07/12/11 Bollettino d'informazione (novembre 2011)

posted 9 Feb 2012, 05:19 by Admin Website   [ updated 14 Feb 2012, 04:10 ]

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AMBASCIATA DELLA REPUBBLICA DELL’UZBEKISTAN IN ITALIA

BOLLETTINO D’INFORMAZIONE
(NOVEMBRE 2011)

 

ROMA

 

CONTENUTO:

  1. PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN RECEIVES WHO DIRECTOR-GENERAL
  2. MEETING AT THE OQSAROY
  3. UZBEKISTAN, HUNGARY SET FOR NEW HORIZONS OF COOPERATION
  4. LEGISLATIVE CHAMBER APPROVES 2012 STATE BUDGET
  5. STATE FLAG OF UZBEKISTAN MARKS 20 YEARS
  6. CONVEGNO INTERNAZIONALE "MODELLO NAZIONALE DELLA TUTELA DELLA SALUTE MATERNA  E DEI BAMBINI IN UZBEKISTAN"
  7. ACHIEVING MDGS: EXPERIENCE OF UZBEKISTAN
  8. ISSUANCE OF BIOMETRIC PASSPORTS STARTS
  9. THREE EXHIBITIONS OPEN IN TASHKENT
  10. BAZAAR-ART EXHIBITION AND FAIR OPENS

PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN RECEIVES WHO DIRECTOR-GENERAL

President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov received the Director-General of the World Health Organization Margaret Chan in Oqsaroy residence on 26 November. 

Welcoming the guest, the head of the state said that her visit to the country was a testament to the tremendous interest shown by the international community, especially the WHO, to changes in the healthcare system of Uzbekistan. 

Uzbekistan attaches great importance to development of relations with the World Health Organization. The jointly determined strategic directions of cooperation between Uzbekistan and the WHO are reflected in the two-year agreements. The corresponding document for the period of 2012-2013 was signed this September. 

In May, the Republic of Uzbekistan was elected to the Executive Committee of the WHO for the period from 2011 to 2014. 

During the past 10 years, Uzbekistan implemented 70 projects together with the WHO. In particular, the WHO is supporting the project of integrated management of childhood illnesses and improvement of the drinking water supply, as well as strengthening primary healthcare in the Aral Sea area. 

The WHO country office in Uzbekistan is involved in implementing the International Health Regulations, supporting the state’s efforts in increasing the public awareness about health issues. With WHO support, the country has completely eliminated a number of infectious diseases, particularly, the poliomyelitis. 

With participation of the WHO, the ADB, the EU and the UNICEF, in all regions of Uzbekistan training centers have been organized, where 25,000 medical personnel were trained in the sphere of protection of motherhood and childhood. Also, with the WHO assistance, about 100 health professionals from Uzbekistan attend courses and exchange experience with colleagues in foreign countries every year. 

At a meeting in Oqsaroy, the sides noted that holding in Tashkent of a large international symposium on the national model of maternal and child healthcare, and participation of the renowned medical experts, representatives of international organizations, heads of health ministries from tens of countries prove the recognition in the world of the major achievements of Uzbekistan in reforming the healthcare system. 

Margaret Chan expressed her sincere gratitude for the high award – the Soglom Avlod Uchun (For the Healthy Generation) order issues to her and a warm welcome. She noted that the WHO since 1991 has seen a high level of political responsibility in Uzbekistan in the area of protection of motherhood and childhood. The “Healthy mother – healthy child” program carried out in Uzbekistan covers all essential elements of good care for mothers and children, including primary healthcare and hospital care, regular routine inspections and emergency medical care, disease prevention through immunization and early diagnosis through screening. 

During the meeting, the sides exchanged views on the status and prospects of future cooperation between Uzbekistan and the WHO, UzA informs.

MEETING AT THE OQSAROY

President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov met Leo Bokeria, director of Russia’s Bakulev Research Center for Cardiovascular Surgery, academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, at the Oqsaroy on 26 November. 

Welcoming the guest, the head of our state noted that Leo Bokeria is one of those who always enjoy great respect in Uzbekistan, especially by people who discovered the delight of life anew owing to the outstanding surgeon’s enduring talent and experience. 

Leo Bokeria has been celebrated not merely as a notable doctor of our times, but also as the one making immense input into fostering cooperation between medical institutions of Uzbekistan and Russia. Around a hundred specialists from our country have undergone education and internship since 1994 at the research center headed by him. 

Leo Bokeria traveled to Uzbekistan in 2004 for charity purposes and conducted complicated surgeries on children with congenital heart diseases at the Academician Vahidov National Specialized Surgery Center. A cooperation agreement was signed at the time between Uzbekistan’s Ministry of Healthcare and Bakulev Research Center for Cardiovascular Surgery. The act envisions joint academic conferences, surgeries, retraining cadres. Uzbek medical institutions and the Bokeria-led scientific center have bolstered bilateral bonds ever since. In particular, numerous scholars from Uzbekistan have pursued doctoral and post-doctoral research in close interaction with colleagues from that establishment. 

During the meeting at the Oqsaroy, Leo Bokeria conveyed gratitude to the head of our state for a warm welcome and stressed Uzbekistan’s impressive accomplishments during independence years in reforming the healthcare system, in diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in particular. 

The guest underscored that the authoritative symposium in Tashkent with world-renowned academics and specialists from about forty countries and various international institutions is indicative of extensive acknowledgement of Uzbekistan’s successes in medical sphere, primarily in maternity and child healthcare. 

The conversation included also exchange of views on issues pertinent to enhancing the practical cooperation between cardio-surgery specialists of Uzbekistan and Russia, UzA informs.

UZBEKISTAN, HUNGARY SET FOR NEW HORIZONS OF COOPERATION

As reported earlier, on the invitation of President Islam Karimov, President of the Republic of Hungary Pal Schmitt arrived in Uzbekistan November 6 with official visit. 

The visit’s major events started on November 7 from an official ceremony of meeting at the Kuksaroy country complex with members of delegations, chiefs of diplomatic missions and representative offices of international organizations accredited in Uzbekistan. 

A guard of honor lined up to greet the high-ranking guest. Islam Karimov and Pal Schmitt rose to the podium to pay tribute to state anthems of our two countries. The Presidents reviewed the guard of honor. 

Following the ceremony, the heads of the two states started bilateral negotiations with a conversation in a contracted manner. 

The two leaders agreed that the current meeting constitutes a logical continuation of their September 2010 prolific bilateral talks during the UN Millennium Development Goals summit in New York. 

Islam Karimov has suggested the official visit by the President of Hungary is considered in Uzbekistan an important stage in the evolution of bilateral relations, a good opportunity to afford a substantial impetus in these new, dynamically changing circumstances, to the advancement of multidimensional cooperation and mutually advantageous partnership between our two nations. 

Uzbekistan stands to further these goals given the tremendous potential, including the strategically pivotal location of both countries in Central Asia and Central Europe, respectively. 

Our country is also interested in boosting interaction with Hungary within the framework of the European Union, and is willing to keep forward comprehensive efforts toward materialization of EU’s Central Asia Strategy. 

President Pal Schmitt stressed that Hungary regards Uzbekistan as an important partner in Central Asia and acknowledges our nation’s growing role in international politics. 

With relations stretching back to the depth of ages, the Uzbek and Hungarian peoples deserve to take pride in their unique histories, the rich spiritual and cultural heritage and gracious deeds of great ancestors who made a significant input into the progress of world civilization as well as their own national histories. These objective premises set a reliable backbone to foster the traditional relations to a higher rank. 

In the course of the candid and constructive conversation at the Kuksaroy complex, Islam Karimov and Pal Schmitt have thoroughly deliberated on a wide range of topics pertaining to the current state and prospects of Uzbek-Hungarian interaction, and exchanged views on principal issues in regional and international affairs. The two leaders confirmed proximity or a match of approaches to addressing the matters under consideration. 

In particular, the two sides expressed unity in their serious concern with the intensification and escalation of conflict in Afghanistan. It has been pointed out that the current developments in Afghanistan clearly suggest that there is no military solution to the Afghan crisis. Only through compromise and consensus reached among the confronting parties and engaging the Afghans themselves in this process, can there be a way out of the present deadlock. 

Hungary’s leader said his country highly appreciates the peace-loving policy of Uzbekistan, including the latter’s initiatives and practical strides toward addressing the situation in Afghanistan and its economic recovery. 

The bilateral talks continued in an extended format when the heads of state were joined by other members of official delegations, UzA informs. 

A significant emphasis during the negotiations was placed on furthering the trade and investment cooperation. That trend is backed by objective circumstances brought about by the remarkable effects of wide-ranging reforms undertaken in our two countries and the related growth in the appeal of national economies. Noteworthy in this regard is the mutually complementary nature of our economic systems. 

The shared interest in boosting relations has been underscored in this respect, indicated by the fact that President Pal Schmitt is accompanied by an imposing delegation of leading Hungarian businesses from key sectors of national economy. They include heads of companies in foods and pharmaceuticals sectors, energy-saving technologies production, agricultural goods reprocessing enterprises, banking and finances, logistics, travel and engineering areas and so forth. 

The dynamic growth of the Uzbek economy and the extensive preferences for foreign investors can serve as a solid backbone for a substantial rise in the volumes of Hungarian investments into our country in such priority spheres as chemical and pharmaceutical industry, medical equipment manufacturing, and agriculture and foods. 

A range of representative offices are accredited, while numerous enterprises with participation of Hungarian capital are currently working in Uzbekistan. 

Expounding on bilateral trade, the parties stressed that its growth exceeded 37 percent in 2010. At the same time, trade volumes hardly match the growing economic capacities of both Uzbekistan and Hungary, and that commerce can be cardinally shored up by an effective utilization of reserves and expansion of trade stock-lists. 

Uzbekistan can uninterruptedly supply Hungary with cotton fiber and yarn, ready textiles, cables, precious and nonferrous metals, chemical industry goods and many other products in demand in the Central European country. 

The major outcome of Uzbek-Hungarian highest-level talks has come to be the Joint Declaration which contains an expression of satisfaction with the fact that “cooperation between our two nations has been enhancing since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1992 to serve the longer-term national interests of both sides.” Shared intention has been fixed to elevate bilateral interaction to a higher stage by bolstering the cooperation in a wide specter of dimensions, by expanding the exchange and further building up reciprocal contacts. 

A large package of bilateral documents covering diverse spheres of cooperation has also been signed. 

In particular, the Economic Cooperation Agreement stipulates setting up an intergovernmental commission composed of representatives of relevant government agencies and companies and covering in its activities practically the entire range of Uzbek-Hungarian interaction in trade and investment areas. 

In accordance with Protocol on the Cooperation of Foreign Affairs Ministries of Uzbekistan and Hungary, an encouraging environment is to be created for establishing direct contacts and exchange of experience among diplomats. 

Of foremost significance are the documents penned on cooperation in hydrocarbon industry, standardization and certification, metrology, and that between commerce and industry chambers of the two nations. 

In his statement for mass media, President Islam Karimov has suggested that the talks with President Pal Schmitt were held in the spirit of constructivism, openness and mutual confidence, and that the negotiations will in every way possible facilitate consolidation and advancement of productive partnership bonds between the two countries for the good of the friendly peoples of Uzbekistan and Hungary. 

The current visit will help enhance mutual ties and foster contacts between business circles of our two countries. 

Pal Schmitt has said that the talks constitute a momentous step toward expansion of cooperation, and stressed in particular that during the meeting he had a chance to congratulate in the person of President Islam Karimov the entire Uzbek people on the 20th anniversary of national independence, and that our country has been making remarkable accomplishments on the way of independent development. President Schmitt also expressed satisfaction with President Karimov accepting the invitation to pay a visit to Hungary. 

On the second half of the day, President Pal Schmitt traveled to the central plaza of Uzbekistan – Mustaqillik Square – and laid wrath to the Monument of Independence and Humanism that symbolizes the freedom, the bright future and the gracious aspirations of our people. 

The high-ranking guest expressed keen interest in the wide-scale architectural and beautification efforts that have had the square attain a holistic and modern look deserving the great history and grand prospects in the development of our nation who has just celebrated its twentieth anniversary. 

During the trip to the Legislative Chamber of Uzbekistan’s Oliy Majlis, President Schmitt got familiarized with the work of the lower house of our parliament. 

At a meeting with Speaker Dilorom Tashmuhamedova, the high-ranking guest has been provided with detailed information on the peculiarities in the activities of Legislative Chamber assigned an important role in the implementation of Concept of Intensifying the Democratic Reforms and Forming Civil Society in the Country proposed by the President of Uzbekistan in 2010. 

On this same day, Pal Schmitt has visited one of Tashkent’s major tourist attractions – State Museum of Temurids’ History, where the Hungarian leader left a note in the Book of Honored Guests. 

Hungarian President’s official visit to our country continues.

LEGISLATIVE CHAMBER APPROVES 2012 STATE BUDGET

The Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan held a plenary session on 18 November to consider the forecast of the key macroeconomic indicators, the concept of the tax and budget policy and the draft state budget of Uzbekistan for 2012. 

The government’s proposals on the forecast macroeconomic indicators envisage preservation in the coming year of the stable high growth rates of the gross domestic product, industrial production, agriculture, investments and services. 

It was noted that thanks to the consistent implementation of the country’s own development model, which is widely acknowledged as the “Uzbek model” of reforms, Uzbekistan became one of the few countries in the world, which have preserved macroeconomic stability and economic growth despite the negative impact of the global financial and economic crisis. 

The concept of the tax and budget policy and the draft state budget for 2012 provide for the implementation of measures aimed at ensuring further positive changes in the living standards, increasing the wages of the public sector employees, pensions, allowances and stipends, as well as stimulating domestic demand as a key factor for sustainable economic growth. 

The measures planned for the next year include supporting the expansion of production of consumer goods, including through extending the tax benefits previously offered to producers, increasing the budgetary and extrabudgetary state funds expenditure for capital investments, expansion of road construction and housing construction in rural areas. 

To support the development of small and private businesses in industry, reduction of the single tax for micro and small enterprises from 6% to 5% is planned. Besides, the fixed tax for individual entrepreneurs operating in the service sector is planned to be reduced on average 2 times. 

The implementation of the measures planned in the concept of tax policy will allow to reduce the tax burden on the economy by 0.7 percentage points in the coming year, it was said. 

Following the discussion, the Legislative Chamber approved the draft forecast of the key macroeconomic indicators, main directions of tax and budget policy and the draft state budget of Uzbekistan for 2012, UzA informs.

STATE FLAG OF UZBEKISTAN MARKS 20 YEARS

Twenty years ago, on 18 November 1991, the Law on the State Flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan was adopted. 

The issue related to the state symbols of the country was raised before the breakup of the Soviet Union, at the parliamentary session of Uzbekistan in March 1990 on the initiative of the President Islam Karimov. 

After studying the proposals of the artists, historians, deputies and the wide public, the special commission selected the best flag out of 200 sketches. 

The national flag, according to the mentioned law, is a symbol of the state sovereignty. Since its adoption, the state flag has been an important factor in strengthening the feeling of patriotism and promoting the image of the country on the international stage. 

The state flag of Uzbekistan rises high among other flags in front of the United National headquarters, as well as many other international organizations. 

The military servicemen, kneeling before the flag, give oath to protect their Motherland. The sportsmen enter the world arenas holding high the state flag of Uzbekistan. 

“The flag of our country always gives us, athletes, great strength, encouraging us for victories. This is a symbol of our independent Motherland, which has opened the way to the world for us,” Elshod Rasulov, world boxing champion, said. 

Each color and symbol on the state flag has a deep meaning. They embody the kind ideas of the centuries-old national statehood, as well as the natural and spiritual peculiarities of the country. 

The blue color is the symbol of the clear sky and water. The white color, as a symbol of peace and purity, opens way to noble aspirations of the people. The green symbolizes renewal and youth, and reflects the incomparable nature of Uzbekistan. The red stripes are the blood in the people’s veins, reminding about the freedom-loving ancestors, and a symbol of strength and eternity. 

The young crescent stands for the peace and stability reigning in the country, and at the same time the new epoch that has started in the history of the Uzbek state. Twelve stars are a symbol of perfectness and wisdom. 

The state flag is raised during the official visits of the delegations of Uzbekistan to foreign states, in front of the embassies of the country abroad and at international organizations, at various international forums and sports events. 

The flag proudly flies over the buildings of the state departments, residence, enterprises and organizations, as well as educational establishments.

CONVEGNO INTERNAZIONALE  "MODELLO NAZIONALE DELLA TUTELA DELLA SALUTE MATERNA E DEI BAMBINI IN UZBEKISTAN"

The Symposiums Palace of the recently opened Marifat Markazi (Enlightenment Center) in Tashkent hosted an international symposium on the “National model of maternal and child health care in Uzbekistan: “Healthy mother – healthy child” on 26 November.

The event, organized on the initiative of President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, was held by the Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan jointly with the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

Some 300 world-known academics and representatives of healthcare- related international organizations, including heads of the WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, ministries of health from almost 40 countries including the USA, China, Russia, Canada, UK, Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Finland, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Denmark, South Korea and other states took part in the symposium.

The main topic of the forum was the cardinal reforms implemented in Uzbekistan since the country proclaimed independence in the area of protection of health, including maternal and child health, upbringing healthy generation, and creating a national model.

President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov spoke at the opening of the international forum.

In accordance with the Decree of the President of Uzbekistan of 24 November 2011, Director-General of the World Health Organization Margaret Chan, for her outstanding services in organizing the work of the WHO and development of primary health care, implementation of the Global strategy of protection of the health of mothers and children, was awarded with the order Soglom Avlod Uchun (For the Healthy Generation) of the first degree.

The head of the state Islam Karimov presented this high award to Margaret Chan.

In her speech, Director-General of the World Health Organization Margaret Chan said that Uzbekistan was paying great attention to health issues, especially maternal and children’s health. Protection of mothers’ and children’s health is defined as a priority, which is the rightest strategy, not only in terms of today, but also the future.

Margaret Chan also expressed sincere gratitude to President of Uzbekistan for the high award.

Since the country proclaimed independence, cardinal reforms have been implemented in the healthcare sector under the guidance of President Islam Karimov. All necessary conditions have been created to ensure healthy and decent living, raising physically and mentally healthy young people, expanding domestic production of pharmaceutical products. Relevant laws, decrees and decisions of the President and the Cabinet serve as an important factor in the development of the health sector. The decree of the head of the state “On State program of reforming healthcare system of the Republic of Uzbekistan” of 10 November 1998 marked the beginning of an important stage in the cardinal reform of the sector.

The protection of the maternal and children’s health, and upbringing the healthy generation are set as priorities of the state policy. One of the first international instruments which Uzbekistan joined was the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, ratified by the parliament on 9 September 1992. On 8 January 2008, the Law “On guarantees of the rights of the child was adopted.”

The first order of the country, Soglom Avlod Uchun (For the Healthy Generation), established on 4 March 1993, is a symbol of the attention to the health of the young generation, as well as large-scale work on the formation of physically and spiritually developed young people.

The conduction of the high-profile international forum at the Symposiums Palace in the Enlightenment Center is yet another manifestation of the consistent attention to the issues of raising a healthy generation.

The care about the health of the women and children is a concern about the future of the nation. Uzbek people have since ancient times respectfully treating women who are the keepers of the family, mothers and educators of the children. In the course of the reforms in the years of independence, these good traditions have been enriched with new content.

The strengthening in the people’s minds of the idea ​​“Healthy mother – healthy child” has in the full sense of the word made this a nationwide movement. Speaking about the healthy generation, we, in the first place, mean healthy children. In this regard, based on the program “Healthy mother – healthy child”, activities have been developed and consistently implemented in the past years to protect the mothers and children, and increasing the medical culture in the families.

At the plenary session of the symposium, detailed information on Uzbekistan’s national model of health services, including maternal and children’s health, was presented.


The speakers at the symposium stressed that over the past years Uzbekistan has established a national model of health services at the level of international standards. A network of qualitatively new medical establishments has been created, which includes the Republican center of emergency medical care and the specialized scientific-practical centers in different areas of medicine. New multidisciplinary clinics for children and adults are functioning in the regions, maternity hospitals are being built, and the primary health care basis has been strengthened, in particular, in the rural areas.

A single system of providing specialized medical aid to children has been created. It consists of the Republican specialized scientific-practical pediatric medical center and 13 regional children’s multipurpose medical centers. Qualified care for mothers and newborns is provided at the Republican specialized scientific-practical medical center of obstetrics and gynecology, and its regional affiliates, as well as perinatal centers.

On the basis of the State Program “Mother and Child Screening” adopted on the initiative of the President, in all regions of the country a network of modern screening centers has been created. This has allowed to bring prevention and treatment of many congenital and hereditary diseases to a new level.

The Republican Center for Reproductive Health and its 13 regional branches were set up, which provide high-quality medical care and are working to raise the awareness of the population on the issues of reproductive health.

Improving the food ration is part of the national strategy of improvement of the social welfare. In this direction, necessary legislative and regulatory framework has been created to ensure the safety and quality of food. Laws “On state sanitary control”, “On prevention of micronutrient deficiency among the population,” “On certification of products and services” and “On prophylaxis of iodine deficiency diseases” were adopted.

Measures to protect reproductive health of the population, and health of pregnant women by providing them with special multivitamin complexes that contain the necessary range of essential micronutrients are being taken. The state has allocated funds for the annual purchase of multivitamin complexes, which help pregnant women in rural areas improve their health, leading to birth of healthy children. The programs on flour fortification and salt iodization have been successfully implemented in the country. All this, as well timely treatment and preventive services, have helped significantly reduce the prevalence of iodine deficiency among the population and anemia among women of childbearing age.

The President signed resolution “On additional measures to protect the health of mother and child, and forming healthy generation” on 13 April 2009, and “On the Program of measures to further improve the efficiency of the work to strengthen reproductive health, giving birth to healthy child, formation of physically and spiritually developed generation for 2009-2013” on 1 July 2009.

These documents envisaged measures to improve the health of the women of childbearing age, extension of periods between the births, prevention of early marriages and marriages between close relatives, training medical personnel, strengthening the material and technical base of maternity and primary healthcare establishments, as well as raigin public awareness of reproductive health. Additionally, wide-scale is being carried out to attract children and young people to physical culture and sports.

The participants of the international symposium got familiarized with the exhibition dedicated to the achievements of Uzbekistan in the area of health, namely maternal and child health, and took part in the sessions of the forum.

Via a teleconference, they got acquainted with the Week of improvement of health of women of childbearing age, which is taking place at the rural medical point in Syrdarya region, medical examination of pregnant women at a screening center in Jizzakh region, and the activity of the Namangan branch of the Republican specialized medical research center of obstetrics and gynecology.

The symposium participants visited the Republican scientific center for emergency medical care, the Republican scientific and practical medical center of tuberculosis and pulmonology, as well as children’s hospitals in Tashkent. They also familiarized themselves with the work of a number of clinics and specialized centers and participated in satellite conferences and workshops. Some of the forum participants, attended surgery operations together with specialists from Uzbekistan.

The forum concluded with the adoption of a resolution of the international symposium.

ACHIEVING MDGS: EXPERIENCE OF UZBEKISTAN

Tashkent hosted an international seminar on “The participation of civil society institutes in implementing the tasks of achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals: experience of Uzbekistan”. The event was organized by the Independent institute for monitoring the formation of the civil society, the Institute of strategic and interregional studies under the President of Uzbekistan and the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan jointly with the UN Development Programme, UNESCO and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (Germany). 

The seminar brought together leading experts from Germany, Slovenia, Ukraine, South Korea, the OSCE, UN and other international organizations, members of the Senate and the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan, representatives of government and public organizations, UzA informs. 

Uzbekistan is an active participant in the global process to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, set in 2000 at the UN Millennium Summit, and in many respects is one of the leaders in their implementation. The basis of this successful development is the fact that Uzbekistan since the early years of independence on the initiative of President Islam Karimov has gradually and consistently implemented large-scale reforms in all spheres to ensure the political, economic and social rights and interests of the citizens, and raise the level and quality of life. 

The foreign experts emphasized the high efficiency of the “Uzbek model” and the five principles of development, developed by the head of the state, which formed the basis of all democratic reforms, including liberalization of public administration, economic modernization, development of social institutions and civil society. The priorities of the new stage of comprehensive reforms, defined by President Islam Karimov in his Concept of further deepening of democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, are a clear indication of the consistency of the state policy in Uzbekistan, which fully corresponds to the objectives of the MDGs. 

Not in all countries the achievement of the MDGs has been raised to the level of state priorities. In Uzbekistan, the Cabinet of Ministers in January 2011 issued a resolution, which set out additional measures to implement the UN Millennium Development Goals in the country until 2015. These system measures cover 88 priority areas in all eight targets set by the Millennium Declaration. 

During the period of independent development, Uzbekistan’s GDP increased more than 3.5 times. In the recent years, despite the global financial and economic crisis, Uzbekistan has shown one of the world’s highest rates of economic growth. Rapid growth has been observed in the small business and entrepreneurship, and this sector’s contribution to GDP is almost close to the European average. Clear investment policy, comprehensive programs of industrial development, according to experts participating in the seminar, create the necessary prerequisites for further growth of the GDP and increasing its volume 1.5 times by 2015. 

The advances in the economy allow for effective implementation of the social policy in health, education and support of various layers of the population. This year, 60% of all expenditures of the state budget were directed for social purposes, including 48% for development of education and healthcare. 

As Eve Mary Henkel (Germany), member of board of directors of the ABU Consult Berlin GmbH project, noted, “Uzbekistan under the direction of President Islam Karimov has achieved outstanding results. Large investments in the economy and social sphere contribute to the welfare of the population. The achievements of your country in education and healthcare can be compared to those in the leading countries. Uzbekistan has achieved universal free 12-year education and basic medical care for the population – in the modern world this is an extremely rare social obligation of the state. The expert community of the European Union has a particular attention to the transformation process carried out under the Concept of further deepening of democratic reforms and the formation of civil society, as well as other state programs. Their implementation will help achieve the MDGs and ensure the subsequent development of Uzbekistan.” 

The foreign experts gave a high evaluation to the unique National personnel training program, aimed at cardinal and systemic improvement of the quality of education. The Constitution guarantees complete secondary education to all citizens. In accordance with the objectives of the socioeconomic development and international standards, training programs and directions of vocational education have been improved.

Major reforms have been carried out in healthcare. The system of free emergency medical care, an extensive network of rural medical stations, perinatal and screening centers have been created, a completely different approach is now taken to the protection of the maternal and child health, as well as medical training. As a result, the maternal and child mortality rates have declined 3 times over the years of independence. The overall level of morbidity among the population has significantly decreased, thanks to widely available quality medical care, including rural areas. The average life expectancy – the most important indicator of the MDGs – increased from 67 to 73 years, and to 75 years among women. This is the highest figure in the CIS countries, the experts noted. 

The seminar participants emphasized the particular importance of the environmental stability in Central Asia in achieving the MDGs, the rational use of water and energy resources to benefit all people living there. In this regard, the firm position of Uzbekistan on these critical issues was underlined. Uzbekistan pays great attention to environmental protection. A number of state programs and national action plans are being implemented. 

One of the key factors in Uzbekistan’s achieving significant results in socio-political and socio-economic development is the active involvement of civil society – political parties, social organizations, movements and NGOs in these processes, the seminar participants said. Their role in addressing many issues related to achieving national development goals has been growing. The civil society institutions operating in the country create conditions for increasing the social activeness of the population, contribute to maintaining the balance of interests in the society, becoming one of the most important elements to ensure effective feedback between the society and the state. 

In this regard, the foreign experts noted the importance of the legislative initiatives of President Islam Karimov to develop the civil society institutions as set out in the Concept of the further deepening of democratic reforms and the formation of civil society in the country. The adoption of a package of new laws will create a legal framework for increased participation of civil society in the implementation of government programs in healthcare, education, environment, employment and other areas.

ISSUANCE OF BIOMETRIC PASSPORTS STARTS

Issuance of biometric passports started in Uzbekistan. All citizens of the country are expected to have biometric passports by the end of 2015. 

The work is being carried out in accordance with the decree of the President of 23 June 2009 on improvement of the passport system in Uzbekistan. 

Abdusattar Matkarimov, director of the State Personalization Center under the Cabinet of Ministers, spoke to UzA about the introduction of the biometric passports in the country. 

The biometric passports are being introduced in compliance with the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), of which Uzbekistan is a member. 

These electronic travel documents contain a special chip, which records information on the personal biometric data of the owner, including the digital photo and fingerprints, as well as biographical information. 

The passports with electronic data have been introduced in many countries of the world. They are introduced to increase the safety of the international civil air navigation and the security of the identification documents, as well as ensure fast and exact identification of the persons during the border crossing. 

Apart from the biometric passport of the citizen of Uzbekistan, there are travel documents for the persons without citizenship and the diplomatic passport. 

The passport offices across the country have been equipped with modern systems and technologies, and their staff underwent special training. 

Currently, issuance of biometric passports started at Mirzo-Ulugbek and Yunusabad district interior affairs department in Tashkent, each of which issues some 50 new passports every day. 

In accordance with the plan, other territorial interior affairs departments are expected to start issuing biometric passports soon. 

The existing passport of the citizen of Uzbekistan will be valid until the end of 2015.

THREE EXHIBITIONS OPEN IN TASHKENT

Three international exhibitions, “Transport and Logistics – TransUzbekistan 2011”, “Automobiles, Spare Parts and Service – Auto & Parts Uzbekistan 2011”, and the “Central Asia International Exhibition Protection, Security and Fire Safety – CAIPS 2011”, opened in Tashkent on Thursday. 

At the opening ceremony, deputy minister of defence of Uzbekistan M.Saliev and others pointed out that in modern conditions such notions as security and protection of human life have acquired a special character and became the basis of the security industry in general, UzA informs. 

Today, in Uzbekistan a consistent work is being carried out to develop and introduce new technologies aimed at ensuring public safety, protection of health and private property. In this context, the exhibition is a good platform for a constructive exchange of experience between companies from all over Central Asia and foreign producers, deputy minister said. 

The joint exposition has presented 70 companies from 15 countries, including Uzbekistan, Belarus, Germany, India, Iran, Italy, China, Latvia, UAE, Russia, Ukraine, Finland, Czech Republic and Switzerland. 

Among the major players of the transport infrastructure taking part in the forum are Uzbekistan Railways, Transmashholding of Russia, Ural Locomotives and others. 

“Our company designs, manufactures, markets and serves locomotives,” Ural Locomotives marketing specialist Marina Dakalova said. “Our company specializes in production of next-generation electric locomotives, and we are interested in cooperation with the Uzbek partners.” 

The Auto & Parts Uzbekistan and TransUzbekistan exhibitions have foreign companies operating in the automotive industry. These are ERA and AURIDA from Italy, Russian Auto-Electro Dial, Janmor (Poland-Uzbekistan), local Autorobot Asia, Mega Mebiko, Miral Shina, Avto Oynalar Dunyosi, Lukoil (Russia), and others. 

“Autorobot Asia provides design, manufacture and sale of liner equipment needed to repair damaged vehicles,” company administrator Farhad Umarov said. “This year we are presenting a new hardware callet Autorobot. The exhibition should help us find potential customers and enter foreign markets.” 

The Chinese Hytera Communications Co. Ltd and Tbs Inform are demonstrating the equipment necessary for professional mobile radio connection, Micros provides access control equipment. Among the regular participants are Pozhspetsmash (Ukraine) and UMIRS-ASIA joint venture.

BAZAAR-ART EXHIBITION AND FAIR OPENS

The ninth exhibition and fair of the traditional and decorative art Bazaar-Art. Autumn 2011 opened in Tashkent.

The event has been organized by the Fund “Forum of Culture and Art of Uzbekistan” and a number of other organizations.
During the three-day exhibition, its participants may not only get acquainted with samples of art of Uzbekistan, but also purchase the items they like.

Obidjon Nazrullayev, representative of the Gijduvan ceramists dynasty (Bukhara region), is presenting more than 50 own works. The graduate of the Kamoliddin Behzod National Institute of Arts and Design now has many students himself.

“This exhibition is a great opportunity to demonstrate our work and get familiar with the creativity of other masters, as well as learn the demand of the public for the items we create,” he told UzA.

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