01/09/11 Bollettino d'informazione (luglio - agosto 2011)

posted 9 Feb 2012, 05:19 by Admin Website   [ updated 14 Feb 2012, 04:09 ]

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AMBASCIATA DELLA REPUBBLICA DELL’UZBEKISTAN IN ITALIA

BOLLETTINO D’INFORMAZIONE
(LUGLIO-AGOSTO 2011)

 

 ROMA

CONTENUTO

AGOSTO

1. FOREIGN LEADERS CONGRATULATE PRESIDENT WITH INDEPENDENCE DAY
2. GROWING ECONOMIC POWER AND CREATIVE CAPACITIES OF UZBEKISTAN
3. SENATE PASSES SEVERAL LAWS
4. INTERNET FESTIVAL STARTS IN UZBEKISTAN
5. NEW TRAMS LAUNCHED IN TASHKENT
6. REFORMS IN TAXI SPHERE
7. HIGH-SPEED TRAIN АFROSIYOB MAKES FIRST TRIP
8. SHARQ TARONALARI MUSIC FESTIVAL ENDS IN SAMARKAND
9. RISHAD SABIROV BECOMES TWO TIMES WORLD CHAMPION
10. NEW EXHIBITION OPENS AT TEMURIDS MUSEUM

LUGLIO

1. PRESIDENT DECREES ON INCREASING SALARIES, PENSIONS
2. PARLIAMENT’S CHAMBERS HOLD JOINT SESSION
3. ROUND-TABLE DISCUSSES SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP
4. LEADING CREDIT RATING AGENCIES CONFIRM AUTHORITY OF THE UZBEK BANKING SYSTEM
5. UNA NUOVA PAGINA NELLA RIFORMA GIUDIZIARIA
6. LO SVILUPPO DEI MEZZI DI COMUNICAZIONE ELETTRONICI NON GOVERNATIVI È UN FATTORE IMPORTANTE DELLA FORMAZIONE DELLA SOCIETÀ CIVILE
7. NEW GENERATION ROADS
8. POWER OF OPEN HEARTS
9. UZBEK WRESTLING KURASH INCLUDED IN ASIAN GAMES

 

AGOSTO

 

FOREIGN LEADERS CONGRATULATE PRESIDENT
WITH INDEPENDENCE DAY

Heads of foreign states, governments, international organizations, politicians and public figures have sent letters to President Islam Karimov, congratulating the head of the state and the people of Uzbekistan on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of independence of the country. 

In his message to the President, Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-Moon said that over the past 20 years, Uzbekistan has firmly established itself as an independent state, UzA informs. 

“You have made significant progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), such as education and healthcare, addressing impacts of climate change and environmental degradation, which had made a significant impact on your country,” the head of the UN wrote. 

Uzbekistan plays a crucial role in regional relations, he continued, once again expressing gratitude for the support provided by Uzbekistan during the tragic events in southern Kyrgyzstan last year. 

“Equally important are your efforts in economic recovery and establishment of peace and security in Afghanistan, as well as leadership in regional initiatives. Your continued participation in this activity is indispensable for stability both in Afghanistan and Central Asia in general,” Ban Ki-Moon stressed. 

“Uzbekistan is an important member of the UN. Your contribution in such areas as promotion of nuclear non-proliferation, sustainable development and solving problems caused by climate change is highly appreciated. I look forward to our continued cooperation in the future,” the UN Secretary-General said. 

The following leaders also sent their greetings to the President of Uzbekistan: 

Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh, 

Servant of Two Holy Mosques, King of Saudi Arabia Abdullo bin Abdulaziz Ol Saud, 

Crown Prince, Deputy Premier, Minister of Defense and Aviation, Inspector General of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Sultan bin Abdulaziz Ol Saud, 

President of the United Arab Emirates Khalifa bin Zoid Ol Nahayon, 

Vice President, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai governor Muhammad bin Rashid Ol Maktoum, 

Federal President of Austria Heinz Fischer, 

President of the Republic of Portugal Anibal Cavaco Silva, 

President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovich, 

President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, 

President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili, 

Secretary General of the World Tourism Organization Taleb Rifai, 

Chairman of the Hanjin Group, chairman of the Korean Air Cho Yang-Ho, 

Chairman of the International Federation of Combined Martial Arts Chuck Norris and others.

UZBEKISTAN, SOUTH KOREA STEP UP STRATEGIC AND MUTUALLY ADVANTAGEOUS COOPERATION

President of the Republic of Korea Lee Myung-Bak has arrived in Uzbekistan August 23 with state visit on the invitation of President Islam Karimov.

Notwithstanding the great distance between Uzbekistan and the Land of Morning Freshness, the two peoples have been tied with long-standing friendship bonds. Both peoples are distinct with qualities like patriotism, kindness, magnanimity, respect for the elderly, care for the younger, diligence, keenness to honor the ancestors’ heritage and values.

Official ceremony of meeting South Korea’s President took place at Uzbek President’s Kuksaroy country complex. Guard of honor lined up in mark of respect for the high-ranking guest. The two leaders rose to the podium, followed by the sounds of state hymns of the two nations. Presidents reviewed the guard of honor.

Islam Karimov and Lee Myng-Bak started negotiations in a contracted format during which the two sides exchanged views on matters pertaining to the agenda of bilateral relations along with pressing issues of regional and international politics.

“It is deeply symbolic that Your present visit takes place on the eve of both the 20th anniversary of Uzbekistan’s independence and the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between our nations,” Islam Karimov declared. “We consider the Republic of Korea a reliable partner of Uzbekistan. Your visit is pretty suggestive of our nations’ interest in advancing the mutually beneficial cooperation.”

It has been noted in the course of the talks that the current summit is considered an important stride towards intensifying the multi-faceted interaction, a good opportunity to critically reassess its current state, to define priorities for the future and fill up the dynamically shaping strategic partnership with solid essence by joint efforts.

“I regard Uzbekistan as the closest, an earnestly friendly country, and I have very much enjoyed my every trip to this land,” Lee Myung-Bak said. “The regular nature of meetings at the highest level will facilitate further development of cooperation.”

Uzbekistan and the Republic of Korea closely cooperate within the United Nations and other international organizations as much as financial institutions. The two parties noted the traditionally harmonious and similar positions, views and judgments on practically all pressing issues of global and regional character. This has helped support one another’s proposals and initiatives in the international arena.

In particular, given the ‘green growth’ policy of the Korean leadership and promotion of environmentally clean technologies, Uzbekistan backs the idea of holding the 18th UN climate change conference in Seoul in 2012.

International Olympic Committee’s decision to hold Winter Olympics 2018 in Pyeongchang has been welcomed by Uzbekistan.

Central Asia has become a nuclear-weapon free zone on the initiative of Uzbekistan’s President. Uzbekistan is highly instrumental in maintaining and consolidating peace and stability in the region. The Korean side said it highly appreciates all of this.

Bilateral talks in the Kuksaroy also included discussion of situation in Afghanistan where, as Islam Karimov and Lee Myung-Bak agreed, it is impossible to address the crisis exclusively with military means.

Then the two presidents carried on negotiations in extended format.

The head of Uzbekistan stressed that the present visit by South Korea’s President is regarded by the Uzbek side as a remarkable event in the history of bilateral relations, a logical and consistent extension of the dynamic strategic partnership and cooperation between the two governments and peoples.

Republic of Korea is seen in Uzbekistan as a vigorously advancing modern nation looking to the future, as the one considered a leading country in all indicators of economic and human dimension, and wielding competitive industrial-economic, scientific-intellectual and high-tech potential.

It has been underscored during the talks that the Uzbek-Korean relations have truly grown mature, profoundly thought-out and equally advantageous. They have met vital interests of the two peoples in terms of cooperation between economic and commercial entities of the two nations, along with in the humanitarian sphere.

Uzbekistan and South Korea have accumulated an imposing experience of successful economic and investment interaction. Republic of Korea is one of Uzbekistan’s major trade partners. The total volume of declared South Korean investments into the Uzbek economy exceeds five billion US dollars, while that of already materialized investments has topped two billion US dollars.

For instance, Korean companies of Neoplant and Shingdong Enercom who have been exploring quartz-containing raw material deposits are to launch technical silicon producing projects in the nearest future. Daewoo International, Haintex and Shingdong Enercom have been energetic in their textile industry projects. Refrigerator manufacturing is established in Samarkand in cooperation with LG Electronics.

Attraction of cutting-edge technologies from Korea for creating new and modernizing the existing production capacities in Uzbekistan remains one of core aspects of bilateral interaction.

President of Uzbekistan noted in particular that within President Lee Myung-Bak’s visit, a symbolic stone is to be laid and started the most important scheme of the bilateral investment cooperation, namely, the construction of Ustyurt Gas Chemical Complex, the construction of which is planned to attract more than 2.6 billion US dollars of direct investments.

Uzbekistan is interested in further draw of investments and latest technologies of Korean companies into such industries as hydrocarbon, chemical, mining, mechanical engineering, electro technical, pharmaceutical, textiles, construction materials, as well as introduction of energy efficient technologies.

Support by South Korea’s government and business circles for the Free Industrial and Economic Zone and transcontinental logistics center in Navoi is highly appreciated in Uzbekistan. Obviously, that the first production in FIEZ Navoi was launched just in cooperation with Korean partners carries a profound symbolic sense.

The activities of Korean Air that manages transcontinental inter-modal hub at Navoi airport deserve high accolade. In addition to the existing twenty-four flight destinations a week to major cities like Seoul, Milan, Brussels, Frankfurt-am-Mein, Bangkok, Mumbai, Istanbul, Dubai, cargo transportation is intended to be launched to Hanoi, Riga, Shanghai and other destinations.

During the negotiations at the Kuksaroy, the two sides noted with a particular satisfaction the bright palette of Uzbek-Korean cooperation in cultural and humanitarian sphere and expressed willingness to keep with creating all the encouraging environment for building up the interaction in such areas as education, including within Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), healthcare, tourism, sports, along with student and academic exchange programs.

Doubtless, Seoul Park being set up in the city of Tashkent on South Korean leader’s initiative is to become a distinctive symbol of friendship and cooperation bonds stepping up from year to year. To be precious for the Uzbek and Korean peoples alike, and with its originality and magnificence, located in the most picturesque part of the Uzbek capital city, the park is going to remind the ancient culture of Korea.

Culture and art figures of both countries have been active in international cultural events taking place in Uzbekistan and the Republic of Korea. Musicians from the latter are expected to partake, in particular, in the upcoming Sharq Taronalari international music festival in Samarkand.

Following the talks, Joint Declaration of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Korea has been inked. The document has reflected the current state and prospects of interaction between the two nations.

A range of other agreements has also been signed, including ones on industrial and energy cooperation, engineering services, equipment supply and construction sector. More than twenty documents in general are anticipated to be penned during the summit to enrich the many spheres of Uzbek-Korean strategic partnership and further consolidation of normative foundations of cooperation.

While meeting the mass media, Islam Karimov and Lee Myung-Bak stressed that the negotiations have proved constructive, based on mutual confidence and respect, and that the reached deals will serve to further enhance Uzbek-Korean relations, to raise the wellbeing of the two peoples.

Islam Karimov put it thus that the Republic of Korea has for all the period of Uzbekistan’s independent development been an all-round reliable strategic partner for us tested with time who has provided consistent support in the implementation of wide-scale national programs directed at profound reforming and comprehensive modernization of economy and social sphere.

Lee Myung-Bak noted in particular that Uzbekistan’s achievement of steady economic growth amid global financial and economic crisis, in light of the ongoing economic downturn in many countries, deserves admiration. The head of the Korean state underscored the sound advancement of interaction between the two nations on many fronts, the agreement reached during talks on elevating the cooperation to a qualitatively new level, on undertaking joint action for a successful conclusion of shared schemes.

GROWING ECONOMIC POWER AND CREATIVE CAPACITIES OF UZBEKISTAN

President Islam Karimov traveled on August 28 to the new joint venture designed to manufacture automobile engines and the new air terminal in Tashkent to serve local flights to familiarize with ongoing efforts in these two facilities. 

President Islam Karimov traveled on August 28 to the new joint venture designed to manufacture automobile engines and the new air terminal in Tashkent to serve local flights to familiarize with ongoing efforts in these two facilities.

Thanks to the wide-ranging constructive and creative works, every single year of independent development has been inscribed in the chronicles of our Motherland with golden letters. The steadfast reforms led by President Islam Karimov have been yielding remarkable effects in economic and social spheres. All this has stimulated to build up the economic power of Uzbekistan, to shore up its standing in the international arena, to improve the wellbeing of the people.

Uzbekistan is celebrating the 20th anniversary of its independence with new achievements, extensive transformation, and wide-scale constructive works.

General Motors Powertrain Uzbekistan joint venture built in Tashkent region’s Zangiata district on the initiative of President Islam Karimov to manufacture car engines and the new air terminal in Tashkent to serve local flights have become a well-deserved gift for the greatest, the dearest holiday.
As a result of project worth 521.8 million US dollars, a unique and intricate industrial sector to encompass GM Powertrain Uzbekistan has been created in Uzbekistan for a relatively short period of time.

The new enterprise occupies 40 hectares of land, while its productive capacities absorb 44.7 thousand square meters.

The joint factory is going to manufacture a new generation BDONC engines with working capacity of 1.2 and 1.5 liters. These small-capacity novel engines have been developed by General Motors and are installed in global models of this company’s cars. That means that GM Powertrain customers will include not merely the car industry of Uzbekistan, but also other enterprises of GM’s global network. Thus, to date, the newly born plant has received orders from nearly ten assembly ventures of GM chain.

The level of production localization by the time full-scale production will be launched at the enterprise is 50 percent. Following locally manufactured engines’ installation, the share of localization in the value added goods of GM Uzbekistan will make 82 percent.

The head of our state had a talk with foreign specialists and local youth working at the factory.

“This major project is a new stride toward advancing our automotive industry founded in the wake of independence,” Islam Karimov suggested.

“Our youths are working at these sorts of sophisticated production facilities equipped with cutting-edge technologies meeting the latest standards, which naturally makes us happy and stirs up the sense of pride.”

As soon as the plant enters its projected capacities, up to 1,200 people will be employed, while 450 personnel are currently working here. All of them have been trained by foreign specialists. In particular, 120 young Uzbek professionals have passed retraining internships at leading General Motors plants in the United States, Germany, Austria, India and South Korea.

In his speech during a meeting in Tashkent city administration back in 1990 (January 20), Islam Karimov had noted with pity that the sufficiency of human resources in Uzbekistan notwithstanding, some 125 thousand workers and specialists had been drawn in the Republic from outside Uzbekistan to form the personnel of newly set up production companies. At that time, it was nothing but a disdainful attitude to local specialists, a no-confidence manifest toward them.

The consistent and efficient efforts under the leadership of the President have proved the flimsiness and groundlessness of that approach. It is supported by the fact that thousands of Uzbek young people have successfully been working at the high-power modern complexes in Karaulbazar, Mubarek, Shurtan, Dehkanabad, Kungrad, automobile factories in Asaka and Samarkand as well as many other modern major production facilities.

Our young specialists fly latest airliners today; they manage high-speed trains, with a growing number of young people commanding perfectly the state-of-the-art technologies. All this testifies that the Uzbek youth is second to no one.

“Quite gifted youths are working in this venture,” Janos Covax, production director of the JV, shared. “They have grasped all the complicated processes in foundry and assembly lines. This underlines the Uzbek youths’ zeal and intellectual capacities.”

A test production of first engines has been carried out at the factory. Following all the essential tests and certification procedures, batch production will be launched this November. The plant is expected to work in full production capacities as soon as in 2013.

The enterprise hosting both foundry and assembly lines in one area is to become a single such factory of General Motors throughout the world.

On the same day, President Islam Karimov acquainted himself with the new local flights air terminal at Tashkent airport commissioned on the eve of the 20th anniversary of national independence.


The new terminal has been constructed in national architectural traditions with a capacity to serve 400 passengers an hour.

Reviewing the extensive and modern conveniences and customer-friendly environment created here, Islam Karimov underscored in particular the priority significance of ensuring passenger safety and security.

To meet these goals, the new terminal is outfitted with latest electronic equipment and technical capacities. The building is surrounded with a security zone containing two check points.

Among the many advantages of the terminal is that passengers arrived in Uzbekistan from abroad can directly fly to other regions of the country without the need to leave the airport territory.

The tremendous creative efforts and large-scale reforms undertaken in Uzbekistan is a practical effect of the opportunities provided by the independence. These types of modern buildings and facilities erected across the nation ahead of the greatest, dearest holiday events are a testimony to the high economic power of Uzbekistan to serve further elevation in the wellbeing of the people.

SENATE PASSES SEVERAL LAWS

The sixth plenary session of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan was held in Tashkent on 26-27 August.

On the first day of the session, the senators passed a number of laws, including those developed in accordance with the Concept of deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country put forward by President Islam Karimov in November 2010.

The upper house of the parliament approved the Law “On the exchange of credit information”, which aims to create an effective system of exchange of credit information and providing information about the state of the credit transaction, fulfillment of obligations on it, as well as other information to help determine creditworthiness, financial condition, solvency, payment discipline and other qualities of the subjects of credit information.

The senators passed the Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan ‘On bankruptcy’”. Its main purpose is to reduce the timing of separate procedures of liquidation and the establishment of effective mechanisms for the sale of property of bankrupt enterprises to new owners.

The Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan ‘On licensing certain types of activities’” was prepared in accordance with the State Program “Year of small business and private entrepreneurship”. The document significantly simplifies the licensing procedures. Thus, it excludes the requirement of providing notarized copies of certificates of state registration of a legal entity or an individual entrepreneur, and introduces a regulation providing for a levy for consideration by the licensing body of the application of the license applicant within the cost of the licensing authority.

The senators also approved the Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan ‘On railway transport’, aimed at ensuring the safety of the railway transport”. The law should help improve the legal and enforcement framework of security at the objects of railway transport, prevent emergencies that threaten people’s life and health, as well as public safety and stability of the state.

The Senate passed a new Law “On holding in custody during a criminal case proceeding”. It sets out the basic principles, grounds and detention periods, establishes the rights of detainees and those in custody, as well as guarantees for their security. In particular, the law defines the order of meetings with the defender and the legal representative, and the visits of the parliament’s Human Rights Representative (Ombudsman) to places of detention. Corresponding changes were also introduced in a number of legal acts, including the Criminal Proceedings Code.

Then the senators considered and approved the Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the reduction of inspections of entrepreneurship subjects”. The law unifies the existing legislation and creates more favorable conditions in the process of inspection of businesses and entities of entrepreneurship.

In particular, the act amends the laws “On farming”, “On state control of business entities”, “On guarantees of freedom of entrepreneurship” and “On private enterprise”, as well as the Tax Code. According to these changes, the financial and economic activity of the newly created small businesses and farms is not subject to routine tax audits during the first three years from the date of their state registration.

The senators considered the Law “On the list of categories of persons – citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan – to be granted a permanent residence permit in the city of Tashkent and Tashkent region”. This law was initiated by a group of deputies of the Legislative Chamber. Its aim is to settle the issues of permanent residence in the city of Tashkent and Tashkent region, and ensure the rule of law in this area.

The senators noted that the adoption of the law should provide for impartial consideration of appeals of citizens concerning residence permits, prevent abuses and ensure the rule of law and public safety in the capital city area.

Further, the senators considered the Law “On the naming of geographical objects”. The document, taking into account generally accepted international terminology requirements, for the first time provides definitions of terms like “geographic objects”, “names of geographical objects”, “State register of geographical names” and others. It sets out the powers of the Oliy Majlis chambers, Cabinet of Ministers, Zhoqargy Kenes of Karakalpakstan, regional, district and city people’s deputies councils, and a specially authorized state body in the field of geographical names. The law also outlines the procedure for state registration, use and preservation of geographical names.

An important law approved by the senators was the Law “On restriction of distribution and consumption of alcohol and tobacco products”, developed in accordance with the State Program “Year of Harmoniously Development Generation” (2010). The main purpose of the law is to improve the legislative and legal framework to limit the spread and use of alcohol and tobacco products in order to reduce their harmful impact on the health of citizens, especially young people, as well as bring the norms of legislation in conformity with the international requirements.

INTERNET FESTIVAL STARTS IN UZBEKISTAN

The Internet festival of the national domain UZ, devoted to the 20th anniversary of idependence of Uzbekistan, started on 10 August. Among its organizers are the Fund “Forum of culture and art of Uzbekistan”, Youth initiatives center “Kelajak Ovozi” and Computer and information technologies development center UZINFOCOM. The official support to the event is provided by the Uzbek Agency for Communication and Information (UzACI). InfoCOM.UZ magazine is the festival coordinator.

The number of internet users in Uzbekistan is over 7.7 million, including 4.27 million using the net through mobile phones, Khurshid Mirzakhidov, first deputy director-general of UzACI said at the press conference devoted to the Internet festival.

The first internet festival was held in Uzbekistan in 2001. Starting from 2007, the festival is held only among websites in the UZ domain. The national top-level domain UZ was created on 29 April 1995. As of 10 August, the number of active second-level domains in the national zone is over 12,500.

This year’s festival will be held until 26 September. Its main goals are popularizing the internet among the population, promoting development of the national online content and expansion of use of the Uzbek language on the internet.

NEW TRAMS LAUNCHED IN TASHKENT

On the eve of the 20th anniversary of independence of Uzbekistan, new modern trams were launched in the country’s capital. 
Trams are one of the symbols of Tashkent, captured in the first cinema reel about the city. Over the years of independence, Tashkent has greatly changed, including the city’s transport infrastructure. 

According to Toshshahartranskhizmat association, which operates the capital’s public transport, large-scale construction and repair works have been carried out during the past year. 

More than 16 kilometers of new tram lines are to be built in the city by the end of the year. To date, three routes have been completed. The first was the 7.1 kilometer line from the Taraqqiyot street to Mukimi street. The second line is 2.7 kilometers long and passes through Samarkand Darvoza street. 

Recently, a 3.8 kilometer like was built from the Beshqayragach street to Ibn Sino residential area. Now the reconstruction of the 2.5 kilometers of car road from Fargona Yuli to Alimkent street start, with construction of tram line and related infrastructure. 

Besides, tram line will be launched from the Central Railway Station to Yangiobod, as well as from Kuylyuk to Chkalov metro station. 

By the end of 2012, Tashkent is expected to receive 20 Vario LF low-floor trams from the Czech company Pragoimpex a.s. The first two of these trams have already begun serving the residents of the capital. 

On 28 August, these trams made their first run on the route from the Central Railway Station. 

The passengers noted the quiet and smooth movement of the new cars. The comfortable trams are designed for an average of 140 people. The middle part of the cars has a low-floor ramp for wheelchairs and people with children’s strollers. 

“These trams meet all European standards and are equipped with modern electronic control that can save up to 30-40 percent of electricity,” Farrukh Kadyrov from Toshelektrotrans state company, Tashkent tram operator, said. “In addition, they are designed to work in almost any weather conditions – from minus 40 degrees to plus 70 degrees Celsius, and can withstand voltage jumps in the range from 400 to 900 volts.”

REFORMS IN TAXI SPHERE

Uzavtoyul state joint-stock company hosted a seminar on the implementation of the Cabinet of Ministers’ resolution of 18 May 2011 on improvement of the activity of the taxis.

The recent years have seen an increase of the volume of passenger transportation services, which are provided by both state and private companies.

The above-mentioned resolution aims to establish a single policy and uniform standards in the sector, with the ultimate goal to improve the quality of services.

The document approved the rules on uniform signs of taxis and requirements to organization of their activity, which will enter into force from 1 January 2012.

To date, changes have been introduced to the rules of transportation of passengers, in accordance with which taxis have to accept both cash and plastic card payments.

The changes in the order of licensing passenger transportations stipulate that the license-holders have to comply with requirements to equipment, external look and signs.

The Uzstandard agency has developed state standards for meters and signs for taxis, while the Interior Ministry has designed special taxi number plates.

The participants of the seminar got acquainted with creation of special taxi stops in the city of Tashkent. So far, such stops have been organized near Buyuk Ipak Yoli metro station, Alay market and the Northern railway station.

HIGH-SPEED TRAIN АFROSIYOB MAKES FIRST TRIP

The new high-speed electric train Afrosiyob made its first trip from Tashkent to Samarkand on 26 August.

This important event in the socioeconomic life of Uzbekistan marked the beginning of a new stage of development of the railway system and improvement of the transport services in the country.

Railway workers, government officials, members of the public and representatives of the diplomatic corpus became the first passengers of the Talgo-250 train.

The time of the trip from Tashkent to Samarkand is only two hours, making it one of the most convenient ways to reach the second-largest city in the country.

“In the earlier times, the trip would take eight hours. The trains had no air conditioners or heaters,” chairman of Nuroniy fund’s Samarkand city department Tursun Safarov remembered.

The high-speed train investment project was agreed during the visit of the President of Uzbekistan to Spain in 2009. Uzbekistan Railways and Patentes Talgo S.L. signed a Memorandum on mutual cooperation and reached a deal on purchase of two trains.

In January 2010, President Islam Karimov signed a resolution on purchase of two high-speed passenger trains Talgo-250, first of which was delivered this July.

The Afrosiyob electric train was designed by Patentes Talgo using unique technologies. Experts of Uzbekistan Railways, with the help of the Spanish partners, carried out the necessary work to adapt the rail roads of the country for the new train, havign established a modern system of security and radio communication.

The train consists of two locomotives, eight passenger coaches and a dining car. It is provided with necessary facilities for the passengers with disabilities. Afrosiyob, which has a maximum speed of 250 kmh, passes the distance between Tashkent and Samarkand (344 km) in just two hours. The train drivers and staff were trained in Spanish companies Talgo and Renfe.

The first passengers of Afrosiyob shared their impressions with UzA correspondent.

“The launch of this modern and comfortable train is a great achievement of the people of Uzbekistan. Your country has advanced before many countries in this regard, including the United States. We don’t have such high-speed trains,” Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to Uzbekistan George Krol said. “The railway is a prospective sector in development of the country’s economy and tourism.”

“It is a great honor for me to be among the first passengers of the new train,” said Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Great Britain Rupert Joy. “The fact that this momentous event takes place on the eve of the 20th anniversary of independence of Uzbekistan has a special meaning. This signifies that Uzbekistan is confidently following the chosen path and is reaching huge successes. The greatest achievement of the country is peace and stability.”

“It is noteworthy that Uzbekistan pays a great attention to the development of the railway sector,” said Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Poland Marian Przezdziecki. “As the international experience shows, rail transport is the most promising industry, and it will remain such in the future. In recent years, an increasing number of Polish tourists come to your country. The launch of the high-speed train is of a great importance in improving the quality of transport services for the population and foreign visitors.”

“I am very pleased to be one of the first passengers of the new train operating between the two unique cities of Uzbekistan, and I express my sincere gratitude to the leadership of Uzbekistan for providing such an opportunity,” said the dean of the diplomatic corpus, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Turkmenistan to Uzbekistan Soltan Pirmuhamedov. “This modern and comfortable train demonstrates the consistend development of the rail industry in Uzbekistan, and new approaches and standards of service for passengers. I congratulate the brotherly people of Uzbekistan with this success.”

Prior to the organization of the Afrosiyob train, a large-scale work was held to modernize the rail infrastructure along the Tashkent-Samarkand route. Rail distance of 600 km was rehabilitated, and 68 km of new railways were laid. A new double-track section with length of over 35.3 km was built between Yangiyer and Dashtobod, as well as a 142-meter-long tunnel and four bridges with a total length of 400 meters.

The communication and alarm systems were modernized, safety zones were established with concrete barriers and metal bars, and pedestrian crossings were constructed to ensure traffic safety. Besides, Tashkent and Samarkand railway stations were renovated to improve safety and comfort of the passengers.

The passengers of the first Afrosiyob train took part in the opening ceremony of the eighth international music festival Sharq Taronalari in Samarkand. They returned to the capital on the same day.

SHARQ TARONALARI MUSIC FESTIVAL ENDS IN SAMARKAND

South Korean group “Sodo-Sodo” won the Grand Prix of the international music festival Sharq Taronalari. 
 
The eighth international music festival Sharq Taronalari (Oriental Melodies) completed in Samarkand on 30 August. 

This year’s festival, organized since 1997 on the initiative of President Islam Karimov, was attended by artists from 56 countries. 

During one week, they demonstrated their skills at the Registan square, as well as recreation parks Yoshlik and Sugdiyona in Samarkand city and Urgut, Samarkand, Taylak, Pastdargom, Payarykskom and Jambay districts. 

Within the music festival, a scientific conference, exhibitions, art evenings and meetings were held. 

At the closing ceremony of the festival, its participants and guests expressed gratitude to the leadership of Uzbekistan for the high-level organization of this international forum. 

The Grand Prize of the festival was awarded to the South Korean group “Sodo-Sodo”. Musicians from China and Lithuania won the first place, Uzbekistan, Russia and Iran were second, and Turkmenistan, Georgia and Madagascar came third. 

The most active participants of the festival received special UNESCO prizes in various nominations. 

After the awarding, a concert with participation of the winners of the festival and artists of Uzbekistan was demonstrated. 

Deputy Prime Minister of Uzbekistan A.Aripov and hokim of Samarkand region Z.Mirzaev attended the Sharq Taronalari closing ceremony.

RISHAD SABIROV BECOMES TWO TIMES WORLD CHAMPION

Uzbek judoist Rishad Sabirov won a gold medal at the 28th Judo World Championship in Paris, France, becoming two times world champion. 
About 900 athletes from over 130 countries are fighting for the main prize and important rating scores, which give the right to participate in the 30th summer Olympic Games in London in 2012. 

In the 60 kg weight category, 74 athletes are competing. Rishad Sabirov, who deas in the International Judo Federation rating, defended his title of the world champion. 

In the pre-final meetings, he defeated Ludwig Chammartin from Switzerland, Hermann Zungran from Burkina-Faso, Felipe Kitadai from Brazil, Ilgor Mushkiyev from Azerbaijan and Jin Won Kim from South Korea, UzA informs. 


Photo by Anvar Ilyasov 

In the final fight, Sabirov met the winner of the world championships Hiroaki Hiraoka from Japan and defeated him, bringing the first gold to the team of Uzbekistan.

NEW EXHIBITION OPENS AT TEMURIDS MUSEUM

An exhibition devoted to the 20th anniversary of independence of Uzbekistan opened at the State Museum of Temurids History in Tashkent.

The exhibition, titled “Unique treasures of the Temurids epoch in world collections”, demonstrates ancient items, works of craft and paintings from museums of Russia, Turkey, USA, France and Great Britain.

The speakers at the exhibition opening ceremony expressed hope the event would help the visitors, especially young people, to expand their knowledge of history and increase their respect to national values.

LUGLIO

PRESIDENT DECREES ON INCREASING SALARIES, PENSIONS

President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov signed a decree on 7 July on increasing the sizes of the salaries, pensions, stipends and social allowances.

The decree, which aims at increasing the income and the living level of the population, as well as strengthening social support of the citizens, stipulated increasing the minimum salaries, pensions, stipends and allowances by the average 15% from 1 August.

The new size of the minimum salary has been set at 57,200 soums per month, pensions and allowances to the disabled from childhood at 111,875 soums, and the allowances to the elderly and citizens incapable of work without the required work experience at 68,645 soums.

All types of additional payments, including allowances for mothers with children under the age of 2, for families with children, compensational and other payments are also set to increase in accordance with the decree of the head of the state.

PARLIAMENT’S CHAMBERS HOLD JOINT SESSION


The joint session of the Senate and the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan was held on 15 July.

The meeting considered the implementation of the Program of measures taken by the government to deepen democratic market reforms and liberalize the economic, as well as realize the State program “Year of small business and private entrepreneurship”. Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev made a report on the topic.

This session was held in the framework of implementation of the Law “On introducing amendments and addenda to certain articles of the Constitution (articles 78, 80, 93, 96 and 98)”. The law was adopted in accordance with the Concept of deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, presented by President Islam Karimov in his report at the joint session of chambers of Oliy Majlis in November 2010.

The amendments made to the Constitution give the Oliy Majlis the right to hear reports of the Prime Minister on topical issues of socioeconomic development of the country. The joint meeting of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate, as noted by its participants, was the first step in implementing the provisions of the law, becoming an important factor in improving parliamentary control over the activities of the executive authorities on central and local levels, further development of checks and balances mechanism in the government, and enhancing the role of parliament in democratic socioeconomic reforms.

At the session, it was stressed that the government was conducting consistent work to implement the Concept in regard to deepening democratic reforms and economic liberalization. In particular, in the first half of 2011 draft laws “On exchange of credit information”, “On competition” and “On licensing procedures in the field of entrepreneurship” and others were developed and submitted to the parliament. They all address the tasks posed in the Concept to democratize the system of management, eliminate unnecessary barriers to entrepreneurial activity, improve the antitrust laws, promote the active participation of the banking and financial systems in the investment process, and further the country’s progress towards a free market economy.

As a result of implementing the State program “Year of small business and private entrepreneurship”, approved by the President, and other acts of legislation, only in the first half of 2011 more than 22,8000 small business entities were registered. Subjects of small business and private entrepreneurship created 331,200 new jobs. The industrial production volume of small businesses increased by 20.4 percent, while exports and sales of own products through exchanges grew 1.5 times.

In the first half of 2011, the volume of lending by commercial banks of the real sector increased by 38 percent, including small businesses and entrepreneurial – 1.5 times. Only in the second quarter of this year, the amount of government purchases from small businesses made up UZS 44.6 billion, or 89 percent of the total purchases carried out via electronic trading.

At the same time, during an open dialogue and constructive exchange of views, the senators and deputies made a number of comments and suggestions to further improve the efficiency of work of the government and the state management bodies, aimed at solving the tasks of deepening market reforms and developing small businesses and private entrepreneurship.

The members of the parliament highlighted the importance of full implementation of resolutions of the President to reduce checks of the business entities, improve the control over the work of the small business, prevent unlawful interference in their activities, simplify the process of organization and conduction of entrepreneurial activity, increase the participation of small businesses in public procurement and their access to highly liquid products.

They highlighted the need to continue the work to increase the consumer demand in the country as an important factor in ensuring stable economic growth, turning the small business into the main source of income and improvement of living standards, as well as implement the measures foreseen by the Anti-crisis program, deepening social partnership with civil society institutes in realizing the state programs of socioeconomic development in the regions.

A particular attention was drawn to the need to strengthen the government’s achievement of forecast parameters job creation and employment for 2011, and employment of graduates of professional colleges in accordance with their specialties.

The session participants also stressed the need to improve the legislative, control and analytical activities of the parliament’s chambers, their role in ensuring the rule of law, improving law using practice in government operations on central and local levels as the most important condition for realization of socioeconomic reforms.

Following the discussion of the government’s report, a joint decree of the Senate and the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis was passed, which identified a set of measures aimed at fulfillment of the tasks to deepen the democratic market reforms and economic liberalization, as well as provisions of the State program “Year of small business and private entrepreneurship”.

ROUND-TABLE DISCUSSES SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP

Tashkent hosted a round-table dedicated to social partnership and development of civil society, as well as discussion of the bill “On Social Partnership.” It was organized by Ombudsman of Oliy Majlis for Human Rights in cooperation with the OSCE Projects Coordinator in Uzbekistan.

In the Concept of further deepening of democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, President Islam Karimov noted that it was necessary to adopt the law “On Social Partnership” for further development of civil society institutions to strengthen their role in ensuring transparency and efficiency of the reforms.

It is known that social partnership is a special area of public relations that balances the implementation of major socio-economic interests of major sectors of society. An important objective of social partnership is to coordinate and protect the interests of various social strata and facilitate resolution of economic and political problems as well as formation of a strong civil society.

“Uzbekistan pays special attention to strengthening the partnership between state agencies and the private sector and gained relevant experience,” said the OSCE Project Coordinator in Uzbekistan, Istvan Wenzel. “Close interaction of the state, NGOs, business structures is important in addressing social and economic issues, observance of human rights.”

As emphasized by participants of the round-table, during the years of independence Uzbekistan has established a solid legal framework of the partnership. Over 30 laws and regulations were adopted governing this area, which helps speed up the process of democratization and development of civil society and our country’s integration into the global community.

According to the director of the National Human Rights Center of Uzbekistan Akmal Saidov, during the years of independence, our country has formed a national model of social partnership. In our conditions, the state is the initiator of the partnership, creating their legal basis and support for its development.

During the workshop presentations on issues of partnership in the spheres of the socio-economic programs, labor relations, education and legal literacy of the population, the cooperation of the Ombudsman with governmental and nongovernmental organizations were presented.

LEADING CREDIT RATING AGENCIES CONFIRM AUTHORITY OF THE UZBEK BANKING SYSTEM

One of the main factors ensuring stability of the economic system of any country is stability of the credit and banking system. According to experts, the progressively developing national banking sector managed to become one of leaders in the region and ensure stability and dynamic development of the economy.  

The banking system is a key part of any economy. Its perfection influences not only economic development but also the state position on the international arena, the wellbeing of citizens. Banks are among the most regulated organizations and institutions. This is largely due to the role of credit institutions as the blood vessels of the economy both for individual countries and global business. 

Dynamic development of the national banking system is an integral part of the country's economy as a whole. Lending, non-cash payments and transfers are becoming more common services. More and more companies finance their own development at the expense of borrowed funds, thus the total assets of the banking system of the republic in recent years have increased by 2-3 times. More and more banks realize the importance and urgency of getting the rating: one of the most important conditions for improving the bank’s image, strengthening its position in the banking system and increasing credibility with customers and authorities. 

In addition, great significance is given to coordination of credit institutions’ activities on the international scale. Efforts of the Basel Committee and its offices are directed for these purposes. Ultimately, international and domestic rating agencies pursue the same goals, which provide the business community their assessment of businesses, including banks, in the form of ratings, regardless of their nationality. Bank rating is an assessment of its ability to timely and fully meet its obligations (to pay deposits, accrued interest, lend the planned volumes and so forth), while operating profitably. Main principle of rating is an independent, or objective, reflection of the bank along other market participants with particularly prepared financial, statistical and other information that turns into a group of indicators. 

In the inflow of foreign investments in the domestic banking system and growing competition, banks need to increase attractiveness for customers. Today, the most developed segment of the rating of products in Uzbekistan is the bank ratings. This is explained not only with a greater regulation of activity, but also relative accessibility and transparency of the credit reporting agencies, acute public interest generated by the growing diversity of banking products and services. 

The modern banking system of Uzbekistan is one of the youngest. In fact, it is only 20 years old. In accordance with the resolution of the President of Uzbekistan “On priorities for further reforming and improving the stability of the financial and banking system of the republic in 2011-2015 and achieving high international rating indicators” the task to further reform the banking system and achieve the highest international rating of banks, increase financial sustainability and implementation of international standards of assessment and evaluation of banking to Uzbekistan's practice were defined. To this period the competition between banks acquired real shape, and the business needed clear guidance in choosing banks. 

Currently, the three leading rating agencies analyze the banking sector of Uzbekistan, whose ratings are recognized by international financial institutions, namely, Standard & Poor's, Moody’s and Fitch Ratings. 

 In order to introduce a modern system of assessment and analysis of commercial banks and the financial system based on international standards and criteria used by leading international rating agencies, in April and May of 2011 the Central Bank of Uzbekistan jointly with the International rating agencies Standard & Poor's, Moody’s and Fitch Ratings organized workshops and meetings which were attended by experts and analysts of these agencies. In particular, the experts gave an explanation of the methodology of their own credit rating, and shared views on the ongoing reforms in the banking sector of Uzbekistan. 

It should be especially noted that in August, 2011 the international rating agency Moody's has confirmed the forecast of Uzbekistan banking system development as stable. This forecast reflects expectations of Moody's that the country will remain favorable macroeconomic conditions, which will continue to have a positive impact on the banking system, ensuring the inflow of deposits and the increase in demand for loans from borrowers. 

'Stable' outlook for the country's banking system is related to stable forecast of independent financial sustainability ratings of bond and deposits of Uzbek banks. Today, 18 commercial banks, including 3 private banks of the country are considered stably developing by leading international rating agency Fitch Ratings, Moody's and Standard & Poor's. It should be noted that the assets of these banks account for more than 90% of the assets of the banking sector of the country. In addition, the foreign experts underscored that the stability of the financial and banking system of the republic amid the global financial crisis is a clear evidence of reasonableness of the reforms undertaken by the government and the Central Bank.

The banks’ positive outlook creates conditions for domestic banks’ to go in the international market, and also increases the confidence of investors. Rating score is an important signal to potential investors. Today, national banks represent a complete system that actively reinforcing and fuel economic potential of Uzbekistan. Multilateral banking activities facilitate introduction of modern market relations and business development in all spheres of national economies.

UNA NUOVA PAGINA NELLA RIFORMA GIUDIZIARIA

In Uzbekistan si stanno realizzando, a tappe progressive, le riforme relative all’ulteriore rinnovamento democratico del paese e della società, nonché all’ammodernamento del paese. In questo processo una particolare attenzione è assegnata alla liberalizzazione del sistema giudiziario e all’assicurazione dell’autonomia del potere giudiziario.

Dai primi giorni dell’indipendenza del paese una grande importanza fu attribuita alla creazione del potere giudiziario in grado di assicurare la supremazia della legge e la tutela dei diritti costituzionali e degli interessi legittimi di cittadini. Ad esempio, fu effettuata la specializzazione di tribunali ordinari e furono creati tribunali civili e penali permettendo così di aumentare la qualità dell’esercizio di giustizia.

Nel 2010 sono state esaminate più di 291.000 cause civili, l’89,8% di esse sono state sentenziate, di cui il 95,4% è stato accolto.

Nell’attività dei tribunali relativa alle cause penali l’attenzione è focalizzata prevalentemente sull’assicurazione della legalità e della giustizia sociale, sull’adempimento ai compiti che derivano dall’applicazione delle leggi adottate nel corso della riforma giudiziaria.

L’anno scorso rispetto all’anno 2009 il numero di condanne per singoli tipi di reati così come furto, teppismo, rapina e quelli legati al traffico illecito di sostanze narcotiche è diminuito.

Il procedimento dell’esame di cause penali è stato reso più semplice e sono stati ridotti i termini della sua realizzazione. L’introduzione dell’istituto per l’esame di appello di cause penali nel procedimento giudiziario ha offerto più garanzie ai partecipanti al processo giudiziario nella tutela dei diritti e degli interessi. Grazie a un ampio uso nel 2011 dell’istituto di riconciliazione 110 144 persone sono state esentate dalla responsabilità penale. In conformità a questo istituto la persona che ha commesso un atto criminale di non grande pericolo per il pubblico è esente dalla responsabilità penale nel caso in cui si sia riparato il danno arrecato. Nel periodo sopraindicato, nei confronti di 17175 persone che hanno riparato danni materiali per l’importo di 92.000 milioni di som, è stata stabilita una pena diversa dalla privazione della libertà. Nel 2010 il numero di richieste dell’applicazione di misura cautelare in forma della messa agli arresti accolte è diminuito del 19,6% rispetto all’anno 2009.

Un passo in avanti di grande importanza nel processo di ulteriore liberalizzazione del sistema giudiziario è stata l’abolizione nel 2008 della pena capitale in Uzbekistan e l’introduzione della detenzione a vita e a lungo periodo. Non di minore importanza è il nuovo istituto dell’Habeas corpus che prevede il trasferimento del diritto di rilascio dell’autorizzazione per la messa agli arresti come misura cautelare al tribunale. Queste trasformazioni hanno aperto una nuova pagina nello sviluppo democratico del paese comprovando i successi ottenuti sulla via di costruzione di uno stato di diritto e di una società civile forte e basata sui principi di umanità.

Oggi nel paese continua il processo di una riforma profonda di tutti i settori di vita dello stato e della società, incluso quello del potere giuridico. Nel Concetto per l’ulteriore approfondimento delle riforme democratiche e della formazione di una società civile nel paese esposto dal Presidente alla seduta comune delle Camere dell’Olij Mažlis, a novembre dell’anno scorso, è stata proposta una serie di cambiamenti per riformare il sistema giudiziario, tra cui  l’adozione della Legge “Sugli atti regolamentari” e del Codice della Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan sulla responsabilità amministrativa in nuova redazione, della Legge “Sull’attività operativa e investigativa”, degli atti legislativi sulla realizzazione del controllo sull’osservazione della legislazione, sull’assicurazione della supremazia di leggi nell’attività dei poteri pubblici, delle forze dell’ordine, nonché la creazione di un programma di misure multiaspettuale volto al perfezionamento dell’istruzione giuridica nel paese.

È stato proposto di emendare il Codice di Procedura penale della Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan (CPP) per trasmettere ai tribunali i poteri per la destituzione dalla carica e la messa della persona in una struttura di cura medica a cui si può avvalere nella fase dell’istruzione preliminare, permettendo così di ampliare il campo di applicazione dell’istituto “habeas corpus” nel processo penale e rafforzare il controllo giudiziario dell’inchiesta e dell’istruzione preventiva. Come è noto una delle priorità della riforma del sistema giudiziaria nel paese è l’assicurazione di un’efficace tutela dei diritti costituzionali e delle libertà della persona, prima di tutto del diritto di tutela dall’azione penale infondata e dall’interferenza nella vita privata e di immunità personale. Il vantaggio dell’uso di tale misura cautelare per il procedimento giudiziario consiste nel fatto che la decisione di limitare i diritti costituzionali di una persona viene presa dall’organismo indipendente dall’istruttoria e vigilanza di procuratore, che corrisponde a pieno titolo alla Costituzione del paese, ai principi generalmente riconosciuti e alle regole legali internazionali che stabiliscono la saldezza dei diritti e delle libertà di una persona e che nessuno ha diritto di privarglielo e limitarli.

Inoltre, si propone di introdurre emendamenti all’articolo 439 del CPP secondo cui la funzione di pronunciare verdetto di condanna sulla causa nel tribunale di prima istanza sarà affidato esclusivamente al procuratore. La necessità di introdurre tale norma alla legislazione vigente è condizionata dal fatto che attualmente la funzione di pronunciare il verdetto di condanna all’udienza del tribunale non è assegnata in modo esplicito al pubblico ministero (procuratore). Di conseguenza sovente i giudici pronunciano il verdetto di condanna loro stessi, cosa che non corrisponde alle funzioni e alla destinazione del tribunale, dato che secondo la legislazione nazionale non è dalla parte di accusa o di difesa e non esprime i loro interessi. L’introduzione di questa norma permetterà di mantenere l’obiettività e imparzialità del tribunale, creerà le condizioni necessarie per l’adempimento agli obblighi processuali dalle parti e per la realizzazione dei diritti a loro concessi.

In questa chiave si può leggere la proposta di escludere dall’art. 321 del CPP i poteri del tribunale che permettono di intentare cause penali, considerando che nelle sue funzioni rientra una valutazione della legittimità obiettiva e della fondatezza dell’imputazione presentata alla persona. E quindi nel caso del luogo a procedere il tribunale diventa partecipante all’azione penale, dato che compie un’azione processuale il chè non corrisponde alla sua principale destinazione, ovvero la realizzazione della giustizia.

Questi emendamenti della legislazione proposte dal Presidente dell’Uzbekistan definiscono la successiva tappa del perfezionamento del sistema giudiziario nel paese e contribuiranno alla realizzazione del principio “Riforme non per le riforme ma per l’uomo”.

LO SVILUPPO DEI MEZZI DI COMUNICAZIONE ELETTRONICI NON GOVERNATIVI È UN FATTORE IMPORTANTE DELLA FORMAZIONE DELLA SOCIETÀ CIVILE

Il decreto del Presidente Islam Karimov del 6 aprile 2011, “Sulla preparazione e la celebrazione del ventesimo anniversario dell’indipendenza della Repubblica di Uzbekistan”, cita che la grande data storica, il Giorno dell'Indipendenza della Repubblica dell’Uzbekistan, 1° settembre, di grande importanza per la vita socio-politica e spirituale, viene celebrato ogni anno  con grande gioia, come il giorno più caro al Popolo.

Nel corso degli anni di Indipendenza sono state attuate le riforme radicali volte alla democratizzazione in tutti gli ambiti e alla formazione di una forte Società Civile.

Una delle sue Istituzioni più importanti sono i Mass Media, comprese quelle non governative.

Istituita sette anni fa, l'Associazione Nazionale delle Mass Media Elettroniche (NAESMI) consolida gli sforzi delle Stazioni Tele e Radio private, al fine di promuovere le trasformazioni democratiche su larga scala effettuate in Uzbekistan e contribuisce alla creazione del mercato moderno televisivo nel Paese.

I Mass Media devono affrontare i problemi di fondamentale importanza che hanno maggiore rilevanza per la fase attuale di sviluppo della nostra Società. E’ molto importante il fatto che nel concetto vengono individuate concrete misure per migliorare la Legislazione in questo settore, nonché un ulteriore promozione e sostegno dei Media, il rafforzare la loro indipendenza economica ed autonomia.

Conformemente a ciò, nel febbraio 2011 NAESMI ha adottato un programma speciale che ha istituito gruppi di lavoro tra i Direttori, i Caporedattori ed i Giornalisti delle Televisioni Private. Attualmente i Rappresentanti dell'Associazione partecipano nei gruppi di lavoro in qualità di esperti, preparando un disegno di legge "Sulle trasmissioni radiofoniche e televisive", "Sulla trasparenza delle autorità pubbliche", "Sui fondamenti economici delle attività dei media", "Sulle garanzie del sostegno dello Stato ai media” e altri regolamenti riguardanti l’ambito dei Media.

Tra gli obiettivi posti nel concetto c’è l'ulteriore sviluppo del Pluralismo, che rappresenta un Indicatore di Democrazia. Alla fine dell'anno scorso, le reti televisive regionali e stazioni radio e reti televisive UzNTT hanno iniziato a trasmettere un talk show e altri programmi, con la partecipazione di Parlamentari, di esperti e rappresentanti dei Mahallas, dei Partiti, con il pubblico per discutere le Nuove Iniziative avviate dal Presidente del nostro Paese. Il principale compito è consolidare i diversi settori della Società per raggiungere gli obiettivi di democratizzazione e di modernizzazione.

Un altro importante punto individuato nel programma di sviluppo NAESMI è l'empowerment economico delle TV regionali e stazioni radio, basato principalmente sulla possibilità di garantire la loro indipendenza finanziaria.

Ad oggi, i membri del NAESMI hanno ricevuto dall’Associazione attrezzature per il valore di 1 miliardo e 250 milioni di soums.

La prima Stazione Televisiva privata in Uzbekistan è stata creata nel 1991, quasi subito dopo l'ottenimento dell’Indipendenza.

Nell'aprile 2004, unendo le 50 TV private e le stazioni radio, è stato istituito il NAESMI.

Così, se nel 1994 erano operativi 31 mezzi di comunicazione non governative in forma elettronica, entro il 2011 il loro numero sarà di circa 100, di cui 34 tv e 31 radio. Complessivamente circa il 85 per cento dei media elettronici nel Paese (televisione, radio, web e agenzie di stampa) sono privati, e la maggior parte di loro sono i membri del NAESMI.

L’Associazione sin dai primi giorni della sua attività promuove attivamente lo sviluppo di Cooperazione Internazionale, prima di tutto in materia di formazione sulle norme internazionali, nonché la creazione di televisioni e radio a livello mondiale dei mass media elettronici. Esperti stranieri vedono la crescita professionale del personale della televisione privata in Uzbekistan.

L'anno scorso NAESMI ha firmato un Memorandum di Cooperazione con la Fondazione Konrad Adenauer (Germania), nell’ambito di cui è stato possibile attuare una serie di progetti molto interessanti. Quest'anno il lavoro comune verrà continuato.

In collaborazione con Organizzazioni Internazionali quali OMS, UNESCO, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, la Società Tedesca per la Cooperazione Internazionale (GIZ), ADB, la Banca Mondiale, nonché con il sostegno del Ministero della Salute dell’Uzbekistan, la UzNTT trasmetterà un nuovo programma dedicato alla promozione di uno stile di vita sano. Insieme con l'UNICEF, in collaborazione con la Fondazione “Forum della Cultura e delle Arti dell’Uzbekistan” e il Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione dell’Uzbekistan, vengono creati programmi educativi per bambini. L'OSCE garantisce un costante supporto tecnico per i nostri progetti.

L’Uzbekistan sta andando avanti coerentemente sulla strada di costruzione di uno Stato Democratico e Giuridico e di una Società Civile.

I Mass Media che plasmano l'opinione pubblica e che promuovono l’attiva partecipazione della popolazione alle riforme svolgono un ruolo importante nella dinamica espansione dei cambiamenti positivi.

I compiti fissati dal Presidente Islam Karimov, nel concetto di un ulteriore approfondimento delle riforme democratiche e della formazione della società civile nel Paese, concentrano l’attività dei media nazionali, tra cui l'Associazione Nazionale dei media elettronici, sullo sviluppo ancora più attivo della loro attività, al fine di un ulteriore rinnovamento democratico di tutte le sfere della nostra società.

NEW GENERATION ROADS

200-250 km of roads renovated annually in the country

Having advantageous geographical location, Uzbekistan wields one of the most extensive and advanced transportation and transit networks. Annually, road builders reconstruct approximately 200-250 kilometers of roads, undertake major repairs of 1,500-2,000 km of them. 

National and international experts note the cargo and passenger flows from Asia to Europe, the Middle East allow country to be an active participant in international transit relationships. In addition, the access to major ports and transport hubs enable domestic companies to export their products in neighboring states, as well as on other continents. 

This year, the development of the national transportation system received special emphasis. President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov has approved an agreement on the establishment of an international transport and transit corridor between the governments of Iran, Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, signed April 25, 2011, in Ashgabat, (Ashgabat Agreement). 

Uzavtoyul, the national motor road construction company is taking lots of measures to improve transport and transit networks and bring them to the level of international standards. For the maintenance, development and improvement of roads, the company runs 13 regional territorial road maintenance organizations, 7 regional specialized maintenance companies for roads of international and national significance, 161 district contractor enterprises for repair and operational maintenance of road infrastructure, a road research institute and other specialized contracting and construction and service companies. In general, the length of roads with cement concrete and asphalt surface in Uzbekistan, as compared with 1991, has increased by 1,873 km, with macadam by 542 km, with gravel surface by 421 km while the length of unpaved roads decreased by 746 km. 

Road builders have new challenges ahead. In 2012-2015 the national road company have scheduled the construction and reconstruction of the 2,306 kilometers of roads, said Vahid Agzamov, head of department at Uzavtoyul. In particular, these include construction and reconstruction of 1,008 kilometers of roads on Beyneu-Kungrad-Navoi-Bukhoro-Samarqand-Tashkent-Andijon line, construction of a transport interchange at the intersection of the Guliston-Ohangaron bypass road and Qorasuv-Buka-Bekobod highway. 

Facts and Figures \ Road Construction 
Over the past 19 years, Uzbekistan has built and redesigned more than 3,722 kilometers of new roads of international and national significance. 600-700 billion soums is allocated annually on the development and improvement of roads.

POWER OF OPEN HEARTS

SISF and Fund Forum develop socially oriented energy
The modern development of electric power engineering in Uzbekistan is connected not only with the growth of traditional generating facilities, but also to a greater extent with the work in the field of renewable energy. And it’s not just because the alternative energy represents the future. Today they offer the chance to improve power supply in remote rural areas, thereby improving the overall social situation in the regions.

One of the most successful initiatives, which could successfully combine the introduction of renewable energy sources (RES) and social orientation, is the ‘Alternative energy sources for the support of the social sector’ charity project implemented by the Fund Forum and Social Initiatives Support Fund (SISF). It aims to widespread adoption of renewable energy by installing modular systems running on solar and wind energy at the farms and small objects of social significance. As a part of the project, 10 pilot social facilities such as rural medical stations, craft shops, farms in the remote areas were selected. Then the wind power equipment was installed there.

“Our rural medical station installed a 1 kW wind power plant and a 500 Watt solar module for the uninterrupted functioning of medical equipment,” says Usarboy Suleymanov, the chief medical officer of Kushtamgali rural medical station of Koshrabad district of Samarqand region. “Certainly have we taken into account the technical features of medical equipment and mounted a special power converter for power-drop-sensitive machinery. It ensured the round-the-clock provision of the residents of our village with qualified medical care in accordance to the modern standards.”

Successful project results show that such initiatives should be implemented all across the republic. According to the organizers, they are already working on this issue. In the future, the large-scale work in this direction will not only help switch to clean energy painlessly, but also solve the problem of delivering the energy to remote rural areas, increase the level of energy use on farms, and thus improve their productivity and efficiency, as well as improve the water supply through construction of deep wells and the use of electric pumps.

Prospects / RES development

UZBEKENERGO installed a 40 meters high anemometric antenna measuring wind parameters nearby Charvak water reservoir to gain the experience in the use of wind turbines.

UZBEK WRESTLING KURASH INCLUDED IN ASIAN GAMES

Uzbek wrestling kurash has been included in the program of the Asian Games. This was announced at the 30th session of the General Assembly of the Olympic Council of Asia.

At the press conference titled “Uzbek sport: kurash on the way to the Olympiad” held in Tashkent, president of the International Kurash Association K.Yusupov, minister for culture and sport T.Kuziyev and others participated.

They said kurash was receiving wide development under the leadership of President Islam Karmov, who is the honorary president of the International Kurash Association.

Kurash, with a history of three centuries, reached the new level of development during the eyars of independence of Uzbekistan. On the President’s initiative, Kurash Federation was created in the country. International federations and kurash support and development funds were also set up.

This national sport is today expanding presence in the whole world. Kurash confederations exist in Asia, Europe, America, Africa and Oceania, uniting more than 100 member countries.

In accordance with the OCA decision, kurash has been included in the program of the fourth Asian martial arts games of 2013 in South Korea. Representatives of more than 40 countries will participate in kurash competitions.

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