01/05/10 Bollettino d'informazione (aprile 2010)

pubblicato 09 feb 2012, 05:19 da Admin Website   [ aggiornato in data 14 feb 2012, 03:55 ]

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AMBASCIATA DELLA REPUBBLICA DELL’UZBEKISTAN IN ITALIA

Bollettino d’informazione
(aprile 2010)

 

ROMA

 

Contenuto

  1. PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN COMPLETES VISIT TO RUSSIA
  2. PRESIDENT RECEIVES SCO PARTICIPATING STATES’ SECURITY COUNCIL HEADS
  3. UN SECRETARY GENERAL VISITS UZBEKISTAN
  4. UZBEKISTAN RENDERS HUMANITARIAN AID TO KYRGYZSTAN – REPORT
  5. UZBEKISTAN’S ANTI-CRISIS EXPERIENCE CONSIDERED
  6. UZBEK-MALAYSIAN BUSINESS FORUM HELD
  7. THE ROGUN RESERVOIR IN TAJIKISTAN CAN PROVOKE AN EARTHQUAKE
  8. FESTIVAL OF CULTURES AND CUSTOMS
  9. ECHO OF AGES ALONG THE AMUDARYO

PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN COMPLETES VISIT TO RUSSIA

President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov has been on official visit in Russia on 19-20 April at the invitation of President Dmitriy Medvedev. 

Major part of events started in the Kremlin on 20 April with the meeting of Islam Karimov and Dmitriy Medvedev in tet-a-tet format. During the talks, the sides exchanged views on advancement of Uzbek-Russian relations, expansion of cooperation in the framework of international organizations, on regional and international issues of common interest, including the mitigation and overcoming the global financial and economic downturn. 

Interaction with Russia in Uzbekistan’s foreign policy, as well as relations with Uzbekistan in Russia’s foreign policy, is of particular magnitude. Contemporary cooperation is premised on Strategic Partnership Treaty between the two nations signed in 2004, and the one on Allied Relations reached in 2005. 

Delegations of various levels have frequently been exchanged. The regular Uzbek-Russian intergovernmental joint commission convened this past March. 

Ministries of foreign affairs, external trade, and defense of the two countries regularly hold mutual negotiations and consultations. 

Uzbekistan and Russia actively interact in the framework of international and regional organizations such as the United Nations, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and Commonwealth of Independent States. These ties serve to bolster the security and stability in the area, and promote regional integration processes. The two nations cooperate also in efforts to help stabilize the situation in Afghanistan. 

During the talks, Islam Karimov and Dmitriy Medvedev focused on the development of trade and economic as well as humanitarian cooperation. Russia is Uzbekistan’s reliable political, economic and investment partner. One fifths of Uzbek foreign trade accounts for the Russian Federation. Extensive contacts are established in the sphere of humanitarian cooperation that covers public and higher education, culture, healthcare, travel industry and other areas. 

Similarity and harmony of views and positions of the two Presidents with regard to ways of advancing the mutual relations, on regional and international issues, as well as the friendship between our peoples are key to enhancing the cooperation. The relations are premised on 276 agreements at different levels. 

Issues concerning rational use of water and energy resources in Central Asia have been discussed during the meeting. The leaders insisted that construction of hydroelectric stations on trans-border rivers of the region be coordinated with neighboring countries and that such projects be subject to an independent international expert assessment. 

Presidents Karimov and Medvedev continued negotiations in an expanded format with the participation of official delegations of Uzbekistan and Russia. 

The ongoing global economic slowdown notwithstanding, the volume of bilateral trade amounted to nearly USD 4.5 billion in 2009. Uzbekistan’s export to Russia includes natural gas, agricultural products, transport and communication services, vehicles, textiles. Cars produced in Uzbekistan have enjoyed a decent demand in Russia. This fact underscores the growing share of competitive industrial products with high added value in foreign trade. Uzbekistan imports non-ferrous and ferrous metals, mechanical and electrical equipment, wood and woodworking products from Russia. 

The increasing number of Uzbek-Russian joint ventures backs the argument in favor of dynamic growth in investment cooperation. In particular, 843 such enterprises operate currently in Uzbekistan. In addition, 135 Russian companies opened their offices in the country. In Russia, 385 joint businesses are created with Uzbek partners. 

Presidents Karimov and Medvedev agreed that the above-mentioned figures hardly reflect the full capacities of the two nations. Uzbekistan and Russia boast enormous potential for further expansion of trade-economic and investment cooperation. There exists an ample room for interaction among companies from the two countries in a number of industries of the manufacturing sector. 

In addition, further expansion of cooperation in cultural and humanitarian spheres has been examined in the course of negotiations. Interactions have been fruitful also in the area of public and higher education, healthcare, science and technologies. 

In October 2009, Uzbekturizm national company and Russia’s Tourist Corporation inked an interagency agreement intended to uphold interaction in travel industry. The document provides for an extensive involvement of Uzbekistan’s tourist potential in Russia and the increased flow of travelers. 

Presidents of Uzbekistan and Russia signed a joint statement. 

Agreements penned include the memorandum of mutual understanding in the promotion of the program of activities in the sphere of military-technical cooperation for 2010-2012 between the two governments; protocol on the organization of experiment on mutual preliminary report between the State Customs Committee of Uzbekistan and the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation; and program of cooperation in cultural and humanitarian sphere for 2010-2012. 

At a meeting with mass media, the two leaders stressed that the talks passed in open and friendly atmosphere and that the deals reached would facilitate progress in bilateral relations. 

“The visit constitutes a good chance to single out new priorities for advancing the mutual interaction, for reinvigorating the unrealized potential to a full extent,” Islam Karimov suggested. “Uzbekistan highly appreciates its ties with Russia. These relations serve the interests of the two nations and help consolidate security and stability in Central Asia as a whole.” 

“The talks have confirmed that both Russia and Uzbekistan are interested in an extensive growth in cooperation,” Dmitriy Medvedev held. “We have exchanged views on economic issues. We agreed to keep on with all-embracing interaction in energy, aviation, engineering, telecommunications and many other areas. The visit is going to help further reinforce the principal dimensions of cooperation and reveal its new capacities.”

President Islam Karimov met with head of Russian government Vladimir Putin. Encouragement of trade and economic, cultural and humanitarian cooperation as well as other issues of common interest has been discussed at the meeting with prime minister. 

Analysts suggest there is every reason to believe that the visit has reiterated the interest of the parties in enlarging the scope of interaction, in exploring new prospects for cooperation.



PRESIDENT RECEIVES SCO PARTICIPATING 
STATES’ SECURITY COUNCIL HEADS

On April 23 this year at the Oksaroy Residence in Tashkent the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov received the Shanghai Cooperation Organization participating states’ security council secretaries, as well as the SCO Secretary-General M.Imanaliev and Director of the Tashkent-based Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) D.Jumanbekov. 

President said he was confident of the high level of interaction achieved in such areas of the SCO activity as elaboration and implementation of the policy measures in terms of ensuring regional security on the multilateral basis, in the joint coordination of which the role of security councils of this respected international organization’s participating states is very important, according to such report by the Uzbekistan National News Agency. 

Speaking of the increasing authority and significance of the SCO efforts in the current terms, President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov has underscored its growing role in addressing the problems of regional and global security, counteracting the international terrorism, separatism and extremism – labeled as the “three evils”, drug trafficking and other threats and challenges in the strategically important region of Central Asia. 

In 2004 Uzbekistan initiated the notion of holding the meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization participating states’ security council secretaries. Such idea has then turned into an important mechanism of elaboration of concerted measures and efforts in terms of providing for peace and stability in the regional context. 

The April 23-meeting at the Oksaroy came on the eve of the SCO forthcoming summit in Tashkent due on June 10-11 this year. Reasoned by this fact, the partakers of the Oksaroy meeting considered the prospects of raising the effectiveness of mechanisms of decisionmaking by various structures of the Organization. 

They have noted a remarkable significance of the constructive exchange of views in terms of improving interaction of the Organization’s participating states on many outstanding directions of regional development, especially, in the context of cooperation with corresponding counter-terrorism bodies of the United Nations on the basis of the Joint Declaration signed on April 5 this year in Tashkent between the SCO and UN Secretariats. 

During the Oksaroy meeting in Tashkent the guests have sincerely thanked the Uzbek Leader for a warm welcome. At the same time, they underscored a special significance of the efforts being taken on the part of Uzbek leadership on making the SCO more active in many spheres of regional cooperation during its chairmanship in the Organization for this year.

UN SECRETARY GENERAL VISITS UZBEKISTAN


Secretary General of the United Nations Organization Ban Ki-Moon arrived in Uzbekistan on 4 April. The high guest visited the Republic of Karakalpakstan, where he got acquainted with the environmental situation in the Aral Sea area. In the second half of the day, Ban Ki-Moon arrived in the capital of Uzbekistan, Tashkent. On the same day an official reception took places on behalf of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to honor the UN Secretary General. The following is the text of the address by the President of Uzbekistan at the reception:        

“It gives me an enormous satisfaction to welcome you, dear Secretary General, and a high-profile delegation of the United Nations Organization on the ancient and hospitable land of Uzbekistan, and express in your person a deep respect to the Organization led by You.

In Uzbekistan we know You as a prominent international statesman, active and consistent supporter of promoting the idea of a non-nuclear world, tackling the social, environmental and other global problems.

I would like to especially underscore that thanks to Your broad knowledge and rich experience of international activity, You do enjoy a deserved authority and recognition throughout the world community. This is the very reason why Uzbekistan was among the first states which unambiguously supported Your candidature to the post of UN Secretary General.

Your first visit to Central Asia and the Republic of Uzbekistan in the role of the United Nations head provides an excellent opportunity to have a closer view to the unfolding situation in the region and exchange opinions on the acute and disturbing outstanding problems.

In Uzbekistan we perceive the United Nations to be the sole universal international institution to support the global security and stability, the unique organization to address many complex interstate problems.

One can say without exaggeration that all over the world the millions of people set great hopes on the United Nations in terms of resolving contemporary threats and challenges, i.e. eliminating misery, poverty and diseases, combating drug trade and drug trafficking, countering devastating climate change on our planet, settling conflicts ongoing in many regions, searching for the ways of the soonest resolution of the ongoing financial-economic crisis and ensuring sustainable development of the world economy.

We highly value Your initiative to pay a personal visit to the area adjacent to the Aral Sea and thus to draw the attention of the world community to one of the global ecological catastrophes of modernity.

The Aral Sea disaster which caused huge sufferings mainly to Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan stands as one of the evidences of fatal consequences of the climate change, as well as ecological and water imbalance in the region, progressing decrease of the area of glaciers on the Pamir and Tien-Shan mountains, where the significant part of watercourses of the main rivers in the region, i.e. Amudarya and Syrdarya, are formed.

The region around the Aral Sea is being inexorably seized by ever expanding desert.

For over the past 50 years the Aral Sea water area shrunk for more than four times, the water volume decreased for ten times, and for as much as its mineralization has grown.

Both this region around the drying up sea and the territories far beyond its boundaries are located in the zone of a permanent environmental risk impacted by the factors that negatively influence the quality of life, health and the gene pool of the local population.

No doubt that it is impossible to resolve the outstanding social and economic problems of the population in the Aral Sea basin without joint efforts and close cooperation with the United Nations.

I am convinced that Your travel to the Aral Sea zone raises a great hope in the society of Uzbekistan in matters related to tackling many acute environmental and social problems.

Certainly, in the course of Your visit we will also have an opportunity to thoroughly exchange views on the issues of regional security. Uzbekistan and the United Nations have accumulated sufficient experience of constructive interaction in this sphere.  Today, one of the serious problems both in terms of ensuring the regional and global security remains to be the long-standing and bloody conflict in Afghanistan.

With an aim of soonest resolution of this problem Uzbekistan has initiated creation of the Contact Group “6+3” under aegis of the United Nations, which includes the neighbors of Afghanistan, the United States, Russia and NATO. We hope for Your, Mr. Secretary General, comprehensive support of this proposal.

We believe that there is no military way of the Afghan settlement. The path to the peace lays through social and economic revival of the country, achievement of domestic consensus and accord, and creation of favorable international conditions for this aim.

For this it is necessary to address the acute problems of eliminating poverty and misery, provide for respectful treatment of all ethnic and religious groups, ancient history and culture of Afghanistan, exclude the inadmissible neglect of customs, traditions and religion of Islam professed by the local population.

Uzbekistan, as a friendly neighbor of Afghanistan, has already been rendering a broad-scale assistance to reach these objectives. In particular, our country with support of international financial institutions is implementing the projects on construction of transport communications, supplies the Afghan population electricity and transports considerable volumes of humanitarian aid.

In conclusion, I would like to emphasize that Uzbekistan and the United Nations have rather rich and perspective agenda of cooperation, and we hope for further fruitful and effective interaction”.

 

UZBEKISTAN RENDERS HUMANITARIAN AID TO KYRGYZSTAN – REPORT 

On the initiative of President Islam Karimov the Government of Uzbekistan rendered a gratuitous humanitarian aid to the Kyrgyz Republic, according to the report by the Uzbekistan National News Agency. 

On April 24 this year from the railway station “Savay” of the Kurghantepa District of the Andijan Province the Government of Uzbekistan sent the humanitarian aid to the neighboring country. 

According to the report, the humanitarian aid included 30 tons of flour, 200 tons of mineral fertilizers, 150 tons of cement, construction materials, clothing, medicinal treatment tools, medicinal inventory, and many other stuff. 

Such humanitarian gesture on the part of the Government has been frankly supported by the Uzbek people, the report indicated. 

“Our ancestors lived side by side, engaged in land farming on the adjacent territories of land,” the chairman of the Kurghantepa District Department of Nuroniy Foundation Mamasoli Siddikov said. “Therefore, rendering humanitarian aid to Kyrgyzstan is quite natural and we support it.” 

Also, the humanitarian aid to Kyrgyzstan speaks about the solid friendship of the two people. 

“From the ancient times our peoples have been linked with friendly relations,” Deputy Minister for Emergency Situations of the Kyrgyz Republic Muhammed Kasymaliev said. “Uzbekistan was one of the first to have offered a hand of help to Kyrgyzstan. We are profoundly grateful to the President and Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan for that.”

UZBEKISTAN’S ANTI-CRISIS EXPERIENCE CONSIDERED

An international conference on the “Efficiency of anti-crisis programs and priorities of post-crisis development (example of Uzbekistan)” was held in Tashkent on 12 April.

Over 400 state and public figures, businesses and experts from 46 countries, as well as representatives of international organizations and financial institutions, including the UN and its structures, the IMF, the World Bank, the ADB, the IDB, EurAsEC, etc., participated in the forum.

President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov sent a greeting to the participants of the conference, in which he touched upon the anti-crisis measures undertaken in the country.

Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Rustam Azimov said the implementation of the “Uzbek model” of continuous reforms, as well as timely and thoroughly developed anti-crisis measures had allowed ensuring macroeconomic stability and stable economic growth in the country.

Uzbekistan has taken necessary measures for stable and uninterrupted work of the national economy, all financial institutes and industrial sectors. Despite the slowdown in the world economy, the country continues implementing wide-scale structural reforms and increasing production and exports.

The Anti-Crisis Program for 2009-2012, outlined in the book of the President “The world financial and economic crisis, ways and measures for its overcoming in Uzbekistan”, was a logical continuation of the policy of deep transformations in the country.

The main directions of the Anti-Crisis Program are supporting budget, financial, banking and credit systems, the real sector, a well as modernizing and technological renewal of the production for increasing its competitiveness on internal and foreign markets.

These measures have allowed in the past two years to double the cumulative capital of commercial banks. Measures were taken to reduce the tax burden for economic entities. Local exporters have received an unprecedented support, which has led to increased exports in 2009.
A particular attention was paid to stimulating small business, which currently produces almost 50% of the country’s GDP, as well as strengthening the farms.

The successful implementation of the Anti-Crisis Program minimized the negative consequences of the world crisis and ensured GDP growth of 8.1% last year.


The representatives of the international institutions and foreign businessmen gave a high evaluation to the results of the economic reforms in Uzbekistan and measures to overcome the economic crisis.

ADB Vice-President Xiaoyu Zhao in his speech said that Uzbekistan was implementing a unique program, which included effective economic policy in the pre-crisis period, measures to soften the crisis influence, as well as further progress in the post-crisis period.

World Bank country manager in Uzbekistan Loup Brefort spoke about macroeconomic consequences of the global crisis for the states of Central Asia. He said the diversification of the economy and stimulation of the banking system helped to reduce the negative impact of the world crisis on the national economy.

President of Korean Air company Chi Chang Hun said one example of effectiveness of the Uzbek reforms was creation of the free industrial and economic zone in Navoi region. The upgrade of the Navoi international airport carries huge perspectives for creation of the modern Silk Road, which will link Europe, India, China and South-East Asia.

US Ambassador in Tashkent Richard Norland said Uzbekistan was an attractive market for the American investors. The number of US businesses cooperating with Uzbekistan is growing from year to year. Measures to protect foreign investments in Uzbekistan are a guarantee of their further active flow in the country’s economy, the diplomat noted.

UZBEK-MALAYSIAN BUSINESS FORUM HELD

 21 April 2010

The forum of business circles of Uzbekistan and Malaysia opened in Tashkent in Wednesday.

The event has been organized by the Commerce and Industry Chamber of Uzbekistan in cooperation with Malaysian People’s Trust Fund (Majlis Amanah Rakyat, MARA) and International Business Women Association.

The representatives of sectors like trade, investments, healthcare, applied art, food industry, transport and transport communications, chemicals, furniture, tourism and others are participating in the forum.

The trade and economic cooperation between Uzbekistan and Malaysia has been developing consistently. The state visit of President Islam Karimov to Malaysia in October 2005 helped raise bilateral relations on a higher level.

The business forum participants will get acquainted with the reforms in Uzbekistan, the privatization process, priority sectors for investments and other issues.

“Malaysia highly values cooperation with Uzbekistan,” Dato Otman bin Haji Ahmad, head of entrepreneurship support department of MARA, said. “This forum should help expand and strengthen economic cooperation between the two countries.”

In the framework of the business forum, a cooperation exchange was held between the companies of Uzbekistan and Malaysia.

THE ROGUN RESERVOIR IN TAJIKISTAN CAN PROVOKE AN EARTHQUAKE

Rogun reservoir in Tajikistan can provoke a strong earthquake, according to Bakhodir Sitdikov, Doctor of geologic-mineralogical sciences, Senior researcher of  the Institute of Geology and Exploration of Oil and Gas Fields  under the “Uzbekneftegaz” National holding company. In his view there many facts that support his argument. 

"Chinese and American scientists have new evidence indicating that the disastrous earthquake in Chinese Sichuan province in 2008 was triggered by the reservoir created four years ago, as a result of which more than 80 thousand people died and went missing. The earthquake was caused by the overweight of 320 million tons of water which exerted pressure on the tectonic faults. 750 million dollars were spent to create the dam. It is noteworthy that in 2001, when the dam was only beginning to be erected, expert Li Yukai warned the Chinese authorities that they underestimate the risk of a major earthquake ", said B.Sitdikov.

He also said that there were many other examples where human activity intensified tectonic movements and caused an earthquake. They were mainly associated with the accumulation of large masses of water in reservoirs or pumping it into injection wells.

All this suggests that the construction and operation of reservoirs are definitely accompanied by earthquakes, and the larger is the reservoir the greater is the risk of strong earthquakes. The Rogun reservoir being constructed in Tajikistan is classified as large. This has not been considered properly in drafting the construction and the evaluation of seismic hazard", emphasized the Uzbek scientist. In his view, only previously registered weak seismic events were used there.

It was not also taken into account that the whole Vakhsh Valley is saturate subject to numerous "live" tectonic faults with amplitude of the displacement of blocks could reach 1000 meters. All this suggests that the construction of Rogun can trigger major earthquakes with horrific consequences for the Tajik people. And not only for them, but also the peoples of neighboring countries ", summed up Dr. Sitdikov.

FESTIVAL OF CULTURES AND CUSTOMS

Tashkent has hosted the 8th Festival of Cultural Traditions and National Cuisine among diplomatic missions accredited in Uzbekistan.

The Reception House of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan has again brought together representatives of various nations and cultures, meeting them to the sounds of karnays and surnays (Uzbek national musical wind instruments), the exposition of products of the national applied art, and certainly, the table rich with various national meals which could only be observed but tasted as well. 

Approximately thirty embassies and cultural centers represented the whole beauty of their traditions and habits. Tables full of dainty dishes one could say with confidence that the representatives of diplomatic missions have done their best.

As the director of Lal Bahadur Shastri Center for Indian Culture Dr. Nasir Raza Khan noted, the Embassy and Cultural Center of India is the regular participants of the festival. “This time together with our national dishes we decided to exhibit our national musical instruments. The events of this kind are the right opportunity to exchange news, opinions with other people. I do like to take part in this festival, to get acquainted with various persons, and no less important aspect – to feel at ease while communicating.”

Abundance of meals was replaced with musical programs presented by representatives of cultural centers. 

The First Secretary of the Embassy of Japan in Uzbekistan Tsuyoshi Kurihara shared his impressions with UT correspondent: “This is my first participation in this festival, and frankly speaking, I did not expect such a scale.  Working in Uzbekistan I have got huge impressions – bewitching country, gorgeous architecture of ancient towns. I would like to note about Uzbek people. They are so friendly and smiling.” Telling about the festival itself, Mr. Tsuyoshi Kurihara marked that such occasion was the most successful way to bring together people and establish relations. 

The official from of the Embassy of Germany in Uzbekistan Olga Nowak emphasized that special gratitude should be expressed to women representing diplomatic corps, who served such beautiful tables for participants and guests of the festival. “The most fruitful communication gets happened around the well-served tables, therefore this event is the good opportunity for dialoguing, acquainting, exchanging culinary secrets, and undoubtedly, for strengthening ties between nation,” she said. 

The next day of the festival was hosted by the Uzbek National Academic Theater of Drama where the audience had the opportunity to see the bright cultural program including songs and dances of various nations. The Uzbek pop stars were also performed within the concert. The awarding ceremony crowned the second day of the festival where diplomas and keepsake presents were given to all participants of the 8th Festival of Cultural Traditions and National Cuisine.

ECHO OF AGES ALONG THE AMUDARYO 
TRADITIONAL FESTIVAL LOOKING FORWARD TO GUESTS

In a few days time, Fund Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan is to hold one of its major projects - the third festival of traditional culture Asrlar Sadosi (Echo of the Ages). This time around the event is to take place in Ichankala, a historical monument in the ancient Khiva. 

Every year the festival holds in various regions of the country, in historical and cultural centers in the format of street festivities. This year it is Ichan Qal’a’s turn, because this place is considered the center for many traditional forms of the Uzbek art, where the ancient traditions of the people on various types of national crafts are passed on from generation to generation. Any of towns managed to preserve till our days the whole part of the settlement such as Ichan Qal’a in Khiva, considering the historical-architectural preserve, gives the idea about the medieval Central Asian town. Khiva is the genuine outdoor museum.  

It is expected that the coming festival is going to be a true holiday of art which will include street festivities, performances of folklore ensembles, the fair of decorative applied art, national games and others events. People will the opportunity to see fights of polvons (wrestlers) in the national wrestlingkurash as well as to taste best masterpieces by leading chefs during the contest of national cuisine. Designers and modelers will represent the collections in the festival of national dress. 

The colloquium on the theme Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan: Art of Calligraphy and Architectural Epigraphy, and presentation of the book Samples of the Eastern Calligraphy and the Art of Miniature published by the Fund Forum will be organized within the project. Furthermore, the program of the festival includes lectures and master-classes by the national academics-archeologists, Doctors of History V. Yagodin and M. Mambetullayev. The major gala-concert will crown the festival.

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