30/03/10 Bollettino d'informazione (marzo 2010)

posted 9 Feb 2012, 05:19 by Doston Omonov   [ updated 14 Feb 2012, 03:54 ]



Bollettino d’informazione
(marzo 2010)







On March 23 Uzbekistan celebrated the holiday of Navruz - the fete of kindness and clemency, prosperity and generosity. On such landmark occasion President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov addressed his message of congratulations to the people of the country. 

Welcoming address by President Islam Karimov at the celebrations 
dedicated to the Navruz holiday 

Dear compatriots! 
Esteemed friends! 
Distinguished guests! 

The long-awaited holiday of Navruz, which is a symbol of rejuvenation and renewal, arrives in our land abound with blessings. 

As I congratulate you from the bottom of my heart, my dears, and our entire nation on this great celebration, allow me to express to all of you my highest respect and heartfelt wishes. 

Dear compatriots! 

From the very earliest times, Navruz is the sacred and esteemed for all of us, above all, as an awakening of nature, as a commencement of Oriental New Year, as the most ancient and truly national holiday, which has turned into an integral part of our spirituality. 

Indeed, in this captivating season with the sun shining bright and warming the skies and soil we also feel ourselves as if we were born anew, as if our souls and hearts are filled with pure intentions and our entire being is imbibed with new power and energy. 

It is at these radiant days as the human being enjoys the nature he strives to share a delight with his kith, kin and friends by sitting at the dastarkhans (festively laid national table) which is decorated with such springtime viands as sumalak and khalim, guja and kuksomsa. 

It is at these beautiful moments at all cities and villages of our unique Homeland– from the Ferghana Valley to the mountains of Surkhan, from Karakalpakstan to the gardens of Samarkand, to the thick green foothills of the Tashkent oasis – our people, both young and old-aged compatriots blend in harmony with nature, hold the public fetes and various performances and welcome Navruz with profound joy and elation. 

Each and every people irrespective of their nationality and ethnicity who live in our magnanimous land as one united family celebrate this wonderful holiday with enormous joy and delight. 

It is on such particular moments the high features and noble values peculiar to our nation, i.e. tolerance and clemency, obtaining blessings of the most respected old men, showing the munificence, care and attention to orphans, rendering the gratuitous assistance and support to the needy and the sick, time and again do find their confirmation. 

Yet another rare omen of this great and incomparable holiday is that with arrival of spring and flowers bursting into bloom each and every person embraces members of his family, his kith and kin, greets and welcomes not only his acquaintances, but also unknowns, wishes them a good health and peace, happiness and luck, as well as desires that peace and tranquility prevail and accord ever strengthens in our land, and skies be always clear over our heads. 

As it is known from the several millennia-long history, in the season of Navruz various conflicts and standoffs are forgiven, such humane feelings as kindness and clemency, compassion and generosity, as well as unity ever strengthen. 

Certainly, it is not by chance that taking into consideration the great contribution Navruz has made to universal civilization, starting from this year the United Nations recognized this holiday to be the World Navruz Day, and it accords to all of us a profound pride and delight. 

Dear friends! 

Our cordial and hospitable people always wish good and address best wishes as much to themselves as to other people. Availing myself of this opportunity, allow me to sincerely thank and cordially welcome the esteemed ambassadors of foreign states, staff members of foreign representations, our friends and partners from near and far abroad, who are participating at today’s celebration, treat us kindly and support us, render a big assistance for the development of our country. 

Dear compatriots! 

At this sacred time, when the unsullied breath of spring is blowing and our dekhkans (peasants) are sowing the seeds with new dreams and aspirations I embrace you all and once again congratulate on the holiday of Navruz. 

I am happy to express my deep respect and sincere wishes to our esteemed veterans, who are adding a charm into this beautiful venue, our graceful sisters and our youth – my dear children, who shine with a joyous mood as well as power and strength. 

May our New Year which starts with such a joy bring our Homeland peace, happiness, well being and prosperity! 

Let our farmers be successful! 

Let our yield and crops be plentiful! 

Let our households be bountiful! 

Happy Navruz to all of us!


On March 18 this year the 9-th round of political consultations between the foreign ministries of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Republic of India on the level of deputy ministers were held in the city of Tashkent.

During the consultations the sides had an exchange of views on the state and prospects of the bilateral cooperation in the political, trade, economic, cultural and humanitarian spheres. Special emphasis was made on developing relations in the sphere of fuel and energy, trade and investment cooperation and next meeting of intergovernmental commission.

The sides discussed the urgent international issues of mutual interest, including the cooperation in the process of restoring Afghanistan, prospects for interaction in the SCO and struggle against international terrorism. 


Il 16-17 marzo 2010, su invito del Presidente della Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan, Islam A. Karimov, ha fatto una visita ufficiale nella Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan il Presidente del Kazakhstan Nursultan A. Nasarbaev.
I Capi degli Stati hanno esaminato sotto tutti gli aspetti le questioni chiave dello sviluppo dei rapporti uzbeko-kazaki, la situazione nella regione centroasiatica e nelle sue vicinanze, nonché le attuali problematiche internazionali che rappresentano un interesse reciproco; hanno espresso soddisfazione comune dal livello raggiunto dal dialogo interstatale e hanno confermato il desiderio reciproco per un ulteriore ampliamento e approfondimento della collaborazione in ogni aspetto, tenendo conto degli  interessi nazionali e delle nuove realtà del presente. Inoltre, basandosi sulle disposizioni dell’Accordo sull’amicizia perpetua tra la Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan e la Repubblica di Kazakhstan del 31 ottobre 1998 e sulla comunanza storica e culturale dei popoli dei due paesi, hanno dichiarato quanto segue:

  1. I Capi di Stati danno una grande importanza allo sviluppo e all’approfondimento del dialogo al più alto livello tra la Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan e la Repubblica del Kazakhstan, allo scambio aperto di opinioni su questioni attuali di carattere bilaterale e multilaterale, alla cooperazione effettiva e alla ricerca di soluzioni che corrispondino a interessi fondamentali dei popoli di entrambi paesi, e che rappresentino un fattore importante di stabilità internazionale e regionale e di sviluppo stabile dell’area centroasiatica;

  2. I Presidenti sottolineano il desiderio dei due Stati di sviluppare un meccanismo di cooperazione bilaterale e di attuazione consecutiva della Strategia di cooperazione economica tra la Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan e la Repubblica di Kazakhstan per il periodo 2007-2016;

  3. Le Parti, segnalando le tendenze positive nel campo del commercio bilaterale, annunciano l’intenzione di contribuire alla creazione di condizioni di massimo favore  attraverso lo stimolo di investimenti reciproci e di rapporti interbancari, nonché attraverso l’assicurazione di una efficiente  cooperazione nel settore del trasporto e delle linee di comunicazione di transito; 

    Come esempio di una collaborazione regionale di successo, le parti segnalano la costruzione e messa in azione del gasdotto Turkmenistan – Uzbekistan – Kazakhstan – Cina, che introduce un nuovo indirizzo nella cooperazione economica dei paesi della regione e contribuisce all’ulteriore approfondimento e all’ampliamento di rapporti tradizionali di buon vicinato.

  4. Le Parti, basandosi sugli interessi di sicurezza nazionale, attribuendo una grande importanza alle questioni dell’assicurazione della stabilità nella regione, confermano la disponibilità per il rafforzamento della collaborazione nella lotta contro il terrorismo internazionale, politico, religioso e di tutti gli altri estremismi, contro il narcotraffico, la criminalità organizzata multinazionale, il commercio illegale di armi e la migrazione clandestina  in forma bilaterale  e multilaterale, nell’ambito di corrispondenti organizzazioni regionali e internazionali. 

    A tal fine verranno effettuati tutti i provvedimenti necessari al perfezionamento della cooperazione di strutture rispettive in Uzbekistan e in Kazakhstan, inclusi appositi programmi per la prevenzione delle minacce e delle sfide alla stabilità e alla sicurezza  nella regione, anche nell’ambito del Comitato Contro il Terrorismo del Consiglio di sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite, della struttura antiterrorismo regionale della SCO e del centro antiterrorismo della CSI.

  5. I presidenti hanno ribadito l'importanza di una tempestiva istituzione della pace e della stabilità in Afghanistan e hanno sottolineato l'importanza di iniziative volte a istituire meccanismi efficaci volti a rafforzare il processo negoziale per i problemi di Afghanistan con la partecipazione dei paesi della Regione e delle strutture internazionali.

  6. Le parti sottolineano la somiglianza delle strategie per lo sviluppo e il consolidamento del potenziale della SCO come strumento di stabilità e sicurezza nella regione, l'attuazione dei progetti dell'economia su larga scala, compresi i miglioramenti dei sistemi di trasporto e di comunicazione. 
    Le parti partono dal fatto che la cooperazione bilaterale sul miglioramento dell'efficacia delle priorità della SCO avrà un impatto positivo sulla sua attività lavorativa e sulla crescita del prestigio internazionale dell'Organizzazione.

  7.  I presidenti hanno discusso i problemi idrici ed energetici dell'Asia Centrale e hanno convenuto sulla necessità di affrontare i problemi in questo settore, compresa la costruzione di nuovi impianti idroelettrici sui fiumi transfrontalieri, in conformità con le norme universalmente riconosciute del diritto internazionale e tenendo conto degli interessi di tutti gli Stati della regione.
    Le parti hanno sottolineato la necessità di concordare da parte di tutti gli Stati della regione i problemi di sicurezza ambientale e tecnologica, oltre a mantenere l'equilibrio e il regime di deflusso nella costruzione di nuovi impianti idroelettrici che hanno un impatto transfrontaliero, sulla base di un'espertisa internazionale indipendente.

  8. I capi degli Stati hanno sottolineato l'importanza della cooperazione nel settore umanitario, compresa la cultura, la scienza, l'istruzione, la cooperazione nel campo dell'informazione, lo sviluppo dei contatti tra le organizzazioni della società civile, la promozione dei centri di informazione e culturali.

  9. I presidenti esprimono fiducia che i fruttuosi colloqui e i documenti bilaterali firmati durante la visita rafforzeranno ulteriormente le relazioni tradizionalmente amichevoli tra l'Uzbekistan e il Kazakistan sulla base di buon vicinato e di reciproco vantaggio. 

  10. Il Presidente della Repubblica del Kazakhstan N.A.Nazarbayev ha espresso la sua gratitudine al Presidente della Repubblica dell'Uzbekistan I.A.Karimov, a tutto il popolo uzbeko per la calorosa accoglienza e l'ospitalità estesa alla delegazione del Kazakistan e ha invitato il Presidente della Repubblica dell'Uzbekistan a visitare il Kazakistan in un momento opportuno. La data della visita sarà concordata per via diplomatica. 

    Tashkent, 17 marzo 2010


Welcoming the guest, the Head of state said relations between Uzbekistan and Oman have been developing steadily.

President Karimov’s state visit to Oman in October 2009 facilitated to raise the bilateral cooperation to a higher new level, and about twenty documents were signed during that visit.

During the current visit of Oman delegation, a forum of business circles of the two countries will be held, where the sides plan to discuss new projects and investment opportunities. Oman’s business circles have demonstrated enormous interest in Uzbekistan’s Navoi Free Industrial and Economic Zone.

During the meeting at Oqsaroy, Maqbul bin Ali bin Sultan expressed sincere gratitude to President Islam Karimov for the warm welcome and reaffirmed Oman’s interest in boosting the cooperation with Uzbekistan in all areas.

Prospects to consolidate trade, economic and investment cooperation as well as other topics of mutual interest were discussed at the occasion.


Ambassador of Japan to Uzbekistan Tsutomu Hiraoka met Vice-Prime Minister of Uzbekistan Abdulla Aripov on 1 March. The sides discussed issues of development and implementation of joint projects. 

At the end of the talks, the governments of Uzbekistan and Japan signed exchange notes in the framework of the Japanese government’s cultural assistance program.

In accordance with the document, Japan will allocate JPY 33.2 million (almost USD 330,000) for the project of improvement of the lighting and audiovisual equipment of the Alisher Navoi State Academic Theater of Uzbekistan in Tashkent.

On 3 February, President of Uzbekistan signed a resolution on the effective use of the grant of the government of Japan, issued for the provision of the theater with special equipment.

“The signed document will serve to further development of cooperation between Uzbekistan and Japan in the field of culture,” Ambassador Tsutomu Hiraoka said.

Japan supports wide-scale reforms implemented in Uzbekistan. The two countries have established close cooperation in various areas, including culture. Currently, an Uzbek-Japanese archaeological expedition is exploring territories of Qoratepa, Kampirtepa and Dalvarzintepa in Surkhandarya region of Uzbekistan.


President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov chaired the session of the Trusteeship Council of the Children’s Sports Development Fund, held at Oqsaroy residence in Tashkent on 10 March.

The head of the state analyzed the activity of the fund in 2009 and outlined the priorities for its work in 2010.

Upbringing the harmoniously developed generation is the greatest goal of the people, who strongly believe in the bright future. No matter which development goals are set by the country, seeing our children grow physically and morally healthy is the basis of all achievements, the President said.

Over the years of Uzbekistan’s independence, a huge work has been implemented in this direction. The National Professionals Preparation Program, acknowledged worldwide as the Uzbek model of continuous education, is the basis for solution of the long-term tasks.

Harmoniously developed generation is, first of all, healthy children. This is why in the past years the particular attention was paid to forming high intellectual potential, independent thinking, development of mass sports and construction of modern sports complexes in all regions.

In October 2002 the head of the state signed a decree on the creation of the Children’s Sports Development Fund, followed by the President’s decree on measures to expand the activities of this fund of August 2004.

Speaking about the tasks of the fund, Islam Karimov said no country in the world has such an organization. The Children’s Sports Development Fund is a unique structure, and a number of countries have been studying the results of its activity as a valuable experience.

The head of the state highlighted the successful work in construction of sports complexes and school gyms and their provision with modern equipment, and touched upon other aspects of the children’s sports development.

“The sport helps young people become physically strong and healthy, harmoniously developed and independent persons. The sport serves as a certain basis for the formation of the healthy atmosphere in the family and the society. Moreover, it creates opportunities for the further growth of the image of Uzbekistan on the international arena,” Islam Karimov said.

At the meeting of the fund’s Trusteeship Council on 16 January 2009, tasks were set for creation of the single system of evaluation of the quality of the domestically-produced sports equipment, increasing the number of producers, reconsideration of the norms of equipment of the sports complexes according to world standards and their efficient use. These tasks were thoroughly analyzed at the session in Oqsaroy.

“Proclaiming 2010 the Year of Harmoniously Developed Generation, we had set the goal to create al required opportunities and conditions for the comprehensive development of our children. Construction of sports objects helps attract more children to sports and healthy lifestyle,” Islam Karimov noted.

The State Program “Year of Harmoniously Developed Generation” for 2010 pays a special attention to the continuation of the work carried out in the physical training and sports field, in particular, development of children’s sports, construction of modern sports objects in the cities and villages, and providing them with equipment and qualified trainers.

An important aspect is that the more the young people are interested in sports, the more they strive to achieve high results. Looking at sportsmen returning from the competitions with victory, the boys and girls feel proud for these sportsmen and at the same time want to achieve similar and higher results.

“The sport is one of the effective instruments having a decisive importance in upbringing the youth and protecting it from various evils,” the President continued. “The young people who go in for sports have good health, clear thinking and understand the importance of the healthy lifestyle in the family.”

In accordance with the President’s resolution of 12 December 2007 on approving the budget of the Children’s Sports Development Fund for 2008, a list of the required equipment for the sports complexes and school gyms built in 2008-2009 was approved. All of them were provided with the equipment.

In 2009, 174 school gyms were built across the country. Since the fund’s creation in 2003, gyms were opened at 674 schools. Over this period, 178 separate children’s sports objects were commissioned.

“Our country has gained a rich experience in constructing sports objects. The life has proved the correctness of the way we had chosen. But how effectively are the sports objects used? This question should always be in the center of our attention,” the head of the state stressed.

In 2003-2009, 1,123 sports complexes were raised in Uzbekistan, including 922 in rural areas. It is important to provide all of them with sporting equipment. The enterprises producing such equipment should be supported, Islam Karimov said.

The work carried out in this area in the recent years has produced positive results. If last year Uzbek companies produced 73 of 120 required types of equipment for children’s sports objects, today they produce 113 types.

Such sports as futsal, rhythmic gymnastics, kayak and canoe racing, boxing, freestyle and Greek-Roma wrestling and others have been developing in Uzbekistan. If back in 2003 children were trained in 8 kinds of sports, now the level of equipment of sports complexes allows training them in more than 20 kinds of sports.

The three-level system of mass attraction of the young people to sports – Umid Nihollari and Barkamol Avlod competitions, as well as the Universiad, which form an integral and important part of the National Professionals Preparation Program – helps prepare self-sacrificing sportsmen who spare no strength and energy in fight for the honor of the country.

The motto “Uzbekistan is a country with a great future” includes, among other aspects, development of sports and children’s sports in particular, the President said.

“There is no doubt that natural riches, economic potential, achievements in state and social construction are the basis of the great future. At the same time, there is another factor of the great future, which is the health of the young generation and its physical and moral development,” Islam Karimov underlined.

At the 15th World Boxing Championship in Milan in September 2009, in which 554 athletes from 133 countries took part, Uzbek boxers won one gold, one silver and two bronze medals, occupying the third place in the team competition. Our famous boxer Abbos Atoyev became the twice world champion.

The performance of the Uzbek football youth team at the world championship in Egypt also deserves attention, as well as gold, silver and bronze medals at freestyle and Greek-Roman wrestling world championship in Denmark, and 9 gold, 10 silver and 8 bronze medals at the kayak and canoe Asian championship in Tehran.

Various sports events organized in the regions play an important role in the harmonious development of the children of Uzbekistan. The achieved results show that the young people are particularly interested in football, indoor football, tennis, swimming, kayak and canoe racing, boat racing, chess, rhythmic gymnastics, kurash, belbogli kurash, greek-Roman wrestling, boxing and acrobatics.

“Over the past years, based on the “Healthy mother- healthy child” program, wide-scale reforms have been developed and implemented,” Islam Karimov said. “Diagnostics, screening and perinatal centers, new maternity hospitals have been built, particular attention has been paid to the health of the mothers and children. All of this contributes to upbringing healthy generation.”

The head of the state underlined the importance of the special approach towards attraction of girls to sports. Such elegant types of sports as rhythmic and sports gymnastics have been actively developing in the recent years. Uzbek sportsmen showed high results at the rhythmic gymnastics Asian championship held in Tashkent in February 2010. 

The development of the children’s sports, and creation of the necessary conditions for the girls’ going in for sports, especially in rural areas, requires constant attention, the President emphasized.

The meeting participants also considered the activities planned for the current year in the framework of the State program for improvement of activity of the children’s music and arts schools in 2009-2014. It was noted that in 2010, 11 new sports objects and 14 children’s music and arts schools would be built, in addition to 40 school gyms.

Islam Karimov underlined that this year UZS 36 billion would be allocated for the construction, reconstruction and capital repairs of the music and arts schools.

“Sports and music are closely linked to each other. The sport trains the body and strengthens willpower, while music clears the soul and ennobles the heart. Sport is culture. It is great if a sportsman is interested in music and a musician in sport,” the President said.

Vice Prime Ministers Abdulla Aripov and Botir Khodjayev, as well as heads of a number of regional administrations presented reports on the considered issues.

The Trusteeship Council adopted corresponding decisions on the considered issues.


Uzexpocenter in Tashkent is holding these days exhibitions WorldFood Uzbekistan and AgroWorld Uzbekistan. Their major feature is the presentation of food industry ranging from foodstuff to technologies and equipment for its production, as well as the agro-industrial complex, field machinery, plant protection means, veterinary science and livestock farming to finished agricultural production.
The exhibitions are organized by an international exhibition company ITE Uzbekistan and its partner ITE Exhibitions & Conferences Ltd (Great Britain) with the official assistance of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Uzvinprom-Holding, Tashkent city administration and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and other organizations.
Year by year WorldFood Uzbekistan and AgroWorld Uzbekistan attract more and more exhibitors broadening the range of participant countries. In these exhibitions their number reached to more than 100 companies from 27 countries of the world. Among them are Austria, Denmark, Germany, Indonesia, Iran, , Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, China, UAE, United States, South Korea Japan and others.
This year for the better comfort of visitors and guests the exhibition is divided into two theme halls: food industry and agriculture.
Traditionally, WorldFood Uzbekistan exhibition demonstrates a wide range of foodstuff, technologies, equipment and raw materials for food and processing industry, systems of administration of food production and semi-manufactured goods, packaging materials and equipment, ingredients and raw materials.
Along with WorldFood Uzbekistan, its affiliated AgroWorld Uzbekistan exhibition has been held since 2006. This year the exhibition might be called as the best professional business event where specialists of agro-industrial complex have the opportunity to find partners and establish contacts with companies providing agro-technology, plant defenders, agrochemicals and fertilizers.
The fifth exhibition “Agriculture – AgroWorld Uzbekistan 2010” covers practically all directions of the agricultural sector. For representatives of major agro-industrial complexes and companies and farms as well as small rural farms there will be a presentation by the best world producers.
It is feed procuring technologies, veterinary medicine, equipment for poultry farming, dairy farms, combined feed, grain-cleaning machines, mineral additives, fertilizers, sowing technologies, soil cultivators, spare parts and components for the agricultural equipment, plant defenders etc.
This year, agricultural technologies by three major world producers – Claas (Germany), Maschio Gaspardo (Italy) and John Deere (US) – were presented at the exhibition. The exhibition of the technologies of these companies is located out of the exhibition hall presents tractors, sowing and harvester equipment.
The leading providers of poultry farming equipment Techna (Ukraine) and Big Dutchman (Germany) companies are among regular participants of the exhibition.
By the experience of last year, the second day of AgroWorld Uzbekistan 2010 is announced to be the farmer’s day. Yesterday representatives of farms of all regions of Uzbekistan became the guests of the exhibition. Organizers held this action in close rapport with the Association of the farmers of Uzbekistan for enhancing the financial and technical base as well as the professional exchange among producers, providers and consumers of agricultural produce and technologies.
Within the business program of the exhibition there was a professional sampling of foods. It is the third contest. The jury panel which includes experts of the sphere tasted the quality of about 40 sorts of products.


I progetti di costruzione di giganteschi impianti di energia idroelettrica nei paesi dell'Asia Centrale causano una legittima preoccupazione di tutti coloro che esaminano le possibili conseguenze della loro affrettata attuazione. Uzbekistan coerentemente e costantemente pone il problema della necessità di una valutazione internazionale indipendente di tali progetti per il loro impatto sull'ambiente e sul equilibrio idrico della regione, così come le minacce di disastri tecnogeni.

         Oggi questa posizione è condivisa da molti indipendenti esperti in vari paesi. Ad esempio, l'articolo "Più epica che la realtà: Il destino di un mega impianto idroelettrico nell'Asia Centrale rimane una questione aperta...", l'autore di cui è il direttore della succursale Bishkek dell'Istituto dei paesi della CSI, dottore in scienze storiche, professore, membro della Società Geografica Russa, Alexander Knyazev, profondamente e dettagliatamente esamina il problema in termini di situazione oggettiva.

         Egli osserva giustamente che il bacino dell'Amu Darya e della Syr Darya è un organismo unico, che garantisce la fornitura di acqua e il benessere dell'Asia Centrale. Tuttavia, sottolinea che gli interessi di Uzbekistan in materia di utilizzo d'acqua dai fiumi Syr Darya e Amu Darya non sono semplicemente ignorati nei paesi dell'alto. "Il fatto che la Repubblica del Tajikistan e la Repubblica Kirghizstan stanno già eseguendo la costruzione degli impianti idrotecnici ci fa parlare di una grande minaccia alla sicurezza in primo luogo all'Uzbekistan, così come al Kazakistan ed al Turkmenistan".

         Allo stesso tempo, l'esperto richiama l'attenzione al fatto che "esistono severe normative internazionali che regolano la costruzione di tali impianti, che vengono ignorati nei paesi dell'alto corso del fiume. Tuttavia né Kirghizistan, né Tagikistan non sono firmatari delle convenzioni internazionali pertinenti a questo settore, si tratta della Convenzione sulla protezione e l'utilizzazione dei corsi d'acqua transfrontalieri e dei laghi internazionali (Helsinki, il 17 marzo 1992), la Convenzione sul diritto di uso non navigabile dei corsi d'acqua internazionali (New York, 21 maggio 1997) e molti altri. Tuttavia, a causa della accresciuta egoista comprensione dei propri interessi nazionali, le due repubbliche si fissano sui progetti di costruzione dei Centrali Idroelettriche come su una cura certa per salvare le loro economie, ostinatamente insistono sulla attuazione di tali piani con metodi semi-artigianali a spese di uno scarso budget, in gran parte preso in prestito e in eterna ricerca di un investitore esterno.

         Lui riconosce anche l'assurdità delle accuse che il paese nel cui territorio vengono formate le acque transfrontaliere può disporne a sua discrezione, così come infondato il dibattito su quali di essi sono interne, e quali no.

         L'autore cita il problema più volte discusso da parte di esperti con il compito di garantire la sicurezza degli attuali impianti di energia idroelettrica: "Sarebbe stato più razionale mettere in ordine le Centrali idroelettriche ereditate dall'Unione Sovietica in Tagikistan - la CI di Nurek, e in Kirghizistan - la CI di Toktogul e le loro riserve. In entrambi i casi, un piccolo accumulo di acqua è dovuto, oltre ai motivi oggettivi, anche al fatto che per tutto il periodo post-sovietico nessuno seriamente si è impegnato nei lavori di prevenzione e ammodernamento di queste centrali, l'interramento dei serbatoi supera di tutto i limiti consentiti. Il recente incidente al CIE Nurek non ha provocato gravi conseguenze, ma è un segnale molto grave per il Tagikistan e il Kirghizistan".

         "Senza dubbio si può affermare che la costruzione di nuove dighe insieme al fatto della riduzioni dell'acqua e il loro deficit in crescita, il loro utilizzo a scopi energetici senza prendere in seria considerazione può portare a conseguenze estremamente negative per l'equilibrio idrico e lo sviluppo sostenibile", - scrive A. Knyazev.

         L'esperto ritiene assolutamente giusta la richiesta dell'Uzbekistan di mantenere gli interessi del Paese, la sicurezza della sua popolazione.

         "Ogni paese ha i propri interessi nazionali, quindi l'unica soluzione è quella di trovare un compromesso, ogni parte deve fare concessioni. E il comportamento dell'Uzbekistan non può essere chiamato aggressivo, è piutosto molto preoccupato.

         E, infine, l'ultimo argomento degli iniziatori della costruzione di grandi impianti idroelettrici - un enorme beneficio economico che presumibilmente si può essere ottenuto con la loro costruzione e funzionamento - viene considerato da parte degli scienziati con grande scetticismo.

         "...E' molto discutibile la fattibilità economica di progetti-giganti" - egli scrive analizzando i dati di profitto molto discutibile per questi progetti.

         Tuttavia, insieme a molti esperti, l'autore ritiene che al fine di garantire alla popolazione rifornimenti d'acqua sarebbe molto più efficiente economicamente e più sicuro di voler costruire una rete di piccole centrali idroelettriche - sia in Kirghizistan che in Tagikistan.

         Parlando di potenziali partecipanti esterni di questi progetti, l'autore ci mette in guardia: "Si può ricordare come la parte cinese qualche anno fa ha chiuso ben presto il progetto di costruzione della centrale idroelettrica di Zarafshan in Tagikistan - identica alla CIE di Rogun e di Kambaratinskaya ma su piccola scala, dopo aver realizzato un probabile conflitto con l'Uzbekistan, il paese chiave della regione. Con un scetticismo poco mascherato è stata accolto in Cina una recente proposta del Kirghizistan di partecipare ai progetti idroelettrici".

         A questo proposito egli ha anche giustamente osservato: "Naturalmente, le attività idroelettriche della Russia all'estero non dovrebbero essere una fonte di conflitti regionali che, in relazione ai progetti in Kirghizistan e Tagikistan sembra del tutto reale".

         L'articolo pubblicato non è inequivocabile. Ma il fatto fondamentalmente importante è che Knyazev è consapevole della gravità del problema, riconosce la validità di preoccupazione dell'Uzbekistan della minacca alla sicurezza di milioni di persone che vivono nei paesi della regione.


Forty two residential areas are to be erected in Uzbekistan, with 850 houses of model projects and contemporary communications and utilities constructed within the Program on Rural Development and Improvement. 

http://www.ut.uz/images/images2/8/ut2.JPGExpansion of individual housing on approved model design as well as socio-cultural and sanitary facilities in rural areas is assigned one of the top priorities in 2010. Comfortable, technologically advanced and well-equipped houses dramatically improve the living conditions of rural population, and they also stimulate domestic demand – the core of economic growth. 

Program’s underlying logic
In 2009, President Islam Karimov approved seven resolutions aimed at implementing effective financial and investment mechanisms of government support for the construction industry and housing market. The documents initiated establishment of a design and research institute, Qishloq Qurilish Loyiha, as well as Qishloq Qurilish Bank. 
The bank’s central objective is to introduce an extensive system of long-term soft lending for housing construction and qualitative improvement in the appearance of countryside and living conditions of rural population. The goal includes also the development of manufacturing industry and social infrastructure in rural areas. Ministry of Finance and the Fund for Reconstruction and Development instituted a statutory fund as well as a resource base of the bank for funding large-scale construction works in provinces and districts. 
In 2009, Uzbekistan developed lending and construction mechanisms of model projects, organized a national exhibition of model projects of individual housing and community facilities.
http://www.ut.uz/images/images2/8/obsh1.JPGThere is an efficient interaction mechanism of all parts of rural mortgage. Mortgage loans are issued for construction of residential houses for villagers in rural areas in compliance with established norms and rules of construction based on model projects. Such projects are developed by design institute Qishloq Qurilish Loyiha. 
There are areas defined for integrated housing development on 22 standard housing projects and 16 community facilities projects. 
The actual result of the measures taken was the establishment of an industrial and construction, engineering capacity designed for long-term construction of housing in rural areas. This helps address such important tasks as creating new jobs, organization of new industries and new related industries in regions. 
As a customer of individual housing, Qishloq Qurilish Bank has established a subsidiary specialized engineering company Qishloq Qurilish Invest with an authorized capital of 1 billion soums. 
Based on their choice (design of the house), villagers submit their preliminary applications to local branches of Qishloq Qurilish Invest and Qishloq Qurilish Bank for initiating the construction. Here they need to make an initial contribution of at least 25 percent of the cost of the selected model project. Then, they file an application and documents for a loan. After studying the financial condition of the borrower, the bank issues the loan, then the borrower enters into a contract with the contracting engineering company to perform the function of the customer for the construction of individual housing in rural areas. The contractor provides a complete construction. 
As can be seen, future owners of these houses provide their own means for the construction. The greater part of the costs is covered by long-term soft loans of Qishloq Qurilish Bank. 
What is the advantage of such loan? There are a number of benefits: first, it is the term of the loan of 15 years, second is the interest rate. The bank charges interest at a rate of 50% of the refinancing rate of Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Today it is 7% per year. In addition, the borrower is given a six-month grace period. The amount of the mortgage loan does not exceed 1,000 times the minimum wage. In other words, the real government support for the construction of individual residential houses based on model projects constitutes 37,680,000 soums. Moreover, if the borrower transfers his wages to repay the loan and interest, this amount is exempt from income tax. 
After completion and acceptance of a dwelling house, municipal administration of the district grants the plot to the customer in lifetime inheritable possession without an auction. Rural population has already appreciated the benefits. 
http://www.ut.uz/images/images2/8/obsh2.JPGAccording Qishloq Qurilish Bank, the program of individual housing construction attracted 58.5 billion soums in 2009, where the bank’s soft loans constitute 32.1 billion soums. 

Incentives for growth 
Qishloq Qurilish Invest and its regional subsidiaries provide technical supervision of construction of individual housing on standard projects. In addition, under the auspices of the company, new enterprises have been established for the production of walling and other building materials. 
It is already obvious at the initial stage of the long-term house construction program that it provides a large-scale work and creates many new jobs. Large construction works need raw materials, building materials and products. Each specialist provides a year-long job for a few more people in the production of building materials, transport infrastructure and trade, thus addressing an important employment challenges and improving living standards of people. 
Many opportunities are opened for small business and private entrepreneurship. Representatives of the private sector create specialized mobile repair and construction companies, the major partners of the engineering company. Their main task is implementation of a full range of housing construction on a turnkey basis. Small businesses have gained rich experience during the implementation of a large-scale program of construction of professional colleges and academic lyceums in the republic. 
Construction of 850 houses is carried out by the competitively selected 44 contractors. One of the major requirements is quality complete construction of residential houses in due time. Each construction company employs 120-150 workers on average. 
Estimates show that construction of housing in the republic engages about 5,000 builders. Besides the program involves specialists engaged in the construction of external engineering infrastructure (electricity, gas and water supply, roads and other facilities), constructed and maintained at the expense of local budgets and sponsors, as well as maintenance organizations. 
Focusing on the demand, construction industry of Uzbekistan provides new varieties of building materials: plasterboard, dry construction mixtures and others. Production of wall building materials is expanding with the support of the government. Presidential decree of June 19, 2009 “On additional measures to stimulate production and improve the quality of wall materials” opens up great opportunities for increasing the output of low-cost baked bricks. Energy-efficient technologies are implemented to reduce the production costs, “thrifty” producers enjoy tax incentives and preferences.
In 2009, thirty one enterprises were established in the country to produce construction materials, which is also a positive step. These include 6 plants in rural areas with production capacity of 2 million square meters of modern roofing material per year, as well as new factories manufacturing gypsum, plaster, drywall and other construction and finishing materials, prefabricated elements. Twelve new brick plants were launched with the total capacity of 81 million bricks per year. Given the growing needs of the rural mortgages in finishing materials, it is planned to establish a new ceramic tiles factory. 
There is a growing demand for quality doors and windows. Estimates show that construction of new houses requires more than 6,000 doors. Demand encourages offer. Companies raise the output of doors and windows. 
The national program of housing construction in rural areas increased the workload of domestic producers engaged in production of metal roofing, water heating boilers and other building materials and equipment.
Tashkent Pipe Plant has become one of the first suppliers of metal tiles for construction companies engaged in construction of residential houses in rural areas. Roofing material were supplied to customers on the basis of the model project. 
The national program of housing construction in rural areas actively involves cement and brick plants. Uzmetkombinat and Kvartz provide contractors with cement, brick, metal and glass on the manufacturer prices. This helps lower the cost of construction of housing. 

New homes, new opportunities
The program for 2010, as reported at the engineering company, provides for increase in the construction works in 159 rural areas at least 8 times. The construction of housing will be conducted on 215 areas to locate 6,800 houses. The total construction cost amounts to 472.5 billion soums, of which over 256 billion soums constitute preferential bank loans. 
Moreover, local budgets and sponsors will fund building of modern facilities, including kindergartens, secondary and music schools, sports facilities, medical establishments, services and more. Extension of the construction works urges the selection of new construction companies to be active participants in the rural mortgage. 
In its turn Qishloq Qurilish Bank, together with relevant organizations, takes drastic measures to reduce the cost of housing, particularly in basic construction materials. Cost reduction is ensured through local subsidiaries engaged in wood processing, production of wall and roofing materials. Qishloq Qurilish Invest is constructing 12 new enterprises in all regions for the production of baked bricks and a factory for manufacturing metal tiles, windows and doors. 
Countryside mortgage is gaining momentum.



Uzbekistan – Heart of Central Asia. Culture and Development is the title of the photo exhibition started functioning in the Tashkent House of Photography. This annual exhibition displaying works of amateur-photographers has already turned into traditional one and this year is organized for the fifth time. 

The venue was organized by the editorial of the magazine Economic Review and Uzbekistan’s Chamber of Commerce in Industry under the assistance of the UN Office in Uzbekistan. 

The art of photography for many decades has served to rapprochement of cultures, spread of ideas, finding of general values between people from various parts of the world. Reflecting the moments at the infinite flight of time, photographers transfer human feelings, beauty of the nature and historical monuments, participating, thus, in creation of certain impression about the country, its people, traditions and culture. As it was noted at the opening ceremony, organizers of the exhibition have seen in the photo art the unique opportunity to look at our country with the eyes of foreigners – representatives of diplomatic corps, international organizations, as well as tourists and ordinary visitors of Uzbekistan.

The deputy director of the magazine Economic Review Bahtiyor Nasimov noted: “The special appeal of this exhibition not only in the way of exploring Uzbekistan by foreign visitors, but also in the way of exploring Uzbekistan by us, in the perspective the people from other countries see it. And this exhibition that has turned into some kind of the photographic bridge between the countries brings together their people. They learn us better, and we, in our turn, understand better how they see our country. In the works displayed at the exhibition the warm-heartedness of the authors, their kind relation to our country and people are reflected.”

Angelica Rick, international expert at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Uzbekistan, arrived from Germany, has learned much interesting after familiarization with our country. 

“There are lots of interesting things here. For instance, people, their traditions, how they preserve their national values, how they draw, and how they create beautiful things from tree, metal. And all of them are very friendly and smiling. Most of all I like also that people here like dancing, and moreover, beautiful, bewitching workmanship. Can’t stop myself taking a photo for a keepsake ….”

The same is told by authors who depicted in their works the monuments of architecture our land is rich for. According to the guest from Georgia Hachina Homerika who has seen Uzbekistan for the first time, in particular Samarqand, she is full of positive emotions.

“Having seen Registon and other monuments of architecture, I was rather impressed. Being there, I have felt myself quite special as ever before. The place has absolutely distinct aura about which I earlier read only in books. I was hugely impressed by Madrasah Bibi-honim. One of my photos I named The Beauty of the Uzbek Woman because it was felt in each ornament, in each stone of the spot. In Uzbekistan I have explored the genuine East for myself and hope to visit this country many times in future.”

There are wise words of the remarkable Uzbek poet Maqsud Shayhzoda: “Reality is the competitor of a legend.” In order to understand such legend as Uzbekistan, foreign visitors try persistently photographing the reality surrounding them. 

This year the editorial of the magazine Economic Review had got the record number of pictures – approximately 700 items. Almost all participants of the exhibition were capable to catch the precious moment revealing the essence of the modern life that was displayed in their works. 

Cultural Attaché at the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt, director of the Egyptian Cultural Center, Professor Ahmad Rajab Rizq has hundreds of photos on Uzbekistan he has made in two years.

“I presented for the exhibition 15 best my works on architecture of Bukhoro, Khiva, and Samarqand. By photos displayed in this exhibition one could see the love of the authors for Uzbekistan, its history, its ancient architecture. Each photo I took was the new discovery for me. Research works I have made here have been picked together in two books. I wrote 20 articles on the history, civilization and architecture of Uzbekistan.”

Judging by photo works, it is possible to assume that for many authors Uzbekistan have become the favorite country exciting heart and creative imagination of photo masters.

In total, 54 amateur photographers from more than 25 countries take part in the exhibition Uzbekistan – Heart of Central Asia. The pictures made with big love for our country, visually represent Uzbekistan as the place of fruitful interaction between civilizations.