DAILY NEWS HERALD #95 Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan May 16, 2018

posted 19 May 2018, 02:48 by Webmaster Ambasciata

Official visit of THE President of Uzbekistan to the U.S. 1

President of the Republic of Uzbekistan has arrived in the USA.. 1

President of Uzbekistan met with the Minister of State for Europe and the Americas at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office. 1

Officially.. 1

The new Ambassador of Uzbekistan left for Kuala Lumpur 1

Appointment 2

Export.. 2

The lighting systems for the most popular cars of the company AvtoVAZ, the largest company in Russia and Eastern Europe for the production of passenger cars, will now be produced in Uzbekistan. 2

International relationships. 2

New stage of cooperation between business circles of Uzbekistan and Germany. 2

Uzbekistan and Georgia hold meeting of Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation  3

Society.. 4

Uzbekistan’s Civil Society amid New Phase of Development 4

HISTORY.. 6

Prophecy or Coincidence?. 6

 

official visit of THE President of Uzbekistan to the U.S

President of the Republic of Uzbekistan has arrived in the USA

On May 15, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev arrived in Washington, DC at the invitation of the President of the United States of America Donald Trump.

Officials of the USA met the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan at Andrews airport, in Washington, DC.

Both sides pay great attention to this visit. The US administration valued the visit of the President of Uzbekistan as a historic one.

The main events of the visit will take place on May 16-17. On May 16, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev will meet with US President Donald Trump at the White House. In the beginning, negotiations will be held in a narrow circle, then in an expanded one.

As previously reported, during the high-level talks, it is planned to discuss the state and prospects of development of Uzbekistan – American cooperation, exchange views on current international and regional issues. The Head of the state will also hold bilateral meetings in the U.S. Congress, the Ministry of Defense and the U.S. State Department, as well as in the World Bank.

Following the official visit, it is expected to adopt a Joint Statement of Presidents on “Uzbekistan and the United States of America: the beginning of a new era of strategic partnership”, sign more than 40 documents envisaging further strengthening of bilateral relations in various fields.

(Source: UzA)

President of Uzbekistan met with the Minister of State for Europe and the Americas at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office

On May 15, 2018, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with Minister of State for Europe and the Americas at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office of the UK Alan Duncan during a brief technical stop at the airport in London.

During the conversation, the Head of the state emphasized the importance of effective implementation of the existing great potential of bilateral cooperation.

Important attention was paid to intensifying contacts at various levels, developing practical cooperation, promoting joint programs and projects in trade and economic, investment, innovation, financial, cultural, humanitarian and other areas.

Alan Duncan conveyed to the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev greetings and best wishes on behalf of the Prime Minister of UK Theresa May.

Alan Duncan highly appreciated the ongoing reforms in Uzbekistan at the present stage, as well as Uzbekistan's active efforts to ensure security, stability and sustainable development in the region, including the successful holding of the International Conference on Afghanistan in March this year in Tashkent.

The readiness of the British side to strengthen full-scale cooperation between the two states was expressed.

After a technical stop in London, the President of Uzbekistan departed for the USA. 

(Source: UzA)

 

Officially

The new Ambassador of Uzbekistan left for Kuala Lumpur

On May 16, 2018, the newly appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Uzbekistan Ravshan Usmanov left Tashkent for Kuala Lumpur. He previously worked as the First Deputy Chairman of the State Committee for Tourism Development, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the French Republic and concurrently Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador to the Italian Republic and the Portuguese Republic.

Before that, R.Usmanov, who graduated from Birmingham University (U.K.) and the University of World Economy and Diplomacy under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan, headed the Foreign Ministry Department for Cooperation with European Countries and NATO.

(Source: Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

Appointment

Ravshanbek Alimov has been appointed Head of the Department for Cooperation with the CIS Countries of MFA.

He previously headed division of the Information and Analytical Center for International Relations, counselor to the Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Russian Federation, and worked as Ambassador in the French Republic and Ukraine.

(Source: Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

Export

The lighting systems for the most popular cars of the company AvtoVAZ, the largest company in Russia and Eastern Europe for the production of passenger cars, will now be produced in Uzbekistan

Starting from July this year, the manufacturing line of lighting systems for cars of AvtoVAZ will be operating at the joint venture UZCHASYS in the city of Namangan.

In particular, the front lights for the Lada Granta FL, the Lada Vesta SW / SW Cross number lamps, and about ten kinds of illuminating lamps for Lada 2190, Lada 2191, Lada 8450, Lada 1117 and Lada 1119 will be manufactured and supplied.

Within the framework of this project, implemented jointly with the joint-stock company Uzavtoprom with the involvement of banks – foreign partners of Uzpromstroybank, modern technologies NEOLITE ZKW Lightings Pvt Ltd (India) and Genter Service GmbH (Germany) will be installed at the joint venture UZCHASYS. 35 new jobs will be created.

It is noteworthy that the finished goods produced under the new project will be fully exported, and this will serve to further strengthen the positions of Uzbekistan’s automobile industry on the international market.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

International relationships

New stage of cooperation between business circles of Uzbekistan and Germany

On May 15, regular meeting of the German-Uzbek Business Council was held in Tashkent.

It was attended by representatives of ministries and departments, companies and concerns of the two countries responsible for foreign economic relations, trade, investment, finance, construction materials, agricultural machinery, automotive, chemical, electrical engineering, banking, tourism, services and other spheres.

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan A.Aripov, co-chair of the German-Uzbek Business Council, Executive Director of the company “Knauf Gips KG” M.Grundke and others noted that cooperation between the two countries is actively developing in all directions, an important factor is the ongoing work on attracting foreign investment in the country's economy and increasing its attractiveness.

The Action Strategy on five priority areas of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021 defined the tasks for further development and liberalization of the economy, strengthening macroeconomic stability, maintaining high rates of economic growth, improving the competitiveness of the national economy, active attraction of foreign investments in the economy and regions of the country by improving the investment climate.

Today in Uzbekistan there are more than 5 thousand companies with foreign capital, including 132 enterprises created together with German business people. Development of mutually beneficial and long-term partnership with leading companies in Germany is of great importance. Currently such companies and enterprises which are leaders in their industry, as "MAN", "Claas", "Lemken", “Knauf” and others are successfully operating in Uzbekistan. Investment projects in cooperation with "Siemens", "Bosch", "Viessmann", "Humana", and many other companies are being developed.

The flow of German investments attracted to the Uzbek economy is increasing. Efforts of Uzbekistan to create benefits and preferences for foreign investors are highly appreciated by German business community.

Within the framework of the meeting, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Ministry for Foreign Trade and the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Investments organized the Uzbek-German business forum and cooperation exchange for business circles of the two countries.

Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Uzbekistan A.Ikramov informed German entrepreneurs about the ongoing large-scale reforms in the country, in particular on improvement of the business environment, protecting small business and private entrepreneurship, increasing the investment attractiveness of the country's economy, as well as conditions created for investors in free economic zones.

Members of the business delegation of Germany highly appreciated conditions created in the country for investors, noted the importance of this business forum as a platform for exchange of experience between representatives of business community.

150 domestic entrepreneurs and representatives of 40 large German companies took part in the cooperation exchange. Organization of new joint ventures, implementation of investment projects and conclusion of mutually beneficial agreements were discussed.

On the same day, the German delegation visited the Algoritm plant in Tashkent. Business people from Germany intend to organize a small industrial zone here.

(Source: UzA)

Uzbekistan and Georgia hold meeting of Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation

The eighth meeting of the Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation between Uzbekistan and Georgia was held in Tbilisi.

Minister of Foreign Trade of Uzbekistan Jamshid Khodjaev and First Vice Prime Minister of Georgia, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development Dimitri Kumshishvili attended the meeting.

The delegations of the two countries discussed the prospects for increasing rail and road freight turnover both between countries and transit routes.

At the session, the parties also discussed development of cooperation in trade, investment, tourism, energy, transport and logistics, communications, information technology, etc. The parties discussed the launch of direct flights between Georgia and Uzbekistan.

It was stated that direct flights will positively influence the cooperation in the tourism sector and will promote development of business relations between Uzbekistan and Georgia.

A Georgian-Uzbek business forum will also be held within the framework of the visit of the Uzbek delegation to Georgia.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

Society

Uzbekistan’s Civil Society amid New Phase of Development

The contemporary civil society in Uzbekistan is undergoing changes that have effect on numerous aspects of our lives. What we observe today is a rethinking of many values, social partnership being one of them. In modern conditions, there is a need to create a new model of interaction between the state and society. Owing to the aforementioned circumstances, issues of social partnership are put forward as one of the priority areas in the theory and practice of social governance.

In recent years, significant steps have been taken in Uzbekistan to uplift the level of social partnership between the state and citizens, boost the role and importance and the public activity of non-governmental non-profit organizations (NGOs) and other institutions of civil society in the implementation of democratic reforms in all walks of life of society and government.

Analysis of the legislation shows that more than 200 normative acts aimed at improving the effectiveness of non-state non-profit organizations regulate the public relations in the society related to the activities of NGOs and the realization of social partnership.

At the same time, the state of affairs in this sphere testifies to the existence of a number of serious problems hampering the active participation of non-governmental non-profit organizations in the extensive reforms in progress, in bolstering the political culture, legal awareness of citizens, in meeting their spiritual and other non-material needs, and delivering the essential institutional base for the provision of support full-fledged to them.

Proceeding from the fact that the currently operating civil society institutions are instrumental in protecting the rights and legitimate interests of individuals and corporate entities, democratic values, in the achievement of social, cultural and educational goals, there is a need for further advancement and perfection of the country’s legislation in this field.

The decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on measures to radically increase the role of civil society institutions in the process of democratic renewal of the country has become a turning point in the development of the processes of enhancing socio-political and socio-economic reforms in the country and creates conditions for the full-fledged activities of the parties involved in delivering social partnership , forming an atmosphere of mutual understanding, harmony, cohesion and stability in society.

The decree, due to its democratic character, novelty, creativity and timeliness of adoption, secures further advancement of civil society institutions, social order in the country, sustainable social and economic development for the regions and a civilized solution of vital social problems for the welfare and well-being of all citizens of the country.

The document can be considered a new stage in the evolution of social partnership in Uzbekistan, in the consolidation of the rights and freedoms of NGOs in society, the state taking into account the diversity of functional interest groups of the population strata in the country, their harmonization (balance), and not leveling. Its provisions are the most important condition for the viability and stability of the political system, the development of the socio-economic sphere, the enlargement of civil society in the nation.

It will promote the establishment of effective mechanisms for constructive dialogue between government bodies and civil society institutions, providing an objective and comprehensive analysis of the needs of NGOs, creating open and transparent platforms for exchanging views on the most critical issues in public and social development, cementing the engagement of civil society institutions in the elaboration and implementation of programs in social and economic development, especially those in regions, in the timely delivery of essential regulatory and legal provisions and acts, and, crucially, allow for careful study and consideration of the interests of all social groups in society.

This normative act will cut the Gordian knot of issues in the legislative framework, since social partnership could not become an effective mechanism for interaction between state bodies and NGOs in addressing a wide range of social troubles of citizens, in providing for real progress in their initiatives and modern ideas, especially among young people.

The head of our state pays paramount attention to securing strong sense of citizenship and sense of responsibility among the population, implementing government support measures and encouraging the activities of energetic NGOs that offer innovative and creative ideas for further socio-economic, socio-political development of the country and society as a whole.

The decree removes unnecessary bureaucratic barriers and obstacles in the norms of legislation that regulate the procedures for the activities of non-state non-profit organizations that are obsolete and do not meet modern requirements.

In addition, it will deliver conditions for the emergence of effective mechanisms for the exchange of data and information among government agencies aiming at providing full support to the activities of civil society institutions in the country, improving their material and technical capacities for the implementation of medium- and long-term projects and development programs for the country and society.

The document envisages the establishment of Advisory Council on Civil Society Development under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, to be responsible for spearheading a systematic and effective dialogue between the state and civil society institutions, for developing proposals to determine strategic directions and forming a national model for the development of civil society.

The council is expected to discuss pressing issues, further the development of civil society, with informing the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan about the current state and development trends in this sector.

Experts and prominent representatives of civil society, involved in the work of this body, are expected to prepare proposals and experiences on the organization of effective interaction of government bodies with institutions of civil society, measures to support and encourage their activities.

The specialists of this advisory body will focus on fundamental and applied research covering the development of civil society, arrangement of systematic study, synthesis and analysis of public opinion on the government policy in the development of civil society and its practical results.

The Advisory Council on Civil Society Development will systematically submit proposals to the head of state on improving the operation of civil society institutions, implementing social partnership and public control, creating favorable conditions for expanding their participation in public activities, developing indicators for assessing the advancement of civil society, the level of interaction of its institutions with government bodies, prepare periodic and special reports, including alternatives, on their basis.

Foreign practice of civil society development allows us to say that the development of market relations in the economy, the formation of its diversified structure, the emergence and growth of a layer of active entrepreneurs and owners require new approaches to the formation and implementation of social partnership. This document delivers an environment conducive for profound understanding of the logic of social partnership, allows us to find the right ways to solve the problems of transforming the state approach regarding the implementation of social partnership in society.

Historical analysis shows that there is a certain tendency in the development of social partnership. The objective and subjective prerequisites for its emergence originated in the 19th century, when professional and entrepreneurial unions became firmly established, and the state had to become an arbiter in the conflicts between labor and capital. But the phenomenon of social partnership, sometimes under other names, was established ideologically and practically, first of all, under the influence of the upheavals of the first half of 20th century in Russia, the United States, Germany, Turkey, France, Italy and other countries.

The emergence of social partnership was also facilitated by the complication of the social structure of society in the advanced nations, where thanks to the growing level of general well-being, the number of owners representing the interests of a large number of small and medium investors who entrusted them with the management of their property increased. The positions of small business have been strengthened, and its role in the economy rose. The number of workers increased significantly, and the role of employees working both in state and non-state organizations and institutions grew in parallel. The 20th century saw the emergence of the middle class, fundamentally interested in the consolidation of social and economic stability in the country and the elimination of signs of social cataclysms in society.

Thus, in the modern development of mankind there is a tendency towards broad interpretation of social partnership as one of the ways of cooperation between various sectors of society, with the emphasis clearly on the non-profit sector.

However, we should not forget that, traditionally, social partnership means, first of all, relations in the social and labor sphere between employees and employers that are formed with the active participation of the state. Social partnership means the cooperation of employers and trade unions in improving the conditions of employment and ensuring the right of workers to participate in resolving issues relating to the activities of the organization.

Modern social partnership existing in developed democracies (US, UK, Canada, EU countries, Japan and others) as a whole is based on the compromise, the development of an optimal formula for mutually acceptable conditions that takes into account the interests of various socio-political and economic forces in society. Gone are the requirements that can undermine the position of employers and workers. This can be seen particularly clearly in Germany, where trade unions that have a significant and institutionalized experience of cooperation with business are making significant concessions while defending the interests of workers, realizing the need for modernization of production and major structural transformations in the economy. To be sure, there are quite deep traditions of social partnership in the world, which must be studied constantly.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the presidential decree on measures to radically increase the role of civil society institutions in the process of democratic renewal of the country is a very timely document for organizing further development of social partnership in the country, creating an atmosphere of harmony and cohesion in society, interests of citizens in daily activities, protection of labor rights and human freedoms, provision of conditions for effective and mutually beneficial operation between citizens, businesses and the state, a reliable barrier for the prevention of social upheaval.

Moreover, its adoption meets many emerging issues of modern society, which is undergoing profound changes, affecting both the practical aspects of our life, and the conceptual provisions of the national legislation of the country.

Said-Abdulaziz YUSUPOV, Director of the Public Foundation for the Support and Development of Print Media and News Agencies of Uzbekistan

 

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

HISTORY

Prophecy or Coincidence?

Even according to the most conservative estimates, Samarkand is almost 3 thousand years old. It took on its land the warriors under the leadership of Alexander the Great, witnessed the conquests of the Arab army and experienced the rampage of Genghis Khan. The history of Samarkand combines facts and myths. For this reason, it’s sometimes so hard to tell the truth from the renowned legends.

Author of the article “Samarkand is an ancient city that keeps the secret of the curse of Temur and the secret of the most delicious bread cakes in the world” has decided to dwell on this.

WAR DUE TO THE OPENING OF THE GRAVE: PROPHECY OR COINCIDENCE?

In June 1941, on the streets of Samarkand, the locals whispered with excitement that the Russian expedition intends to open the grave of Amir Temur, revered in Uzbekistan as a national hero. The local Muslim clergy made unsuccessful attempts to stop the excavations. The fact is that, according to the ancient legend, as soon as Temur’s ashes are disturbed, a terrible war will begin in the world.

Despite the obstacles of local residents, on the night of June 20, 1941, the Russian expedition opened the coffin of the great emir. Samarkandians reasonably linked the beginning of the war with the opening of the grave of Temur. The expedition was urgently curtailed, and the remains of Sahibkiran were sent to Moscow for research. Today it is clear that all these events are just a chain of coincidences, because World War II began as far back as 1939, and Hitler approved the plan of an attack on the USSR in 1940. But there is one moment that plays into the hands of believers in the prediction. As it is known, the turning point in the war was the victory of the Soviet army in the Battle of Stalingrad. On the eve of this event, Stalin ordered the return of the remains to Samarkand, burying them with all the due honors.

HOW MUCH IS IT OLD: 2,750 OR 4,500?

Samarkand, without a doubt, is one of the oldest living cities. But its exact age has not been determined to this day. According to the latest archeological data, Samarkand was founded in the 8th century BC as a center of the historical region of Sogdiana. According to the testimony of the sacred book of Zoroastrians, Avesta, in the 5th century BC Sogdiana was already a developed, densely populated formation of farmers. The same is confirmed by Greek chroniclers and Roman biographers.

For two thousand years Samarkand used to be the main point of the Great Silk Road, connecting China with Europe, as well as a leading scientific center of the medieval East. Samarkand is of the same age as Rome and Nanking. In the first years of the city’s existence, the Bible was being compiled, and in ancient Greece, the first ever Olympic Games were held. But there are also more daring versions. Abu Hafs Omar ibn Mohammed al-Nesefi al-Samarkandi, a famous Arab historian, argues that Samarkand was founded much earlier - in the second half of the II millennium BC and that at the time of the Arab conquest in the 8th century the city was already 2.5 thousand years old.

Some medieval historians wrote that Samarkand in general was formed in the III millennium BC, 3,000 years before the Prophet. Archaeologists do not rush to put a concluding point in this matter, and excavation continues. Until the moment scientists reach the base of the cultural layer, the ancient land of Samarkand can present many more surprises.

LOCAL AIR IS EVERYTHING TO ACCOUNT FOR?

“Bread is head for everything!” Gourmet lovers from all over the world know of the Samarkand bread. This batch is celebrated not only for its amazing taste, but also for the property not to spoil. Baked in local traditions, the Samarkand flat cake is suitable for years, without losing its useful properties.

According to one of the ancient traditions, somehow the emir of Bukhara was indignant at the inability of his culinary specialists to accurately reproduce Samarkand cakes. He ordered to bring the best pancake maker of Samarkand, the local flour, water and tandoor. But tortillas still turned out different. And then everyone came to the conclusion that it was the air to blame.

The sacrament of their preparation is the subject of study of many confectioners of the world. Cakes have a unique flavor and taste, baked very quickly, provided high humidity and a temperature of 400-800 degrees. The Uzbeks give the national bakery a sacred meaning - their round form is associated with the sun. Patterns from holes and lines are necessarily put on flat cakes. This is both a high-quality bread, a piece of culinary art, part of an original culture, and an Uzbek quality mark.

SHRINE FOR CHRISTIANS, MUSLIMS AND JEWS TO WORSHIP

The grave of St. Daniel in Samarkand is one of the few places in the world that are simultaneously revered by representatives of different faiths. According to historical information of the 18th century, the ashes of the Old Testament biblical prophet are buried in the mausoleum of Khoja Doniyor, the remains of which were most likely brought to Samarkand for burial by the Sahibkiran Amir Temur. Other sources claim that the remains were taken to Samarkand by early Christians.

Doniyor was an associate of the Muslim preacher Kusam ibn Abbas, who played an important role in spreading Islam in the environs of Samarkand. For Christians, the prophet Daniel is one of the great Old Testament prophets. This attitude to Saint Daniel also is the case with Jews. The modern building of the mausoleum complex was built the early 20th century. According to legend, after the construction of the mausoleum, the grave began to grow, having reached today almost 18 meters. For this reason, the architectural complex was completed several times and extended. According to another hypothesis, the grave purposefully made so large that it was impossible to determine the exact location of the remains with the purpose of stealing them. In 1996, the 15th Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II visited the Samarkand mausoleum. At that moment, at the crypt stood a dried pistachio tree. Some time after the patriarch decided to consecrate him, the tree came to life.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

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