INFORMATION DIGEST OF PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN #121 June 21, 2017

posted 26 Jun 2017, 04:44 by Webmaster Ambasciata

OFFICIAL

Uzbekistan to observe Eid ul-Fitr on 26 June

Inom Majidov appointed as Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education of Uzbekistan

President approves measures on development of horse breeding and equestrian sport

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Uzbek Foreign Minister visits Embassy of Germany

AUTO INDUSTRY OF UZBEKISTAN

Uzavtosanoat intends to establish a regional testing field on the basis of the Pskent motor field

SOCIETY

Employment Through New Mechanisms

EDUCATION

In Uzbekistan the 2017/2018 academic year, it is expected that 350 highly qualified foreign specialists will be attracted to conduct training in universities and branch centers of retraining and advanced training of teachers 



OFFICIAL

Uzbekistan to observe Eid ul-Fitr on 26 June

President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a resolution “On celebration of Ramadan Hait” on 20 June, in line with which 26 June is announced as holiday in Uzbekistan.

The document was adopted taking into account role and importance of Eid ul-Fitr in spiritual life of Uzbekistan, preserving and praising national-spiritual values.

According to the document, first day of Eid ul-Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan month, falls to 26 June. In order to mark the holiday widely, Uzbek leader announced 26 June as holiday in Uzbekistan.

The resolution entrusted national funds Nuroniy and Makhalla, as well as other public structure organize celebrations in high level.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

Inom Majidov appointed as Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education of Uzbekistan

Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev appointed a new Minister of Higher and Secondary Special Education of Uzbekistan.

According to the decree of the President of Uzbekistan, Inom Majidov was appointed to the post of the Minister of Higher and Secondary Special Education of Uzbekistan.

He replaced Rustam Kasimov at this post. Kasimov was appointed as the first deputy state adviser to the President of Uzbekistan on organizational and personnel issues and rector of the Academy of Public Administration under the President of Uzbekistan.

Prior to this appointment, Inom Majidov worked as First Deputy Minister of Higher and Secondary Special Education of Uzbekistan.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

President approves measures on development of horse breeding and equestrian sport

Presidential decree dated 15 June 2017 approved additional measures on further development of horse breeding and equestrian sport.

The document was adopted to further develop the horse breeding and equestrian sports, the strengthening of its material-technical base, training and educating the next generation of horsemen and increasing the international authority of the national equestrian sports, active promotion and popularisation of equestrian sports among the wider population, especially young people.

According to the document, the Equestrian Federation was renamed to the Federation of horse breeding and equestrian sports.

Followings are defined as main tasks and activities of the Federation:

- Promoting horse-breeding organisations and farms to increase the population of Karabair and Akhal-Teke breeds, as well as high-value sports horses by improving livestock breeding in horse breeding;

- organisation of modern methods of cultivation and reproduction of breeding, sport and working horses by learning the advanced experience of foreign countries;

- participation in development of normative-legal base of development of horse breeding and equestrian sport, as well as the implementation of state programmes and the development of marketing and promotional work;

- system organisation and holding of national equestrian competition, aimed at educating the young generation of riders, as well as increasing the international prestige of domestic equestrian sport;

- ensuring effective cooperation with relevant bodies of executive authorities in the provision of land to provide the necessary fodder;

- expansion of the network of children's sports schools, clubs, equestrian clubs, training and retraining of judges.

(Source: UzReport.uz)

International RELATIONS

Uzbek Foreign Minister visits Embassy of Germany

On June 20, 2017, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov visited the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Tashkent.

According to the press service of the Uzbek Foreign Ministry, Abdulaziz Kamilov expressed his sincere condolences in connection with the death of political leader and outstanding statesman of Germany, former Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl.

The Uzbek Foreign Minister made a note in the Condolence Book, which was opened in the German Embassy.

Ambassador of Germany to Uzbekistan Neithart Höfer-Wissing expressed gratitude to President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev for his sympathy and support in the sorrowful hour of the relatives and friends of the deceased and entire German people in his message, addressed to German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

AUTO INDUSTRY OF UZBEKISTAN

Uzavtosanoat intends to establish a regional testing field on the basis of the Pskent motor field

A new modern enterprise will specialize in car certification, road practice, climatic, bench test and other laboratory tests, as well as sports events.

In the near future, the Pskent motor field will be transferred to the statutory fund of Uzavtosanoat as a contribution of the state. The President provided the company with privileges and preferences for effective implementation of the project.

For instance, the regional car testing field is exempted from land tax, legal entities property tax and corporate income tax by January 1, 2020. Under the project, the company will also be able to import construction materials, equipment and spare parts to it, component parts, technological documentation, tools and raw materials that are not produced in the republic without paying customs duties.

Professionals often compare the Pskent motor field with the famous race track under the Italian city of Monza, noting its chic oval and the ability to squeeze the maximum speed. Previously, it was used as a year-round hard surface car testing field, especially in high-temperature conditions, which are often over 45-50 degrees. Today, it is a venue of various regular ring races of enthusiasts.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

Society

Employment Through New Mechanisms

Labor relations have been undergoing large-scale reforms. Their course was set by the Actions Strategy along Five Priority Areas for the Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021.

Targeted measures on reformation and diversification of the country's economy, modernization and technological extension of the leading industries, stimulation of accelerated development of small businesses and private enterprises result in thousands of new jobs created every year across the country. Experts see that as an important condition for addressing the relevant problem of employing the able-bodied population, especially young people.

At the same time, experts point out to outdated and inefficient forms and methods of addressing these problems. There are many critical remarks on the enduring practice of distortion of the real situation in the labor market, superficial approaches to such an important social issue as employment of graduates of higher and secondary special vocational education institutions.

Experts actively spoke about that within the framework of development of the Development Strategy for 2017-2021, which has become the starting point for the radical modernization of the sector. As a result, in April, the Ministry of Labor was reorganized into the Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations of the Republic of Uzbekistan, thereby triggering fundamental reforms.

In the legal context

The speech of the International Labor Organization Director General Guy Ryder at the meeting with the delegation of Uzbekistan within the framework of the ILO 106th session is still fresh in the memory. The expert highly commended the implementation of the ILO country program on decent work in Uzbekistan, the implementation of labor standards in national legislation in accordance with international standards. The head of the International Labor Organization stressed the need to expand bilateral cooperation, including the issues of further improvement of the legal framework, employment, also with regard to women, as well as protection of labor industry and social protection of the population in the agenda. "We must not stop at what has been achieved, we should go forward and develop partnership," he said.

The four-year program of comprehensive measures on further improvement of the activities of labor and employment agencies, which was approved a few days before the ILO session, shows that this work will continue.

             The document envisages the cooperation with the International Labor Organization with subsequent approval of 11 ILO Conventions, including compensation for accidents at work, paid vacation (revised in 1970), equal treatment and equal opportunities for working men and women, on home-based work, on the fundamentals that promote safety and hygiene at work, and others.

It is planned to introduce amendments and additions to the Labor Code. They will concern the streamlined management of employee's work record book due to the transition to the electronic work record, extension of the rights of employers and employees to fixed-term employment contracting, establishment of the legal status of self-employment and home-based work. The amendments will reflect the peculiarities of labor regulation for certain categories of workers, including those employed by individual entrepreneurs, athletes, coaches, and tutors.

It is also planned to draft a law on non-governmental organizations to promote employment of population (recruiting agencies), and a bylaw that would stipulate the licensing procedure for nongovernmental organizations that provide services on ​​ citizen employment abroad. The measures will allow not just ensuring the compliance of standards with the requirements of the time, but also introducing modern advanced technologies for building labor relations.

Forsaking old approaches

The new ministry is entrusted with the development of a state order for job creation and coordination of territorial and sector employment programs, measures to ensure employment of graduates of higher and secondary special and vocational educational institutions. Its functions also include monitoring the timely payment of allowances and financial assistance to low-income families.

The Ministry is assigned as the major executive of the program of integrated measures on further improvement of performance of labor authorities and ensuring employment of the population. The document stipulates the measures to streamline the regulatory and legal framework in this area, introduce modern approaches to the development of employment programs, mechanisms to ensure the employment of graduates of vocational colleges, academic lyceums and universities. It is also planned to study new interactive services.

Labor bodies propose adopting a fundamentally new scheme for the provision of ‘single window’ services. Moreover, they propose its introduction in any access point, including citizens’ self-government bodies, with the active introduction of Internet services in the employment and employment promotion sector.

This sector is shifting to active use of modern technologies. The system of ‘electronic work record book’ will be introduced since 2019. It will contain reliable data about the terms of the employee's labor activity, service record and the amount of contributions he or she paid for state social insurance, as well as information on the professional career.

The establishment of the Public Works Fund under the Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations is an important innovation. Along with the State Employment Fund, it is entrusted with ensuring the implementation of integrated measures on sustainable and balanced development of the labor market, raising the level of employment and rational use of labor resources.

The sources of formation and major areas of the use of the State Employment Promotion Fund resources have been determined. It will be engaged in ensuring the provision of lawful employment and financial support guarantees for the unemployed, graduates of higher and secondary special and vocational educational institutions, as well as in financing the initiatives on provision of quality services of vocational training, retraining and social protection to the unoccupied population, and strengthening of the logistical capacity of labor agencies.

 At a new stage of development, the Ministry will abandon the cookbook approaches to addressing employment problems; its activities will become more targeted. In particular, the work on raising families from poverty will be brought to the new level. Employment promotion centers will develop an individual program for each such family. Involvement of families in individual and family business, development of personal subsidiary economies, assistance in obtaining microcredit and education are seen as the main tools to pull families out of the difficult economic situation.

Mission Number One

Employment of graduates of vocational colleges, academic lyceums and universities remains one of the most ambitious objectives in employment sector. There is a need to employ more than half a million beginning specialists annually. Much has been done in this direction. However, the execution of government orders on the ground caused complaints from the public, who stated that much has been done just to tick the box. The current unprecedented measures are being taken to restore the order.

First of all, the measures would increase the employers' interest in employing graduates of higher and secondary special educational institutions. Some of the funds released from the use of benefits will be channeled to financing their professional development. To do this, privileges for a single social payment will come into effect as of January 1, 2018.

The end has come for the useless employment certificates of graduates. To ensure continuous and objective monitoring of their employment, it is envisaged that all students of vocational colleges and academic lyceums must get a personal taxpayer number. Monitoring social security contributions will help to promptly identify unemployed men and women and provide them with effective and timely assistance in employment.

Involvement of graduates in business remains an effective way of their employment. The program of measures on expansion of access points, range and volume of microfinance services for start-up entrepreneurs for 2017-2020 is currently in the process of development and approval. It is going to be a complex of measures that would radically strengthen the role of the country’s banking system in employment issues.

In particular, it is expected that the capitalization of Micro Credit Bank would expand the microcredit opportunities for the population. At the same time, it is stipulated that the Minister of Employment and Labor Relations will chair the supervisory board of this bank, thereby promoting the implementation of employment programs.

In the Spotlight

In the process of development of the state order for job creation, the Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations will compile a list of the most manpower excessive cities and regions of the republic. In turn, when drawing and approving targeted lists of investment projects, the Ministry of Economy, the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, municipalities of the regions and the city of Tashkent should give priority to the creation of new production capacities in abovementioned regions.

A list of supporting vocational colleges was approved to recovery the situation in settlements with excessive manpower. The gaps in the curricular will be filled with vocational training, retraining and advanced training of marketable specialties and vocations for the unemployed population.

Private Sector to Support the Government

At the new stage of reformation of the employment system, much attention has been paid to the expansion of employment services to the population. The Ministry and its territorial branches will benefit from private organizations in addressing these tasks.

As of January 1, 2018, nongovernmental organizations will be entitled to render employment services on a paid basis. A work permit abroad will require a license.

The Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations is currently working on a project on the development of a network of private educational institutions, which will provide a fee-based training on marketable vocations and specialties. At the same time, there are plans afoot to involve those centers in the work with the unemployed (through benefits)

***

All the abovementioned measures are expected to drastically improve the quality of public services in employment sector by conducting a full-scale analysis, introduction of progressive approaches to the organization of activities of the Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations, including the application of incentive wage methods.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

EDUCATION

In Uzbekistan the 2017/2018 academic year, it is expected that 350 highly qualified foreign specialists will be attracted to conduct training in universities and branch centers of retraining and advanced training of teachers

This is the first result of the realization of the President's decree on measures for the further development of the higher education system. The document provides for the establishment of close partnership relations with leading specialized foreign scientific and educational institutions by each higher educational institution. These contacts are necessary for the educational process of advanced pedagogical technologies, curricula and teaching materials based on international educational standards. It is also recommended to involve foreign specialists in scientific and pedagogical activities.

At the same time, the experts of the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education note that this practice is not new and more precisely it can be called the dissemination of positive experience accumulated in recent years. In order to study this issue in detail, the correspondents of Uzbekistan Today went to the Republican Scientific and Methodological Center for Retraining and Advanced Training of Pedagogical and Lead Personnel of the Higher Education System.

Here, only 105 specialists from 75 universities of 17 countries were engaged in the work during the last year alone. One of the directions of such cooperation was the development of curricula and programs of courses for retraining and advanced training of pedagogical staff of higher education institutions on a block principle which allows inviting a foreign specialist to teach a specific subject in a certain period of time. 16 specialists from the Republic of Korea, Italy, the USA, Japan, France and Spain were involved in this work.

In addition, 170 foreign specialists from Australia, Austria, Great Britain, Germany, Portugal, the Republic of Korea, Russia, the United States, Japan and other countries were invited to teach at the advanced training courses for university teachers. Their involvement was carried out mainly through the projects of the European Commission Erasmus +, the embassies of the Republic of Korea, Germany, France, the USA, Japan in our country, and also on the basis of inter-university agreements with foreign universities.

In addition, measures are taken to send Uzbek specialists abroad for an internship. Only during the year 760 teachers and researchers of the universities of the republic studied on the programs of doctoral studies and magistracy at the leading foreign universities.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

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