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25 anni dell'Indipendenza dell'Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan issues series of postage stamps to commemorate 25th anniversary of independence

posted 21 Sept 2016, 10:18 by Webmaster Ambasciata

In the framework of the events dedicated to the 25th anniversary of Independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Joint-stock company "Uzbekiston pochtasi" has prepared, and the Ministry for development of information technologies and communications of the Republic of Uzbekistan has put into circulation a series of postage stamps of a special issue.

The stamps depict modern architectural buildings which were built in the years of independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the development of industry and engineering, as well as the economy, health, sports and education.

The coupon has the monument of the Happy mother depicted in it, which is an integral part of the Independence monument. It also includes an English text: "25 years anniversary of Independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan".

The series of postage stamps is prepared in the form of a miniature sheet comprising 8 stamps with a coupon in the center. Postage stamps are multi-color, with a circulation of 8000 copies.



Festive Congratulation by the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of Independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan

posted 2 Sept 2016, 10:04 by Webmaster Ambasciata

Dear compatriots!

I congratulate from the bottom of my heart all of you and our entire nation on the 25th anniversary of the state independence of Uzbekistan that opened up an absolutely new page in the centuries-long history of our country, liberated our nation from the chains of despotic regime and paved the way to build a free and prosperous life.

Dear friends!

All of us are well aware that in the history of any people and any nation it was not an easy endeavor to gain independence. Our people, who deeply comprehend this truth, forever cherish in their hearts the memory of our fathers and forefathers, who showed selflessness and sacrificed their lives in this struggle.

In these very days, when we recall the transition period from the old regime, which didn’t justify itself, to a new system, we involuntarily recollect the days of hardships and difficult trials that we have gone through.

Especially, it is not difficult to imagine to what extent the situation in our republic became dangerous due to the legacy brought about by the former regime in the following examples: above all, the issue of provision completely derailed; there remained the stocks of flour to feed our people sufficient just for seven or ten days; the order and discipline became frail; various subversive and evil forces rose heads and our country found itself nearly on the brink of an abyss.

Even in that very perilous situation we didn’t turn back from the chosen path – our path of independence. Since, we understood well that showing weakness before various hardships and obstacles in such moments, when our destiny was at stake, was similar to betrayal of today’s and forthcoming generations.

It was in those very times, when our people, by demonstrating in practice their resoluteness and steadfastness, did not lose their belief in the bright and great future of our Uzbekistan and Insha’Allah will never ever lose it.

Indeed, since the early days of Independence, no matter how hard and dangerous was our situation and regardless of how busy we were with tackling the obstacles, impediments and various problems that emerged at every step, we did not stop the work on the deeply thought-out strategy corresponding today’s and future development of our country.

In achieving our great goals that we have set forward – building free and democratic state, transition to a market economy, constructing a civil society and along the path of elevating our country to the ranks of the developed states, we did not allow for rush and inconsistency, but learned the progressive world experience and didn’t blindly copy the pattern from others. In this regard, based on the idea which has a deep meaning: «The reforms are not for the sake of reforms, but for the sake of a man», we found it appropriate for ourselves and endeavored to implement the far-sighted path acknowledged in the international community as the «Uzbek model», which meets the peculiarities pertaining to our nation and local conditions.

The life itself has been proving to what extent our strategy of progress based on famous five principles, despite hard trials, turns out to be right, and how it serves as a solid foundation for the development of our country. Its confirmation can be vividly observed in the example of the task of training the new generation cadres, who meet the modern requirements. This has been our most acute and decisive issue since the early days of achieving the Independence.

If 19 years ago we didn’t reject the clichés and remnants of the past and adopt the National program for cadres training and its logical continuation – the National program for school development, if we didn’t completely change the system of education and upbringing, and if we didn’t consolidate the power and capabilities of our state and society for these purposes, then it is not difficult to imagine in what situation we would find ourselves today.

We have all grounds to speak without any hesitation: the thousands of our youth, who at present graduate from the lyceums, colleges and higher educational institutions and have a new vision of the world, enter the arena as a solid rock for us and our future, as an initiator and executor of all reforms being carried out in our country.

The timely adoption of the programs aimed at upbringing such a new generation capable to take on the future and destiny of our Motherland and taking these programs up to the level of state policy truly play a decisive role in building a new society.

We would speak the very truth if we say that during historically short period Uzbekistan – once the backward republic, which was not capable to feed and protect itself, with a lopsided economy, when the cotton monopoly reached catastrophic scales and living standards of the population went down to an extremely miserable level, has now been turning into a powerful state, which dynamically and steadily progresses and occupies a commendable place in the world community.

During the years of independence our economy grew nearly 6 times. The share of industry in its structure reached from 14 percent to 34 percent. Despite the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, for over the past 11 years the growth rates of the GDP – among the very few states – have been making up not less than 8 percent. It should be said that the calculations on the outcomes of the first half of 2016 show that this year our growth rates won’t be less than these indicators as well.

Most importantly, during the past period the health condition of our people improved. The maternal mortality decreased 3.2 times and child mortality – 3.4 times. The average life expectancy increased from 66 years to 73.5 years and among women – to 76 years. By the end of 2016 the number of our population will exceed 32 million people and it means that during the years of independence our population increased by 12 million people. All of this vividly confirms what a profound path of progress we have traversed and how the living standards and well-being of our people are growing.

All of the aforesaid is implemented, above all, thanks to heroic labor of our courageous and steadfast people. Our country with its sustainable growth rates raises admiration of the international community.

Dear compatriots!

All of us well understand that our enormous wins and achievements make up only a certain part of the goals set by us.

The rapidly changing time, the uncertainty, volatility and crisis ongoing in the world markets, the aggravation and ferocity of competition, plunging of raw prices – all of these circumstances require from all of us, and primarily, from the people holding the managerial and high-ranking posts to completely reject the old views, approaches and methods of work and adhere to a new way of thinking, elevate the system of organizing of labor and management to a modern level.

Above all, the tasks of continuation of the launched reforms in terms of democratic renewal and modernization of the country, raising its competitiveness, deepening the structural changes, reducing the state’s presence, expanding the share of private property and ensuring its priority in our economy must occupy a decisive place. Along with this, the tasks of expanding the benefits in our country to enhance the efficiency of private entrepreneurship and small business, increase the volume of foreign investments and introduce modern high technologies should always be in the focus of our attention.

Today the escalation of confrontation and contradictions in our near and far neighborhood, continuation of various conflicts and bloodshed, ever aggravation of danger of terrorism, extremism and drug trafficking cannot but concern each and every one of us, and require from all of us to live always alert and vigilant.

In such an emerging complex situation ensuring the security of Uzbekistan, maintaining the inviolability of our borders, keeping various dangers aloof from our threshold, preserving as an apple of an eye the climate of interethnic and civil accord, mutual respect, mercy and clemency reigning in our country, and implementing the noble appeal which goes: «We need peace and tranquility» must be the duty and priority task of all of us.

The main directions of the foreign policy conducted by Uzbekistan are as follows: we stand for non-interference in internal affairs of other states and resolution of all emerging conflicts and confrontations by way of peace and political negotiations.

We believe it is appropriate for us not to join any military and political blocs and alliances, not to allow for military bases of foreign states in the territory of our country and deployment of our military beyond our borders.

During the years of Independence we have been making the efforts to strengthen the ties of mutual respect based on recognition of mutual interests, above all, enhance the relations of cooperation and solidarity with our near and far neighbors, and we stand ready to continue this very policy.

Dear compatriots!

These days our entire nation is enthusiastically welcoming and applauding our young sportsmen, who secured a great victory by winning 4 gold, 2 silver and 7 bronze medals at the XXXI Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro of Brazil.  All of us have a right to say with pride and honor that the courage and devotion, skills and steadfastness, and love for our Homeland demonstrated by our brave sons in the intense contests against the leading athletes from 206 countries of the world became a real example to follow for thousands of our youth.

I express my deep and sincere gratitude to our skillful sportspeople, their parents, coaches and trainers, and all members of our national Olympic team who raised our flag high and showed the entire world that the youth of Uzbekistan are indeed not inferior to anyone.

I appeal to you, our youth and my dear children, and say: «Never give up! This time is ours! The victory is ours».

Dear compatriots!

I once again congratulate you and our entire nation on the Independence Day. I wish all of you peace and tranquility, happiness and prosperity, plenty and abundance to your homes and our beloved country.

Let Almighty support and assist us in all our noble endeavors!

Let our country be peaceful, our sky clear and our people safe and sound!

Let our Independence be eternal!

Islam Karimov,

President of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Vivid demonstration of creative potential of people of Uzbekistan

posted 2 Sept 2016, 10:01 by Webmaster Ambasciata

The dynamic development of our country in the years of independence has created a solid foundation for a great creative work. New industrial enterprises, educational and medical institutions, art and sports palaces, roads and bridges, modern homes are being commissioned. The “buildings of independence” have become a familiar concept for us. Their number and unique appearance contribute to the overall transformation of our cities and villages.

On the basis of the master plan the cities of Nukus, Urgench, Bukhara, Samarkand, Karshi, Termez, Andijan, Fergana, Namangan and others are being completely reconstructed.

At the same time, Tashkent, embodying the development and prosperity of the whole of Uzbekistan, hosts extensive construction and improvement works. The city, maintaining its historical authenticity, turns into a modern megapolis. New buildings, houses, hotels, roads and bridges, beautiful parks and alleys create comfortable conditions for Tashkent residents and guests.

According to the master plan, developed on the basis of the ideas of our head of state, a great creative work is carried out in the old part of the capital. In 2013, at the Khadra Square underwent large-scale construction and repair work. In 2014, new roads were built in Almazar and Shaikhantakhur districts. In May 2015 a new modern bridge was opened at the intersection of Sebzar and Abdullah Kadiri streets.

Construction of the Nurafshon street provided a great convenience to the public and at the same time opened up new possibilities for the renovation of the old city. This four-lane road facilitates the transport movement. Communications and modern infrastructure has been built along the road.

In accordance with the decree of the head of our state on November 20, 2014 on reconstructing the old part of Tashkent, modern residential houses are built high. This year 20 high-rise buildings for 386 apartments have been constructed.

As a result of the improvements of standard of living and income the number of cars have also increased. Therefore, road and communications networks are consistently developing. In all regions, new roads are being built, available one being expanded. Wide and smooth roads and bridges are being built in Tashkent as well, taking into account long-term development of the city.

The works in this sphere have continued this year as well. Nurafshon street was extended to the area of the Aktepe square for 4 kilometers and connected with the Muqimiy street. A modern bridge has been built at the intersection of Muqimi, Usman Nasir and Shota Rustaveli streets. A dead end road, starting from intersection joined with the Babur street. Thus, another ring road was created in the capital.

Previously, the intersection of Muqimiy, Usman Nasir and Shota Rustaveli streets was crossed by 11.5 thousand vehicles per hour, overlapping the default capacity by almost twice. The result is congestion, which leads to loss of time by drivers and passengers, wasting fuel and increasing pollution.

At the initiative of the head of our state, a modern bridge 19 meters wide and about 1 km long has been built. The Muqimiy street extended, the road became a five-band in both directions.

This creative work carried out also in other areas. In order to create even greater convenience, the Taraqqiyot street has been extended for vehicle traffic.

As a result of creative and improvement works Tashkent has become even more beautiful, convenience for living has improved. Vivid confirmation is Uzbekistan’s ranking in the "World index of happiness" (44th place), 59th place of our capital in the world ranking of livability and comfort, according to the company's assessment of "Economist Intelligence Unit".

These modern facilities, embodying the creative potential of our people, the prosperity of the country, large-scale improvement works serve to further improve the welfare and living standards of population.

(Source: UzA)

The Basis of Prosperous Life

posted 2 Sept 2016, 09:41 by Webmaster Ambasciata

Today Uzbekistan is getting ready to celebrate its dearest holiday, the 25th anniversary of national independence. The string of event and broad explanatory work call for each and every person to contribute to the preservation of prosperity and stronger independence and boost the feeling of belonging to everything festive that is going on.

Within a historically short period of time significant results, the importance of which can not be overestimated, massive results have been achieved. In the first years of independence, Uzbekistan set itself the goal of building a socially oriented market economy, conduct an open policy, bring about the rule of law and a strong civil society. The strategy, recognized worldwide as the ‘Uzbek model’ of development, identified five principles of state and social construction. And today we see the effective implementation of reforms that have changed the outlook of people and their attitude to life.

Over the past 25 years, Uzbekistan, once an area with a lopsided economy and full monopoly of cotton production, has become a fast growing economy, first of all thanks to the modernization and development of modern sectors, which has been highly appreciated across the world.

In the tough conditions in 1989–1990, the farming households of 1.5 million families were expanded and 700,000 received land, which helped to mitigate the critical social situation at the time.

Uzbekistan has drawn the line at a shock therapy since the very first days of its independence and has implemented phased reforms. It has prioritized economy over politics as well as the rule of law and a strong social policy.

The country created the foundation of social support of the population and introduced  laws “On social protection of disabled people in the Republic of Uzbekistan”, “On State Pensions”, “On Employment”, “On protection of public health” and others.

Every year, about 60% of the State Budget is allocated to the social sector, which contributes to the preservation of the country's stability, strengthen the faith of people in the future. Along with ongoing in key sectors of the economy reforms, market transformations are taking place in the health, education, culture and art, physical culture and sports.

It is the first CIS country that, based on the National Program for Personnel Training, developed and introduced a new and effective system of education. Always, even in the most difficult periods it focused on the youth policy. Accepted on November 20, 1991, the  Law “On state youth policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan” is one of the first laws of the independent republic. It was a striking expression of the attitude to the younger generation as the most important heritage and an important platform to create the necessary conditions for its harmonious development.

In accordance with the Law “On Education” and the National Program for Personnel Training, the country has a system to ensure modern specialist sectors of the economy and social sphere. In the most remote villages there have been built schools, academic lyceums and professional colleges.

The annual expenditure of the State Budget for education and training totals 10-12% of the GDP, which is almost twice the UNESCO recommendations on the size of investments that should be addressed in this area to ensure stable development of the country – namely 6-7%.

The practical realization of strong social policies can be seen as an example of positive changes in health care. In particular, last year 500 billion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 26.08.2016, 1$= 2984.45 soums) were directed in the country for the construction, reconstruction, overhaul and equipping of 141 medical institutions. Optimization has been completed and rural healthy units have been supplied with modern diagnostic and medical equipment of rural health units.

The measures taken helped achieve a dramatic reduction in the incidence of diseases among the population. The average life expectance of the Uzbek people has increased from 67 to 73 years. Over the past five years the country has significantly reduced maternal and infant mortality. According to these indicators, Uzbekistan fully achieved the Millennium Development Goals.

Today, our country gets high marks from leading rating agencies in the world economic growth, the creation of the best conditions for doing business, security, care for the health of citizens, which is a good example of well thought-out and forward-looking policy of the state in all directions.

(Source: «Business» newspaper)

25 лет независимости: Достижения Узбекистана в экономическом развитии

posted 16 Aug 2016, 08:22 by Webmaster Ambasciata

Экономика нашей страны за годы независимости развивалась на основе собственной модели модернизации и обновления общества с учетом имеющегося потенциала республики, истории государственности нашего народа, национальных ценностей, а также передового мирового опыта.

Благодаря последовательному осуществлению масштабных реформ во всех отраслях и сферах за годы независимости в Узбекистане кардинально изменена структура экономики, создан надежный фундамент для устойчивого развития. Одним лишь свидетельством тому является наблюдаемая за последние годы сбалансированность основных макроэкономических показателей.

В частности, валовой внутренний продукт увеличился почти в 6 раз, объем ВВП на душу населения по паритету покупательской способности вырос в 4 раза и сегодня составляет почти 7 тысяч долларов США, при том, что численность населения страны увеличилась более чем в 2 раза. Начиная с 2005 года, Государственный бюджет исполняется с профицитом, что способствует укреплению макроэкономической стабильности и доверия со стороны международных финансовых институтов. Объем ежегодных капитальных вложений устойчиво превышает 23% ВВП, что обеспечивает базу для экономического роста на перспективу.

В результате адресного направления инвестиций в производственные сектора экономики в стране созданы такие совершенно новые отрасли промышленности, как автомобилестроение, нефтегазохимия, нефтегазовое и железнодорожное машиностроение, производство современных строительных материалов, бытовая электроника, фармацевтика, пищевая, текстильная и ряд других. В них сосредоточено более 60% от всей производимой в республике промышленной продукции с высокой добавленной стоимостью.

Так, совместная работа в отрасли автомобилестроения ведется с технологическими лидерами General Motors, Isuzu и MAN. В сельскохозяйственном машиностроении с ведущими мировыми производителями Claas, Case New Holland и Lemken созданы высокотехнологические производства по выпуску современных тракторов, пневмоподъемников, хлопкоуборочных машин, навесной и другой техники.

В сотрудничестве с компаниями LG, Samsung, Honeywell освоено производство широкого ассортимента современной электронной и электробытовой техники. Недавно корпорация Motorola, критически изучив все рынки стран СНГ, избрала Узбекистан как базу для производства смартфонов Google Android.

В рамках реализации программы по обеспечению энергетической независимости и развитию нефтегазоперерабатывающих отраслей за годы независимости в сотрудничестве с зарубежными компаниями построены Бухарский нефтеперерабатывающий завод, Шуртанский и Устюртский газо­химические комплексы, Кунградский содовый завод, Дехканабадский завод калийных удобрений и ряд других высокотехнологичных производств.

Одновременно с этим, в последние годы в Узбекистане активно реализуются программные меры по модернизации, техническому и технологическому обновлению отраслей экономики, повышению эффективности производств, в результате которых за 2000-2015 годы производительность труда увеличилась в 2,3 раза.

Важное место в реализации проектов по модернизации и техническому перевооружению базовых отраслей экономики, осуществлении эффективной структурной и инвестиционной политики занимает созданный в 2006 году Фонд реконструкции и развития Узбекистана, уставный капитал которого в настоящее время составляет 25 миллиардов долларов США.

Активное участие фонда в подготовке и реализации новых проектов уже обеспечило привлечение свыше 10 миллиардов долларов иностранных инвестиций и кредитов в виде софинансирования из средств Всемирного Банка, Азиатского банка развития, Исламского банка развития, финансовых институтов Японии, Республики Корея, КНР, а также других зарубежных банков и инвесторов.

Стимулирующее влияние на проведение данной промышленной политики оказала реализация Программы локализации производства готовой продукции, комплектующих изделий и материалов. За период 2000-2015 годы реализовано свыше 2,8 тысяч проектов локализации, в рамках которых освоено производство более 4,8 тысяч новых видов продукции, ранее завозимых по импорту. На этих предприятиях создано более 22,9 тысяч новых рабочих мест. В результате объем производства локализуемой продукции за этот период возрос более чем в 225 раз и составляет сегодня 20% от всей производимой промышленной продукции, а ежегодный эффект импортозамещения составляет более 6,2 миллиардов долларов США.

В результате реализуемых мер по укреплению экспортного потенциала страны, объем экспорта продукции из Узбекистана увеличился более чем в 29 раз. На протяжении последних 15 лет, несмотря на глобальные кризисные явления, в республике стабильно обеспечивается положительное сальдо торгового баланса.

Наряду с этим, достигнуты большие успехи и в деле обеспечения продовольственной безопасности страны. Значительно увеличены объемы и ассортимент производимых сельхозтоваров. Сегодня 96% потребляемой в Узбекистане продовольственной продукции производится на отечественных предприятиях. При этом за эти годы в 1,4 раза увеличено потребление мяса на душу населения, молока и молочных продуктов – в 1,5 раза, картофеля – в 1,9 раза, овощей – более чем в 2,6 раза, фруктов – в 6,3 раза.

В стране реализованы масштабные проекты по модернизации и развитию дорожно-транспортной инфраструктуры. В рамках реализации программы по развитию автомобильных дорог общего пользования за последние 5 лет построено и реконструировано свыше 3 тысяч километров автодорог, в том числе 1,5 тысячи километров участков, входящих в состав Узбекской национальной автомагистрали. Введена в строй уникальная, отвечающая самым высоким международным стандартам автомобильная дорога через перевал Камчик со строительством двух тоннелей, соединяющая Ферганскую долину с остальной частью страны.

Построены новые железные дороги, в том числе по направлению Навои-Учкудук-Султануиздаг-Нукус протяженностью 342 километра с совмещенным мостовым переходом через реку Амударья, по маршруту Ташгузар-Бойсун-Кумкурган протяженностью 223 километра, проходящая через горный перевал высотой 1500 метров над уровнем моря с выходом на северные границы Афганистана.

Осуществлена электрификация железнодорожных линий, связывающих столицу Узбекистана с регионами страны, запущен в эксплуатацию высокоскоростной электропоезд «Афросиёб» по маршрутам Ташкент-Самарканд и Ташкент-Карши.

В 2016 году завершено строительство новой электрифицированной железной дороги Ангрен-Пап протяженностью 123,1 километра со строительством тоннеля на перевале Камчик длиной 19,2 километров. Эта линия имеет важное значение для развития международного транспортного коридора.

В настоящее время в Узбекистане функционируют более 20 международных транспортных коридоров, из которых 2 крупные международные автомобильные дороги соединяют страны Западной Европы и Восточной Азии.

В рамках развития и обновления воздушного транспорта создан новейший комплекс технического обслуживания самолетов западного производства, реконструированы аэропорты, усовершенствована система навигации на всей территории страны, которая признана одной из лучших систем управления воздушным движением в СНГ. Сегодня национальный авиапарк состоит исключительно из современных воздушных судов ведущих мировых производителей Boeing и Airbus. Лайнеры с флагом Узбекистана на борту приземляются в более чем 40 аэропортах Европы, Азии и Северной Америки.

Проведение структурных преобразований и диверсификации экономики подкрепляется устойчивым ростом ресурсной базы банков, расширением доли долгосрочных источников финансирования и повышением роли коммерческих банков в этих процессах.

Международное рейтинговое агентство Moodys пятый год подряд оценивает перспективы развития банковской системы Узбекистана на уровне «стабильный». На сегодняшний день всем коммерческим банкам республики присвоен рейтинг с прогнозом «стабильный» от ведущих международных рейтинговых компаний Standard & Poors, Moodys и Fitch Ratings.

В последние годы движущей основой экономического роста республики по праву становится малый бизнес и частное предпринимательство. Если до обретения независимости в стране малый бизнес практически отсутствовал, то в настоящее время 56,7% ВВП формируется в этой сфере, а свыше 90% от общего количества всех хозяйствующих субъектов составляют предприятия данного сектора.

За годы независимости в результате последовательного снижения налоговых ставок, расширения налоговой базы и либерализации налогового администрирования совокупная налоговая нагрузка на экономику снизилась с более чем 45% до 20%, а ставка единого налогового платежа для малых производственных предприятий снизилась более чем в 3 раза – с 15,2% до 5%.

Наиболее перспективной и динамично развивающейся отраслью экономики Узбекистана за этот период стала сфера услуг, за счет которой в настоящее время создается 54,5% ВВП. При этом появились такие новые современные виды услуг, как цифровые информационно-коммуникационные технологии, услуги мобильной связи, компьютерного программирования, консалтинговые, юридические и аудиторские, риэлторские и брокерские услуги, частная медицина, автострахование, новые виды финансовых услуг, в том числе лизинг, электронный банкинг и другие.

В настоящее время Узбекистан вступает в новый этап экономических реформ и структурных преобразований, направленных на обеспечение устойчивого развития страны на предстоящие годы. На основе глубокого анализа процессов, происходящих в глобальной экономике, в начале 2015 года разработана и утверждена Программа дальнейшего реформирования, структурных преобразований и диверсификации экономики на 2015-2019 годы.

Сегодня в мире немного стран, которые демонстрируют экономические показатели, как у Узбекистана. Наша страна занимает пятое место среди государств с ускоренно развивающейся экономикой, и это заслуженно высоко оценивается со стороны мирового сообщества и международных финансовых институтов.

В частности, в сентябре 2015 года Международный валютный фонд опубликовал пресс-релиз по нашей стране, в котором отмечено, что «Узбекистан сохраняет экономическую устойчивость в сложной внешнеэкономической ситуации, на протяжении длительного периода обеспечивает высокий экономический рост, а активная инвестиционная политика и структурные реформы надежно защищают страну от замедления экономики, которое имеет место в других странах СНГ».

Подводя итоги пройденного этапа, можно с полной уверенностью утверждать, что продолжение реализации национальной модели реформирования и развития экономики позволит достичь поставленных на предстоящий период целей и решить задачи по дальнейшему углублению преобразований, направленных на поступательный и неуклонный рост экономики и повышение уровня и качества жизни узбекского народа.

ИА «Жахон»

(материал подготовлен на основе информации Министерства экономики Республики Узбекистан)

Tashkent: the Gem of the Orient

posted 6 Aug 2016, 08:40 by Webmaster Ambasciata

Tashkent – the capital of Uzbekistan – today embodies the country’s economic and spiritual power, as well as the creative force, diligence, kindness and hospitality of the Uzbek nation.

The city has flourished and grown young again. Modern unique structures and houses, cultural amenities facilities and educational establishments, roads and bridges have been built and squares, recreation parks and markets reconstructed. Magnificent structures have been erected, which harmoniously harmonize the achievements of national and global architecture.

In the level of livability and availability of public amenities services the capital of Uzbekistan has been rated the 58th place of 140 and was included into the number of the most comfortable big cities of the planet, according to the prestigious British magazine “The Economist”. Experts have specifically valued Tashkent by the indicator for receiving high quality education by its residents. The capital of Uzbekistan is also among 50 major cities of the world in the quality of developed transport and communication infrastructure.

People of Uzbekistan by right feel proud both about ancient masterpieces of national architecture built by our ancient ancestors and modern architectural ensembles created during the last 25 years. The Mustaqillik (Independence) Square is one of the most cherished places of the capital. Back at the dawn of independence a large gilded globe (6 meters in diameter) was erected on the pedestal in its center, which bears the contour map of our state, a symbol of Uzbekistan’s independence and its recognition as a full-fledged member of the world community. There is also here a monument to a Happy Mother, who presses her infant to her breast, and there is an imprint of love for life on the face and belief in the bright future of her child. After all, if a woman is happy, then also happy is her family; and if a family is happy, then the society prospers too.

The buildings of the Senate and the Government have also been renovated and now they please the eyes with modern architectural solutions and national color.

The Arch of good and noble aspirations was built on the main square of the country in August 2005. Newly-weds, standing on the threshold of their new life, pass under it with good hopes and ponder for a moment about the bright and beautiful future and wish happiness to themselves and others. The Arch harmoniously blends with the square. Poised far into the sky, storks above the Arch at the entrance to the square, symbolize the bright dreams of our people - because these white birds are endowed by God with the beauty, purity and eternal aspiration to fly high in the skies and the quest for perfection.

There are many places in Tashkent where the ancient past coexists with modernity, where one feels the acute sense of connection between centuries. One of them is the Amir Temur Square with its magnificent monuments to our great ancestor. It is impossible to pass by and do not stop by this work of art.

This unified and inimitable ensemble of Amir Temur Square includes other unique buildings. This, for example, is the State Museum of History of Temurids, built in 1996. The attention is also attracted by the “Uzbekistan” Palace of International Forums, which is an amazing sample of national architecture.

Retaining its historical appearance, Tashkent is being continuously renovated. Unique facilities such as the International Business Center, the “Ma’rifat markazi” complex, the Poytakht Business Center, and the Bunyodkor Sports Complex createdon the basis of harmonious combination of national architecture and modern architectural solutions, have turned into landmarks that boost the city’s looks. Modern hotels, residential houses, social facilities, roads and bridges, wonderful parks and alleys create favorable conditions for the residents of the city and its guests.

Large-scale construction and repair work has been carried out, for example, on the Khadra Square in 2013. An underground transport tunnel was reconstructed with the aim of creating convenient passage for people and vehicles. A new bridge was built on Sebzor Street in 2015 as a continuation of this project.

A complex of modern multi-stories apartments was turned into operation on the Alisher Navoi Street in 2013. It has beautified still more the city’s architectural ensemble blends harmoniously with other structures and installations.

Special attention in the capital city is allocated to green plants, quality of air and proximity to natural recreation zones. There are almost 69 sq.m. of area under trees, shrubs and flower gardens per capita of population in the city. During the last 10 years alone several new parks have been laid out in the city on a total area of 40 ha, and 7,5 ha of asphalt-covered pavements in places of mass recreation of city dwellers have been turned into flowerbeds and lawns. The overall area under green plants has reached 15.2 thousand ha, which makes up 35% of the entire territory of the city. The area under green plants per capita of population in the capital city of Uzbekistan has increased by 22 sq.m. in recent years.

Our capital has turned into a true garden city during the years of independence. Annually the streets and avenues of the city are planted with 400-500 thousand saplings, 100-150 thousand shrubs and 20 million roses! One forgets about the noise of the city traffic or summer heat at the renovated National park named after Navoi, at the Ankhor embankment or in the Japanese garden; here one wishes to merge with nature and become part of it. And there are so many such “emerald” corners in the city! Also popular with people are green zones next to the Central Department Store and the “Turkiston” palace.

Numerous fountains, unique in their design, attach particular beauty to the capital city. There are more than fifty of them, 15 of which are “dancing” ones, i.e. they are fitted out with modern illumination and equipment driving jets of water in compliance with the musical harmony. Those stately and relatively small fountains combine centuries-old architectural and national traditions and modern technologies.

Tashkent continues to grow and tranform. New streets, roads, residential apartments, housing estates, recreation and culture parks, buildings and structures are being built and laid out, and thanks to them the capital city is becoming more and more beautiful, cozier and comfortable.

Today Tashkent has turned into a center of attraction. Every one of us loves it with our whole heart and foreign guest sincerely admire it. The city has turned into a true Gem of the Orient and the entire world over the past 25 years.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

The rule of law is guarantor of progress and prosperity of the state

posted 11 Jul 2016, 06:49 by Webmaster Ambasciata

From the first days of independence, Uzbekistan has set itself the goal of building a democratic state and just civil society, which is the main man, his rights and interests. Looking back on 25-year path of independent development, we can say with full confidence that the huge work for socio-economic and socio-political reforms, which led to large-scale achievements and successes in all spheres of public life and society.

The liberalization of legal system and economy, democratization and modernization of the state - these processes continue to be carried out in Uzbekistan stage-by-stage and interconnected, according to national circumstances and international best practices.

An important component of a democratic state is a strong and fair legal system, which provides guarantees for the protection of the rights and interests of citizens, which, in turn, creates the conditions for prosperity and progress of the country.

In Uzbekistan over the years of sovereign development a series of reforms have been carried out with the aim to improve judicial system, turn it into the main guarantor of effective protection of human rights and ensure genuine independence of judiciary.

Even the first Law "On courts" dated September 2, 1993, has fixed such universally recognized principles as the presumption of innocence, right to protection, competition and publicity of trial, other principles, which then received development in the new Criminal Procedure Code and Civil Procedure Code and other legislative acts of the republic. At this stage of reform the legislative fundamentals of legal proceedings, truly independent and self-supporting judicial system were laid.

August 30, 1995, taking into account the world experience, the Constitutional Court was established in the country. This body ensured compliance of acts with legislative and executive authorities to Basic Law of the country. In the course of further development of sphere the system of economic courts has been established, which in conditions of transition to a market economy has become an important factor in ensuring the rule of law in economic relation. Courts of general jurisdiction were also established. The legal framework of the judicial system has been expanded.

An important step in the liberalization of the judicial sphere was the adoption of the new edition of the Law "On Courts" dated December 14, 2000, which uses the experience of reforming the judicial system, accumulated over the years of independence. In accordance with this document, effective mechanisms for implementation of constitutional principle of separation of powers and independence of court as a full-fledged independent branch of government have been created, and judicial system was completely derived from the control and influence of executive power. Along with this specialization of courts in criminal, civil and commercial matters has been fixed. Appeals procedure for consideration of cases has been entered and cassation instance has been reformed. Life itself has shown the correctness of this decision, as specialization of courts has improved the quality of cases and increased guarantees for protection of rights and freedoms of citizens. The law also covered the issues of selection and appointment of judicial personnel.

The Higher qualification commission for selection and recommendation of judges under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan has been created in order to strengthen the independence of judiciary, democratic principles of formation of reserve, transparency in selection and recommendations of candidates for the post of judges, ensure stability and efficiency of judiciary in the country. Alternative mechanism of dispute resolution – "the arbitral tribunal" has been developed.

In addition, age limit was defined for persons for the first time appointed for the post of judges of inter-district, district (city) courts. Qualifying requirements for training of judges, necessary legal and social guarantees for independent legal procedures were consolidated. Protection of social status of judicial bodies’ employees was strengthened.

As part of active introduction of modern information and communication technologies in activities of courts, improvement of legal proceedings efficiency, extensive measures were taken in the sphere of informatization and effective use of computer technologies, establishment of information systems and resources in courts, expansion of scope of provision of interactive services to businesses and public and, most importantly, implementation of e-judicature, which has been successfully applied in many countries.

So, starting from 2013 the system of economic courts and from 2015 the courts on civil cases implemented a mechanism that allows executing necessary documents for proceedings in electronic form. Use of videoconferencing in the activity of economic courts provides the possibility of reception of citizens in a videoconference mode, monitoring of trials, reception of citizens by leadership of economic courts. All this enables to make the most efficient oversight over judicial activities provided for in Article 43 of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On сourts".

Along with the judiciary system profound reforms are taking place in the system of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, General Prosecutor's Office and other law-enforcement agencies that ensure lawfulness and legal order in society.

In accordance with Articles 43, 44, 116 of Constitution, everyone is guaranteed judicial protection of his rights and freedoms, right to appeal any unlawful action of state bodies, officials, public associations, right to professional legal assistance at any stage of investigation and court proceedings. In this regard, consolidation of institute of advocacy became one of priorities of further implementation of judicial reforms, which are aimed at comprehensive ensuring effective protection of human rights and freedoms. Civil and social institutions were established. They include Ombudsman, National Centre for Human Rights and a number of others. The presence in the state of persons, who can provide competent and qualified legal aid, is the key to existence of a harmonious society as a whole, legal education and democratization.

Over the years of independence liberalization, humanization and decriminalization of criminal and criminal-procedural legislation have become the most important area of criminal court proceedings.

It is safe to say that measures taken in this area, in particular the Law "On introducing amendments and additions to Criminal, Criminal-Procedural Codes and Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility in connection with liberalization of criminal punishments" of 2001, had a great social and socio-political significance. So, list of grave crimes was reduced, resulting in about 75% of crimes from the category of grave and gravest crimes transferred into the category of crimes that do not pose great danger to society and less serious ones. Along with this alternative forms of punishment for crimes not related to deprivation of liberty were introduced. Punishments on 87 elements of crimes were commuted; in 26 elements of crimes penalties of imprisonment were excluded.

In accordance with the amendments to criminal-procedural legislation, terms of investigation and detention of persons in custody were reduced; on 11 elements of crime use of imprisonment with compensation of property damage caused by economic crimes was limited. Opportunities on cases of crimes in the sphere of economy were significantly expanded – economic sanctions in the form of fines are being applied instead of arrest and imprisonment. Such form of punishment as confiscation of property has been excluded from the system of penalties.

In continuation of this work on August 27, 2004, institute of reconciliation was introduced in law-enforcement, judicial practice, and now this legal mechanism effectively acts. According to it the perpetrator, who does not pose great danger to society and fully compensate material and moral damages to the victims, is not involved in criminal liability. The effectiveness of this institution, its compliance with such centuries-old traditions of Uzbek people, as compassion and forgiveness, became the basis of its consistent expansion.

The abolition of death penalty from January 1, 2008, became the most important step in the liberalization of criminal legislation. In addition, capital punishment - life imprisonment is applied only on 2 kinds of crimes - for terrorism and premeditated murder under aggravating circumstances, on which alternative, less severe punishments also may be applied. In the country this type of punishment cannot be prescribed to women, persons who have committed crimes under the age of 18, men over sixty years.

Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, which was developed by Head of our State, has marked a new stage in providing complete and reliable protection of human rights and freedoms in Uzbekistan. This policy document identifies a series of measures on expansion of the scope of "Habeas corpus" institute, further development of mechanisms to ensure independence, objectivity and impartiality of the court, enhancing competitiveness in the trial, liberalization of criminal legislation, raising the level of legal culture of citizens.

In the course of implementation of tasks set by the President of Uzbekistan, implementation of international legal standards into national legislation, improving their application in practice is carried on. This is also facilitated by international cooperation with UNDP, OSCE and other international organizations. A dialogue with the European Union is actively developing, a number of joint projects to support reforms in the judicial sphere have been implemented.

The dynamic socio-economic development of Uzbekistan's independent and active promotion of private ownership and entrepreneurship in the country led to reforms in this area. Resolution "On measures to ensure reliable protection of private property, small business and private entrepreneurship, the removal of barriers to their rapid development" signed by the President of Republic of Uzbekistan on May 15, 2015, is aimed at increasing responsibility of state’s officials, law-enforcement and regulatory authorities for obstruction and illegal interference in entrepreneurial activity, violation of private property rights, as well as strengthening protection of private property guarantees the continuation of the liberalization process of administrative and criminal legislation regulating entrepreneurial activity.

The law is large-scale document, which promotes the reformation of criminal legislation of republic towards its liberalization through implementation of a number of international legal norms. In particular, the document incorporated UN Convention against corruption. This law differentiated responsibility for corruption crimes of state and private sector. It makes provision for offenses like commercial bribery, bribery of employee of non-state commercial or other non-governmental organization, abuse of authority of officials of non-government commercial or other non-governmental organization.

Criminal legislation has been liberalized through the mitigation of liability of officials engaged in administrative-distributive and administrative-economic powers in business structures and other non-governmental organizations through the introduction of separate articles in the Criminal Code, which provides for softer penalties.

The Code of Administrative Liability was amended. According to amendments, the confiscation of property for administrative offenses carried out solely on the basis of court decisions.

In Economic Procedural Code examination procedure of corporate disputes has been concretized. In particular, the code included a separate chapter, taking into account the characteristics of which the courts would consider appropriate cases. In addition, the code improved the procedure for considering complaints relating to compensation for damage caused to businesses as a result of illegal act adoption by a state body, citizens' self-government body or commission of illegal action (inaction) by their officials.

Adoption of the Law "On Parliamentary Control" dated April 11, 2016, was an important event in a series of democratic reforms and significant for the legal system of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The purpose of this normative act was to regulate relations in the field of organizing and monitoring the activities of public authorities and management and their officials on observance of Constitution and laws of Uzbekistan, Oliy Majlis Chambers and their agencies’ decision, state programs, as well as on implementation of tasks and functions entrusted to them. In this context, parliamentary control covers scope of activity of the prosecutor's office bodies, thereby increasing the effectiveness of their efforts to ensure the rule of law in the country, protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, interests of society and state.

Thus, judicial and legal reforms in Uzbekistan, which are filled with ideas of humanism and aimed at ensuring the rule of law and protection of citizens’ rights and interests, have strengthened the foundation of the young independent state as international community full-fledged member that develops in a democratic way. Their results became the guarantee of peace and stability, progress and prosperity, and most importantly - well-being and happiness of every citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Jahon Information Agency

(based on the materials provided by the Ministry of justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

President sets up memorial badge “Ozbekiston Mustaqiligiga 25 yil”

posted 11 Jul 2016, 06:36 by Webmaster Ambasciata

President of Uzbekistan set up memorial badge “Ozbekiston Mustaqiligiga 25 yil” (25 years to Independence of Uzbekistan”.

The badge was instituted in connection with the 25th anniversary of Uzbekistan’s Independence and to encourage citizens, who contributed to strengthening independence, improving economic, political, social, scientific, spiritual potential and defense power of Uzbekistan, etc.

The citizens of Uzbekistan and foreigners, who represent various spheres of social-economic life, can be awarded with the badge.


Uzbekistan prepares to celebrations of 25th anniversary of Independence

posted 18 Jun 2016, 12:48 by Webmaster Ambasciata

President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov signed a resolution “On preparing and organizing celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the state independence of Uzbekistan” on 2 June.

Uzbek leader approved a structure of the Republican Commission on preparing and organizing celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the state independence of Uzbekistan.

The commission will develop a programme of organizational-practical, cultural-educational and information-explanation events.

The resolution underlined that the programme should show achievements of Uzbekistan in independence years, including in economy.

The programme will also demonstrate achievements of Uzbekistan in agriculture sector and industry.

The expenses for holding holidays in Karakalpakstan and regions will be financed due to local budgets and sponsorship resources, in Tashkent – in equal shares due to the state budget of Uzbekistan and local budget of Tashkent.



posted 31 May 2016, 08:12 by Webmaster Ambasciata

Abu Rayhon Beruniy nomidagi Toshkent davlat texnika universitetida Vatanimiz mutaqilligining 25-yilligiga bag‘ishlab «Mustaqillik va yoshlar» mavzuida davra suhbati bo‘lib o‘tdi. 

Universitet rektori R.Saidahmedov, O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Oliy Majlisi Qonunchilik palatasi deputati Q.Babashev va boshqalar Prezidentimiz Islom Karimov rahnamoligida navqiron avlod ma’naviy olami va madaniy saviyasini yuksaltirish, ularni hech kimdan kam bo‘lmay voyaga yetishini ta’minlashga alohida e’tibor qaratilayotganini ta’kidladi. 

Mamlakatimizda yoshlarga oid davlat siyosati navqiron avlod ongi va qalbiga vatanparvarlik, istiqlolga sadoqat tuyg‘ularini chuqur singdirish, ularning har tomonlama barkamol bo‘lib voyaga yetishiga xizmat qilmoqda. 

Davra suhbatida mustaqillik ulug‘ ne’mat, uni qadrlash, asrab-avaylash shu zaminda yashaydigan har bir insonning muqaddas burchi ekanligi qayd etildi. Mamlakatimizda yoshlar manfaatlarini himoya qilishga qaratilgan qonunlar va boshqa me’yoriy-huquqiy hujjatlar, davlatimiz rahbarining asarlari yigit-qizlarda ona Vatanga muhabbat, istiqlol g‘oyalariga sadoqat tuyg‘ularini mustahkamlash, ularning o‘z maqsad va intilishlarini aniq belgilab olishida samarali vosita bo‘lib xizmat qilayotgani ta’kidlandi. 

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