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2016 - l'Anno della Salute Materno e Infantile

Uzbek Healthcare to be Revamped

pubblicato 09 nov 2016, 11:50 da Webmaster Ambasciata


From 2011 to 2015, the number of hospital beds in Uzbekistan decreased from 139,800 to 129,800. New reductions will continue until 2020. True, this will be related solely to anti-tuberculosis service. Will there be enough hospital beds for all those in need of them?

The situation was clarified at the Chair of Organization, Economics and Administration of Healthcare of the Tashkent Institute of qualification improvement of physicians.

It turned out that this tendency was laid down into the State program 18 years ago. Already then had been clearly specified the major transformations to be carried out in the sphere of medical services to the population of the country.

They were prioritized in the following order: primary medical-sanitary health care, protection of maternal and child health, emergency medical aid, specialized medical assistance, sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, provision of medicines and so on.

The modernized healthcare system of the country gives priority to the outpatient rather than inpatient service as was the case in the past. A true vector of this concept had been recognized very soon, first of all, by industrially advanced states and they took to implementing it in their respective countries.         

The course of these transformations and their initial results are being actively analyzed in many countries of the world. The majority of experts admit the positive impact of reduction of the number of hospital beds on the development of healthcare system in general. Time, however, has not come so far for categorical statements; the long-term results of these transformations will have to be seen yet. 

What hospital beds are subject to reduction, and what will replace them? Head of Chair “Organization, Economics and Healthcare administration” Damin Asadov helped us clarify the issue.

“Specialists consider that time has come today to introduce a thorough control over the justification of the need to hospitalize a patient. Patients who may be treated on an outpatient basis should not be sent to hospitals.  Undertreated patients should not be also discharged from a hospital or high turnover of hospital beds should not be achieved on account of hospital overload work by sacrificing sanitary-hygienic conditions.

There are always patients who may well be treated efficiently outside the hospitals. It has been established that in such areas as “therapy”, “nursing the elderly patients”, as well as a number of other specialities the proportion of unjustified cases of admissions for inpatient treatment makes up more than 20-27%, while the share of patients for whom hospital treatment is no longer useful after a certain period is equal to14.6% for all specialities, except psychiatry and obstetrics.

This indicator exceeds 60% for patients getting treated at therapeutic departments and sections nursing the elderly patients at general type municipal hospitals.

 The results of some scientific research provide evidence that 20-30% of patients getting treated at inpatient hospitals may receive more effective and cheaper medical assistance at day care centers and at their homes.

Let us refer to upcoming reductions, which are planned to be carried out up to the year 2020. Why are they related to anti-tuberculosis service? Optimization of the network of establishments has been continued in this area with simultaneous elimination of low-capacity and expansion of modern well-equipped hospitals. At the same time, the Ministry of Healthcare keeps introducing modern methods of treatment at the recommendations of the World Health Organization, which enable certain group of patients to get safe treatment in outpatient conditions at home. Thus, the need in 1450 hospital beds will drop out after the realization of these projects, and their number will be gradually reduced, according to specialists.

Experts also pay attention to the fact that it has been becoming more and more evident in recent years that the systems providing a patient the opportunity to immediately take a specialist advise after the initial appeal (France, Germany, Sweden, USA) shows the tendency towards higher costs compared with that where there is a link between a patient and specialist doctor in the person of a general practitioner (Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, UK).

Resources saved on account of reducing the inefficiently used hospital cots in Uzbekistan are channeled to the development of the system of general practitioners and introduction of modern high technological methods of diagnostics and treatment at medical establishments, which enable to reduce time required for recovery of patients.”

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

La famiglia, la maternità e l'infanzia - sotto la protezione dello Stato

pubblicato 17 ott 2016, 10:38 da Webmaster Ambasciata


          La capitale ha ospitato una “Tavola Rotonda” internazionale sul tema " La tutela della salute materna e infantile - la base di uno sviluppo sostenibile della società: l'esperienza dell'Uzbekistan".

E 'stato organizzato dal Ministero della Salute, il Comitato delle donne dell'Uzbekistan, il Consiglio della Federazione dei Sindacati, fondazioni "Mahalla", “Soglom Avlod Uchun", l’Istituto indipendente per il monitoraggio della formazione della società civile, il Fondo delle Nazioni Unite per la popolazione. All’evento hanno partecipato rappresentanti di Stato, parlamentari, esperti, giornalisti stranieri e internazionali,.

L’evento ha presentato l'esperienza e le realizzazioni dell'Uzbekistan nel miglioramento della salute riproduttiva e nella tutela della salute materna e infantile, con particolare riguardo alle aree rurali e remote.

È stato osservato che in Uzbekistan le questioni relative alla tutela della famiglia, della maternità e dell'infanzia, all'alfabetizzazione di salute della popolazione sono sollevate al rango di politica statale. La salute materna e infantile è un indicatore importante del livello di sviluppo socio-economico del paese. Dopo tutto, la conservazione del patrimonio genetico della nazione dipende dalla salute delle madri.

Particolare attenzione è stata prestata ai compiti previsti da una serie di programmi governativi volti a garantire la nascita e l'educazione dei bambini sani. Secondo il programma statale per migliorare ulteriormente la salute riproduttiva, materna, infantile e adolescenziale in Uzbekistan nel periodo 2014-2018, si sono presi provvedimenti urgenti atte a garantire un accesso ampio ed equo alle cure sanitarie di qualità, la tutela della salute riproduttiva della popolazione, il miglioramento del materiali e tecniche base delle istituzioni mediche e delle capacità del personale medico, l'introduzione di moderni metodi  diagnostici, l’assistenza qualificata alle madri, ai bambini e agli adolescenti.

Durante l'evento, è stato sottolineato che negli ultimi anni nel servizio medico è nata una gerarchia di gestione della qualità del processo di trattamento. Sono state create le condizioni per l'ulteriore attuazione di diagnosi e trattamento, in linea con le raccomandazioni delle organizzazioni internazionali.

Fondo delle Nazioni Unite per la popolazione assiste l’Uzbekistan nel lavoro sull'accesso universale al servizio della tutela della salute riproduttiva, - ha detto il capo dell'ufficio UNFPA in Uzbekistan Mieko Yabuta. -  Abbiamo stabilito una stretta collaborazione con il Comitato delle donne dell'Uzbekistan e con il Ministero della Salute. L’Uzbekistan ha raggiunto i notevoli progressi in tutti i settori, attuando in modo coerente i programmi statali e degli obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile.

La "Tavola Rotonda" ha preso atto di un grande di lavoro sullo sviluppo e il miglioramento della base materiale e tecnica delle strutture mediche, tra cui ospedali di maternità, centri perinatali e di screening, unità sanitarie rurali. Così, il Centro di Pediatria Repubblicano specializzato, scientifico e le sue sedi regionali sono state dotate di attrezzature diagnostiche e mediche moderne. La tecnologia medica più avanzata del mondo introdotta nella pratica, ha permesso di aumentare il livello di qualità dell’assistenza medica specializzata. È cambiato radicalmente l’approccio alla formazione medica, che avviene sulla base di nuovi programmi di studio. Il risultato di tutto questo lavoro sistematico ha contribuito alla riduzione significativa della mortalità materna e infantile e al rinforzamento della salute pubblica nel corso degli anni d’indipendenza

Si è sottolineato il fatto che il lavoro svolto per perfezionare i sistemi sanitari, la tutela della salute materna e infantile, quest'anno prosegue nell'ambito del programma di Stato "Anno di una madre sana e figlio". Si organizzano i regolari esami medici approfonditi in tutto il Paese. Sono garantiti i complessi multivitaminici alle donne incinte. Si svolgono le settimane per il recupero della salute delle donne in età fertile, bambini e adolescenti e la campagna "Nessuno sarà lasciato senza attenzione e cura" ecc.

Di particolare interesse è stata la cooperazione sociale tra le autorità pubbliche e le istituzioni della società civile nell'attuazione dei programmi statali per la salute materna e infantile, migliorare l'alfabetizzazione di salute della popolazione. Si svolge una grande attività educativa per aumentare la cultura medica della popolazione andando casa per casa, per suggerire un sano stile di vita nella società e migliorare la salute riproduttiva. Sulla base del principio di "madre sana - bambino sano" vengono create tutte le condizioni per il movimento femminile di sport di massa. Questo ha un effetto positivo sulla loro salute e il benessere. La cooperazione della famiglia, la Mahalla e delle altre istituzioni educative hanno il ruolo importante nell’organizzazione.

Nel quadro della "Tavola Rotonda" internazionale i maggiori esperti nel campo della salute riproduttiva in Spagna, Germania, Ungheria, nonché i rappresentanti delle organizzazioni internazionali in Uzbekistan hanno visitato la clinica N.23 nel quartiere Uchtepa della capitale, dove hanno potuto osservare il lavoro di medici e assistenti sanitari, hanno assistito alle visite di cittadini della Mahalla "Zhurzhony".

La nostra clinica opera dal 2006, e tutto il personale medico è stato orgoglioso della partecipazione del suo primo presidente Islam Karimov all'apertura, - dice il capo medico di Saodat Dusmuhamedova. - Ci avvaliamo di 20 medici di medicina generale. La clinica è dotata di macchine ad ultrasuoni, ECHO, ECG, radiografia digitale, reparto di fisioterapia, palestra attrezzata. I medici monitorano attentamente la salute di 9084 donne in età fertile dalle nove Mahalla della regione.

I partecipanti stranieri alla conferenza hanno notato che le riforme intraprese in Uzbekistan volte a migliorare la salute delle donne e dei bambini sono senza precedenti e danno dei risultati impressionanti.

-  Sono colpito dalla ampiezza del lavoro per migliorare la salute riproduttiva, attenzione ai giovani, - dice l'amministratore delegato della clinica, specialista della salute pubblica HM HOSPITALS Javier Casquero Lara (Spagna). - Con un team di esperti nell’ambito della "tavola rotonda" internazionale oggi abbiamo visitato una clinica di famiglia, Mahalla, così come una delle palestre. Sono sbalordito da quello che ho visto.

Nel corso della "Tavola Rotonda" internazionale si è tenuta una seduta plenaria e due sessioni specifiche. I partecipanti hanno preso atto delle riforme attuate nel sistema sanitario volto a migliorare la qualità dell'assistenza sanitaria, perfezionare il diritto del quadro normativo, il miglioramento della capacità del personale delle istituzioni mediche, l'uso di esperienze straniere e delle tecnologie avanzate nel campo. Sono state discusse questioni forti e mirate su un’ulteriore alfabetizzazione di salute della popolazione e sulle politiche sociali.

Al termine della conferenza sono state adottate le raccomandazioni, che costituiranno la base per ulteriori lavori sulla tutela della salute materna e infantile.

 

Fonte: il giornale “Narodnoe slovo“.

 

Семья, материнство и детство — под защитой государства

pubblicato 17 ott 2016, 10:31 da Webmaster Ambasciata

            

В столице состоялся международный «круглый стол» на тему «Охрана материнства и детства — основа устойчивого развития общества: опыт Узбекистана».

Его организаторами выступили Министерство здравоохранения, Комитет женщин Узбекистана, Совет Федерации профсоюзов, фонды «Махалла», «Соглом авлод учун», НИМФОГО, Фонд народонаселения ООН. В нем приняли участие парламентарии, представители государственных, общественных, зарубежных и международных организаций, эксперты, журналисты.

На мероприятии представлен опыт и достижения Узбекистана в сфере укрепления репродуктивного здоровья населения, охраны здоровья материнства и детства, прежде всего, в сельских отдаленных районах.

Отмечалось, что в Узбекистане вопросы охраны семьи, материнства и детства, повышения медицинской культуры населения возведены в ранг государственной политики. Состояние здоровья матери и ребенка является важнейшим индикатором уровня социально-экономического развития страны. Ведь сохранение генофонда нации зависит от здоровья женщины-матери.

Особое внимание было уделено задачам, предусмотренным рядом государственных программ, направленных на обеспечение рождения и воспитания здоровых детей. Так, в соответствии с Государственной программой по дальнейшему укреплению репродуктивного здоровья населения, охране здоровья матерей, детей и подростков, в Узбекистане на 2014—2018 годы решаются актуальные задачи по обеспечению широкого и равного доступа к качественным медицинским услугам, укреплению репродуктивного здоровья населения, улучшению материально-технической базы и кадрового потенциала медучреждений, внедрению современных методов диагностики, оказанию квалифицированной помощи матерям, детям и подросткам.

В ходе мероприятия подчеркивалось, что за последние годы в медицинской службе выстроена вертикаль управления качеством лечебного процесса, созданы условия для дальнейшего внедрения методов диагностики и лечения, соответствующих рекомендациям международных организаций. 

— Фонд народонаселения ООН оказывает Узбекистану содействие в работе по обеспечению всеобщего доступа к услугам по охране репродуктивного здоровья,— отметила глава представительства ЮНФПА в Узбекистане Миеко Ябута. — Мы наладили тесное сотрудничество с Комитетом женщин Узбекистана, Министерством здравоохранения. Узбекистан достиг значительного прогресса во всех областях, последовательно осуществляя госпрограммы и реализуя Цели устойчивого развития.

На «круглом столе» отмечена большая работа по развитию и укреплению материально-технической базы медицинских учреждений, в их числе родильных комплексов, перинатальных и скрининговых центров, сельских врачебных пунктов. Так, Республиканский специализированный научно-практический медицинский центр педиатрии и его областные подразделения оснащены современным диагностическим и лечебным оборудованием. В практику внедрены самые передовые в мире медицинские технологии, что позволило поднять качество оказываемой в них специализированной медицинской помощи на высокий уровень. Кардинально изменился подход к подготовке медицинских кадров, который осуществляется сегодня на основе новых учебных планов и программ. Вся эта планомерная работа способствовала тому, что за годы независимости значительно снизились показатели материнской и младенческой смертности, укрепилось здоровье населения.

Акцентировано внимание на том, что успешная работа по совершенствованию системы здравоохранения, охраны материнства и детства продолжена и в этом году в рамках Государственной программы «Год здоровой матери и ребенка». По всей республике организованы регулярные углубленные медосмотры. Беременные женщины обеспечиваются поливитаминными комплексами. Проходят недели оздоровления женщин фертильного возраста, детей и девочек-подростков, акции «Никто не останется без внимания и заботы» и т. д.

Особый интерес вызвало осуществляемое социальное партнерство между органами государственной власти и гражданскими институтами в реализации государственных программ по охране материнства и детства, повышению медицинской грамотности населения. Ведется большая просветительская деятельность по повышению медицинской культуры населения по месту жительства, утверждению здорового образа жизни в обществе и улучшению репродуктивного здоровья. На основе принципа «Здоровая мать — здоровый ребенок» создаются все условия для массовости физкультурного женского движения. Это положительно отражается на их здоровье и самочувствии. В этом важное значение имеет сотрудничество семьи, махалли и образовательных учреждений.

В рамках международного «круглого стола» зарубежные эксперты — ведущие специалисты в области репродуктивного здоровья Испании, Германии, Венгрии, а также представители международных организаций в Узбекистане посетили семейную поликлинику № 23 Учтепинского района столицы, где ознакомились с работой врачей общей практики и патронажных медицинских сестер, а также сход граждан махалли «Журжоний».

— Наша поликлиника работает с 2006 года, и весь медицинский персонал гордится тем, что в ее открытии участвовал Первый Президент Ислам Каримов, — говорит главный врач Саодат Дусмухамедова. — У нас работают 20 врачей общей практики. В поликлинике есть аппараты УЗИ, ЭХО ЭКГ, цифровой флюорограф. Функционирует физиотерапевтическое отделение. Кабинет лечебной физкультуры оснащен тренажерами. Врачи тщательно следят за здоровьем каждой из 9 084 женщин фертильного возраста из -девяти соседних махаллей района.

Зарубежные участники конференции отметили, что осуществляемые в Узбекистане реформы, направленные на улучшение здоровья женщин и детей, являются беспрецедентными и дают впечатляющие результаты.

— Поражен масштабами работы по укреплению репродуктивного здоровья населения, заботы о молодежи, — говорит управляющий директор клиники, специалист по вопросам общественного здоровья HM Hospitals Хавьер Каскеро Лара (Испания). — С группой экспертов в рамках международного «круглого стола» посетили сегодня семейную поликлинику, махаллю, а также один из спортивных залов. Я в восторге от всего увиденного.

В ходе международного «круглого стола» было проведено пленарное заседание и два сессионных слушания. Участники детально ознакомились с реализуемыми в системе здравоохранения реформами, направленными на улучшение качества медицинской помощи, совершенствование нормативно-правой базы, улучшение кадрового потенциала лечебных учреждений, применение зарубежного опыта и передовых технологий в сфере. Обсуждены вопросы дальнейшего повышения медицинской культуры среди населения, проведения сильной и адресной социальной политики.

По завершении мероприятия приняты рекомендации, которые лягут в основу дальнейшей работы по охране материнства и детства.

 

Источник:  газета «Народное слово»

High Technology Schools

pubblicato 21 set 2016, 10:35 da Webmaster Ambasciata

Over 3,800 schools of the country or 39,4% of their overall number make use of interactive boards in the training process. The Ministry of Public Education has got plans to provide other school with similar equipment. Does it mean that the usual blackboards will go into oblivion within feasible future? 

The habitual blackboard was invented in the early nineteenth century. Initially, every student had an individual small size board, wrote on it with a slate pencil and erased recordings with a cloth. Chalks started to be used later, while one large blackboard was hung in the classes for convenience of explaining the material. Disadvantages of its use are well known: chalk dust cause allergic reactions and stain clothes. In this connection, white boards became popular in western countries in the mid-twentieth century, on which writings were made with color markers. A Japanese corporation introduced system intelligence in the development of the inherent attribute of classrooms, when it created a copying whiteboard in the 80s of the last century.

To provide information to the audience, which was written by the teacher on the board, students had to click a button:  all data would instantly be printed on one page. The world's first interactive whiteboard was demonstrated by Smart Technologies in 1991, school teachers had the opportunity to assess all its advantages. The electronic whiteboards have been implemented in Uzbekistan over the past five years.

Interactive boards: necessity or tribute of times?

          Improving the quality of education is one of the main tasks facing our state. The modern information technology market offers innovative solutions every year to achieve the set targets. One of them was the use of interactive whiteboard,” says director of the Metropolitan School No.260 Galina Kim. “Interactive technologies are capable to change the nature of education and the principle of material delivery; their use affects the equipment of educational institutions. They make training material more accessible for assimilation by the students.

“Realizing the need in modern approach to education, the pedagogues raise their own level of qualification; they strive to master the computer technologies, they attend courses and create methodological manuals with their own hands, etc. all necessary conditions have been created at the qualification improvement institutions.   

“These successes are linked with the improvement in the interaction between a user and a program system: interactive dialogue. Mastering such skills will provide an opportunity to replace traditional cumbersome manuals, which cannot be done with in the course of lessons, with multimedia ones. 

And if happens complete abandonment of the traditional board, it will happen at least not within the next ten years. This equipment is available in single quantities even at schools where these technologies have already been applied. The process of elaboration of multimedia training aids, without which interactive whiteboards do not make sense, is rather a slow and labor consuming one.

However, the Uzbek schools have already begun the process of implementing the next generation of these technologies. Thus, the first smart class in the country is being tested at the Metropolitan School No.283 in Yunusobod district. The entire educational process is based here on the use of advanced interactive technologies. The teacher works with an interactive whiteboard, and the students - with tablets. Information and completed assignments are carried in ordinary USB flash cards.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

sport

From Children’s Sports Toward Olympic Heights

Triumphant for Uzbekistan, the Summer Olympic Games in August in Brazil have demonstrated that national sports have reached a new, higher quality and higher level of development, and Uzbekistan is turning into a regional sports nation.

Representatives of Uzbekistan returned from Rio de Janeiro with four gold, two silver and seven bronze medals, which is an absolute record for all 25 years of independent development.

The brilliant performance of athletes at the Olympic Games brought Uzbekistan to the 21st place in the overall medal standings among 207 countries. Now we rank the fourth in Asia, second in the CIS and the first in Central Asia! On average, every fifth compatriot, who went to Rio de Janeiro, returned to homeland with the Olympic prize.

Step by step, stage by stage, we moved toward the sensational victory. Since the first years of independence, Uzbekistan has become an active participant of the international Olympic movement, and members of the national team decently represented their young state.

Rates of establishment of the Olympic movement in the country and promotion of its ideas have earned high recognition of international sports organizations. The first President of Uzbekistan was awarded the highest award of International Olympic Committee, Olympic Council of Asia, Association of National Olympic Committees for outstanding achievements in this field.

National Olympic Committee of Uzbekistan has been actively promoting the development of physical culture and sports, cultivation of healthy lifestyles in the society, ensuring participation of Uzbek athletes in four-year games. Our athletes won six gold, five silver and ten bronze medals since 1996 in the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Sydney, Athens, Beijing, London, and since 1994 - in the Winter Games in Lillehammer, Nagano, Salt Lake City, Turin, Vancouver, Sochi. The delegations of Uzbekistan decently perform in the continental games, Junior Olympic Games, World University Games, world championships.

A huge work has been done in this direction in recent years. For example, founded under the National Olympic Committee in 2013, the Olympians Support Foundation of Uzbekistan invested billions soums (currency rates of CB RU from 21.09.2016, 1$= 3005.11 soums) for reconstruction and equipping of sports facilities and centers, enhancement of professional skills and financial incentives for athletes, social support of distinguished and talented athletes and coaches. 14 high sports schools for world-class athletes will be opened under a specially developed program in 2016 in the capital and all the regions.

Summing up the failure at the Olympics in London in 2012, Uzbekistan built specific plans. In particular, a targeted action program envisaged preparations at different levels, ranging from the construction of training arenas and conduct of competitions and training camps abroad, to a new system of incentives for athletes and their coaches, and creation of unique medical and psychological support systems.

All the abovementioned measures have brought to success in 2015, when Uzbek athletes won 15 medals in the world championships in various disciplines. For example, in recent years, our taekwondo athletes won in 118 prestigious tournaments. 2015 was particularly rich in awards: Dmitry Shokin became a world champion in the weight category over 87 kg for the first time in the history of Uzbekistan, and won the gold at the World Student Games. There are many of such examples.

The question that has to be answered is what is backed by the success at the Olympic and world arenas? The answer is obvious: it all comes to the great attention to the development of sports, and children’s sports in particular.

Children's Sports Development Fund of Uzbekistan was established 13 years ago. Over the years, it has turned into the key structure that contributes to raising a healthy generation. More than 1,700 sports facilities have been built over the period of its operation. Having such a huge amount of work done behind its belt, the unique structure confidently reaches its goals through a comprehensive approach to the development of sports, ranging from the construction and equipping of sports facilities in all regions to promotion of healthy lifestyles and raising champions.

Sports have become an integral part of life of our families, gaining a foothold in the minds of people. Today, parents bring their children to sports clubs by themselves. Involved in sports, boys and girls grow up healthy, strong and resolute, changing their outlook.

Targeted programs for 2016 have scheduled to build and renovate 221 sports facilities - sports centers, gyms at general schools, swimming pools at the expense of the Fund. The future champions are offered training facilities with the latest kinds of inventory and tools for their full-scale training. It is also envisaged to replace the worn-out and obsolete equipment in 337 sports complexes and 3,774 school gyms, which were commissioned in previous years. The Fund has already signed contracts of delivery with domestic manufacturers of sports equipment.

Active physical training, participation in competitions from an early age cultivate perseverance, the ability to concentrate, sports passion and desire to surpass oneself, develop the psychology of a winner. Good health and persistent leadership will constantly accompany a child in his life.

Competition is obviously the best training. Following this truth, regional branches of the Children's Sports Development Fund make the agenda of competitions in a way that the maximum number of young athletes could try themselves.

SCDF branches organized nearly 10,000 sports competitions in different kinds of sports, 80% of which were held in rural areas. The number of young participants exceeded 2 million, including more than 820,000 girls, mostly rural, who also fought for awards. Initiated by SCDF, the competitions are also important in terms of revealing and selection of talented, promising candidates for adolescent district, municipal, provincial and national teams. Besides, specialists of sports federations, as well as famous athletes hold master classes. They shared valuable guidance and advice with over 265,000 children.

The participation of young athletes in 44 international tournaments in various sports is ensured by the schedule for the current year. Uzbek athletes have won 274 awards, including 125 gold, 75 silver and 74 bronze medals. These victories are essential in terms of promotion of sports. Looking at champions, their peers, dream of reaching a high pedestal, and multiply the glory of the motherland in the sports arena.

According to experts, the development of sport and physical education has a so-called delayed effect. The lack of proper attention is sure to ‘backfire’ in 8-10 years, if deprived of stadiums, swimming pools and coaches, a generation comes into maturity.

As doctors say, children get healthier after a few months of regular exercise: lung capacity increases, the cardiovascular system develops correctly, the enhanced blood circulation improves brain activity. As a result of large-scale measures that have been practically embodied in the physical development of the younger generation, the children involved in sports are an average of 50% less likely to get sick with colds and viral illnesses, their posture and physical parameters have improved. Today, the 14 year boys correspond to World Health Organization standards in growth indicators. Their average growth has increased by 2.8 cm over the past decade.

The professionalism of coaches also contributes to the achievement high results. The approach to training of highly qualified coaches has been revised, specific resolutions have been approved, a new effective system of stimulating their work was introduced, the prestige of the profession has significantly grown. Over the previous decade, the number of sports mentors and coaches has increased by one and a half times as much, and representatives of the fair half of humanity - by 3,8 times.

The ongoing targeted programs on the development of children's sport that focus on engaging each child in regular classes, shape consciousness of the younger generation, helping to strengthen the faith in their own power. A fiendly atmosphere in sports clubs and complexes, good conditions, as well as a frequent opportunity of training side by side with famous athletes also produce a favorable effect on future champions. By communicating with them, they realize that taking pains and improving themselves they will also be able to hit the world pedestals.

The international recognition of records and victories of Uzbek athletes, the culture of a healthy and active lifestyle in the population, a unique infrastructure that provides access to training for millions of willing people across the country, suggest that sports in Uzbekistan are mass and prestigeous, and of high performance.

The progress of Uzbekistan is studied by different countries, experts conduct research and exchange with experience. There is a global response on the achievements of the country, and especially of women's sport.

Over the past quarter of a century, Uzbekistan has made a significant breakthrough in this field. Over the years of independence, the public opinion about women's sports was positioned as the basis of harmonious education, preservation and strengthening of children’s health, and the nation as a whole. The work done can be perfectly exeplmified by the fact that 52 Uzbek atheltes took part in the Olympic Games prior to independence, while 333 our compatriots, including 82 - female athletes, performed in five Olympic Games since 1996. The rapid growth of women's sports capacity is also clearly reflected by the fact that 567 women participated in 165 international competitions last year out of a total of 1,668 Uzbek athletes.

Sports infrastructure has been streamlined year by year. The measures on ensuring the comprehensive development of the younger generation under national programs have been expanding accessibility of sports, promoting its relevance in society and prestige of women’s sports education. The number of female entrants at the Uzbek State Institute of Physical Culture and physical education departments in regions has been growing. This was largely contributed by the opening of women's sports direction at the Uzbek State Institute of Physical Culture.

Every year, UZSIPC enrolls 200 girls from different regions of the country under the quota. They are offered an excellent academic building, well equipped gyms and playgrounds, an information and resource center. There are many members of national teams of the republic among the girls studying at UZSIPC.

The fact of a stable demand for female coaches is worth of mentioning. It reflects the dynamic development of women's sports around the country. 24% of urban girls and 22% rural girls attended regular sports in 2005, while by 2015 their number has doubled, amounting to 47% and 44.7% respectively. The number of female coaches has increased by 3.8 times against 2005. The institution of 15% of monthly allowances to tariff rates was a powerful incentive for their motivation.

All kinds of sports have been dynamically developing in Uzbekistan. A whole galaxy of champions has grown as a result of strong public support. Each district runs its own youth sports school. Sport is available for almost all the children, even in remote rural areas. They are offered modern conditions, and a chance to grow to the professional level. Numerous Children and Youth Sports Schools are attended thousands of young men and women. Yesterday’s timid newcomers grow into renowned athletes there. Specialized schools that apply the latest methods of organizing the training process, training a reserve and high class athletes for national teams of Uzbekistan, distinguish from common sports schools.

For instance, the Specialized Children and Youth Sports School of Olympic Reserve № 4 in Mirzo-Ulugbek district of the capital ranks among the foundries of future champions for the national team in gymnastics, trampoline and acrobatics. It provides decent conditions for high-level training. Athletes are trained by skilled coaches. SCYSSOR cooperates with sports federations, and daily trains about three hundred people. Classes are held accurately by schedule. The gym with a capacity of 120 people is always full.

National high sports schools have been considerably contributing in training of national team members. There is an ongoing targeted work to streamline their activity, strengthen their logistical capacity, and train highly qualified coaches.

In conclusion, it is worth to mention a sociological study, which was conducted by the Public Opinion Research Center Ijtimoiy Fikr. Its specislists found out what do citizens think on the results of performance of Uzbek athletes in Rio.

More than 99% of respondents noted that sports have entered a new, high level, and the outstanding achievements of athletes at the Olympics is the result of changes in the years of independence.

The study also showed that Uzbeks followed the Olympic competitions with great excitement and believe that the country's national team performed excellently at the games in Rio and achieved an outstanding progress. 99.3% said that our Olympians have surpassed all the darest expectations of their fans and sports fans.

When asked about the feelings caused by the brilliant results of the Olympians of Uzbekistan, the majority answered that "their heart was overfilled with pride and joy of victories" and that they "were satisfied with the performance of our athletes and happy for the worthy representation of independent Uzbekistan."

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

Reference to the source is a must in reproducing materials

Uzbek pupils win 5 gold medals at International Mathematical Olympiad

pubblicato 02 set 2016, 09:40 da Webmaster Ambasciata


Singapore hosted the International Mathematics Olympiad (Singapore International Math Olympiad Challenge, SIMOC-2016).

The students of our country have presented a truly a real gift to the glorious holiday of the Motherland – the anniversary of independence.

This year's competition "Queen of science" brought together 780 pupils from different parts of the world. Qualifying rounds were organized in groups and the participants passed this stage by solving rebuses and mathematical problems. After the preliminary selection, the most distinguished students participated in the final round, following the results of which the winners were determined according to their age.

It is praiseworthy that among the winners of the SIMOC-2016 there are 5 representatives of Uzbekistan, who won gold medals. Worthy of their greatest ancestors-mathematicians are Abdurahim Aripov, Muhammadamin Rahmonberdiev, Abdulla Gayratullaev, Marina Ten and Vladislav Galperin. In addition, other students were awarded silver and bronze medals and team prizes.

The Minister of communications and information of the Republic of Singapore Chee Hong Tat attended the awarding ceremony of the winners as the guest of honor. In his welcome speech, he highlighted the active participation of young mathematicians of Uzbekistan in the competition and wished them further success in conquering even greater heights.

The Executive Director of the Center for international mathematical competitions Singapore Henry Wong, in turn, also praised the preparation of the Olympic participants from our Republic:

- Good participation of the Uzbek students in this competition and prizes they have won are a great proof of effectiveness of the education system functioning in Uzbekistan. When visiting your country, I have personally seen how great attention is paid to this area. As you can see, the efforts of the Uzbek leadership are bearing fruits. I hope that the representatives of this land will continue to show outstanding results.

(Source: UzReport.uz)

Tashkent hosted a meeting with the IFC’s representatives

pubblicato 16 ago 2016, 08:29 da Webmaster Ambasciata



           

The Council of Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan held a meeting of the Coordination Council on Child Labour in the Republic of Uzbekistan with the International Finance Corporation (IFC).

During the event the Uzbek side informed in detail about the work of the systematic carried out in Uzbekistan in cooperation with the International Labour Organization and the World Bank. It was reported that Decent Work Country Programs, which include the issues of promoting fundamental principles and rights at work, are currently being implemented, including in agriculture. Representatives of local governments, relevant ministries and agencies are learning the basics of international and national labor standards.

It was particularly emphasized that the Uzbek delegation’s active participation in 105th Session of the International Labour Conference, during which Uzbek delegation held meetings with the heads of the ILO, the International Confederation of Trade Unions, as well as representatives of several countries.

It was noted that on the initiative of the Coordination Council our country’s leadership has given instructions to all bodies of public administration on strict implementation of ILO conventions, categorical prohibition of forced labor and labor of school, lyceum and college students during the cotton harvest. Council has made recommendations to comply with the law during the cotton harvest in 2016.

An analysis of the system of measures taken by ministries, departments and NGOs to prevent forced and child labor has been conducted currently with the ILO experts’ participation. The study of hiring practices of labor force for agricultural work which was initiated by the ILO with the Coordinating Council’s support has been completed. At the same time, information materials are being developed and efforts are underway to improve the feedback mechanism with the population during the harvest of the cotton crop in 2016.

It was stressed that on the outcome of systematic work specific measures for the observance of fundamental workers’ rights have been adopted. Thus, a paragraph on the prevention of child and forced labor has been included in the contracting agreement concluded by “Uzpahtasanoateksport” holding company on cotton supply. The Council of farmers of the republic currently conducts detailed explanatory work on this subject.

During the meeting the IFC’s representatives expressed satisfaction with established cooperation between the organization and Uzbekistan which also includes the attraction of investments in the agricultural sector of the country. A pilot project for environmentally responsible production of cotton in Fergana Valley based on standard Better Cotton Initiatives (BCI) has been initiated.

The issues concerning the strengthening of work on the implementation of international labor standards in Uzbekistan were also discussed during the negotiation.

Protecting the rights and interests of children is a priority of Uzbekistan’s state policy

pubblicato 06 ago 2016, 08:55 da Webmaster Ambasciata

A series of roundtables devoted to measures undertaken in our country to prevent child labor, were held in Uzbekistan.

Events were conducted at national and regional levels by the Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan together with concerned ministries and departments with support of International Labour Organization (ILO) and the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).

According to recent estimates of international organizations, 168 million minors around the world are involved in child labor in the spheres of agriculture, manufacturing, services and construction.

In many cases, according to ILO opinion, child labor is facilitated by such factors as poverty, lack of access to health care, free qualitative education and professional training.

Uzbekistan since the first years of independence considers issues of ensuring children's rights issues, healthcare, qualitative education for children as a priority direction of state policy. Reform of educational system implemented in Uzbekistan, providing for a 12-year compulsory free education for all children in the country, is an effective mechanism to prevent child labor, recognized by the international community.

The fundamental feature of the model, which is implemented in the country, lies in the fact that after 9 years of study in a comprehensive school the next 3 years children are enrolled in professional colleges and academic lyceums, where each of them along with the study of fundamental disciplines receives professional training on 2-3 specialties in demand in labour market.

Today Uzbekistan is one of the few countries in the world, where the average duration of education is very close to 12 years, and the age of completion of compulsory education exceeds 18 years. The country’s expenses for this purpose have an unprecedented scale in the world: the annual costs of the development and reformation of education make up 10-12% of GDP, while their share in the state budget totals more than 35%.

In recent years, a series of measures aimed at preventing child labor, including significant changes to the legislation, have been carried out.

Relevant law has been adopted in order to regulate relations in the field of prevention of neglect and adolescent crime. In addition, the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility was supplemented with regulations establishing a strict liability of officers and other persons for violation of labor legislation and labor protection of minors, the use of their work at jobs that can harm the health, safety or morals, or for forcing minors to work.

Thus, in accordance with Article 241 of the Labour Code the employment of persons under 18 years in hazardous work conditions is prohibited. The lift and movement of weights exceeding the established norms by persons under the age of 18 years is not allowed.

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of May 27, 2014 provides for the development and implementation of specialized training programs in schools (for high school students), lyceums and colleges. The programs are aimed at the study of the rights of minors and regulations of ILO Conventions ratified by Uzbekistan.

 

In January 2016 the Cabinet of Ministers approved the "Action Plan for the improvement of working conditions, employment and social protection of workers of agricultural sector in 2016-2018". The document envisages a series of measures aimed at preventing child labor. They include organization and conduct of the annual public monitoring of the state of affairs in this area, spread of relevant information materials in educational and medical institutions, shopping malls and other places, display of videos about the most sought-after profession in the labor market, labour rights and guarantees for employment for youth.

In addition, Oliy Majlis holds annually parliamentary hearing on implementation of provisions of the ILO conventions ratified by Uzbekistan.

The General Agreement on socio-economic issues for 2014-2016 between the Cabinet of Ministers of republic, Council of Federation of Trade Unions and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Uzbekistan provides a direct determination to the parties' commitment to full compliance with ILO conventions.

On the proposal of trade unions regulations on compliance with the minimum age for admission to employment and prevention of child labor, special provisions guaranteeing respect for the rights and additional guarantees for young people provided by the labor legislation, especially those under 18 years of age, were included in collective-contractual acts.

The organization of summer health improvement of school-age children is an important preventive measure to prevent child labor. This year the work of 1204 children's health camps has been organized, where more than 292 thousand children will rest and improve their health.

Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan conducted extensive advocacy work on the implementation of ILO Conventions on child labor. Materials about the forums and events on this topic are being distributed on a regular basis in print and electronic media of the country.

Ongoing systematic work in this direction ensures the prevention of child labor. In order to consolidate this work the Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan has created the Coordination Council on Child Labour, which consists of representatives of concerned ministries and departments, trade unions, employers' associations and other civil society institutions. Its task is to coordinate the actions on the implementation of measures aimed at preventing child labor, to attract public attention to this issue, as well as develop proposals for the further improvement of the work in this direction.

It is also worth noting that Uzbekistan has introduced a system of training of heads of state authorities in the field and employers. At the initiative of the Federation of Trade Unions all training courses for executives include studies devoted to the study of national and international labor standards, including ILO conventions, with particular reference to the documents on child and forced labor. Considerable attention is paid to information-explanatory work - issue of special booklets, manuals, conduct of parents' meetings, which provide increased awareness of both parents and their children.

 

Jahon Information Agency

(The material is based on information of the Council of Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan)

 

Защита прав и интересов детей — приоритет государственной политики Узбекистана

pubblicato 06 ago 2016, 08:53 da Webmaster Ambasciata

В Узбекистане прошла серия «круглых столов», посвященных предпринимаемым в нашей стране мерам по защите прав детей. Мероприятия проведены на республиканском и региональном уровнях Федерацией профсоюзов Узбекистана совместно с заинтересованными министерствами и ведомствами при поддержке Международной организации труда (МОТ) и Детского фонда ООН (ЮНИСЕФ).

По последним оценкам международных организаций, по всему миру в детский труд вовлечено 168 миллионов несовершеннолетних, которые задействованы в сельском хозяйстве, промышленном производстве, сфере услуг и строительстве.

Во многих случаях, по мнению МОТ, детскому труду способствуют такие факторы, как бедность, недоступность здравоохранения, бесплатного качественного образования и профессиональной подготовки.

В Узбекистане с первых лет независимости вопросы обеспечения прав ребенка, охраны здоровья, качественного образования детей стали приоритетным направлением государственной политики. Эффективным механизмом недопущения детского труда, признанным международным сообществом, является осуществленная в Узбекистане реформа системы образования, предусматривающая 12-летнее обязательное бесплатное обучение всех детей страны.

Принципиальная особенность реализуемой в республике модели заключается в том, что после 9 лет учебы в общеобразовательной школе последующие 3 года дети обучаются в профессиональных колледжах и академических лицеях, где каждый из них, наряду с изучением фундаментальных дисциплин, получает профессиональную подготовку по 2-3 востребованным на рынке труда специальностям.

Сегодня Узбекистан является одной из немногих стран мира, где средняя продолжительность обучения вплотную приблизилась к 12 годам, а возраст завершения обязательного образования превышает 18 лет. Расходы страны на эти цели имеют беспрецедентные в мировой практике масштабы: ежегодные затраты на развитие и реформирование образования составляют 10-12% от ВВП страны, а их доля в расходах Государственного бюджета превышает 35%.

В течение последних лет осуществлен комплекс мер, направленных на недопущение детского труда, включая внесение существенных изменений в законодательство.

В целях регулирования отношений в области профилактики безнадзорности и правонарушений среди несовершеннолетних принят соответствующий закон. Кроме того, Кодекс Республики Узбекистан об административной ответственности дополнен нормами, устанавливающими более строгую ответственность должностных и иных лиц за нарушение законодательства о труде и охране труда несовершеннолетних, за использование их труда на работах, которые могут причинить вред здоровью, безопасности или нравственности, а также за принуждение несовершеннолетних к труду.

Так, в соответствии со статьей 241 Трудового кодекса республики запрещается применение труда лиц моложе 18 лет на работах с неблагоприятными условиями. Не допускается подъем и перемещение лицами моложе 18 лет тяжестей, превышающих установленные нормы.

Постановлением Кабинета Министров республики от 27 мая 2014 года предусмотрена разработка и внедрение в школах (для старшеклассников), лицеях и колледжах профильных учебных программ, направленных на изучение прав несовершеннолетних детей и положений ратифицированных Узбекистаном конвенций МОТ.

В январе 2016 года Кабинетом Министров утвержден «План мероприятий по вопросам совершенствования условий труда, занятости и социальной защиты работников в сельском хозяйстве на 2016-2018 годы». Документ предусматривает ряд мероприятий, направленных на недопущение детского труда. В их числе организация и проведение ежегодного общественного мониторинга состояния дел в данном направлении, распространение в образовательных и медицинских учреждениях, торговых центрах и других местах соответствующих информационных материалов, показ в школах, колледжах и лицеях видеороликов о наиболее востребованных на рынке труда профессиях, а также трудовых правах и гарантиях для молодежи при приеме на работу.

Кроме того, ежегодно проводятся парламентские слушания в Олий Мажлисе по ходу выполнения положений конвенций МОТ, ратифицированных Узбекистаном.

Генеральное соглашение по социально-экономическим вопросам на 2014-2016 годы между Кабинетом Министров республики, Советом Федерации профсоюзов и Торгово-промышленной палатой Узбекистана содержит прямое предписание о приверженности сторон неукоснительному соблюдению конвенций МОТ.

По предложению профсоюзов в коллективно-договорные акты включены нормативные положения о соблюдении минимального возраста для приема на работу и недопущении детского труда, специальные положения, гарантирующие соблюдение прав и дополнительных гарантий, предусмотренных трудовым законодательством в отношении молодежи, в особенности лиц моложе 18 лет.

Важной профилактической мерой в недопущении детского труда является и организация летнего оздоровления детей школьного возраста. В нынешнем году организована работа 1204 детских оздоровительных лагерей, в которых отдохнут и поправят здоровье более 292 тысячи детей.

Федерацией профсоюзов Узбекистана проводится широкая информационно-разъяснительная работа по вопросам реализации конвенций МОТ касательно детского труда. На регулярной основе распространяются материалы о форумах и мероприятиях по данной тематике в печатных и электронных СМИ республики.

Осуществляемая системная работа в данном направлении обеспечивает недопущение детского труда. В целях усиления этой работы под руководством Федерации профсоюзов Узбекистана создан Координационный совет по вопросам детского труда, в состав которого вошли представители заинтересованных министерств и ведомств, профессиональных союзов, объединений работодателей, других институтов гражданского общества. Его задачей является координация действий по имплементации мер, направленных на недопущение детского труда, привлечение общественного внимания к данному вопросу, а также разработка предложений по дальнейшему совершенствованию работы в этом направлении.

Стоит также отметить, что в стране введена система обучения руководителей органов государственной власти на местах и работодателей. По инициативе Федерации профсоюзов во все курсы повышения квалификации руководящих работников включены занятия, посвященные изучению национальных и международных стандартов труда, в том числе конвенций МОТ, с особым учетом документов по детскому и принудительному труду. Значительное внимание уделяется информационно-разъяснительной работе – выпуску специальных буклетов, методических пособий, проведению родительских собраний, которые обеспечивают повышение информированности как родителей, так и их детей.

ИА «Жахон»

(Материал подготовлен на основе информации Совета Федерации профсоюзов Узбекистана)

Happy Families and Children

pubblicato 06 ago 2016, 08:43 da Webmaster Ambasciata


The strengthening of families, mother and child health, upbringing of healthy and comprehensively advanced generation are the key priorities of the national program The Year of Mother and Child Health. More than 4.4 trillion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 01.08.2016, 1$= 2964.03 soums) and $111 million have already been invested for these purposes.

Life with comfort

Major construction has been in progress throughout the country. Towns and villages are getting more beautiful in full view. Most importantly, the large-scale transformations raise the living standards of the population, creating decent social, household and medical conditions.

By the end of the year, it is planned to complete the construction of 13,000 standard design houses concurrently with engineering, communication, social and market infrastructure. Over the years of the project implementation, several hundreds of thousands of families have been provided with modern and comfortable housing.

The provision of individual houses with electricity and natural gas has been of particular attention. The construction of 296.3 km of energy networks and 307.5 km of gas pipelines is currently underway. 1,300 km of water pipes are currently being built to supply the settlements with quality drinking water.

It is hard to imagine modern life without home appliances. The national program “The Year of Mother and Child Health” envisages the assistance for low-income families with purchasing household appliances. In particular, the Council of Federation of Trade Unions procures electrical appliances for 3,000 women from low-income families living in remote rural areas.

Young families are supported by means of mortgage loans for housing construction and renovation, purchase of household appliances. The central and commercial banks, the Council of Federation of Trade Unions work in this direction.

Health in the spotlight

The provision of health facilities with modern equipment has been underway. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Health has been attaching importance to the rational use of new technologies in strengthening people’s health. In order to make the ongoing measures even more effective, the medical workers are focused on the early revealing of diseases.

A Medical Nursing Month is currently underway across the country. It is the second rally this year to last until August 11. During the previous month on March 1 - April 1, more than 19 million people were covered with medical examination.

This time, it is planned to cover the same number of people. Appointments and examinations are carried out by over 30,000 general practitioners and visiting nurses, as well as hundreds of specialists in 30 areas of medicine.

Strengthening of families and mother health, and, as commented by the Ministry of Health, the monthly campaigns have been contributing to the development of preventive medicine, introduction of the principles of general practice, as well as early detection of diseases and prevention of complications.

In addition to preventive rounds, together with representatives of citizens' assemblies specialists study the aspects of the health and social status of families, health-related issues, the disease causing factors, and develop the respective measures to eliminate the shortcomings they had revealed.

The events on the prevention of diseases and the basics of healthy lifestyles will take place in communities, educational institutions and at enterprises with the involvement of citizens assemblies’ enthusiasts, representatives of the Women's Committee, the Nuroniy Foundation, Public Youth Movement Kamolot, educational institutions and non-profit organizations.

It is important that each family was provided a qualified medical assistance. In this context, the workers of rural health units are supported by specialists of the republican medical institutions, who go to the regions on working trips.

The ‘Salomatlik’ (Health) train returned to Tashkent on May 25 from a regular trip. This time, it run on a route Tashkent–Sariosiyo–Kumkurgan–Boysun–Oqrabat–Dehkonobod. It was the second train from the beginning of the year. The first route passed through the settlements of Navoi region.

Each train brings not just highly skilled physicians who conduct medical examinations of women and children on the spot, but also medicines, hygiene products, clothing and other stuff that the people in remote settlements need.

All rallies are aimed at early revealing of diseases, and are conducted in collaboration with the headmost national research institutes and specialized medical centers.

Qualified medical care today is not seen as the only way to promote health. Physical culture and sports occupy an important place in addressing the pressing issues of healthy lifestyles.

The development of infrastructure and construction of modern sports facilities has been in progress throughout the country. The previously built structures are effectively used as well. They host not just sports sections, but also different level competitions.

The republican competitions for the Kamolot Football Cup among educational institutions have been growing popular. The young people are currently actively getting prepared for the next republican sports competitions Young Guards.

The finals of sports games Universiade-2016 in May in Ferghana has become one of the greatest events of the year. The course of the competitions was enthusiastically followed by the whole country by television.

A Shared Mission

Uzbekistan has widely marked the International Day of Family on May 15. It was a kind of a review of the ongoing work on support of families in terms of upbringing a harmoniously developed generation. After all, nurturing of children is a mission of each family and also the state.

Summer, the time for the longest holidays, is at its height. However, educational, youth sports schools, music and art schools and Barkamol Avlod centers are full of life. Their doors are open to all girls and boys at the place of residence, providing all the conditions for eventful leisure of children. There is a huge range of useful classes, as never before.

The fuss about distributing the ninth-graders in the academic lyceums and vocational colleges has left behind. The State Testing Center has recently announced the results of the qualifying tests for lyceum and college students. It remains to determine the educational institutions for those who failed to contest the most popular institutions.

171 secondary special education institutions held entrance tests for students. The rest lyceums and colleges enrolled young people without examinations.

Over the last five years the country has ensured a full coverage of ninth graduates with education in academic lyceums and vocational colleges. A particular emphasis is placed on vocational guidance, so that everyone could obtain the desired profession based on his or her aptitudes. Much attention has been paid to girls in the current year under the national program the Year of Mother and Child Health. Colleges organized meetings for school and college students to help them with choosing the appropriate vocation.

The launch platform

One of the sections of the national program the Year of Mother and Child Health is dedicated to strengthening the role of the system of education in the formation of healthy generation. Overhaul and construction of educational facilities are in progress across the country. Every effort is taken to provide good education for children.

This is especially relevant when it comes to pre-school education institutions, which are attended by a quarter of children. The program for overhaul and equipping nursery schools goes in line with the measures on the increase of their intake.

The creation of short stay groups is underway. It is planned to open 1,200 of them by the end of the year. Such a practice has proven itself good for the families who prefer raising children by their own. The short stay groups are advantageous by the timetable and the cost of services, but most importantly, a child is brought up by qualified specialists, who ensure that the children are ready for school.

The children who do not attend pre-school institutions are also in the view of experts: 200,000 families with children aged 3-6 years will get seven titles of books to prepare for school. The lists have been already compiled.

The ministries and agencies develop the whole range of projects to further improve the quality of education.

The work on the program on preparation and publishing of a new generation of textbooks for secondary schools in 2016-2020 has been in progress. Before the new textbooks are developed, the new standards for teaching school subjects will be introduced in the system.

It is envisaged to apply a fundamentally new methodology of learning, primarily on the exact and natural sciences. The innovations will focus on the effective cultivation of skills of practicing the theory in students.

Textbooks will be brought into compliance with the new program too. It is planned to involve not just the leading national experts, but also experts of the best training centers in Germany, Singapore, the Republic of Korea and Japan, as well as international scientists and experts. They will be based on the experience of preparing modern textbooks in English.

The textbooks of the new generation will fundamentally differ from the present ones. First of all, they will coupled with the methodological guide for teachers. Secondly, they will have a multimedia application (electronic applications, audios, videos). The kits on certain subjects will include the student workbooks

A Step Towards Independent Life

It stands to reason that the program spotlights the measures on ensuring employment for vocational college graduates. On the one hand, it implies the care of children who come into an independent life. On the other hand, this is the concern for creating the conditions for the birth and upbringing of the new generation. If the newlyweds work and maintain an affluent family, they will respectively provide all the conditions for good education of their children.

A mechanism of employment of graduates of secondary specialized educational institutions has been streamlined this year. In order to ensure their practical training and employment, the responsible executives concluded not tripartite, but quadripartite agreements. From now and on, the employment of graduates has become a common concern, including the head of the educational institution, the head of the district administration, and an employer. Specialized offices have been established in all districts. Over 200,000 companies and businesses have been involved in the solution of this task.

The outreach activities on entrepreneurial issues have been held among the graduates. Experts expect that about 20,000 college graduates be take on business this year.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

 

 

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Website "Government through children's eyes" launches

pubblicato 18 giu 2016, 13:04 da Webmaster Ambasciata


A new website "Government through children's eyes» has been launched on the Internet (www.kids.gov.uz) within the framework of the governmental portal of the Republic.

The website has been developed in connection with the announcement of 2016 year as the "Year of a healthy mother and child", as well as the logical continuation of ongoing large-scale work on the formation of harmoniously developed generation through the widespread introduction of advanced information and communication technologies, to familiarize children with the such concepts as "state" and "government", providing general information about Uzbekistan.

The website has been developed by the Centre for development and introduction of computer and information technologies "Uzinfocom" under the Ministry for Development of Information Technologies and Communications of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The website is designed for children aged from 6 to 12 years and comprises general information about Uzbekistan, the structure of the government, and other information.

Because of the new website is a pilot project, it is envisaged that in the future it will be improved on the basis of received suggestions and proposals.

(Source: UzReport.uz)

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