, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization has rightfully secured a commendable place in the ranks of high-profile and influential international organizations. It became an efficient factor of sustainable development, strengthening peace, countering the modern challenges and threats, ensuring the security and stability on the regional and global levels.

For over the past years the enormous work on its scale was accomplished to form the treaty and legal basis, the solid institutional base was established to ensure comprehensive and equal cooperation among the states which are members of the organization.

Along with this, we realize and comprehend how rapidly is changing the surrounding world, the confrontation and conflicts, uncertainty and unpredictability in the world markets grow, and what does arise a special alarm – the international terrorism, extremism and creeping expansion of radicalism are acquiring yet more dangerous scales.

To enormous regret, in the unfolding international situation, instead of consolidating mutual trust and cooperation, the confrontation and competition are growing. It is impossible not to see and not to notice this trend.

First. In the given complex conditions it is of an utmost importance to preserve and much strengthen our commitment to the principles of openness and non-bloc nature of the SCO stipulated in the Charter and other fundamental documents of the association. It is necessary in henceforth to rule out, prevent the ideology-driven and confrontational approaches to resolving the emerging regional and international problems.

Second. The course we have taken to large-scale expansion of the composition of the SCO member-states, symbolized by the start of the process of joining of India and Pakistan, without any doubt, means that the SCO secures a new horizon and enters a new, yet more complex stage of its activity.

All of us unambiguously understand that complexities and difficulties shall arise, in the first place, in achieving consensus in adopting decisions on the main issues of agenda for our organization, taking into consideration various and at times diametrically opposite approaches of certain states to urgent issues of international and regional development.

But possible difficulties and problems, emerging along the road, must in no way mean denial of the principle of consensus, which has been enshrined in the Charter and Rules of Procedure of the SCO. The rigorous observance of this principle, which has justified itself in practice, will allow to rule out the emergence of controversies and discords, which may negatively affect the efficiency of our Organization’s activity, and lead to its fragmentation and fragmentation, and forming the «interest-based groups».

Third. I would like to briefly dwell on the state of affairs in neighboring Afghanistan.

The military-political situation unfolding here can be characterized as low-grade confrontation of confronting parties and given further continuation of which there is a serious and real danger of overflow of instability into the neighboring countries and regions.

The absolute majority of those, who are interested in tackling the Afghan problem, realize that there is only one way out, i.e. these are the peaceful political negotiations among major confronting parties under auspices of the United Nations. It is important to resume the negotiation process between the government and confronting forces, such as «Taliban». Along with this, the parties must not associate the very fact of start of the negotiation process with any preliminary conditions.

Without any doubt the donor countries and international institutions must confirm their commitments in terms of rendering assistance to Afghanistan aimed at true recovery of social and economic state in the country and living standards of the population, and what is most important, - into the sphere of education and enlightenment.

Uzbekistan, guided by the principle of bilateral cooperation with Afghanistan, makes its own contribution to construction of communications, including the construction of the only railway line in the country which connects the external world with Afghanistan – Termez-Mazari-Sharif, and ensures supplies of electric power, including to the city of Kabul.

Dear participants of the meeting!

Further expansion and deepening of economic cooperation stand as one of the key conditions of achieving the program goals and tasks of the Organization. Our common task in this direction must become the implementation of priority and well-grounded economic and infrastructure projects in the region, which meet the interests of all states, and firstly, development of cooperation in the sphere of transport communications.

In this regard, Uzbekistan supports the initiative put forward by the President of the PRC Xi Jinping in terms of establishment of the «Economic belt of the Silk Road». I would like to underscore that its successful realization is possible exclusively on the basis of common and mutual interests of all involved countries.

Esteemed colleagues!

In conclusion, I would like to express confidence that the substantial exchange of views and joint productive work will promote further deepening of the good-neighborly, friendly and partnership relations, as well as consolidation of the atmosphere of mutual respect, development of constructive and trustworthy dialogue between our countries.

Thank you.

economy

Projects and initiatives in pursuance of development of small business and private entrepreneurship have been in progress in Uzbekistan

As a result, today its share in GDP has reached 57%, and 39% in industrial production. 

Over the years of independence, Uzbekistan has carried out a large-scale and system-based work to liberalize its economy, introduce market principles and mechanisms of management, create a favorable business environment.

Incorporating more than 400 laws, effective institutional and legal framework for the development of private enterprise and reliable protection of private property has contributed to the accelerated evolution of business structures and catalyzed the entrepreneurial activity of citizens. These measures have empowered private businesses to not just establish as an integrating segment of the economy, but also become a decisive force that drives the country towards a socially oriented market economy.

The World Bank report has ranked Uzbekistan among the world’s top ten countries that achieved impressive results in improving business environment last year. Currently, the share of small businesses in the retail trade turnover has reached 87%, agricultural production - 98%, paid services - 51% and employment - 78%.

The adoption of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan ‘On measures to ensure a reliable protection of private property, small business and private entrepreneurship, and remove barriers to their rapid development’ was a landmark event for the development of private entrepreneurship in 2015. In the course of practical implementation of the decree, amendments have been introduced to more than 40 legal acts that regulate the activity of business entities.

The long-term Program on Localization of Production for 2019 was launched in 2015 in furtherance of enhancement of fundamental role and importance of the private sector in the process of diversification and modernization of the economy. Along with other national sectoral programs that envisage integrated development of hydropower sector, national quality system, information and communications systems and road transport infrastructure for 2019-2020, the program of localization has been contributing to the improvement of the investment climate and business environment in the country, ensuring structural changes in the economy and its sustainable growth.

Law enforcement bodies, national institutions for human rights protection and public organizations have been assigned an important mission in ensuring the rights of entrepreneurs and reliable protection of private property. They have been taking integrated and system-based measures to tighten control over the implementation of the requirements of the acts that guarantee the freedom of entrepreneurship, ensure the inevitability of punishment for executives, including regulatory, law enforcement and authorized state bodies, for violations of rights and legitimate interests of business entities.

For instance, the General Prosecutor’s Office has been effectively running an electronic system of receiving the appeals of citizens, small businesses and private enterprises around the clock. In order to ensure the prompt processing of applications, the system incorporates 34 departments, regional and district prosecutor offices. The appeals are addressed through certain measures of prosecution response. Legitimate rights and interests of business entities are ensured by practical and advisory assistance.

Controlled by the Ministry of Justice, ‘single window’ centers in all districts and cities render public services to businesses. They have allowed registering businesses online, removing bureaucratic obstacles and ensuring openness and transparency of public services.

The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Uzbekistan (CCI) has teamed up with district and urban administrations to organize ‘Days of Entrepreneurs’, where executives meet up with business entities, define existing problems, and address them. In the first quarter of 2016, such events have been attended by 34,830 businesses. Along with that, CCI is regularly involved in scheduled inspections at business entities and in inquiries about the legitimacy of audits. In the first five months of the current year, CCI specialists participated in 1,087 scheduled inspections, or in 76% of the total number of inspections.

In furtherance of development of small and private businesses and introduction of innovative projects in their activities, Chamber of Commerce and Industry has been organizing trips for local businessmen for advanced training in the European countries under Management Training Programs project. Uzbek managers exchange experience with their European colleagues, learn current management technologies and forms of administration. Uzbek enterprises are chiefly interested in establishing contacts with EU companies, enhancing competitiveness and business productivity.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

International cooperation

Tashkent hosted a ceremony of laying the first stone in the foundation of the Textile Industrial Park in the territory of the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry

Deputy Minister of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade of Uzbekistan Shavkat Tulyaganov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Korea in Uzbekistan Kwon Yong Woo, Director General of the Department of the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy of the Republic of Korea Kang Myung Soo and others noted that cooperation between Uzbekistan and South Korea is developed consistently, along with other areas, in the textile, light industry. The agreements reached during meetings of the heads of the two states serve as an important legal basis of this process. State visits by the President of the Republic of Korea Park Geun-hye to Uzbekistan in June 2014 and the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to the Republic of Korea in May 2015 raised the mutually beneficial cooperation to a qualitatively new level.

Under the leadership of the President of our country were achieved great progresses in the diversification and modernization of the economy, the establishment of production of high-tech and competitive products. Light industry of our country over the years of independence has become one of the fastest growing sectors of the national economy. Currently, the light industry system includes more than 300 enterprises equipped with the most modern technologies and equipment. The strategy of development based on modernization and technical re-equipment of production, training of qualified personnel, attracting foreign investments – contributes to the production of competitive products and increase exports.

Today, light industry of our country has a great potential to increase its production capacity. In many ways, this contributes to an effective program for the training of qualified specialists. Thus, the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry annually prepares more than 1,000 specialists in directions such as automation and control, textile technology, the technology of the cotton industry, light industry and printing technology.

The Republic of Korea is a strategic, one of the major investment and technological partners of the Republic of Uzbekistan. As a result of regular negotiations between the Presidents of the two countries mutually beneficial cooperation is consistently developed. With the active participation of entrepreneurs of South Korea in various sectors of our economy, in particular, the textile and light industry, are implemented a number of projects.

The project to establish in Tashkent Textile Training-Research Technopark until 2018, implemented by JSC “O'zbekyengilsanoat” together with the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy of the Republic of Korea, - a vivid example of the Uzbek-South Korean cooperation.

The main goal of this technopark is development and implementation of international training and research programs to the introduction in the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, exchange of experiences and advanced technologies, aimed at the development of the textile industry, the transfer of technological know-how and conducting research works in the field of material science, dyeing-finishing production, design fabrics and clothing, the development of prospective technological areas, including with the use of ICT, alternative energy sources, and others.

The financing of the project is planned at the expense of grant funds from the Program “Official development assistance” (ODA) of the Government of the Republic of Korea to carry out construction and installation works, acquisition and installation of technological equipment, training personnel in the exploitation of technopark. The approximate cost of the project is estimated at 15 millions of United States dollars.

It should be noted that the draft of plan of technopark involves the construction of high-tech 3-and 5-storey administration building, with the front group and office premises between them, as well as a separate 2-storey building for the experimental production with the use of energy efficient technologies, equipped with solar panels over a total usable area 10 thousand square meters.

According to the plan in the territory of more than 4 thousand square meters in 3-storey buildings will be located classrooms, conference rooms, exhibition halls, laboratories, offices, greenhouse and other facilities. Experimental-research laboratory in the territory of more than 1.5 thousand square meters will be located in a 2-storey building, where will be set weaving, knitting, dyeing-finishing, sewing equipment.

On the roof of 5-storey buildings will be located a greenhouse, a garden with a grassy surface. Construction of buildings is planned to carry out from the modern high-tech construction and decoration structures. Adjacent to the building area will be covered with decorative high-strength tiles, decorated with green areas and fountains.

In the technopark is also placed design group with the possibility of organization of work closely with the enterprises of JSC “O'zbekyengilsanoat” for the development and introduction of new products and design developments.

‘We are pleased that every year strategic partnership between Uzbekistan and South Korea is more and more strengthened,’ said the president of Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT) Chung Jae-Hoon. ‘Realization of joint projects in various sectors of the economy reflects gradual development of mutual cooperation. Potential of Uzbekistan in the textile industry is consistently rising. We intend to further develop cooperation and expand joint projects.’

Between JSC “O'zbekyengilsanoat” and the South Korean Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT) was signed a protocol of discussions on the further implementation of the Textile Training-Research Technopark.

Creation of the Textile Training-Research Technopark will make it possible to raise the Uzbek light industry to a qualitatively new level of development and improve the training system of staff for the sector.

The event was attended by First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan Rustam Azimov.

(Source: UzA)

EDUCATION

Occupations in Demand

Educational institutions have responded to labor market needs, as suggested by preparatory works for summer. Administrations of education institutions have made their best to balance admission quotas and real needs in specialists in the context of vocations with an eye to the needs in staff.

The ninth-grade graduates are the most crucial point. Like last year, they will continue study in vocational colleges and academic lyceums. The main difference of these institutions from schools is that after three years of study each graduate gets demanded vocation in the labor market.

Over 476,000 people have graduated from the ninth grade this year. They are to choose among 144 academic lyceums and 1,412 vocational colleges. Like in previous years, students were interviewed on the choice of future specialty and vocation throughout the school year. The results are as follows: 42,870 (9%) wish to continue their education in academic lyceums, 433,738 (91%) - in vocational colleges. According to experts, this is the normal ratio. To date, academic lyceums can take up to 10% of ninth graders.

Schools have carried out a scaled work on vocational guidance, thereby ensuring that everyone gets a profession in line with his or her capabilities and preferences. In this regard, the ninth graders were advised by class mentors, school psychologists and occupational guidance specialists. School students were offered excursions to enterprises, colleges, lyceums, and parents were informed on how important it is for children to choose their profession by themselves.

The number of graduates of secondary specialized vocational institutions willing to enter a higher education institution has been growing from year to year. For example, over 600,000 students applied for universities last year, which is 11% more than in 2014. Experts predict that last year's record will be beaten: they expect an average of 10 percent increase in the number of students this year, despite the fact that the total admission quota has remained unchanged – 57,907 people. Reception of applications started at universities on Monday. However, the bulk of entrants are expected in ten days, after lyceum and college graduates get their diplomas.

With an eye to the future

The leading analysts forecast the further development of industry and services in Uzbekistan, which has determined the trends of major changes in admission quotas in secondary special and vocational institutions and at universities.

Every year, the Government approves a resolution on reorientation of vocational colleges following the analysis of the actual demand for college graduates of specific vocations. This year, it has covered 22 colleges.

Fundamental changes have taken place in 15 educationinstitutions, as they have completely changed their profile. Previously, they trained mostly educators and economists, and now they are focused on training staff for the construction industry, mainly light industry and service sector.

The other colleges will expand the specialty range. For example, the Agriculture College in the Marhamat district of Andijan region has been reoriented into Agriculture and Services College, and the Pedagogical College in Shafirkan district of Bukhara region has been transformed into Pedagogical and Service College.

Only two colleges have undergone the changes that are not related to the needs of industries and services in staff. For instance, in Shakhrisabz, which claims to be called a tourism gem of Uzbekistan, the Pedagogical College was transformed into the Pedagogical and Tourism College. It will train specialists for hotel and restaurant business, tourism operators. The Pedagogical College in Bekobod of Tashkent region was reoriented into Service and Information College.    

Higher education system has been expanding technical training as well. About 37% of first-year students will learn technical sciences this year. Major news are related to the main technical university - Tashkent State Technical University. The new structure has closed the Aviation Department as a result of transformation of the Tashkent Aviation Association into Tashkent Mechanical Plant. The Management Department was closed to focus the university on training of technical staff. The Oil and Gas Department was closed as well: from now and on, specialists will be trained at the Tashkent branch of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.

Meanwhile, the main higher technical education institution has opened two new departments: Engineering Systems Department and Engineering Physics Department. Staff is now trained in eight new subject areas, the introduction of which reflects the development of leading enterprises in economy sectors. For instance, as of the new academic year, the Tashkent State Technical University (TSTU) offers its entrants undergraduate courses on Foundry Technologies, Power Machine Building (by industry), Mechatronics and Robotics, Smart Engineering Systems, Technologies of Production of Electronic Equipment, Laser Technologies and Optoelectronics.

The country has been actively using renewable energy sources. Therefore, TSTU and Karshi Engineering and Economy Institute will train specialists in Alternative Energy Sources.

The future graduates of universities of new formation are expected to bring the development of national healthcare to a drastically new level. In the current year, TSTU is launching staff training in Biomedical Engineering, which will specialize in the development and production of new medical equipment.

Other technical universities of the country have opened new subject areas too. Two new areas are being opened at the Tashkent Architecture and Construction Institute, which is entailed by the need for modernization and development of public utility services. TACI will train specialists in Design and Operation of Water Supply and Sewerage Systems and ‘Organization and Management of Housing and Communal Services and Municipal Infrastructure.

Soon, Uzbekistan will start producing car tires. The development of the production of various rubber products has been in progress. Tashkent Institute of Chemical Technologies is launching the Department for Rubber Production Technologies.

Changes have taken place in many higher education institutions. For example, the Physics Department of the National University of Uzbekistan was provided with a building of reorganized Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences, which is likely to create the optimal conditions for training of qualified staff. The Tashkent State Agrarian University (TSAU) and its Nukus branch, as well as Andijan Agricultural Institute will start teaching students the Technologies of Cultivation and Processing of Medicinal Plants and Forestry and Forest Reclamation. The main agricultural university - TGAU - launches training on Ornamental Plants and Landscaping. The Tashkent Medical Academy is opening a Medical and Biological Business Department for the development of environmental medicine in Uzbekistan.

The ‘heart’ of language

The establishment of the Tashkent State University of Uzbek Language has entailed large-scale transformations in staff training in humanitarian and pedagogical areas of education. It is expected to be the head the university in training Uzbek language teachers. It is based on the departments of Uzbek Philology of the National University and Uzbek Language and Literature at the Tashkent State Pedagogical University, Language and Literature Institute of the Academy of Sciences, and the National Museum of Literature.

The newly established university will comprise three departments: Uzbek philology, teaching of Uzbek language and literature, and Uzbek-English translation. It will also incorporate the Research Institute of the Uzbek Language and Literature on the basis of the Institute of Language and Literature, and the Uzbek Language and Literature Museum, which will be reorganized into the National Museum of Literature.

The teaching of translators will be of particular imprtance. It so happened that the focus in language education is Uzbekistan was mainly laid on training Russian - Uzbek specialists. The new university will attach importance to the training of the staff that speaks other languages, mainly English.

The university also promises to become the basic higher education institution in terms of training philologists and teaching staff, conducting research projects, advanced training, development of research and educational guidelines on the Uzbek language and literature.

The Alisher Navoi Tashkent State University of Uzbek Language and Literature was assigned for teaching highly skilled research and pedagogical staff that meet the requirements of the time, know well the specifics, scientific, theoretical, philosophical and aesthetic foundations of the Uzbek language and literature, experienced in modern educational technologies.

The university will also train the translators capable of making high level translations of scientific, fiction and other literature from Uzbek into English and other languages, as well as translation from world languages into the native language. The education of students in the spirit of love and devotion to the Motherland, national and universal values, with broad outlook and independent thinking will be the most important mission of the university.

It will also be engaged in research on new and effective methods of teaching the Uzbek language and literature, introduction of advanced educational technologies in secondary schools, academic lyceums and vocational colleges, and higher educational institutions.

At best standards

Branches of foreign universities have long been an integral part of higher education system in Uzbekistan. They have been addressing relevant problems of training specialists at the international level. At the same time, they have been developing the staff training system focusing on the needs of the local labor market.

The Inha University in Tashkent that specializes in information and communication technologies, has launched the logistics department.

The logistics learning program of Inha University ranks among the top three related educational programs in Korea. The new department was opened in view of the attention of the Government of Uzbekistan to the development of transport and logistics, as well as high demand for specialists in this field. Graduates will learn the technologies of logistics management, ranging from establishment to the operational activities of logistics companies. The curriculum will be based on professional modules like international logistics, supply chain management, freight management, air and rail transportation management, reengineering of business processes, planning and resource management, and others.

The knowledge will enable graduates to not just work in big international and local companies, but open their own start-ups in the field. To date, Inha University in Tashkent has developed a list of compulsory courses and elective courses, which is posted on its website.

The Turin Polytechnic University in Tashkent has increased admission quota for the first time since its foundation. This year it is 350 people, or 100 people more than in the previous year. It is scheduled to take 200 students to Mechanical Engineering, 100 students for Information Technologies and ACS in the Industry, and 25 people to Energy and Industrial and Civil Engineering and Architecture respectively.

The Tashkent branch of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas has been expanding in line with the reorganization of metropolitan universities. The institute is going to turn into the country’s major center for staff training for oil and gas industry. The branch has been provided with additional buildings as additional amenities for students.

 (Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

 

 

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