DAILY NEWS HERALD # 134 Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA July 11, 2018

posted 13 Jul 2018, 11:16 by Webmaster Ambasciata

President.. 1

Nuclear power engineering will develop for peaceful purposes. 1

Economy.. 2

Uzbekistan: Cluster Approach. 2

International relationships. 2

Uzbekistan government delegation visited Afghanistan. 2

Society.. 3

Uzbekistan’s population exceeds 32.9m people. 3

UZBEKISTAN - THE COUNTRY OF TOURISM... 4

48 projects designed to enhance tourism development are due in Jizzakh region by late next year 4

 

president

Nuclear power engineering will develop for peaceful purposes

On July 10, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting dedicated to issues of implementation of organizational and technical measures for creating nuclear power engineering in the country.

At present, the need for electricity in the country is 69 billion kWh. Almost 85 percent of this energy is produced by burning gas and coal, the remaining 15 percent are produced by hydroelectric power plants. 16.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas, 86 thousand tons of fuel oil and 2.3 million tons of coal are consumed for generating electricity. Due to the growth of the economy, the number and standard of living of the population, the need for electricity will increase even more.

“If in this area we continue to use natural gas and coal, after a while their reserves can be depleted. This will be an unpardonable mistake and a crime for the future generation”, – Shavkat Mirziyoyev said.

Therefore, work has begun in the country on creating nuclear power engineering for using atomic energy for peaceful purposes. An agreement was reached with the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom on construction of a nuclear power plant. This complex will consist of two power units with a capacity of 1 thousand 200 megawatts each. The safest and modern power unit in the world is allocated for construction of the nuclear power plant. Its commissioning is planned until 2028.

As a result of the launch of the nuclear power plant, 3.7 billion cubic meters of natural gas will be saved. Petrochemical products with high added value will be produced by recycling this source. Even if to export saved gas without refining, $550-600 million a year will flow into Uzbekistan.

Atomic energy is environmentally friendly. Such stations do not form harmful carbon monoxide. As a result, the amount of carbon monoxide released into the atmosphere due to burning natural gas will be reduced by 3 million tons per year.

At the meeting, the organizational, technical and practical work related to construction and operation, ensuring nuclear power plant safety was discussed.

The President gave instructions on studying the experience of developed countries for construction of similar facilities, development of technical conditions for location of the nuclear power plant, qualitative implementation of geological exploration.

The need was noted for creating a normative-legal framework in the country concerning the new sphere, development of a draft Law “On using atomic energy” and corresponding resolution, taking into account their compliance with IAEA requirements and international acts.

“It is necessary to create a new organization at the Cabinet of Ministers in order to coordinate all activities in this direction, prepare documents, carry out design and negotiations. At the same time, it is necessary to form a directorate for construction of a nuclear power plant at this organization. Over time, this directorate will become the operator of nuclear power plant”, – the Head of the state said.

As it is known, the most advanced and complex technologies are used in construction and operation of nuclear power plants. And for this, highly qualified specialists with deep knowledge are needed. Therefore, it is planned to open a branch of Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, one of the world’s leading educational institutions in the field of physics, in Tashkent.

In addition, instructions were given on selecting potential personnel who graduated from universities in physics and technology, sending them to study and training in universities and nuclear power plants in Moscow and Minsk.

At the meeting, instructions were given on careful development of activities at each stage of the project implementation, strict control over the effectiveness of the work being carried out.

(Source: UzA)

economy

Uzbekistan: Cluster Approach

This year, in the Rishtan district of the Ferghana region, cotton is grown by a method of clustering, on 6.5 thousand hectares of land. A new method, applied for the first time on the basis of contracting, concluded with 327 cotton-growing farms, according to expert forecasts, should increase the volumes of products manifold.

To implement the project, a specialized limited company, Cluster Ltd., was established in the district. These days, more than 20 of its agronomists and other cotton specialists are entering the fields and watching the development of crops, and are working to increase yields. In order to combat insect pests, 15 new VHF units were purchased, which are effectively used by farms.

Now the farmer does not need anything, he receives the necessary mineral fertilizers and fuel in the terms and in the quantities established by the contract. Employees are paid in time. And the development and condition of cotton plants is under the constant supervision of specialists.

“We have in fact made sure of the advantages of the cluster method,” says the head of the farm Yulchiboy Holikov. “70 hectares of land are at our disposal. This year, they signed an agreement with Cluster Ltd. and planted cotton grade C 8290 on 32 hectares in order to obtain 45 centners of crop per hectare.”

“The introduction of the cluster method contributes to the growth in our incomes,” said Nodira Akbarova, the head of the farm Zarinabonu Yerlari. “Thanks to the recommendations of specialists I began to use new fertilizers. As a result, the condition of the land, which usually with difficulty gave up to 29 centners of the crop, was radically improved. Today, with every hectare, we raise 35 harvest centers. This year, we grow cotton on 22.5 hectares. So far, cultivation of row-spacing has been carried out 4 times, including once with the introduction of mineral fertilizers. This year, cottonseed seeds were sown on two rows, so care for them is carried out with strict adherence to the recommendations of specialists and agrotechnical measures.”

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

International relationships

Uzbekistan government delegation visited Afghanistan

On July 8-9, 2018, the government delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdulaziz Kamilov, who paid a working visit to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, held meetings with the Chief Executive of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Abdullah Abdullah, the head of the National Security Council Mohammad Hanif Atmar, the Minister of Foreign Affairs Salahuddin Rabbani, former President of the IRA Hamid Karzai and other authoritative public and political figures of Afghanistan, in Kabul.

At the meetings, views were exchanged on the situation in Afghanistan, prospects for peace process, achievement of a broad national consensus on the issues of development of the country.

During the visit of Uzbekistan delegation, the Minister for Foreign Trade of the Republic of Uzbekistan Jamshid Khodjayev held meetings in Kabul with the heads of ministries and departments of Afghanistan, during which practical aspects of implementation of mutually beneficial long-term projects, establishment of joint ventures and other issues of Uzbekistan – Afghanistan economic agenda were discussed.

(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

Society

Uzbekistan’s population exceeds 32.9m people

As of 1 July 2018, the resident population of the Republic of Uzbekistan reached 32.9 million people and increased by 243,400 people or by 0.7 % in six months of 2018, the State Statistics Committee of Uzbekistan.

In particular, the urban population made up 16.646 million people (50.6 % of the total population), the rural population – 16.254 million people (49.4 %).

Analysis by regions of the republic showed that as of 1 July 2018, the largest population was observed in Samarkand region – 3.75 million people (11.4 % of the total population of the republic) and in Ferghana - 3.64 million people (11.1 %), and the smallest population was observed in Navoi region – 964,700 people (2.9 %) and in Syrdarya region – 821,900 people (2.5 %).

In terms of regions, the largest increase in population compared to the same period of 2017 was observed in Surkhandarya region (2.1 %), in Samarkand and Kashkadarya regions (2.0 %), in Jizzakh region (1.9 %), Namangan region (1.8 %), the lowest growth was registered in the Republic Karakalpakstan (by 1.4 %) and Tashkent region (by 1.2 %).

Fertility

In January-June of 2018, 324,300 children were born (hereinafter referred to as live births referring to live births), respectively, the birth rate per 1000 population was 20.0 ppm and, compared to the same period in 2017, increased by 0, 5 ppm (for January-June 2017 - 19.5 ppm).

The birth rate increased significantly in Samarkand (from 21.0 ppm to 22.9 ppm) and Kashkadarya (from 21.4 ppm to 22.4 ppm), and the decline was observed in Navoi (from 19, 8 ppm to 19.1 ppm) and in the Khorezm regions (from 16.7 ppm to 16.2 ppm).

About 31.6% of mothers gave birth to the first children, 36.6 % - 2 children, 31.8 % - 3 or more under the account of the mother’s child.

In January-June, 2018, the number of children born was 324,300 and was distributed according to the age of the mother at the time of birth, who reached the age of 20-24 – 120,600 (37.2 %), 25-29 years – 115,800 (35.7 %), 30-34 years - 58,500 (18.0 %).

Mortality

In January-June of 2018, 75,600 deaths were registered, respectively, the death rate was 4.7 ppm and compared to the same period in 2017 decreased by 0.2 ppm (in January-June 2017 - 4.9 ppm).

Compared with the same period of 2017, the death rate increased only in Tashkent region (from 5.7 ppm to 5.8 ppm) significantly decreased in Navoi (from 4.7 ppm to 4.2 ppm), Ferghana (with 5.0 ppm up to 4.5 ppm), Khorezm (from 4.6 ppm to 4.1 ppm), Namangan (from 4.8 ppm to 4.4 ppm) and Andijan regions (from 5.5 per mille to 5.1 per mille).

Of the total number of dead, 7.3% died under the age of able-bodied (in 2017 - 7.8%), 26.7% died at working age (in 2017 - 26.7%) and 66.0% died at the age of older than the able-bodied (in 2017 - 65.5%).

The number of deaths in January-June 2018 compared to the same period of 2017 decreased by 3,100 people.

Out of the total number of registered deaths in January-June 2018, 61.3% died from circulatory system diseases, 9.3% from neoplasms, 5.6% from accidents, poisonings and injuries, 5.5% from diseases of the digestive system, 4,3% of respiratory diseases, 1.5% of infectious and parasitic diseases and 12.5% of other diseases.

The number of registered deceased children under the age of 1 year was 3,500, 59.6% of them died from conditions originating in the perinatal period, 16.8% from respiratory diseases, 12.9% from congenital anomalies, 2.2% - from accidents, poisonings and injuries, 2.0% from infectious and parasitic diseases, 0.8% from diseases of the digestive system, 5.7% from other diseases.

Natural increase in population

In January-June 2018, the natural increase in the population amounted to 248,700 people and increased by 15,600 people compared to the same period in 2017 (233,100 people).

Marriages

During the period from January to June 2018, the registry offices registered 104,900 marriages. In the republic, the marriage rate per 1000 population was 6.5 per mille.

The growth rate of registered marriages compared to the same period of 2017 was observed in Syrdarya (+22.4%) , Jizakh (+21.7%), Andijan (+18.0%), Ferghana (+14.9%) and Tashkent (+h14.8% %) regions.

Divorces

For the period from January to June 2018, the registrar’s offices registered 16,400 divorces. In the republic, the divorce rate per 1,000 population was 1.0 ppm.

The growth rate of registered divorces compared to the same period in 2017 was observed in Surkhandarya (+26.7%), Andijan (+20.8%), Syrdarya (+12.7%), and Tashkent (+14.5%). Compared with the same period of 2017, the decrease was observed in Khorezm (30.9%), Navoi (10.1%) regions.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

 

UZBEKISTAN - THE COUNTRY OF TOURISM

48 projects designed to enhance tourism development are due in Jizzakh region by late next year

In the foothills of Nurata Mountains, the nature of the village of Uhum with its beauty amazes everyone. Narzullo Musayev used these natural opportunities in 2016, having built a house-hotel with two rooms and adjusting the provision of services to tourists. The result surpassed all expectations. Using the income for business development, the enthusiast built three more 60-bed hotel-houses.

Currently, 4 people work in the family business of Nuratau-xiking of Narzullo Musayev. In a season when the stream of visitors increases, the businessman uses the services of neighbors and relatives.

“Last year we provided services to almost 700 tourists,” says the hospitality owner. “Guests come from different countries, but most of them are from France. They are interested not only in the nature, but also in customs, traditions, way of life of our people. Therefore, we pay special attention to the equipment of hotels, we show our national identity to tourists when preparing dishes.”

Narzullo Musayev does not intend to limit himself to the results achieved. He plans to expand his activities owing to a bank loan. The businessman recurrently acquaints himself with new regulations and opportunities in the field of tourism. Despite the fact that he is fluent in English and Russian, he does not cease to work on himself. He also supports children and hotel workers in language learning.

As a whole, the work on the development of ecotourism conducted in remote villages of the Farish district indicates great opportunities in this area. The government program for the accelerated development of the tourism potential of the Jizzakh region in 2017-2019 envisages the implementation of 48 projects for the development of tourism. However, there are a number of shortcomings in this direction. Until now, work is not being carried out at the required level to create a tourist infrastructure in the central part of the region, along the international highway. Projects are being postponed for the improvement of Amir Temur gates, Temur caves in Ilonutti gorge – an important point on the way from where tourists pass to Samarkand, Bukhara, Khorezm, Nukus and in general to the southern regions of the nation.

A hotel and recreation areas are being built in the area, hosted by entrepreneur Nilufar Abduraimova, but in a slow pace. The total cost of works is 1.7 billion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 11.07.2018, 1$= 7813.42  soums), part of which in the amount of 1 billion soums the entrepreneur performed at her own expense. A bank loan of 700 million soums, envisaged for the full realization of the project, has not yet been identified.

The same sluggishness is observed in the implementation of a project to establish a tourist zone Sehrli Qarmoq in the village of Khulkar in Zaamin district, a quite popular destination for tourists. The entrepreneur has the appropriate documents, enough funds, but land for the construction of facilities still awaits allocation. Such tardiness is observed not only in the construction of travel facilities; in the Zaamin district alone, 8 tourism projects have not been launched for various reasons.

“Indeed, we cannot say that the tourist opportunities of the territories are used today to a full extent,” S. Koraboev, acting head of the Jizzakh regional territorial administration of the State Committee for Tourism Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan, said. “This is due to the remote location of tourist points from each other, bad roads, insufficient development of telephone communications, interruptions in the operation of the internet and communication systems. One of the gravest reasons is irresponsibility in the matter of supporting entrepreneurs in this sphere. At present, the necessary measures are being taken together with local hokimiyats to quickly eliminate these shortcomings.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper) 

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