11/02/10 Bollettino d'informazione (gennaio 2010)

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AMBASCIATA DELLA REPPUBLICA DELL’UZBEKISTAN IN ITALIA

Bollettino d’informazione
(gennaio 2010)

 

ROMA

 

CONTENUTO

  1. President Takes Part at Unveiling ‘Oath to Homeland’ Monument
  2. President Talks to Journalists As He Casts Vote at Elections
  3. President Congratulates Defenders of Homeland as Nation Marks a Festive Date on January 14
  4. Modernization of the country and fostering a solid civil society is our key priority
  5. President Speaks to Russian Official in Tashkent, Reports Said
  6. On the measures on protection of the Rights of the Child in Uzbekistan (According to the ILO Conventions №138 and №182)
  7. Uzbek Business Consultants Go to the International Level
  8. In 2009 the GDP of Uzbekistan increased by 8.1%


PRESIDENT TAKES PART AT UNVEILING ‘OATH TO HOMELAND’ MONUMENT

http://www.jahonnews.uz/images/soldier_monument.jpg13.01.2010 17:59
On January 12 this year the ceremony dedicated to the solemn unveiling of the “Vatanga qasamyod” (‘Oath to Homeland’) Monument, erected on the initiative of the President, took place in the city of Tashkent, according to the report by the Uzbekistan National News Agency. 

The Khokim (mayor) of the city of Tashkent Abdukakhkhor Tukhtaev opened the ceremony with those gathered to have heard the State anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the report said. 

President has unveiled the monument and laid wreath to it. 

“Today we can rightly be proud of that for over the past short period the compact, mobile, well-armed and technically equipped army has been established in Uzbekistan that meets the modern requirements and disposes of high combat readiness able to repulse any aggressor,” the President said. 

“I think that today one truth must obviously be clear for all of us: there is a powerful factor, which adds power to the army and if necessary – becomes a decisive one – this is a moral and psychological training of servicemen, their unshakeable will and spirit, active life stance, and most importantly, the deep understanding of that for the sake of whom and for the sake of what they fulfill their military duty,” President of Uzbekistan has added. 

“In this respect it should be underscored that the efficiency of artistic images that serve as a spiritual example for the youth, plays a decisive role and is of a profound significance in upbringing the young generation in the spirit of national idea, bravery and steadfastness,” Islam Karimov has also underscored. 

Taking oath is not just an official event, but an unforgettable undertaking in the life of each person. Therefore, this sculpture complex on the proposal of President Islam Karimov has been named “Vatanga qasamyod” (‘Oath to Homeland’), the report also said. 

The unique artistic complex, which was unveiled in the center of a green park, became an embodiment of devotion to Homeland, courage and bravery of the selfless sons of the Uzbek people. 

The wreaths on behalf of both chambers of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan (national parliament), Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ministries and agencies have also been laid to the monument, the report concluded. 
On the measures on protection of the Rights of the Child in Uzbekistan (According to the ILO Conventions №138 and №182)
15.01.2010 16:18

PRESIDENT TALKS TO JOURNALISTS AS HE CASTS VOTE AT ELECTIONS

On December 27, 2009 the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov cast his vote in the elections to Legislative Chamber (Lower House) of Oliy Majlis (national parliament) and Tashkent City Council of People’s Deputies. 

Head of the state voted at the polling station No.644, where he met with journalists, the Press-Service of Uzbekistan's Foreign Ministry reported. 

“I am confident that the principles of fairness and transparency will be strictly observed during today’s elections,” the President said. “Elections imply a free vote with profound understanding of one’s rights. By participating in the elections, we not only fulfill our right to vote guaranteed by the Constitution, but also acknowledge our responsibility for the future of our Homeland”, the President has underlined. 

During the meeting President Islam Karimov stated that the political system of Uzbekistan implied the evolutionary development. Thus, he reminded that till 2004 the one-chamber parliament functioned in Uzbekistan, then parliament of two chambers began its work. 

“Earlier there were no political parties struggling for political influence, for the power. Now the party fractions combat each other in Parliament”, the President said. 

Having noted that four political parties participated in pre-election race, the President of Uzbekistan underlined that 3-4 candidates are presented at each electoral district. 

“Citizens have a choice. Each voter votes not only for one or another candidate, but also for political party which it represents”, the President explained. 

Speaking about the opportunity to take part in the elections, the President has underscored that it is not only the right, but also a civil obligation of everyone and “people should vote knowingly”. 

Underlining that Uzbekistan goes on a way from a strong state to a strong civil society, the head of the state said, that “practical deeds are fulfilled for this purpose, the transfer of authority from the centre to places, first of all to citizens' local self-government institutions”. 

The President has paid attention to the sharp discussions developed between political parties during the pre-election campaign. 

“In the recent past we were criticized for similarity of parties, for absence of discussions between them. This time we have come to such a stage, when each party, urging to vote for its representatives, criticizes opponents”, the President noted. Islam Karimov has underlined that it means continuation of struggle in the newly elected parliament. In this context, he has noticed that “it means civilized democratic competition”. 

The President believed that the important issue, which the newly elected parliament is responsible for, is the control over the executive power. 

According to the President, “the Parliament should be a conductor of democratic and liberal reforms in the country. Our purpose is to create a democratic state, with developed civil society, to take a worthy place among the politically and economically developed countries. I am confident that it is the most right way”. 

As the Head of Uzbekistan has noted, the economic successes of Uzbekistan instill optimism to electorate and people to go to the elections with confidence and this confidence is provided by concrete real affairs. 

According to the President, Uzbekistan, having denied the totalitarian system, has chosen its own way, the model of economic and political development, which has completely justified itself. “We did not try to copy anybody, did not aspire towards fast successes. But one of the characteristic principles of our model is an evolutionary development and social orientation”, the President has told. 

Speaking about economic reforms and influence on the country of a global financial and economic crisis, the President Islam Karimov has noticed that there was no country in the world, which would not be involved in the crisis phenomena. 

“We have appeared steady against crisis due to the fact that we have carried out the anti-recessionary program on time. Thus, the basic emphasis has been made to the helping real economy. The circumstances proved that the way Uzbekistan has chosen was the most correct and realistic. While transforming from administrative system to market economy, we have followed the principle “Do not destroy old house before building a new one”. We chose evolutional and step-by-step way of reforms,” the President said. 

Reminding that the next year the state budget is confirmed with the growth of gross domestic product (GDP) of 8,3 %, the Head of Uzbekistan has noticed that the most important thing that the people can be proud of despite global financial and economic crisis, is the growth in the living standards of people. 

The President has informed that for over the past ten years the average growth of GDP made up 7,1 %. Real incomes of population annually grew by 20 %, salary – by 31 %. The gold and exchange currency reserves have increased for over these years almost to 10 times. 

Speaking about the tough environmental situation in the Central Asian region, Islam Karimov said that the problem of the Aral Sea could not be solved merely by organizing various symposia and conferences. He has stressed that practical steps need to be taken. 

Commenting on granting of 15 places in the Parliament for deputies from Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, the President has underlined that the ecological organizations of Uzbekistan should take problems to the international level. According to him, “the isolated ecological organizations are uniting. Now, the political status is being granted to them. They should come on the international scene, speak on behalf of all people”. As the President has said, the presence in the national Parliament of the representatives from the ecological organizations will promote environment protection, rational use of natural resources and maintenance of ecological safety of population. 

Having focused on that 2010 is declared in Uzbekistan as the Year of harmoniously developed generation, Islam Karimov has explained that “if we want healthy children, we need the healthy ecology. Therefore, the voice of ecologists should be heard in Parliament”.


PRESIDENT CONGRATULATES DEFENDERS OF  HOMELAND AS NATION MARKS A FESTIVE DATE ON JANUARY 14

On January 13 this year the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov addressed his message of congratulation to the defenders of Homeland - both “those, who worthily serve in the Armed Forces, and those, who stay in reserve”, as the the text of the message has read.

 

 

 

 

 

 


FESTIVE CONGRATULATION TO THE DEFENDERS OF HOMELAND

Dear defenders of Homeland – the privates and sergeants, officers and generals, veterans of the Armed Forces! 

It gives me an enormous pleasure to sincerely and heartily congratulate you and all compatriots who have devoted themselves to a noble cause of defending the Fatherland on the landmark date in the life of our country – the Day of Defenders of Homeland, the 18th anniversary of our Armed Forces. 

For over the last years the enormous work both on its scale and depth has been accomplished in Uzbekistan to establish the Armed Forces and form the national army that meets the modern requirements and standards and serves as a reliable guarantor of independence, security and territorial integrity of the country. 

Based on the comprehensive analysis of possible and emerging threats and challenges to security the long-term program of reforming the army has been elaborated and is being implemented. 

In accordance with this program, the staff and deployment of units of the Armed Forces have been reviewed, which united into a powerful system the subdivisions and units of the Ministry of Defense, border troops, military formations of other ministries and bodies. 

The principally new organizational and staff structure of the Armed Forces and their main combat subdivisions were introduced. The duplicating, low effective elements of management and structure have been liquidated. This has allowed to raise their mobility, operative functioning and firing capabilities. 

We have established and continue to develop the subdivisions of Special Operation Forces, Corps on the struggle against terrorism and other modern combat subdivisions capable to repulse any aggressor, who encroaches upon the territory of our country. 

The decrease of the terms of conscription for a military service to one year, organization of conscription itself once a year, substantial increase in the troops of the contract-based sergeant staff servicemen and introduction of the service of mobilization conscription reserve have principally changed the look, essence, substance and combat capabilities of our army, as well as the moral situation in military units. 

Not less has been accomplished during these years to develop the military and technical cooperation, supply the troops with modern types of armament. The implementation of purposeful, policy programs aimed at providing the servicemen with housing, various types of medical servicing, increasing the money allowances, as well as stimulation of persons, who completed the active military service allowed to substantially better the material, social and living conditions of servicemen, as well as members of their families. 

Assessing the work accomplished during this period, we have all grounds to state that today Uzbekistan practically disposes of modern, compact, mobile and well-armed national army able to reliably defend stability and security of the country, inviolability of its borders, as well as peace and tranquility of our people. 

Along with this, the complex rapidly changing military and political situation in the region and the world, as a whole, intensification of potential and real threats and challenges to security related, firstly, to ever aggravating situation in Afghanistan, expanding of scales of drug aggression, international terrorism, extremism and other threats require comprehensive consolidation of combat readiness of our Armed Forces, reinforcement of measures in terms of protecting and safeguarding the state border. 

The implementation of the tasks set before the Armed Forces requires further deepening of the work that we have started in terms of fulfilling the adopted strategy and priorities to modernize and reform the army, strengthen its potential and combat readiness taking into account the growing demands in terms of ensuring stability and security of our Homeland. 

With these purposes I consider the following to be necessary: 

First, to provide for a permanent mobilization readiness, mobility of subdivisions and units of the Armed Forces, their capability to timely and effectively neutralize the possible challenges, threats and attempts to infringe the inviolability of borders and peaceful labor of our citizens. 

Second, it is of a substantial importance to accelerate the implementation of the set tasks in terms of re-supplying the units and subdivisions of the Armed Forces with the latest system of armament and combat techniques, as well as modern tools of their maintenance. 

In this context it is necessary to cardinally better and expand the scales of international military and technical cooperation with foreign partner countries, prepare and implement the complex Program of measures set for 2010-2015. 

It is necessary to pay a special attention to radical betterment of educational and combat training, which is called upon to ensure a high level of combat capability of troops, starting from platoon-battalion ending with military districts. The dynamic changes of tactics, methods of conducting combat operations in modern conditions, growing complexity of the latest armament and military techniques require the soonest elaboration and introduction of the principally new programs of individual and group combat training and skills of personnel, radical revision of conducting the command and staff as well as operation and tactical exercises. 

One must continuously learn the military art – today this requirement is the most important component of all work to modernize our army. 

Third, it is important to continue and deepen the work that we have started to improve the system of military management, provide for coordination, precise interaction and congruence of units and subdivisions of all types and branches of troops, military formations of ministries and bodies in all of the depth of defense in specific conditions of a possible theater of war operations. It is important to ensure full-fledged functioning of the army as a well-organized mechanism, single inseparably linked combat complex, which provides for a timely exposure of and cover for vulnerable spots in the country’s defense system, as well as reliable protection of its state border. 

Fourth, the main task remains to be radical betterment of the system of training, retraining and raising qualification of the officer and sergeant cadres, taking into account the contemporary requirements and standards improvement of the activity of military and sergeant schools on training the intellectually developed, strategically thinking officer cadres, as well as professional sergeants able to effectively manage the subordinate subdivisions, and maintain at them a healthy moral and psychological state. The military schools are called upon to become leading and main military-scientific centers of the Armed Forces, where the modern systems of armament and techniques, methods of managing troops, tactical techniques of conducting combat operations, combat training and educational programs used in troops are perfected and pass through pre-troop approbation. 

With these purposes the most serious attention should be paid to providing the military educational institutions with necessary military techniques and simulators, using in the study process of the latest pedagogical, information and communication technologies, methods of modeling and simulation. 

Fifth, announcement of 2010 as the Year of harmoniously developed generation sets new and yet more responsible tasks before the command and supervisory staff of the country’s Armed Forces in terms of perfecting the system of educational work among young officers, sergeants and privates, who today make up the core of our army. 

In the forthcoming period a special attention should be focused on gradual and consistent betterment of social and living conditions of stay and service of privates, sergeant and officer staff, complete implementation of the adopted state programs on providing servicemen with housing, construction and reconstruction of military towns, creating at them maximum amenities that meet the latest requirements and standards. 

The implementation of the tasks set before the Armed Forces requires from the Ministry of Defense, Joint Staff and from all command staff an unconditional fulfillment of instructions and provisions of the Directive of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted on the occasion of the 18th anniversary of establishment of the country’s Armed Forces. 

Dear friends! 

Addressing in this festive day all defenders of Homeland – those, who worthily serve in the Armed Forces, and those, who stay in reserve, I express a firm confidence that our army shall reliably provide for a protection of the sacred frontiers of Fatherland, tranquility and peaceful life of our people, as well as a clear sky over our land. 

I once again congratulate you on the Day of defenders of Homeland! 

I wish all of you a sound health, happiness and prosperity! 

Islam Karimov, 

President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 
Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces

MODERNIZATION OF THE COUNTRY AND FOSTERING A SOLID CIVIL SOCIETY IS OUR KEY PRIORITY

The Senate and Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan assembled for a joint session on January 27 in Tashkent.
At the joint session President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov delivered a speech entitled “Modernization of the country and fostering a solid civil society is our key priority”.
The President underlined, that parliamentary elections in Uzbekistan held on 27 December 2009 have demonstrated the high socio-political culture of the population, growing level of its political and civil self-consciousness, its broad support of our progressive advancement along the way of deepening reforming and modernizing the country.
The elections showed to what extent those decisions made on time were right and efficient, in particular, adoption of the Constitutional Law “On strengthening the role of political parties in the renewal and further democratization of state governance and modernization of the country”, as well as implemented measures to ensure so that the political parties, as they participate and prove in the elections their competence, become in practice the decisive force of deep transformations taking place in Uzbekistan.
President Islam Karimov has also evaluated the work of the Parliament for the period of 2005-2009. He noted that during this period the Parliament had adopted a whole package of legislative acts which envisage the consolidation of legal protection of private ownership, establishment of a powerful class of owners in the country, consolidation of farming, ensuring further liberalization of economy, creation of favorable conditions for development of small business and entrepreneurship, as well as establishment of a ramified market infrastructure.
The most important issues remained on the focus of attention in terms of continuous growth of population’s incomes and well being of the people, successful implementation of the large-scale social programs.
These and the whole number of other measures aimed at legislative support of economic reforms promoted creating the necessary legal maintenance of successful implementation of the Anti-crisis program of measures for 2009-2012 directed to minimize the negative consequences of the global financial and economic crisis, allowed Uzbekistan, among other limited number of countries in the world, to provide for sustainable growth rates of economy and increase the real incomes of population.
As a confirmation of the aforementioned serve the growth of Uzbekistan’s GDP in 2009, a year which was not easy in all respects, made up 8,1 percent, industrial production – 9 percent, total amount of investments increased by 26 percent, including the foreign investments – by 68 percent, underlined the President.
It was also added that the positive balance in the foreign trade turnover made up more than 2,3 billion dollars, the growth of average salary made up 40 percent, and of the real incomes – 26,5 percent.
President Islam Karimov noted that the Parliament substantially contributed to the large-scale work being accomplished in the country to deeply reform and liberalize the judicial and legal system, ensure in practice the independence of judicial power. For over these five years 58 laws were adopted in accordance with which further reforming of the judicial-legal system has been carried out. The liberalization of the system of criminal punishment has been accomplished.
The Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on abolishing the death penalty in the country starting from January 1, 2008, as well as the Law on delegating the right to issue an arrest warrant from prosecutor’s office to courts adopted in 2007 drew a wide response in the entire world. With introducing the said measures one of the most humane and liberal systems of criminal punishment in the world has been formed in Uzbekistan.
The President has outlined the priority tasks before the Parliament in further contributing to state and societal development.
His speech has also highlighted the issues of the country’s further economic development, ensuring peace and stability in the region. In particular, President Islam Karimov stressed that given the complex conditions stipulated by continuing global financial and economic crisis necessary measures should be taken to ensure further sustainable development of economy, continue the work on its diversification, modernization and technical re-equipment of production.
In the tough geopolitical conditions unfolding in the region and the world as a whole, we will have to resolve the tasks of ensuring security, stability of the country, preserving peace in our land and the whole number of other responsible and large-scale tasks on successful accomplishment of which depend today and the future of our country and our children”, the President said.
In this context he drew attention to the issues of establishing peace and stability in Afghanistan suffering from military conflict going on for the past 30 years. “When the tense situation remains in one of the states of the region, naturally there is a threat to peace and security in the entire region, as well”, stressed Islam Karimov.
From the most authoritative international rostrums Uzbekistan put forward the practical initiatives on addressing this conflict. In particular, at the NATO/EAPC summit in Bucharest in April 2008 the President of Uzbekistan for the first time enunciated the view that the Afghan problem cannot be resolved only by military tools. In addressing the conflict in Afghanistan we have put forward the initiative to transform the Contact Group “6+2” into “6+3”, bearing in mind the participation in it of the U.S., Russia and representatives of NATO along with the countries neighboring on Afghanistan. This initiative has generated a great interest of the international community.
The President stressed that billions and billions of dollars had been spent for over the thirty years to resolve the Afghan problem. Today it becomes obvious the need to radically change the approach to settling the situation in this country.
It is very important to ensure respect towards the national customs, culture and religious values of the multinational and multi-faith people of Afghanistan.
It should be noted that a number of the countries of the world, including those participated in the international conference on Afghanistan just held in London, are expressing the view about the impossibility of addressing the conflict in Afghanistan by military ways, which does confirm the rightness of Uzbekistan’s stance on this issue.
In order to establish peace and stability on the long-suffering Afghan soil the international community must, above all, render a targeted economic, financial, social and humanitarian assistance, which must be accomplished under auspices of the United Nations.
Today many states of the world render such assistance to Afghanistan. It is natural that the neighboring countries to a bigger extent are interested in ensuring peace and stability in Afghanistan. Uzbekistan as the closest neighbor also renders a substantial assistance to Afghanistan.
In particular, starting from 2010 the amount of electrical power supplied by us to Afghanistan increased to 6 times as compared with previous years.
These days the constructors and specialists of Uzbekistan are starting the work on laying the railroad line Termez-Khairaton-Mazari-Shareef. I am confident that it will be finished by the end of this year.
In a word, the Parliament also must make its own contribution to strengthening peace and stability in the region, the President said.
Outlining the priority directions of the future work of the Parliament President Islam Karimov put special importance on certain tasks.
In particular, the issues of further strengthening the role of parliament in socio-political life of the country must remain on the focus of our attention in line with the Constitutional principle of separation of powers.
Another important task of the Parliament, local representative bodies of power – Kengashes – is to conduct the strict parliamentary, deputy-led control of how the executive power, government in the center and hokimiyats (governor’s and mayor’s offices) at the local levels implement laws passed by parliament.
A special attention should be paid to the issues of implementation of the Anti-crisis program of measures for 2009-2012, entire complex of measures envisaged in it with regard to ensuring sustainable development of the socio-economic sphere and stability in the country.
The President also underscored that the most important task must be as follows: the parliament must become a conductor of democratic transformations, liberal reforms directed to establishing the strong civil society.

PRESIDENT SPEAKS TO RUSSIAN OFFICIAL IN TASHKENT, REPORTS SAID

As has been reported by national media, on January 18 this year the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the Oksaroy Residence in Tashkent received the First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Igor Shuvalov. 

President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, according to the Uzbekistan National News Agency, believed that the visit by the Russian official served as a fine opportunity to exchange views on the principally important issues of not only bilateral, but also multilateral nature in terms of taking the Uzbek-Russian relations up to a higher level. 

At the moment, the cooperation between the two states covers political, trade-economic, cultural-humanitarian and yet many other spheres, the reports have also said. 

At the Oksaroy talks the First Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Shuvalov has thanked the President for a warm welcome. He said he was pleased with the state of bilateral relations and course of implementation of agreements secured in the framework of previous top-level meetings between the heads of states.

ON THE MEASURES ON PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD IN UZBEKISTAN (ACCORDING TO THE ILO CONVENTIONS №138 AND №182)


The Republic of Uzbekistan is a member of the International Labour Organization since 1993 and by now it has joined 13 conventions of the ILO. 

Since 2005 the activity of the International Programme of ILO on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) is being carried out in Uzbekistan. 

In March 2008 Uzbekistan ratified the two ILO conventions on child labour: on Minimal Age of Employment (№138), on Prohibition and Immediate Action for Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (№182), Press-Service of the MFA Republic of Uzbekistan reported. 

With a view of full implementation of the ratified ILO conventions regulations, the Government of Uzbekistan approved the National Action Plan (NAP) directed to taking measures in terms of banning compulsory child labour in any of its forms and manifestations, as well as coordinating the activity of ministries and local bodies of power. 

The complex of the NAP measures envisage perfection of the normative and legal basis, monitoring and holding an awareness work concerning implementation of the conventions №138 and №182, as well as implementation of the projects of international cooperation. 

In the framework of this activity in December 2009 the Senate of the Republic of Uzbekistan approved the Law “On introducing addenda into the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility”. This statutory act provides inclusion in the national legislation of the norms of responsibility of physical entities, including parents, for use of work of minors at jobs with adverse conditions, which may harm the health or safety of a minor, as well as consolidates responsibility of employers for violation of the legislation on labour and protection of labour concerning minors. 

The law is aimed at strengthening the mechanisms of the child rights protection, as well as perfection of national legislative basis and law-enforcement practice in view of fulfillment of the norms of international conventions. 

At the same time, the Law “On introducing alterations and addenda into the Labour Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan” and the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On guarantees of the child rights” have been passed. The legal norm has been developed in the framework of implementation into the national legislation of requirements of the ILO Convention “On Minimal Age of Employment” (№138) which establishes the minimum age for employment – the age of graduation of the mandatory school education and age under 15. 

According to addenda introduced into the legislation of Uzbekistan, the minimum age for employment is 16 years old. 

Article 77 of the Labour code provides that for the purpose of preparing of youth to work – the pupils of schools, academic lyceums and professional colleges, a teenager at a time free from his studies and who reaches 15 years of age can be hired for job upon the written consent of one of the parents or a guardian replacing him. 

Thus, they can be attracted only to an easy work, which does not cause harm to his health and development while not infringing the educational process. 

Thus, alterations and addenda introduced on the basis of laws approved by the Senate of Oliy Majlis – as they strengthen the national legislative guarantees of the rights of young generation also harmonize the national legislation with international legal norms. As a whole, for over the last period Uzbekistan has fulfilled in full the obligations on presenting reports under conventions and recommendations of the International Labor Organization (ILO). 

The system of executive bodies on protecting the rights in the sphere of labour of the child has been elaborated in the country: the Cabinet of Ministers’ Complex on protection of family, maternity and childhood; the Special commission at the Cabinet of Ministers on minors; district State legal labour inspections; district Inspections on labour protection. 

However, apart from the state bodies the non-government organizations actively participated in elaborating the laws. In particular, they include Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan, the International Fund “Soglom avlod uchun” (“For healthy generation”), “Kamolot” public youth movement, Republican Public Children's Fund “Sen Yolgiz Emassan” (“You are not alone”), “Hayot” (“Life”), Children's Fund, and others. 

It is obvious that Uzbekistan has elaborated the firm and steady system of administrative and legal protection of the rights of minors guaranteed by the norms of the Constitution, Family Code, Labour Code, Criminal Code, and other statutes. 

Apart from this, the rights of children are stipulated in the State program of reforming the system of health care, the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Education”, National Program for Personnel Training, State National Program on Development the School Education, as well as in such large-scale state social programs as «The Healthy Generation», «Mother and Child», «The Year of Family», «The Year of Health», «The Year of Social Protection», «The Year of Youth», and «The Year of harmoniously developed generation». 

2010 is announced in Uzbekistan as the Year of Harmoniously Developed Generation. It is envisaged the implementation of a wide-range policy measures in terms of creating necessary opportunities and conditions for upbringing the healthy and harmoniously developed generation, growing the comprehensively developed youth. 

The measures being taken in the Republic of Uzbekistan witness about fulfillment of the adopted international obligations and international standards of the ILO in the field of prevention and prohibition the child labour, ensuring the legislative mechanisms of protection the child rights in the sphere of labour and consecutive fulfillment of the National Action Plan approved by the Government of Uzbekistan on implementation the ILO Conventions №138 and №182.

UZBEK BUSINESS CONSULTANTS GO TO THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL

The Association of Professional Business Consultants of Uzbekistan joined the International Board of Institutions on Management Consulting, according to the Narodnoye Slovo Russian-language newspaper. 

The newspaper wrote that such move would considerably expand the international cooperation in this sphere and promote the rise in professional standards in the area of consulting in Uzbekistan. 

The cooperation with the said Board, according to the newspaper, shall also allow the Uzbek specialists to go the international level as recognized experts. 

Thus, the newspaper concluded, in the perspective the nation’s export potential will increase thanks to supplies of not only goods abroad, but also high quality intellectual services.

IN 2009 THE GDP OF UZBEKISTAN INCREASED BY 8.1%

The Cabinet of Ministers of Uzbekistan held a session on 29 January to consider the results of the socioeconomic development of the country in 2009 and the main priorities for 2010. 

President Islam Karimov delivered a speech in the session. In particular, he said that thanks to correct development and modernization strategy, and mobilization of efforts for implementation of 2009-2012 Anti-Crisis Program, the country managed not only to withstand the challenges of the global crisis, but ensure stable economic and social growth. 

Macroeconomic stability and stable economic growth rates are a proof of the correctness of the economic course chosen by Uzbekistan and acknowledged as the Uzbek model of economic reforms, the President noted. 

In 2009 the GDP of Uzbekistan increased by 8.1%, industrial production by 9%, agricultural production by 5.7%, retail trade turnover by 16.6% and paid services by 12.9%. 

The state budget has been was implemented with a surplus without cuts in budget spending, while the inflation level did not exceed the forecast and comprised 7.4%, the head of the state said. 

The measures to strengthen the banking and financial sector have allowed to double the cumulative capital of the banks in the past two years, while the share of bank credits used for investment purposes has reached 70%. 

A complex of measures have been implemented to ensure financial stability of the enterprises of the real sector, mainly through modernization of production, reduction of the products’ cost price, expansion of cooperative ties among local companies and stimulating internal demand. The volume of localized production increased 2.3 times last year, with launch of more than 120 new types of products. 

Thanks to support and stimulation of the local exporting enterprises in the conditions of unfavorable conjuncture at world markets, in 2009 the export volumes increased by 2.4%. 

Uzbekistan has pursued the policy of structural transformation and diversification of the economy, modernization and technical renewal of production, and attraction of investments, mainly foreign ones. New production capacities were launched last year in the automobile building, construction materials, chemical, food, light, pharmaceutical and other industries. Car and railway transport systems and communications have also seen extensive development. 

The anti-crisis measures taken in 2009 have resulted in creating more than 940,000 new workplaces, including over 500,000 in the rural areas. 

President Islam Karimov also drew attention to the existing unsolved problems and touched upon the most important tasks in the country’s social and economic development in 2010. 

The President entrusted the heads of ministries, economic management bodies, as well as local authorities, to take required measures to continue and deepen reforms in the economy, implementation of strategic investment projects and strengthening the banking and financial system. 

Islam Karimov also highlighted the importance of the implementation of all measures included in the 2010 State Program “Year of harmoniously developed generation”, speeding up construction of rural housing and infrastructure, increasing employment and people’s incomes.

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